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Benefits of practice stations extended to undergraduates — is open to Course X Juniors by competition will

graduate with class

A COURSE in Chemical Engineering Practice for undergraduates, similar to that now offered to graduates in Course X-A, is being offered by the Chemical Engineering Department. This course is open to those who have done the work of the first three years, and is so arranged that the men may graduate with their class.

The principle upon which the work is founded in both the graduate and undergraduate schools of Chemical Engineering Practice is that a certain amount of training is a necessary prerequisite to obtaining the educational benefit from the actual practice school. With this in mind the first course was available only to those holding a Bachelor's degree. These men spent six months in the practice school, and then after two terms of elective work at the Institute, obtained the Master's degree.

Course X-B will allow undergraduates of unusual ability the advantages of the practice school. It is planned that they will attend the summer school following the junior year, during the last five weeks of which special subjects in the Department of Chemical Engineering will be offered. They will then spend the next term at the Institute, going to the practice school stations for the last two terms of the senior year, and return to the Institute to graduate with their class. If, because of attending the practice school, the men are unable to complete all of the required work at the Institute, this work may be done in the summer school following the senior year, and the diploma received as of June of that year.

The admission to the course is competitive. The one hundred and eighty members of the present junior class are eligible to enter the course next year. The men will be chosen on the basis of scholarship and personality, but not more than thirty-six men will be admitted. This will make three groups of twelve men each.

The underlying principle in making this course open only to men who have completed the work of the third year is that real educational benefit can be secured only by men who have had a certain amount of training in the fundamentals for a background. The course has been made non-remunerative, so that the men may at no time have to do work at the plants of lesser educational value in order to make a return to the company, or be held at any one division of the work after it has ceased to hold an educational value for them. The men are at all times under close supervision of an Institute professor, there being one professor to every ten men, and each professor is assisted by an instructor, these

being at the stations organized for Course X-A. Furthermore, the men are stationed at seven plants of different types, so as to give them an insight into the work of the different divisions of the field.

In order that a number of different fields may be covered, three practice stations are maintained. At each station is an Institute professor and instructor. The station at Bangor, Me., is located in two paper manufacturing plants. At the Everett, Mass., station, the time is divided between the Merrimac Chemical Company, the Revere Sugar Refinery, and the Boston Rubber Shoe Company.

In the School of Engineering Practice, the student designs, plans, and carries out in its entirety, the work of making tests. He decides as to the data needed, how it should be obtained, the methods used in calculating the results and what results are needed in order to make a sound engineering decision. The students and the faculty staff at the plants function as engineering consultants for the companies, carrying out full scale tests. The broad scope of the work is indicated by the different lines of manufacture involved — caustic soda and chlorine by electrolysis, pulp and paper, sugar, heavy chemicals, rubber, soap, gas and coke, iron and steel, and by-product recovery.


Two of the paintings which were exhibited in the recent showing of loaned water colors at the Rogers Building have been presented to the Tech architectural department. The paintings are by F. A. Breed and Fred R. Witton.

Another gift to the department which has been announced by its head, Prof. William Emerson, are sets of designs which were submitted to the State of Nebraska for the new Nebraska State Capitol. The designs which were given to Tech include those of the winner, B. G. Goodhue, and those of Borae Zensinger, Mandary Paul and P. Crat. They are now on exhibition in the Rogers Building and were loaned to the Boston Society of Architects for its exhibition.

The College of William and Mary of Roanoke, Va., has asked the Tech Architectural Department for plans for beautifying the college campus. The college is now having an endowment fund drive which will pay for the work.

Professor Emerson will award this year to students in the architectural department who win the annual money prizes for the best designs and work in other branches during the years, medals, which will be designed by W. T. Aldrich, '01. Professor Emerson is paying for the medals himself.


Aydelotte of the English department chosen

FRANK AYDELOTTE, professor of English in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has been elected president of Swarthmore College by the Board of Managers of the college in succession to President Joseph Swain, who resigned last October on account of ill health. Professor Aydelotte was born in Sullivan, Ind., in 1880, prepared for college at the Sullivan High School, took his A.B. degree at Indiana University in 1900 and his A.M. at Harvard in 1903. In 1905 he entered the University of Oxford as a Rhodes scholar from the State of Indiana and received the research degree of Bachelor of Letters in 1908. He was married to Marie Jeannette Osgood, of Cambridge, Mass., in 1907.

Before going to Oxford, Professor Aydelotte had been instructor in English at Indiana University, assistant in English at Harvard and instructor in the Boys' High School at Louisville. After his return from England he was assistant professor of English at Indiana University from 1908 to 1915 and since has been professor of English at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. During the war he was national director of the war issues course in the Committee on Education and Special Training of the War Department. He has acted as American secretary to the Rhodes scholarship trustees since 1918. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and of the Sigma Nu fraternity.

Professor Aydelotte is the author of several books and articles on Elizabethan literature and social history, on English and American educational methods and on the teaching of English literature and composition. He was for seven years the editor of the American Oxonian, a quarterly magazine published by the Alumni Association of American Rhodes Scholars, and has been influential in bringing about the present increased interest in the scholarships throughout the United States.

In his various books and articles Professor Aydelotte has advocated the teaching of English literature and composition primarily from the point of view of thought rather than of form, and of so altering the undergraduate curriculum and examination system of American institutions as to emphasize the thorough training of the best students instead of being content with the attempt to bring the whole student body of an institution up to a lower average. He believes in college athletics and has had long experience as an athlete, both in this country and in England. He played end on the football team of Indiana University and was chosen by experts as a member of several all-State football teams.

Professor Aydelotte is president of the New England Association of Teachers of English, chairman of Committee G of the American

Association of University Professors, which is studying means of cultivating the intellectual interests of undergraduates, and chairman of a new-organized committee of the Modern Language Association for making reproductions of early English manuscripts for the use of American scholars. He is a member of the council of the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education, and has been prominently identified for the last half dozen years with the movement toward the liberalizing of technical training in this country.


CULTURAL subjects will play a greater part than ever before in the instruction at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute as the result of the adoption by the faculty of the final report of its committee on educational policy. This recommends the reduction of the total number of hours in such subjects as chemistry and civil engineering and a proportional increase in subjects such as English history and economics. The change, which is to go into effect with the opening of the next fall session, is made in order to "develop professional men of broad fundamental training."

The committee found that "lack of proper balance in the number of actual and weighted hours is one of the chief faults of the present curriculum, which has been corrected in the proposed revision." This revision makes definite reductions in the total hours in technical subjects as follows: Chemistry, 8.2 per cent; chemical engineering, 14.1 per cent; civil engineering, 5.6 per cent; electrical engineering, .4 per cent; mechanical engineering, 4.2 per cent. The average number of hours in these subjects. between 27 and 30 per semester, still remains as large as that in other foremost engineering schools in the country. Partly to balance the reduction, the increase is made in time spent on English, modern languages, history, economics and optional subjects. In percentage figures, cultural subjects have been increased from 12.9 to 14.7 per cent of the curriculum for the four years. This still leaves about a third of the curriculum devoted to scientific subjects and about a half to engineering subjects.


THE eighty-second meeting of the Alumni Council was held on Monday, February 28, 1921, in the Walker Memorial, Cambridge, Mass. The usual informal dinner was served at 6.30 P.M. with an attendance of fifty-two. The meeting was called to order by President Metcalf, '92, with an attendance of fifty-eight. The general subject scheduled for discussion was the present registration and the advisability of limiting it.

The records of the last meeting were read and approved. The announcement was made of the report of the Nominating Committee for officers and nominations of Term Members for the coming year. (See special article in this issue.) New members of the Council elected by the Executive Committee were announced: F. W. Hodgdon, '76, for the class of '76, H. P. Claussen, '16, for the class of '16.

President Metcalf made a report of progress of the Intercollegiate Conference to be held at the Institute in April. He also made a report on the success of the Hoover Dinner given by the Students, at which $2200 was raised for the starving children of Europe.

Mr. J. W. Rollins, chairman of the War Memorial Committee made report as follows:

The committee, Mr. Rollins said, had been so widely scattered that it had had few meetings and that the report, therefore, was made up by the members near Boston and concurred in by others. The report, as he went on to explain, was only a suggestion which might or might not be followed. The War Memorial, the committee felt, should have both an ideal and a utilitarian character. It should consist of some sort of monument now, and perhaps some buildings later when the money for them was available. It was suggested that a monument be erected in Eastman Court with suitable landscape gardening. There might be, also, permanent memorial tablets in the lobby to go with the proposed busts of the presidents Rogers, Walker and Maclaurin.

In the discussion which followed, Mr. M. L. Emerson, '04, raised the question of whether a chapel might not be the most suitable form of memorial. There was, in his opinion, a great need for some building or assembly hall in which services might be held, such as were common in other colleges but which Technology had always unfortunately lacked. He further suggested that the committee be not discharged, but that they take up the question of the ways and means of constructing a memorial. Their report suggested that some other form might be approved.

Voted: That the committee be not discharged, and that they be given authority to make further report on ways and means of constructing a memorial.

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