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No. 391. BoY SCOUTS AND GIRL SCOUTS-MEMBERSHIP AND UNITS: 1940 to 1959 [In thousands. Boy Scout data as of December 31; Girl Scout data as of September 30. Includes Alaska, Hawaii, and outlying areas]

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chapters..

Educational relations..
Community services..
Public information.
Membership enrollment

and fund raising.. International services. General managementplanning and administration...

45, 300
23, 100

22, 200

2,000
14.3

Operating expenditures. 101,274
Services to the Armed
Forces, veterans, and
their families..
Disaster services..
Blood services..
Health, nursing,

$99, 918

85, 110
1,530
13, 278

1940

1,449

1, 106

195

911

343

3,432
190

632
509

79

386

44

123

48

1957

27

Na

tional organization

35, 795
17,869
13, 693

18, 986
16,088
4,614

6,293

1,563

5, 332 5, 332
3, 313
963
2,219

4.4

$48, 214

40, 532

255 7,427 51,364

493
190

1945

1,977

1,534

474

1,060

444

61

1,174

937

269

609

59

237

48

Chapters and branches

1950

16, 809
1,781

9,079

4,730

Source: Boy Scouts of America, National Council, New Brunswick, N.J., Annual Report; and Girl Scouts of the United States of America, New York, N.Y., Annual Report.

No. 392. AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS SUMMARY OF MEMBERship, VolunTEERS, CAREER STAFF, INCOME, AND EXPENDITURES: 1957 To 1959 [In thousands. For years ending June 30. Includes Alaska and Hawaii. The national organization's financia plan provides for a general fund balance to meet national emergencies or other extraordinary circumstances. Excess of income is transferred to, and excess of expenditures is financed from, this fund]

Total

2,795

2,072

828 1,122

122

724

44,700

24, 200

20, 500

9.9

$51,704
44, 578

1,275

5,851

49, 910 87,675

1,646

1,268

2,000
13.7

32, 824
9,011
13,002

6, 480

4,631 866 2,447 3,093 963 1,050 958 1,261 2,060

1,319

12, 762

79

2,939 3,265
192

556

654

58

378

76

1958

Na

tional organiZation

1955

4, 166

3,056

1,475

1,398

182

1,110

16, 559
7,326

3,936

1,497

4,631

615

758

437
192

104

2,643

2,025

1,022

922

81 618

125

Chapters and branches

1957

16, 265
1,685

9,066

4,983

4,751

3, 461

1,806

1,427
228

1,291

2,478
1,050

1,302

2,828

118

3, 114

2,388

1,259

1,033
96
727

149

4.0

9.7

2,000
13.4
3.8
$98, 952 ||$46, 669 $52, 283 $94, 101||$42, 914
84,871
39,881
44,990 84, 365 39, 497
328
991
246
6, 302
3, 171
36, 769

6, 460

38,050

49, 625

Total

44,000

23, 500

20, 500

1,032 8, 704

86,456

33, 402

6,905

12, 719

6,883

4,960

3,277

1958

973

2, 223

4,951

3,615

3, 201

182

1,815

1,543

258

1,336

125

3,295

2,530

1,261

1, 167
102

765

158

1959

National organization

1959

16,771
5, 344
3,933

1, 549

4, 960

590

783

444

182

5,043

3, 687 1,822

1,589 276

1,356

129

3,402

2,623

1,294

1,226

103

779

163

Chapters and branches

9.6

$51, 187 44, 868 786 5, 533 49,687

16, 631 1,561 8, 786

5,334

2,687

973

1,440

2,757

2,274

12, 175 Source: The American National Red Cross; Annual Report.

9,901 12,067

2,099

9,968

11, 731

2,213

9, 518

No. 393. FUNDS RAISED BY COMMUNITY CHEST AND UNITED FUND

CAMPAIGNS: 1925 TO 1959

(Includes Alaska, Hawaii, and outlying areas. Includes all campaigns for which data are on file with United Community Funds and Councils of America, Incorporated, and campaigns of Canada. Reports of campaign results are based on the total raised in the federated campaign. In cases where an agency such as the Red Cross was included in the joint campaign for only part of its goal, only the amount raised for the agency through the joint campaign is reported)

RAISED FOR SPECIFIED

RAISED FOR SPECIFIED
Number
YEAR

Number

YEAR
YEAR
of cam-

YEAR

of campaigns Amount Percent

paigns Amount Percent ($1,000) of goal

($1,000) of goal 1925. 240 $58, 004 94. O 1949.

1, 152 $188, 061

91.9 1930.

353
75, 973 95.5 1950.

1, 318 192, 934

93.1 1935

406
69, 781 87.2 1951.

1, 498

212, 987 94.9 1940.

561
86, 297 95. 3 1952.

1,500

240, 920 93. 8 1941.

598
90, 379
98.0 1953.

1, 560

266, 125 96.1 1942

632
104, 576
99.6 1954.

1, 690

287. 540 96.7 1943. 649 162, 334 107.0 1955.

1,858 302, 023 95.9 1944. 703 210, 415 100.9 1956.

1,939 339, 706

98. 4 1945 772 221, 273 101.9 1957

1, 961 378, 382

8. 1 1946.

798
197, 049
89.8 1958.

2, 041
414, 576

95. 3 1947.

841
168, 522
96.6 1959.

2, 104

427, 263 94.7 1948.

1,010

177,082 95. 3 Source: United Community Funds and Councils of America, Inc., New York, N.Y.; Annual Directory.

No. 394.

NUMBER OF COMMUNITY CHEST AND UNITED FUND CAMPAIGNS, AND

Amount RAISED, BY STATES: 1955 AND 1959

(Funds in thousands of dollarg. See also table 393]

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Source: United Community Funds and Councils of America, Inc., New York; Annual Directory.

No. 395. EXPENDITURES OF RELIGIOUS AND PRIVATE WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS:

1909 TO 1958

(Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Comprises religious bodies, social welfare and foreign relief agencies, political

organizations, museums and libraries, and foundations (except foundation expenditures for education and research). Represents current expenditures (including depreciation but excluding relief payments within U.8.) and is net of receipts accounted for separately in consumer expenditures, such as receipts from meals, rooms, and entertainments)

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Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Monthly Labor Review, December 1959.

No. 396. FOUNDATIONS-DECADE ESTABLISHED AND LATEST RESOURCE Class (Excludes Hawall. Excludes those which have ceased functioning. A foundation is a nonprofit legal entity having

a principal fund or its own, or receiving charitable contributions of a living founder or founders, which is governed by its own trustees or directors, and which has been established to serve the welfare of mankind. Excludes endowed religious and educational institutions, those which solicit or appeal for endowment or operating funds, and those which conduct a clinical or other local program or benefit solely a single institution or group. Data are admittedly incomplete in coverage with respect to foundations which meet the above specifications. It is estimated that approximately 7,300 are in existence which would qualify for inclusion under these standards)

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1 Comprises foundations receiving gifts from corporations, exclusively or otherwise.

Source: Wilmer Shields Rich, American Foundations and Their Fields (Seventh Edition). (Copyright 1955 by American Foundations Information Service.)

FIG. XVIII. GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT IN CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS: 1929 To 1959

[See tables 398 and 399]

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$4,000

$3.500

$3,000

$2,500

$2,000

$1,500

$1,000

$500

FIG. XIX. MONEY INCOME OF PERSONS-MEDIAN INCOME OF MEN AND WOMEN WITH INCOME: 1945 TO 1958

[See table 424]

MALE

FEMALE

1951

1945

1950

1952

1953

ource: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

1954

1955

1956 1957

1958

Section 11

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

This section presents statistics relating to two different aspects of income and expenditures: Those which in aggregate reflect the entire complex of the Nation's economic activities and the interaction of its major components (the national income and product system and the flow-of-funds system); and those showing the distribution of families and individuals by income size-classes or type of expenditure. It also includes statistics on national wealth.

The primary source for national income and product information is the Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics' monthly Survey of Current Business. Each July issue of the Survey is identified as the National Income Number and contains the most recent and detailed statistics on this subject. National Income, 1954, is the basic reference source for concepts and methodology which are still applicable, and for numerous statistics for the 1929-1945 period. A more recent supplement, U.S. Income and Output, contains a complete set of revised statistics for the 1946–1957 period, and introduces a number of new statistical series.

A further development of the general body of national income data appears in Income Distribution in the United States, 1944–50, a supplement to the Survey, which presents personal income data classified by income size-groups. More recent data are presented in the Survey of Current Business for March 1955, June 1956, April 1958, and April 1959.

The primary source for flow-of-funds data is the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; the Federal Reserve Bulletin from time to time presents summarized versions of these data. Detailed historical data appear in Flow of Funds in the United States, 1939–53.

A primary source for data on distribution of income by size-class is the Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports-Consumer Income, Series P-60. A brief discussion of the Current Population Survey which is the basis for the data in the above report appears in the Technical Note on page 203 and also on page 2. Another primary source for information in this field is the national Survey of Consumer Finances conducted annually from 1946 to 1959 for the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System by the Survey Research Center of the University of Michigan. This survey consisted of a sample of approximately 2,700 family units or 3,000 spending units located in 66 sampling areas.

National income and product.-A synoptic view of the economy is provided by the summary of the Nation's income, expenditure, and saving shown in the form of a balancing set of accounts for the major economic categories-consumers, business, and government. (See table 397.) These statistics assembled by the Council of Economic Advisers are based on the "national income and product" accounts of the Department of Commerce. An explanation of the items included in this summation may be found in the 1957 Historical and Descriptive Supplement to Economic Indicators, 85th Congress, 1st Session.

Gross national product.-Gross national product (called GNP) represents the total national output of goods and services at market prices. It measures this output in terms of the expenditures by which these goods are acquired. These expenditures comprise the purchases of goods and services by consumers and government, gross private domestic investment, and net exports of goods and services. The goods and services included in GNP are, for the most part, those actually bought for

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