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No. 128.

ALIENS NATURALIZED, BY STATES AND OTHER AREAS OF RESIDENCE:

1950 TO 1959
[For years ending June 30]

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Source: Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service; Annual Report, releases.

No. 129.

ALIENS NATURALIZED, BY COUNTRY OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE: 1950

TO 1959

(For years ending June 30. Includes Alaska, Hawaii, and outlying areas of the U.S. See also Ilistorical Statistics,

Colonial Times to 1957, series C°159 and C 162-169]

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1 Represents United Kingdom and British colonies and dependencies. For 1950, also includes Australia. ? Syria included in Africa as part of United Arab Republic. 3 Independent countries. Source: Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service; Annual Report, releases:

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Section 4

Education

Statistics in this section relate to the level, extent, personnel, and finances of formal education in the United States. The principal sources of these data are the Decennial Census of Population (see text, p. 1) and the Biennial Survey of Education conducted by the Office of Education. Other statistical studies of the Office of Education, publications of the National Education Association, annual or biennial reports of the individual State agencies which have jurisdiction over education, and the Current Population Survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census (see text, p. 2) are the additional regular sources of data in the field of education.

State laws vary concerning the compulsory school attendance of children. However, most State laws require that formal schooling begin at 7 years of age and extend until 16 years of age.

Data on school enrollment are available from the Decennial Census of Population since the Census of 1840 and on educational attainment from the same source for 1940 and 1950. The Current Population Survey of the Bureau of the Census has reported on school enrollment annually beginning in 1945, and on educational attainment periodically beginning in 1947. Biennial Survey of Education reports include a variety of information presented in much detail for each school level (kindergarten, elementary, secondary, and college). A major difference between the Current Population Survey of the Census Bureau and the Biennial Survey of the Office of Education is that the former shows education data for the country as a whole by age and other population characteristics, whereas the latter shows data on attendance, staff, and finances for the United States and individual States. The Office of Education also issues annually the Digest of Annual Reports of State Boards for Vocational Education.

Enrollment and attainment.-School enrollment statistics of the Bureau of the Census are based on attendance or enrollment in any regular school (or college) within a given period. Attainment statistics are based on the last full grade completed by a student. A regular school as defined in this respect by the Bureau of the Census is any public, private, or parochial school, college or university, but excludes nursery schools or, generally, vocational, trade, business, or correspondence schools; kindergartens were also excluded until October 1950.

Schools.—The school data shown here from the Biennial Survey of Education are reasonably complete for the types of education covered, but do not include figures for private schools of art, music, drama, etc., for private, commercial, trade, and vocational schools, or private correspondence schools.

The comparability of elementary or secondary school data over a period of years was invalidated by the introduction of the junior high school which includes the 7th and 8th grades of the traditional elementary school and the 9th grade of regular high school. A comparable time series utilizing these data is possible only on the strict basis of grade enrollment, grades 1 through 8 as elementary and grades 9 through 12 as secondary.

Office of Education data in this section relate to school terms or academic years unless otherwise indicated; except as noted, the year shown refers to the period beginning in September of the prior year and extending to June of the year indicated. Alaska and Hawaii.—For a general statement concerning the treatment of data for Alaska and Hawaii, see preface.

Historical statistics.-Tabular headnotes (as "See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series H 407-411") provide cross-references, where applicable, to Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957. See preface.

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CURRENT EXPENDITURE PER PUPIL IN AVERAGE DAILY ATTENDANCE FOR
PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY DAY SCHOOLS: 1956

[See table 154]

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Source: Chart prepared by Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Data are from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education,

YEAR AND AGE

No. 130.

SCHOOL ENROLLMENT, BY AGE AND SEX: 1950, 1955, AND 1959

In thousands. As of October. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Data relate to civilian noninstitutional popula tion and are based on Current Population Survey; see Technical Note, p. 203. Figures for children 5 and 6 years old enrolled in school include those enrolled in kindergarten]

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No. 131.

AGE

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Popu-
lation

68,570

2,726

2,731

7,891

8,982

8, 351

4,041

10, 677

11, 861

11, 310

73,682

3,543

3,524

10, 259

10, 942

9, 169

3,905

9, 120 11, 189 12,032

79,974

3,934

3,844

10,964

13,806

10,908

4,353

10,070

10,487
11, 608

Total

White

TOTAL

Nonwhite

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1955

9.0

3.0

10.9

Male

White

Popu-
lation

Nonwhite

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46.9

99.3
85.9

50.8 50.7 54.9 54.4
79.2 71.1 79.0 72.8 79.5
99.3 98.2 99.4 98.2
87.5
82.8 89.1 85.2
32.1 27.6 43.9 32.9 22.4
11.6
7.2 19.3 9.8 6.2
4.2 4.9 7.1 6.2 1.5
1.6 1.8 2.2 1.9 1.0

Female

White

MALE

Nonwhite

47.4
69.4

Enrolled

98. 1
80.5
23.1
5.5
3.8

1.7

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PERCENT OF POPULATION ENROLLED IN SCHOOL, BY AGE, COLOR, AND

SEX: 1955 AND 1959

[As of October. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. See headnote, table 130]

1959

Male

FEMALE

White

Number

Enrolled

Nonwhite

3, 412

523

1 14,442 141, 0

693

51.9

1,313

97.9

3,840

99.0

4,346

98.4

267

26

1 21

17,853

1,009

1,691

4,980

5,324

3,873

480

324

105

68

6,723

4,798

683

391

92

80

Percent

21, 178

52,0

1,226 63.7 1,838 97.7

5,347

99.6

82.2

24.3

4.6

0.4

10.4

White

47.0

58. 2

98. 1

99.3

99.0

85.2

22.5

6.1

1.8

1. 1

99.5

89.0

29. 2

Female

7.1 1.7

1.3

Nonwhite

72.5

99.1

59.2 58.0 52.0 52.4
80. 1 76.0
81.9
99.4 98.9 99.6
92.0 86.3 89.6
47.1 35.5 28.8
20.8 11.4 7.2
9.5 4.5 1.7
3.4 1.8 1.3

84.3

31.9

6.0

1.4 1.0

Source of tables 130 and 131: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-20, No. 66, and records.

No. 132. School ENROLLMENT BY SINGLE YEARS OF AGE FROM 5 to 20: 1920 to

1950 (Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Statistics for 1940 and 1950 are based on attendance at or enrollment in any regular

school or college, including night schools, extension schools, or vocational schools, is part of regular school system. Excludes correspondence schools. In the 2 prior censuses, school enrollment question not restricted as to type of school or college. In 1950, question referred to period between Feb. 1 and Apr. 1, 1950; in 1940, to period between Mar, 1 and Apr. 1, 1940; in 1930, to period between Sept. 1, 1929, and Apr. 1, 1930; and in 1920, to period between preceding Sept. 1 and Jan. 1. Figures for 1950 based on 20-percent sample)

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1 Includes kindergarten enrollment, largely included in earlier enrollm figures. Source: Department of Commerce, Burcau of the Census; U.S. Census of Population: 1950, Vol. II, Part 1.

No. 133. PERCENT DISTRIBUTION BY LEVEL OF SCHOOL, OF PERSONS ENROLLED IN

School, BY AGE, COLOR, AND Sex: 1959 (As of October. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Percent not shown where base is less than 150,000. See beadnote,

table 130)

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Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-20.

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