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the statistics, the average age of Institute alumni is now 38, which is four years older than it was 10 years ago; and whereas the early classes were small, the recent ones are very much larger. Of 2718 considered, 921 had attended other colleges, and 489 had degrees from other colleges. That business men realize the importance of technical education more than those engaged in other pursuits, is the result of the study of 1466 cases. Of these, the parents of 583 were engaged in business, 197 in professional pursuits, 43 government officials, 30 farmers, 258 were wage-earners and 219 retired or deceased.
Queries, the answers to which are expected to have a bearing on the possible extension of the Institute's summer school, have been addressed to the members of the faculty here by the Administrative Committee in the form of a questionnaire.
The questionnaire sets forth that although the research laboratories in electrical engineering, physical chemistry, applied chemistry, and the new laboratory of industrial physics are now run on nearly a yearround basis, there still remains an opportunity for the furtherance of this work in the summer when the simplified and concentrated schedules find the laboratories freed from their greatest loads.
Regarding the Technology Plan the questionnaire frankly admits that embarassment was incurred last summer through the absence of so many members of the instructing staff and inconvenience was caused the contractors thereby. The Administrative Committee feels that either the Institute should make an effort to be prepared to do much of this work in the summer and carry on a campaign to encourage their contractors to send in more problems in the summer, or do just the opposite, that is, divert the contractors' work from the summer months to some time when there is a larger staff in residence at the Institute.
The Administrative Committee feels, according to the questionnaire, that Technology has never been able, through press of internal duties to do its share toward offering summer courses to teachers. Whereas Harvard, Chicago, Berkeley and Columbia attract many hundreds of teachers to their summer courses, Technology, while possessing the facilities for giving perhaps better courses in the sciences than any of these universities, has never made an effort to bring them to its doors.
The number of schools offering work twelve months in the year is constantly increasing. Medical schools and other professional schools have adopted this plan to a larger extent than have the colleges of liberal arts. Men studying for the medical profession are now required to have a Bachelor of Arts degree in order to enroll in some of the best medical schools in this country. The number of men taking preliminary work in liberal arts before entering upon their professional studies is rapidly growing, as a glance at statistics here at Technology covering the past three or four years will clearly show. Inasmuch as these men are a little older than the others it is natural that they should desire to obtain their professional degrees as soon as possible and it is largely because of this fact that the twelve-month system is being adopted in a number of schools.
NEW MEMBERS OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
The following were elected members of the Association by ballot:
Charles Pray Holland, '92
Hymen William Bell, '20
Malcolm Sturtevant Burroughs, '20
Paul H. Duncan, '20
Elmer Philip Grismer, '20
Ralph Bickerstaff Webber, '20
Walter Cromwell Wood, '20
Mail has been returned to the Alumni Office for the following Former Students. Information is desired concerning these people, that they may be kept on the mailing list. WALTER HUMPHREYS, Secretary.
Last Known Address 120 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
203 Vaughan Street, Portland, Me.
255 West 73d Street, New York, N. Y.
Pittsburgh Valve and Fittings Co., Barberton,
195 Broadway, New York, N. Y.
Bureau of Construction and Repair, Navy
Y. M. C. A. Building, Duluth, Minn.
134 Dorchester Street, South Boston, Mass.
231 Marsh-Strong Building, Los Angeles, Cal.
330 Waltham Street, West Newton, Mass.
21 West Eighth Street, New York, N. Y.
5 Winchester Street, Brookline, Mass.
3 Nazing Street, Grove Hall, Mass.
107 St. Alphonsus Street, Roxbury, Mass.
43 Curtis Street, W. Somerville, Mass.
655 Morton Street, Mattapan, Mass.
66 Fremont Street, Winthrop, Mass.
Care of Calle Oriente 28, Guatemala City,
3 West 69th Street, New York, N. Y.
85 Hamilton Street, Dorchester, Mass.
434 South Pacific Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa.
IN THE PUBLIC EYE
A modernized version, by DR. MORTIMER FRANK, '97, of a famous book, Choulant's "History of Anatomic Illustration" has just been issued by the University Press for a committee of twenty prominent physicians and surgeons in the United States. They have selected this volume as a fitting memorial to Dr. Frank, who died in 1919, soon after finishing his task. He not only translated the volume but added greatly to its value by new sections and many new illustrations. From the University Record (University of Chicago), January, 1921.
BERTRAND L. JOHNSON '05, has been designated as the head of the division of foreign mineral resources of the United States Geological Survey. For the last two years Mr. Johnson has been intensively engaged in a study of foreign mineral deposits. For the last eight months he has been the acting head of the division. Prior to the entry of the United States into the world war no particular effort had been made by the Geological Survey to compile data on the mineral resources of other countries. The war brought out the absolute necessity of having accurate knowledge of this character. Just before this country entered the war, work along this line was begun under the immediate direction of J. B. Umpleby. Following Mr. Umpleby's resignation, the work was taken over for a short time by Eugene Stebbinger. Mr. Stebbinger was called upon to take up some important oil work, and since that time Mr. Johnson with the aid of a number of assistants, has been adding to the rather pretentious nucleus which was obtained during the war. It is intended to allot enough money to this research to make it possible to keep the domestic mining industry well advised as to mining activities throughout the world. Work on a considerable scale is to be done at once to gather this data.
In addition to the collection and analysis of information on the geology and mineral resources of foreign countries, the section undertakes to disseminate this information where it will be most helpful to American industry. One of the great advantages which the section enjoys is an arrangement with other departments of the Government through which all official figures compiled by foreign governments are made available.
Current foreign literature covering all activities of mining interest is scant, and pertinent items are filed. Nearly 20,000 such items are now available. They are filed by countries and by commodities. The section conducts a considerable correspondence with the mining interests of this country.
Mr. Johnson was born in Boston. His early education was obtained at the public schools of Stoneham, Mass. Later he entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which he graduated as a min