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AUTHORIZING THE APPOINTMENT OF A COMMITTEE TO
OTHER MATTERS CONNECTED THEREWITH
43, , , 6.7
UNITED STATES, JANUARY 17, 1911
COMMITTEE ON RULES
SYLVESTER C. SMITH
OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD
JOHN J. FITZGERALD
APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE CERTAIN FOREIGN
SHIPPING RINGS, COMBINATIONS, ETC.
COMMITTEE ON RULES,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. O., Tuesday, January 17, 1911. The committee met this day at 11.15 o'clock a. m., Hon. John Dalzell (chairman) presiding:
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order.
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION 230.
The CHAIRMAN. Now, Mr. Humphrey, we will hear you on House joint resolution 230.
[H. J. Res. 230. Sixty-first Congress, second session.] JOINT RESOLUTION Authorizing the appointment of a committee to investigate certain
foreign shipping rings, pools, combinations, and conferences, and other matters connected therewith.
Whereas ninety-four per centum of the entire exports and imports of the United
States are now carried in foreign ships, under the flags of foreign nations
who are our rivals in trade and possible enemies in war; and Whereas all, or practically all, of these foreign ships belong to conferences,
pools, or other combinations whereby freight rates are fixed by mutual agreement, so that our entire commerce is carried in ships between which there is
no competition; and Whereas these foreign ships give rebates and other special privileges and pool
their earnngs; and Whereas these foreign ships carrying our trade form a complete monopoly and
have entered into written agreements among themselves to drive out or de
stroy any line that attempts to compete with them; and Whereas these foreign ships always discriminate against the products of this
country in favor of the products of the country whose flag they fly; and Whereas the service given by these foreign ships between this country and most
foreign ports, especially between this country and South America, is grossly inadequate and grossly discriminatory against this country in favor of foreign countries; and Whereas these foreign ships give special rates and other preferences to certain
of the great trusts and combines of this country, and especially to what is known as the Steel Trust, to the Standard Oil Company, and to the Harvester
combine; and Whereas these foreign ships dictate freight rates from and to interior points in
the United States to and from different ports of the world, and also dictate the ports of the United States through which said freights shall be trans
ported; and Whereas Japanese ships on the Pacific Ocean have an agreement with the trans
continental railway lines of this country running to Pacific ports whereby these ships dictate the freight rates on our imports and exports passing through the Pacific ports of the United States, both on land and on sea ; and