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Destroyer, second line:
300 Total NOTE.-Estimate based on destroyers, first line, upon which extensive fire control is not installed and would be left on board. Second-line destroyers have only elementary fire-control installations.
2. Cost to put in good condition one destroyer for service required:
26, 152 Bureau of Ordnance Equipment, new; engineering
24, 000 Equipment, new; construction and repair
96, 074 Destroyer, second line: Bureau of EngineeringRepairs to machinery and boilers..
33,923 Bureau of Construction and Repair Cleaning, painting, docking, repairs to hull, boats, ete
19, 274 Bureau of Ordnance Equipment, new ; engineering
22, 000 Equipment, new; construction and repair...
92, 697 NOTE.-It will be noted that new equipment is included in these figures, as at the conclusion of the intended five-year term of service this material will be worn out and require replacement upon return of destroyers to the Navy. The present equipment of the destroyers out of commission has been used and is incomplete.
3. Number of men required on board one destroyer (Nary crews): Destroyer, first line -
102 Destroyer, second line..
80 4. Number of gallons fuel oil consumed at 15 knots : Destroyer, first line:
Gallons per hour.
54, 000 24,000
For steaming 1,800 miles, per month---
Total consumption per month.
Gallons per hour
For steaming 1,800 miles, per month -
42, 000) 18,000
Total consumption per month.--
$18,000 161, 000 179,000 895, 000
Destroyer, second line:
$12,000 Operating expenses (includes pay, stores, fuel, subsistence)
84, 000 One year--
96, 000 Five years
480, 000 NOTE.-Above figures are derived from Paymaster General reports covering active naval operations.
The first of the seven destroyers commissioned at San Diego at $32,000 has gone to yard for overhaul, estimated at $31,000.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1924.
SALARIES OF CUSTOMS EMPLOYEES.
STATEMENT OF HON. CLARENCE MacGREGOR, A REPRESENTA
TIVE IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. The CHAIRMAN. We will be glad to hear you, Mr. MacGregor.
Mr. MacGREGOR. Bearing upon the question of increase in compensation to customs employees, I would like to say this:
I note that the customs receipts for the fiscal year 1923 were $562,000,000. This was the largest amount ever collected during one fiscal year and exceeded the receipts of the previous year by $204,644,000.
The imports during the year were valued at $3,781,000,000, an increase of $1,173,000,000 over the value of the imports during the preceding year.
The maintenance of the service during the year 1923 involved an expenditure of $13,161,000, an increase of only $493,579 over the expenditures for 1922.
The cost of collection per dollar in 1923 was reduced from 347 mills to 231 mills.
There are 7,456 persons employed in the customs service, an increase of but 443 over the number employed in 1922, and as you will note, the increase of receipts was very large, and there was an enormous increase in the amount of property that had to be reviewed, that increase amounting to $1,173,000,000.
In the customs district in which I am particularly interested, which is the Buffalo district, there are three offices—Buffalo, Black Rock, and Niagara Falls.
In that district there are 106 full-time employees. Of these there are 22 employees at $1,640 per year, three at $1,600 per year, 39 at $1,460 per year, 1 at $1,380 per year, 17 at $1,277.50 per year, 2 at $1,200 per year, 1 at $900 per year, and 2 at $840 per year,
Mr. BYRNS of Tennessee. That does not include the bonus.
The collections in this district in the fiscal year 1923 were $4,986,000. In the first five months of 1924 the collections were $2,499.000. The cost of collections per dollar has decreased very materially.
In 1919 the cost of collection was 16.23 cents; in 1920 it had been reduced to 11.07 cents; in 1921 it was 13.12 cents; in 1922 it was 3.97 cents; in 1923 it was 3.69 cents, and in the first five months of 1924 it was 3.18 cents.
In the Buffalo district the average salary of the full-time force is $1,376, and only 12 of the 106 employees receive $1,800 a year or more.
As I understand it, $1,800 is the official figure found necessary to provide for a bare living of a family, and 12 employees in that whole district receive as much as it has been decided by experts is necessary to maintain a man and his family. These 12 are in the official class.
These customs employees in that district are on a seven-day a week basis. I do not know whether that is true in the other districts or not, but in the Buffalo district they are required to be on duty at any time, seven days a week.
The CHAIRMAN. That includes only the inspectors.
Of course, we have peculiar conditions on the border, which also pertain to other points on the Canadian border. We have a large automobile traffic across the border. These automobiles which come across the border have to be examined.
We have also imposed upon those men on the border the duty of enforcing, or attempting to enforce the prohibition law. They. have to run power boats and act as guards, because an immense quantity of illicit liquor is brought across the border. That is very easily done, and these customs employees have to be on the job all the time, engaged in that work. They have to maintain a 24-hour service on the bridges for automobiles.
The CHAIRMAN. That does not involve 24 hours of work for any one man.
Mr. MacGREGOR. It is divided up, of course. But they have no holidays. These men are required to work all the time.
The CHAIRMAN. They are under the same regulations as all other men in the Government service who get holidays, are they not?
Mr. MacGregor. They do not have any holidays up there. They have to do the work which is required, and they go without their holidays, such as Christmas, Fourth of July, and New Years. They do not have those holidays.
The CHAIRMAN. They are probably a happy lot.
Mr. MACGREGOR. Of course you recognize the fact that Government employees should receive proper compensation. The reduction in the per dollar collection cost of the increased amount of collections would certainly indicate that the employees should receive some portion of that, and I think our Government could very well take into consideration the great reduction in the per dollar collection cost.
The CHAIRMAN. What will we do in the case of employees in departments where they do not take in anything? How will we treat them?
Mr. MacGREGOR. I am talking about customs employees at the present time. Certainly, Government employees should receive enough compenation so that they can live decently. They should certainly receive something like those who are employed on the outside.
The CHAIRMAN. Your idea is, Mr. MacGregor, that the men in the customs service are inadequately compensated?
Mr. MACGREGOR. Yes.
The CHAIRMAN. That is what you want to tell us!
Mr. MARGREGOR. I have been trying to convince the department that we are not as well taken care of in Buffalo as the people in Boston.
The CHAIRMAN. We are much obliged to you. The committee will give the matter due consideration.
Warehouse act, enforcement of_
Rates, comparison with other roads in the United States.
Members of commission.---
Number of monuments to be used.
Office work of commission..
Outline of organization
Outline sketch maps
Photographing battle fields.
Reimbursement of actual expenses.-
Structures and improvements to land.
Travel allowance --
Aronoff, E. J., statement of..