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Technology should study his life, for no finer example of broad scholarship, or public service, or of Christian character ever occupied a chair in the faculty. No professor was more beloved.

FEW SONS OF FARMERS AT M. I. T.

Wage-earning class bulks large

OLD Cyrus and Ephraim have never forgotten the scientific lad that sold them the lightnin' rod back in '98 and won't have their boys have any doin's with science and sech-like truck. At least so it would seem from figures compiled by Registrar Walter Humphreys which shows that out of 1400 representative Tech students chosen at random, only 30, or 2 per cent, are the sons of farmers.

On the other hand, the old adage, “Anybody's job is better than mine," is illustrated by the fact that out of 1466 cases considered, 583 of the Tech students were sent to study engineering by fathers who follow business for a living, and only 197 were the sons of professional men, which includes not only engineers, but also a large precentage of doctors, lawyers and other professional men.

Outside of business men, the class which sent most of the men to Tech is the wage-earning class. The figures are: Sons of business men, 583, or 39.8 per cent; of wage earners, 258, or 17.6 per cent; men whose fathers are retired or dead, 219, or 15.6 per cent; sons of professional men, 197, or 13.4 per cent; not given, 136, or 9.2 per cent; sons of Government officials, 43, or 2.9 per cent; of farmers, 30, or 2 per cent; total 1466.

Figures which were also compiled by the Tech registrar show that the average age of the Tech alumnus is 38 years, which is 10 years older than a similar average age compiled 10 years ago. The average age of graduation has stood for years within a month of 23 years.

Of the 2718 members of the 10 Tech graduating classes before 1917, 921, or one-third, had attended other colleges, and 4229 or 18 per cent held degrees from other colleges. During the last 5 years the figures are 34 per cent and 17 per cent.

TRIBUTES TO PROFESSOR SEDGWICK'S MEMORY

A voice from his women students — the Transcript editorial — the Bacteriological Club the Sharon Sanitarium

"Patient of Toil: Serene Amid Alarms"-W. T. Sedgwick.

To the Editor of the Transcript:

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In the chorus of grief over the untimely death of Professor Sedgwick, there is one voice that should not fail to be heard, that of the women whom he befriended in so many ways, both at the Institute of Technology and in their later work for science or for public service. The time comes rapidly when there shall be no woman question' nor any unnatural classification by sex of things not concerned with sex. So far as the product is concerned, we shall cease to talk about womenwriters, women-architects, women-students. But until that desired consummation, those who have cared for and worked for woman cannot help classing public men into feminist and anti-feminist; and it is because Professor Sedgwick called himself anti-feminist - because he belonged to anti-suffrage societies, and might make addresses on woman's sphere -that it so specially behooves feminists to offer grateful acknowledgment of the tireless kindness with which he befriended women, the justice touched with chivalry that he showed toward them, and the volume of the work by women which is due directly or indirectly to his help.

Chivalry is a word loosely used; sometimes it means forbearance of the strong toward the weak, and sometimes it means ungrudging acknowledgment of the nobility of one's opponent; and in this last sense a woman may well show it to a man. It has always seemed to me that the English militants missed their supreme opportunity for chivalrous salutation of the enemy when the Titanic went down, and men died for one idea of woman's due as cheerfully as women were going to prison for another. Merely intellectual discords must die out and leave the moral harmony. And so when a man of Professor Sedgwick's eminence as a biologist tells women that their "movements" today are all headed in the wrong direction when in voicing the creed to which we all subscribe, that woman must not push herself against her nature into an unnatural competition with man, he states it as his conviction that many of us are doing just that why it makes one even more anxious not to add ingratitude to dissent. Never was there a stauncher friend to women in need of help, nor a kinder and more sympathizing listener to those who wanted advice, nor one less insistent on having his advice taken if some little chit of an inexperienced girl was after all the person with a right to decide; nor have I met anybody fairer in his treatment of women than this man who called himself an opponent of the woman

movement. To those who knew him well enough to love him, there was something rather tenderly amusing in watching how his disapprobation of a woman's part never interfered with his perception that some particular Mary Jones or Jane Smith was not getting a fair deal, and that it was worth his taking endless trouble to give her one. His habitual justice (tempered, perhaps, with a little extra gentleness and kindness) to the women working with him or coming to him for help, might tempt those who most disagreed with him to say, "Almost thou persuadest me to be an Anti.”

But after all there is something little-minded in regarding a life so broad and interests so catholic from one point of view, even though it be only for a moment that we look at that single facet. One of the hundreds of women who received kindnesses from him now asks to lay her small leaf of tribute among the wreaths on his coffin. If I were to choose one thing by which to characterize him, one thing which his students should try to learn from him, I should name his serenity. Few workers so exemplify the unhasting and unresting labor that we aim at. Dr. Sedgwick could never be what his boys would call "rattled;" some one once said to me of him, "That man has no nerves." This means that he kept that sense of proportion so easily lost when men are trying to push things through. From the fanatic down to the ordinary citizenof-Boston, there are few who escape a measure of hysteria in trying to rouse the indifferent to reform. But this unvarying serenity while hard at work was Professor Sedgwick's most salient characteristic, and his unfailing kindliness and courtesy were thereby made possible. To misquote Emerson slightly, he is great indeed who can keep in the midst of the crowd the serenity of solitude.

To the teacher and public servant more perhaps than to most men, is it a comfortable word that when he rests from his labors his works do follow him. What work is more lasting in its effect than the inspiring of a body of students? What gratitude is warmer than that of a group whose tapers were lighted at one central flame? Among these who are to him a memorial of flesh and blood, let the women students whom he helped be not forgotten, for we shall not forget him.-M. I. T.

THE TRANSCRIPT EDITORIAL

Not merely the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and other institutions with which he was associated, but the city of Boston and the Commonwealth, are heavy losers in the untimely death of Professor William Thompson Sedgwick. Professor Sedgwick was an admirable example of the deep and capable scientific mind linked with a heart of sympathy and helpfulness, for his work and influence as a savant, though truly great, were overtopped by his service as a citizen. His great study was the public health, and though he studied it as a science, he was the farthest possible from being a closet specialist on the subject.

The knowledge he had gained was freely used for the benefit of all. As the biologist of the Massachusetts Board of Health, it fell to his lot to investigate and report upon epidemics of typhoid fever, and his

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labors and researches were of the utmost public value. Prominent and brilliant in many learned societies, he touched no subject that he did not shed light upon, and his beneficial services were as untiring as they were various. In the curatorship of the Lowell lectures he performed a notable work of public enlightenment, and his services constantly and genially rendered to the Institute of Technology were invaluable. He was connected with many civic movements of betterment.

Professor Sedgwick was, indeed, a man who held his learning, as well as his energies, as a trust for the public benefit. A product of the New England civic conscience and a worthy child of New England's brain, it will not be easy to find his like.

THE BACTERIOLOGICAL CLUB

At its next meeting the Boston Bacteriological Club paid tribute to the memory of the late Professor William T. Sedgwick of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Samuel C. Prescott, acting head of Professor Sedgwick's department, in his address said:

"The brief published accounts of the life and work of Professor Sedgwick have touched upon several phases of his many-sided activities and his eminence in his profession. They have failed to express adequately, however, his remarkable personality and the extraordinary influence he exerted upon his colleagues and students. Among them he will always be regarded as one of the great teachers of his time, not merely for his success in imparting knowledge, but quite as much for the ability with which he brought out their latent powers and stimulated them to find themselves, and develop individuality, serious purpose and character. In recognition of this and of the manifold other services he rendered the following tribute was prepared as memorial for the records of one of the organizations of which he was an honorary member.

"With profound sorrow and a sense of deep personal loss, we, the members of the Boston Bacteriological Club, realize that in the death of our beloved honorary member, Professor William Thompson Sedgwick, a great leader and a loyal friend has been taken from us.

"For more than a generation he had given himself unstintedly to the teaching and practice of those principles of biological science and right living which develop the highest standards of professional integrity, personal character and loyal citizenship.

"A graduate of the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale, a doctor of Philosophy of Johns Hopkins University, he brought to Technology in 1883 broad scholarship and intense devotion to the highest ideals of the teacher, the investigator and the public servant. His personal labors and fertile suggestions gave distinction to the work of the State Board of Health for many years, and he more than any other man aided in the promotion of sanitary science in America. No worthy movement for education or for social betterment was beneath his careful attention. No student of his, seeking truth or struggling for self-expression, ever failed to receive inspiration, help and encouragement. In success or in

adversity he was a loyal and helpful friend, the soul of honor, courtesy and kindliness.

"The keynote of his life was service, and when in his later years he worked constantly with the knowledge that for him there might be no tomorrow, his zeal and industry never flagged, and he faced the future with serenity and undaunted courage. Faithful unto death, he passed from us as he would have wished in the very front rank of active service. In his devotion to his State and country, to the institution which he served with such loyalty and distinction, to the scientific bodies which his membership enriched, to the scores of men and women he inspired and assisted to make for themselves positions of responsibility, honor and public usefulness, and to the hundreds who were proud to claim his friendship he was an illustrious example of the scientist, the servant of his people and the true gentleman.

"Saddened as we are by our great loss, we rejoice that in the honors bestowed upon him during his life came some of the high and richly deserved rewards for his unselfishness and greatness of service, and that he knew the deep affection and appreciation with which he was everywhere regarded. Especially we rejoice that we were permitted to know him, and that our own lives have been touched and influenced by his nobility of character and inspiring comradeship.'

THE SHARON SANATORIUM

Sharon Sanatorium directors and friends met to celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of the sanatorium and to honor the memory of the late Professor W. T. Sedgwick, who was for many years president of the corporation. The meeting had been planned by Professor Sedgwick just before his death.

Dr. Vincent Y. Bowditch, medical director of the sanatorium, speaking of Professor Sedgwick, said:

"For nineteen years he was the steadfast friend and counsellor for the interest of the sanatorium, to which he gave his time and best thought generously. To him the directors owe much of the success and prestige which the sanatorium has attained. To them his loss is irreparable. Of my personal sense of loss this is not the time or place to speak. I can only give my testimony to his sterling strength and purity of character, to his never-failing courtesy and kindness to all; to his calm and wise judgments. As a co-worker in the interests of the sanatorium, he was the friend always ready to give the cheering word in times of stress or discouragement; the kindly critic, always constructive, never obstructive.

"It was inexpressibly touching to us all to learn that on the day preceding his death he had written and perfected for the sanatorium over his own signature, an appeal that was to be sent out broadcast, asking for the continued and generous support of our work. This appeal was received by us on the morning of the day he died, and is a deeply touching evidence of his devotion to the work up to the very last. It will soon appear with an appropriate explanation by the directors."

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