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cessary; for the Peace between Portugal and France was signed on the 29th of September, at Madrid, and your Treaty, in two days afterwards, at London: the French and English Governments, therefore, at the time of signing the Treaty between them, necessarily looked upon Portugal as in a state of War with France, and, consequently, the integrity stipulated for, referred to the commencement of the War. The cessions, then, which, by the Treaty of the 29th of September, Portugal makes to France in South America, are annulled by the Treaty of Downing-street, as are also the clauses of the Fifth Article of that Treaty, which limit the sovereignty of Portugal, with respect to commercial regulations, and in direct hostility to Great-Britain. Your Lordship has, I know (after consulting your friend Citizen Otro) publicly declared, upon being asked a second time, that the cessions made to France by the Treaty of Madrid, of the 29th September are not now to take place, and that they are annulled by the Treaty of Downing-street; but, my Lord, the Moniteur, which was received at my house much about the same moment that your Lordship was making this declaration, informs me, that the Treaty of Madrid of the 29th of September, has been
ratified by the French Government, " sans aucun
changement.” This article of news comes to us under the signature of BUONAPARTÉ, and the counter-signature of TALLEYRAND, a couple of citizens who are not apt to eat their words, and whose authority I am sure your Lordship will not dispute, though fifty Portugals were at stake.
In the course of these Letters, my Lord, I have troubled you with no predictions on the effects, which this Peace will have on the manners, the morals, and the politics of this kingdom ; if, after what you have seen during the last eleven years,
doubts on that subject, verily, verily, I say unto you, in the language of the Gospel, “ neither would you believe, though one rose from $6 the dead.”
I remain, my Lord,
Your Lordship’s most obedient,
And most humble Servant,
CHANCELLOR OF HIS MAJESTY'S EXCHEQUER,
ON THE FATAL EFFECTS
PEẠCE WITH BUONAPARTE,
PARTICULARLY WITH RESPECT TO
THE COLONIES, THE COMMERCE, THE MANUFAC
TURES, AND THE CONSTITUTION,
By WILLIAM COBBETT.