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No. 198. AVERAGE TIME SERVED BY PRISONERS RELEASED FROM FEDERAL INSTITUTIONS FOR FIRST TIME, BY OFFENSE: 1959
(For year ending June 30. Includes a few prisoners committed from the Federal courts in Alaska and Hawaii. Excludes 487 first releases other than by parole, expiration of sentence,

and mandatory release; also excludes 659 parole releases of offenders sentenced under the Youth Corrections Act and 1,148 second or subsequent releases. In computing averages,
sentences to life and to more than 45 years were counted as 45 years; minority sentences of juvenile delinquents were counted from date of sentence to 21st birthday)

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Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; annual report, Federal Prisons.

No. 199. SENTENCED FEDERAL PRISONERS RECEIVED FROM THE COURTS, BY

OFFENSE: 1937 to 1959 (For years ending June 30. Includes a few prisoners committed from the Federal courts in Alaska and Hawali.

Data for all Federal prisoners; some committed to non-Federal institutions)

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2, 250

869

Total.....

24, 202 23,003 | 21, 200

18,063

20,013 16,733 | 16,857 17, 281 Counterfeiting and forgery.

1, 486 1, 589

673 Drug laws.

1, 534 1, 714 1, 587 1, 615

1, 797 1,866

1, 134 2, 029 Marihuana

1, 694 1, 687

1,567 1, 369 (1) 550 454 878 457 Narcotics.

414 303 246

(1) 1, 700 680 Embezzlement and fraud.

1, 151 1, 237

1, 273

1, 264 510

1, 123

750 340 609 487 515 Immigration.

540

590 2, 802 2, 270 3, 996 3, 463 4, 952 1, 556 1, 654 1, 637 Income tax.

(1) (1)

15 Juvenile delinquency.

164
237
251

189 185 216

911 658 734 Kidnaping

963

953
44
37
20
41

37 Liquor laws.

34
26

36 12, 238 10, 735 2,988 Robhery

2, 304

2, 294 2, 376 2, 378 2, 440 (1) 117

45 92 252 211 Theft from interstate commerce

242

293 308 313 475 270 342 310 292 327 Transportation, etc., of stolen motor ve. bicle.

1, 312 White slave traffic

1, 512 1,072 2, 486

2,989

3,020 3, 295 3, 400

370 378 209 Government reservation, D.C., high seas,

185
240 195 134

139 and territorial cases...

1,033 1, 021

1,145 Other

1,592 1, 667 1.748 2, 203 1, 759

1, 748 2, 104 1, 973 1, 941 1,914 2, 141 National security offenses.

30

56 6, 588 979 610 495 Selective Service Acts..

391

310

2, 613 136 214 Other national-defense security laws.

194 197

164 (1)

11
2, 150

130 152 108 104 Military court-martial cases:

128 Army.

30 45 1, 793 606

219
166 82

5 Navy.

32 107
25 27

8

13 I Xot classified separately. Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; annual report, Federal Prisons. No. 200. FEDERAL PRISONERS BY NUMBER OF PREvious COMMITMENTS, BY

OFFENSE: 1959 (For year ending June 30. Includes a few prisoners committed from the Federal courts in Alaska and Hawaii.

Known previous commitments under sentence of prisoners committed to Federal institutions under sentence of more than 1 year)

986

1, 458

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OFFENSE

Total

committed

WITH KNOWN PREVIOUS COMMITMENTS
Total

With
Percent With With
of total 1

2
Number

more
com-
mitted

Without

known previous commit. ments

3 or

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Total offenses.

10, 613 7, 179 67.6 2,274 1, 525 Counterfeiting

100

68
68.0

22

15 Drug laws

1, 128

708 62.8 242 150 Embezzlement.

150
37 24. 7

16

9 Forgery

1, 139
848 74. 5

220

173 Fraad

149

76
51.0

24

14 Immigration

245
215 87.8

20

40 Impersonating Federal officer.

32

27
81.4

5

6 Income tax

73

18
24. 7

8

4 Jusenile delinquency.

736
338 45. 9 239

69 Kringping

35

26
74. 3

7

4 Laryny-theft.

3, 754 2, 904

77.4 799 640 Transportation, etc., of stolen motor vehicle

2, 953 2, 294 77.7 660 492 Liquor laws.

1, 361

890

65. 4 321 185 Robbery.

274

163
59.5

54

35 Securities, transporting false or forged.

262
217 82.8

56 42 Selective Service Aets.

118
19 16. 1

13

1 Wearing military uniform illegally

25

21
84.0

6

5 White slave traffic.

121

94
77.7

34

17 Other and unclassifiable.

341
234 68. 6

74

49 Government reservation, D.C., high as and territorial cases..

555

270
48. 6 110

65 Military court-martial cases

15

6
40.0

4

2 Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; annual report, Federal Prisons.

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No. 201. FEDERAL AND STATE PRISONS-FULL-TIME STAFF, BY OCCUPATION AND SEX:

1958

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1 Excludes data for Public Health Service Hospitals for narcotic-drug addicts whose staff supervise both pris. oner and nonprisoner patients.

Foremen, stationary engineers, mechanics, carpenters, plumbers, laundrymen, etc. 3 Stewards, diet ans, cooks, bakers, etc. * Farm managers, dairymen, animal husbandmen, poultry men, vegetable gardeners, farm laborers, etc.

* Officers and employees who primarily carry out a custodial function, and who cannot be classified in any of the above positions.

Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; National Prisoner Statistics, bulletin No. 22.

No. 202. PRISONERS EXECUTED UNDER CIVIL AUTHORITY, BY OFFENSE AND RACE:

1930 to 1959 Includes 2 Federal executions in Alaska, 1 in 1948 and 1 in 1950. Exeludes executions by military authorities. The Army (including the Air Force) carried out 159 (148 between 1942 and 1950, 3 each in 1954, 1955, and 1957, and 1 each in 1958 and 1959). of the total, 106 were executed for murder (including 21 involving rape), 52 for rape, and 1 for desertion. The Navy carried out no executions during the period. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series H 432-144]

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1 White includes 18 females; Negro, 11 females. ? 22 armed robbery, 16 kidnaping, 11 burglary, 8 espionage (6 in 1942 and 2 in 1953), 4 aggravated assault. 3 Includes 2 females, both executed in 1953, 1 for kidnaping and 1 for espionage. Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; National Prisoner Statistics, bulletin No. 23.

No. 203. PRISONERS EXECUTED UNDER Civil AUTHORITY, BY States: 1930 to 1959 [Death penalty illegal in States not listed (Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, Mich., Minn., N. Dak., R.I., and Wis.) with certain exceptions in Mich., N. Dak., and R.I. under the provisions of which no executions have taken place!

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Total!
Alabama..
Arizona
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida...
Georgia.
Idaho
Tllinois
Indiana
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Mississippi...
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada
New Hampshire..
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York.
North Carolina.
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
South Carolina.
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington
West Virginia
Wyoming

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+ Includes Federal executions not shown by State (1930-1939, 9; 1940-1914, 7; 1943-1949, 6; 1950-1954, 6; 1956, 1; and 1957, 2).

: Death penalty illegal beginning April 2, 1958.
: Death penalty illegal 1930-1931.
• Death penalty illegal 1930-1938.
Source: Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons; National Prisoner Stalistics, bulletin No. 23.

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Fig. XII. TERRITORIAL EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES AND ACQUISITIONS OF OTHER PRINCIPAL AREAS

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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