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equator, or in any British or foreign possessions in the West Indies, or elsewhere in the Western Atlantic Ocean, or in Europe, ten per cent. The damages are to be in lieu of interest, charges of protest, and all other charges incurred previous to, and at the time of, giving notice of non-acceptance or non-payment. But the holder will be entitled to demand and recover interest upon the aggregate amount of the principal sum specified in the Bill, and the damages, from the time of notice of the protest for non-acceptance, or notice of a demand and protest for non-payment. If the contents of ibe Bill be expressed in the money of account of the United States, the amount due thereon, and the damages allowed for the non-payment, are to be ascertained and determined, without reference to the rate of exchange existing between New York and the place on which the Bill is drawn. But, if the contents of the Bill be expressed in the money of account, or currency of any foreign country, then the amount due, exclusive of the damages, is to be ascertained and determined by the rate of exchange, or the value of such foreign currency, at the time of the demand of payment.

In Pennsylvania, the rule, for a century past, was twenty per cent. damages, in lieu of reëxchange ; but by statute, in 1821, five per cent. damages were allowed upon Bills drawn upon any person in any other of the United States, except Louisiana ; if on Louisiana, or any other part of North America, except the Northwest Coast and Meso ico, ten per cent.; if on Mexico, the Spanish Main, or the islands on the coast of Africa, fifteen per cent.; and twenty per cent. upon protested Bills on Europe, and twenty-five per cent. upon other foreign Bills, in lieu of all charges, except the protest, and the amount of the Bill is to be ascertained and determined at the rate of exchange.

In Maryland, the rule, by statule, is fifteen per cent. damages, and the amount of the Bill ascertained at the current rate of exchange, or the rate requisite to purchase a good Bill of the same time of payment, upon the same place.

In Virginia and South Carolina, the damages, by statute, are fifteen per cent.

In North Carolina, by statute, in 1828, damages on protested Bills, drawn or indorsed in that State, and payable in any other part of the United States, except Louisiana, are six per cent; payable in any other part of North America, except the West India Islands, ten per cent. ; payable in South America, the African Islands, or Europe, fifteen per cent.; and payable elsewhere, twenty per cent.

The damages in Georgia, by statute, in 1827, on Bills drawn on a person in another State, and protested for non-payment, are five per cent.; and on foreign Bills, protested for non-payment, are ten per cent., together with the usual expenses and interest, and the principal to be settled at the current rate of exchange.

The damages on Bills, drawn in the State of Alabama, on any person resident within the State, are ten per cent.; and on any person out of it, and within the United States, are fifteen per cent.; and on persons out of the United States, twenty per cent. on the sum drawn for, together with incidental charges and interest.

In Louisiana, in 1838, the rate of damages, upon the protest for non-acceptance or non-payment of bills of exchange, drawn on, and payable in foreign countries, was declared by statute to be ten per cent.; and in any other State in the United States, five per cent., together with interest on the aggregate amount of principal and damages. On protested Bills, drawn and payable within the United States, the damages include all charges, such as premiums, and expenses, and interest on those damages, but nothing for the difference of exchange.

In Mississippi, the damages on inland Bills, protested for non-payment, are five per cent. ; if drawn on any person resident out of the United States, ten per cent.

The damages in Tennessee, hy stalute, in 1830, on protested Bills, over and above the principal sum, and charges of protest, and interest on the principal sum, damages, and charge of protest from the time of notice, are three per cent. on the principal sum, if the Bill be drawn upon any person in the United States; and fifteen per cent., is upon any person in any other place or State in North America, bordering on the Gulf of Mexico, or the West Indies; and twenty per cent., if upon a person in any other part of the world. These damages are in lieu of interest, and all other charges, except the charges of protest, to the time of notice of the protest, and demand of payment.

In Kentucky, the damages on foreign Bills, protested for non-acceptance or non-paymnent, are ten per cent.

The damages in Indiana and Illinois, on foreign bills, are ten per cent. ; and on Bills drawn on any person out of the State and within the United States, are five per cent. in addition 10 the costs and charges.

In Missouri, the damages on Bills of Exchange, drawn or negotiated within the State, and protested for non-acceptance or non-payment, against the drawer and indorser, are four per cent, on the principal sum; if drawn on any person out of the State, but within the United States, ten per cent. ; if out of the United States, twenty per cent.; the same rate of damages as against the acceptor on non-payment.

The inconvenience of a want of uniformity in the rule of damages, in the laws of the several States, is very great, and has been strongly felt. The mischiefs 10 commerce, and perplexity to our merchants, resulting from such discordant and shifting regulations, have been ably, justly, and frequently urged upon the consideration of Congress; and the right of Congress to regulate, by some uniform rule, the rate and rule of recovery of damages upon protested foreign Bills, or Bills drawn in one State upon another, under the power in the Constitution, 'to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States,' and the expediency of the exercise of that right, have been well, and I think conclusively, shown in the official documents, which have been prepared on that subject.

XII. SESSIONS OF CONGRESS.

Table showing the commencement, close, and duration of each session of Congress, the number of Acts and Resolutions passed, and of Bills vetoed or retained by the Executive, and the Speakers of the House of Representatives.

Session

Congress.

Session.

Commenced.

Speakers.

Terminated.

Days'
duration
Acts
passed.

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1 Mar. 4, 1789 Sept. 29, 1789 210
2. Jan. 4, 1790 Aug. 12, 1790 221
3 Dec. 6, 1790 Mar. 3, 1791 88
i Oct. 24, 1791 May 8, 1792 198
2 Nov. 5, 1792 Mar. 2, 1793 118
1 Dec. 2, 1793 June 9, 1794 190
2 Nov. 3, 1794 Mar. 3, 1795 121
1 Dec. 7, 1795 June 1, 1796 178
2 Dec. 5, 1796 Mar. 3, 1797 89
1 May 15, 1797 July 10, 1797 57
2 Nov. 13, 1797 July 16, 1798 246
3. Dec. 3, 1798 Mar. 3, 179991
1 Dec. 2, 1799 May 14, 1800 165
2 Nov. 17, 1800 Mar. 3, 1801 107
1 Dec. 7, 1801 May 3, 1802 148
2 Dec. 6, 1802, Mar. 3, 1803) 89

29

F. A. Muhlenberg, 49

Penn.
29
45
32

Jon. Trumbull, Ct. 66

F. A. Muhlenberg. 53 55

Jona. Dayton, N. J.
30 15
17
90

Jona. Dayton.
49
76

T. Sedgwick, Mass.
36
55

Nath. Macon, N. C. 40

5

6

7

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116

1 Oct. 17, 1803 Mar. 27, 1804 163 62

Nath. Macon.
2 Nov. 5, 1804 Mar. 3, 1505 119 46
1 Dec. 2, 1805 Apr. 21, 1806141 46

Nath. Macon.
2 Dec. 1, 1506 Mar. 3, 1807 93 49

1 Oct. 20, 1807 Apr. 25, 1805 183 68 10 Y 2 Nov. 7, 1808 Mar. 3, 1809 117 37

J. B. Varnum, Mass. 1 May 22, 1809 June 28, 1809 38 ! 17 2 Nov. 27, 1800 May 1, 1810156 51 J. B. Varnum. 3 Dec. 3, 1810 Mar. 3, 1811 91 45 2

1 Nov. 4, 1811 July 6, 1812246 142 12 2 Nov. 2, 1812 Mar. 3, 1813122 66

Henry Clay, Ken. 1 May 24, 1813 Aug. 2, 1813 71 59 Henry Clay. 13 2 Dec. 6, 1813 Apr. 18, 1814134 99 Lang. Cheves, S. C.

3 Sept. 19, 1814 Mar. 3, 1815 166 113 1

1 Dec. 4, 1815 Apr. 30, 1816149 181 14

Henry Clay. 2 Dec. 2, 1816 Mar. 3, 1817 92 117

1 Dec. 1, 1817 Apr. 20, 1818 151 142 15 2 Nov. 16, 1818 Mar. 3, 1819 108 114

Henry Clay. 1 Dec. 6, 1819 May 15, 1820 162 143 Henry Clay. 2 Nov. 13, 1820 Mar. 3, 1821111' 65 J. W. Taylor, N. Y.

1 Dec. 3, 1921 May 8, 1822 157 133 1 17 2 Dec. 2, 1822 Mar. 3, 1823 92 106

P. P. Barbour, Va. 1 Dec. 1, 1823 May 27, 18:24 179 212 2 Dec. 6, 1824 Mar. 3, 1825 85 124

Henry Clay. 1 Dec. 5, 1825 May 22, 1826 169 162 19

John W. Taylor. 2 Dec. 4, 1826 Mar 3, 1827 90 103

1 Dec. 3, 1827 May 26, 1895 176 158 120 2 Dec. 1, 1928 Mar. 3, 18:29 93

A. Stevenson, Va.

07 1 Dec. 7, 1829 May 31, 1830 176 243 41 21

A. Stevenson. 2 Dec. 6, 1830 Mar. 3, 1831 88 126

1 Dec. 5, 1831 July 14, 1832 223 311 31 22

A. Stevenson. 2 Dec. 3, 1832 Mar. 3, 1833 91 147 1 )

1 Dec. 2, 1833 June 30, 1534 211 277 1 / A. Stevenson, 23

2 Dec. 1, 1834 Mar. 3, 1835 93 113 John Bell, Tenn.

1 Dec. 7, 1835 July 4, 1836 211 377 1 24

Jas. K. Polk, Tenn. 12 Dec. 5, 18:36 Mar. 3, 1937 89 81

1 Sept. 4, 1837 Oct. 16, 1837 43 11 25 2 Dec. 4, 1837 July 9, 1838 218 277 James K. Polk.

3 Dec. 3, 1838 Mar. 3, 1839 91 249

1 Dec. 2, 1839 July 21, 1840 233 106 26

R. M. T. Hunter, Va. 2 Dec. 7, 1810 Mar. 3, 1841 87 41

1 May 31, 1841 Sept. 13, 1841 106 30 2 27 2 Dec. 6, 1841 Aug. 31, 18412 269 299 4 John White, Ken.

3 Dec. 5. 1812 Mar. 3, 1843 69 186

18

3.4}

XIII. SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS,*

From the commencement of the Government under the Constitution, to the end

of the 27th Congress, March 3d, 1843, with the beginning and termination of their respective periods of office. (Corrected from the Treasurer's accounts.)

The American Almanac for 1834 contained a list of the members of Congress complete up to the end of the 224 Congress. It has been carefully revised, and is now continued, for a further pečiod of ten years and five Congresses, up to the present day. The whole has been corrected by comparison with the official records at Washington, and is believed to be as perfect as such a list can be made. Maine;— 1820.

In. Out. Hill, Mark L.,

1821-23 Senators.

Holland, Cornelius, 1631-33
Jarvis, Leonard,

1831-37 In. Out.

1831-35 Chandler, John,

Kavanagh, Edward,
1820-29
Kidder, David,

1823-27 Evans, George,

1841-47
Lincoln, Enoch,

.1821-26 Holmes, John,

| 1820-27
Littlefield, Nat. S.,

1841-43 | 1828-33

1823-25 Parris, Albion K.,

1827-28
Longfellow, S.,

1839-43 Ruggles, John,

Lowell, Joshua A.,
1835–41
Marshall, Alfred,

1841-43 Sprague, Peleg,

1829–35
Mason, Moses,

1834-37 Shepley, Ether,

1833-37
McIntire, Rufus,

1826–35 Williams, Reuel,

1837-43
Noyes, Joseph C.,

1837-39

1823-29
O'Brien, Jeremiah, .
Representatives.
Parks, Gorham,

1833–37 Allen, Elisha H., 1841-43 Parris, Virgil D.,

1838-41 Anderson, Hugh J., 1837-41 Randall, Benjamin,

1639-43 Anderson, John, 1825-33 Ripley, James W.,

1827-31 Bailey, Jeremiah,

1835–37 Robinson, Edward, 1338-39 Bates, James, 1831–33 Smith, Albert,

1839-41 Bronson, David, 1841-43 Smith, F. O. J.,

1833-39 Burleigh, William, 1823–27 Sprague, P.

1825-29 Butman, Samuel, 1827-31 Whitman, E.

1821-22 Carter, Timothy J., 1837-38 Williamson, W. D.

1621-23 Cilley, Jonathan, 1837–38 Wingate, J. F.,

1827-31 Clifford, Nathan,

1839–43 Cushman, Joshua P., 1821-25

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Dane, Joseph,

1821-23 Davee, Thomas,

1837-41

Senators. Evans, George,

1829-41 Fairfield, John, 1835–39 Bell, Samuel,

1823–35 Fessenden, Wm. P., 1841-43 Cutts, Charles,

1810-13 Hall, Joseph, 1833–37 Gilman, Nicholas,

1805-14 Harris, Mark, 1822-23 Hill, Isaac,

1831-36 Herrick, Ebenezer, 1821–27 Hubbard, Henry,

1835-41 A list of members of the present, or 28th, Congress, so far as they are chosen at the time of our publication, will be found in the latter part of this volume

In. Out.

In, Ont. Langdon, John, 1769–1801 Hall, Obed,

1811-13 Livermore, S., 1793-1801 Hammons, Joseph,

1829_33 Mason, Jeremiah, 1813–17 Harper, John A.,

1611-13 Morrill, David L., 1817–23 Harper, Joseph M.,

1931-35 Olcott, Simeon, 1801-05 Harvey, Jonathan,

1825-31 Page, John, 1836–37 Harvey, Matthew,

1821-25 Parker, Nahum,

1807-10 Haven, Nathaniel A., 1804-11 Parrott, John F. 1819–25 Healy, Joseph,

1825–29 Pierce, Franklin, 1837-42 Hough, David,

1803–07 Plumer, William, 1802-07 Hubbard, Henry,

1629_35 Sheafe, James, 1801-02 Hunt, Samuel,

1802-05 Storer, Clement, 1817-19

1817-21

Livermore, Arthur, Thompson, T. W., 1814-17

1823–25 Wilcox, Leonard, 1812-43 Livermore, S.,

1789-93 Wingate, Paine, 1789-93 Matson, Aaron,

1921-25 Woodbury, Levi, | 1825-31 Parrott, John F.,

1817-19 ( 1841-47 Peirce, Joseph,

1801-02 Pierce, Franklin,

1833-37 Representatives.

Plumer, William, Jr., 1819-25
Reding, John R.,

1511-43 Atherton, Charles G., 1837-43 Shaw, Tristam,

1839-43 Atherton, C. H., 1815–17 Sheafe, James,

1799-1501 Barker, David, 1827-29 Sherburne, J. S.,

1793–97 Bartlett, Ichabod, 1823–29 Smith, Jedediah K.,

1807-09 Bartlett, Josiah, 1811-13 Smith, Jeremiah,

1791-97 Bean, Benning M., 1833–37 Smith, Samuel,

1813-15 Betton, Silas, 1803–07 Sprague, Peleg,

1797-99 Blaisdell, Daniel, 1809-11 Storer, Clement,

1807-09 Brodhead. John, 1829-33 Sullivan, George,

1811-13 Brown, Titus, 1825–29 Tenney, Samuel,

1800-07 Buffum, Joseph, 1819–21 Thompson, T. W.,

1805-07 Burke, Edmund, 1839-13 Upham, George B.,

1801-03 Burns, Robert, 1833-37 Upham, Nathaniel,

1817-23 Butler, Josiah, 1817–23 Vose, Roger,

1813-17 Carlton, Peter, 1807-09 Webster, Daniel,

1913-17 Chamberlain, J. C. 1809–11 Weeks, John W.,

1829-33 Chandler, Thomas, 1829-33 Weeks, Joseph,

1835-39 Cilley, Bradbury, 1613–17 Whipple, Thomas,

1921-29 1803-05 Wilcox, Jeduthan,

1813-17 Clagett, Clifton, 1817-21 Williams, Jared W.,

1837-41 Cushman, Samuel, 1835–39 Wilson, James,

1809-11 Dinsmoor, Samuel, 1811-13 Wingate, Paine,

1793-95 Durell, Daniel M.,

1807-09 Eastman, Ira A.,

1839–431

VERMONT; - 1791.
Eastman, Nehemiah, 1825–27
Ellis, Caleb,

1805–07

Senators. Farrington, James,

1837-39

1799-91 Foster, Abiel,

1795–1803

Bradley, S. R., Freeman, Jona.,

1797-1801 Gardner, Francis,

Chase, Dudley,

1807-09 Gilman, Nicholas,

1759-97 Chipman, Nathaniel, Gordon, William, 1797-1800 Crafts, Samuel C., Hale, Salma,

1817-19 Fisk, James, Ha le, William, | 1809-11 Paine, Elijah,

1795–1801 ( 1813–17 Palmer, William A.,

( 1791-95

1801-13

1813-17 1 1525-31 1797-1802

1642-43 1617-18

1818-25

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