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AUTHORIZING THE APPOINTMENT OF A COMMITTEE TO
INVESTIGATE CERTAIN FOREIGN SHIPPING RINGS,
POOLS, COMBINATIONS, AND CONFERENCES, AND

OTHER MATTERS CONNECTED THEREWITH

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HEARINGS HELD BEFORE THE COMMITTEE
ON RULES, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

UNITED STATES, JANUARY 17, 1911

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COMMITTEE ON RULES
JOHN DALZELL, Chairman

SYLVESTER C. SMITH
WALTER I. SMITH

CHAMP CLARK
HENRY S. BOUTELL

OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD
GEORGE P. LAWRENCE

LINCOLN DIXON
J, SLOAT FASSETT

JOHN J. FITZGERALD
HOWARD N. SHALLENBERGER, Clerk

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APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE CERTAIN FOREIGN

SHIPPING RINGS, COMBINATIONS, ETC.

COMMITTEE ON RULES,

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Washington, D. O., Tuesday, January 17, 1911. The committee met this day at 11.15 o'clock a. m., Hon. John Dalzell (chairman) presiding:

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order.

HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION 230.

The CHAIRMAN. Now, Mr. Humphrey, we will hear you on House joint resolution 230.

[H. J. Res. 230. Sixty-first Congress, second session.] JOINT RESOLUTION Authorizing the appointment of a committee to investigate certain

foreign shipping rings, pools, combinations, and conferences, and other matters connected therewith.

Whereas ninety-four per centum of the entire exports and imports of the United

States are now carried in foreign ships, under the flags of foreign nations

who are our rivals in trade and possible enemies in war; and Whereas all, or practically all, of these foreign ships belong to conferences,

pools, or other combinations whereby freight rates are fixed by mutual agreement, so that our entire commerce is carried in ships between which there is

no competition; and Whereas these foreign ships give rebates and other special privileges and pool

their earnngs; and Whereas these foreign ships carrying our trade form a complete monopoly and

have entered into written agreements among themselves to drive out or de

stroy any line that attempts to compete with them; and Whereas these foreign ships always discriminate against the products of this

country in favor of the products of the country whose flag they fly; and Whereas the service given by these foreign ships between this country and most

foreign ports, especially between this country and South America, is grossly inadequate and grossly discriminatory against this country in favor of foreign countries; and Whereas these foreign ships give special rates and other preferences to certain

of the great trusts and combines of this country, and especially to what is known as the Steel Trust, to the Standard Oil Company, and to the Harvester

combine; and Whereas these foreign ships dictate freight rates from and to interior points in

the United States to and from different ports of the world, and also dictate the ports of the United States through which said freights shall be trans

ported; and Whereas Japanese ships on the Pacific Ocean have an agreement with the trans

continental railway lines of this country running to Pacific ports whereby these ships dictate the freight rates on our imports and exports passing through the Pacific ports of the United States, both on land and on sea ; and

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