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of the nation. If the countenance of our pieces at chess, and the art have received from nature, features of the player consists in avoiding that can express our passions, the this movement, to save his lambs, body has also its attitudes and and prevent them from being de movements that paint our temper voured. At least, when it has been and feelings, The dance of the neceflary to place them elsewhere, Nimiqua is frigid, like himself, and I have seen him double his attenso devoid of grace and hilarity, tion; but he sometimes brings them that, were it not for the extreme together or separates them in such gaiety of the women, it might be a confused manner, that, being un. called the dance of the dead. able to follow the game, I have

“ These tortoises, to whom dan- been confounded by the move. cing is a fatigue, show little eager- ments, and could comprehend noness for any thing but wagers, thing farther, till the moment when games of calculation and chance, the stakes were taken up. and all the fedentary amusements “ There is another game, which, which require patience and reflec- being much more easy, because it tion, of which they are more ca. is suinply a game of chance, is on pable than they are of motion. that account so much the more

“ One of their favourite games dangerous; for the Nimiquas, fond is what they call the tiger and the of it to distraction, frequently risk, lambs. It is nearly as follows: in playing at it, their herds and all I say nearly, for I never understood they pofless. It considerabiy re- : it fufficiently to be able clearly to sembles our hustle-cap. The feed explain it.

of the mimosa of the country is a • An oblong square is traced on sort of bean, which constitutes the the ground, in which are made a principle food of the giraffe. They certain number of holes, two or take a certain number of these three inches deep, forming a fort seeds, engrave some mark on one of chess-table. The holes are made of their lides, which answers the in ranks, lide by side, but the num- same purpose to them that the ber is not fixed. I have seen them head or the tail of a piece of movarying from twenty to forty. ney does to our gamblers, and,

“ To play, they take a certain after they have hustled them some number of pieces of theep's-dung, time between their two hands, they hardened by drying, proportionate throw them on the ground, when to the number of holes, and which they have nothing to do but to represent lambs. Some of the count whether the marked or unholes are also called lambs, and marked fides uppermost are most into these are put balls. The holes numerous. that remain empty, are called tigers. “ This game, contrived equally Perhaps they represent only differ- to please the indolent, because it ent dens of the fame animal, and the does not fatigue them, and the sturetreats or ambuscades which he pid, because it requires no capacity occupies fucceflively one after the of thought, wonderfully delighted other. The player begins by tak- my Hottentots. They soon gave ing some lambs out of their holes, into it with such ardour, that they and putting them into other holes did nothing else from morning to of the tiger. Perhaps this tiger night; and many of them, after has a regular movement like some having lost all they poflefled, staked,

as

as their last resource, the allowance firous of making one of the Nimiof tobacco and brandy that they quas of the horde a present of a were to receive the succeeding fine cow. He had already fomedays.

thing towards paying for her, which « Nothing now was left for them he had gained at play: but he had but to rob me; and I had reason to not enough, and requested me fear they would do so. To cut off to advancé hím, in part of his the temptation, I re-established an wages, a little hard-ware, that he equality of fortune among them, might have it in his power to conby restoring to each what he had clude his bargain. lost, aware that the sole hope of re- “ A gift of such consequence gaining this makes gamblers; and implied some great service received I had then no need of proclamations Before I affented to his request, I to prevent in future such disorder would know what had given rise to in my camp

it; and I found that the cow was “ Several Nimiquas had accom- not a present, but an article of barpanied me from the former horde ter. My Hottentot was in love to this; they appeared even to take with the daughter of the Nimiqua ; pleasure in being with me; but; and, to obtain her, he had offered the moment my people were pro- him a cow, which the Nimiqua hibited from playing with them, had consented to accept. they no longer found my camp 10 " In this manner are marriages agreeable, and came to announce made in all the African nations; to me their departure.

and such was originally the custom “ Nevertheless, as they had eve- throughout the world, before the ry reason to be satisfied with my imagination of poets, and the po . conduct towards them, they ex. licy of civilized societies, had fub. presed, on quitting me, great friend. ftituted in the stead of love a repreThip and attachment; and, as I had sentative, who, under the name of just purchased fome oxen for my Hymen, claiming alone the right waggons, they even offered to take of uniting the lexes, contributes them under their care, and deliver but too often to disturb and dei them to Swanepoel at my camp on

prave their union.

Among fa the Orange River. This offer I vages there is no contract, no wit. accepted. In return, I made them nels, no ceremony. A man and a few prefents; I entrusted them woman please each other; they with my cattle, after having mark. live together; and this constitutes ed them; and they went away sa. them husband and wife. If the tisfied.

woman have parents, she is consi “ Scarcely had they quitted me, dered as their property, and of when one of my Hottentots came course they must either give or to ask a favour of me. He was de fell her.”

PICTURË [80]

PICTURE of the HOUZOU ANAS, the probable original Stem of the various

Tribes of HOTTENTOTS.

[From the Third Volume of the fame Work.]

HE Houzouanas are of profile, is the reverse of handsome,

low ftature ; and a person and confiderably resembles an ape. five feet four inches in height is ac-. When beheld in front, he presents

, counted among them very tall; but on the first view, an extraordinary in their little bodies, perfectly well appearance, as half the face seems proportioned, are united, with fur- to be fore-head. The features pribing strength and agility, a cer. however, are so expreffive, and the tain air of allurance, boldnefs, and eyes lo large and lively, that, nothaughtiness, which awes the be. withstanding this fingularity of look, holder, and with which I was greatly the countenance is tolerably agree. pleafed. Of all the savage races, able. I have seen none that appeared to 6 As the heat of the climate in be endowed with fo active a mind, which he lives renders clothing anand so hardy a constitution. necessary, he continues during the

“ Their head, though it exhibits whole year almost entirely naked, the principal charaéteristics of that of having no other covering than a the Hottentot, is, however, rounder very small jackal-skin fastened round towards the chin. They are also not his loins by two thongs, the extreso black in complexion ; but have mities of which hang down to his the lead colour of the Malays, diftin. knees. Hardened by this constant guished at the Cape by the name of habit of nakedness, he becomes fo bouguinée. Their hair, more woolły, insensible io the variations of the is so fhort that I imagined at first atmosphere, that, when he removes their heads to have been Maved. from the burning sands of the level The nose too is still flatter than country to the snow and hoar-frofi that of the Hottentots; or, rather, of his mountains, he feems indif. they seem altogeiher destitute of a ferent to and not even to feel the nose; what they have conGfting cold. only of two broad nostrils, which 6 His hut in no-wise resembles project at most but five or fix lines. that of the Hottentot. It appears Accordingly, mine being the only as if cut vertically through the one in the company formed after middle; fo that the hut of a Hot the European manner, I appeared tentot would make two of those of in their eyes as á being disfigured the Houzouanas. During their by nature. They could not be re- emigrations, they leave them tande conciled to this difference, which ing, in order that, if any other they considered as a monstrous de- horde of the same nation pass that formity; and, during the first days way, they may make use of them. of my residence among them, I saw When on a journey, they have notheir eyes continually fixed on my thing to repofe on but a mat fufcountenance, with an air of asto.

pended from two sticks, and placed nilhment truly laughable.

in an inclined position. They of" From this conformation of the ten even sleep on the bare ground. note, a Houzouana, when seen in A proje&ing rock is then fufficient

to shelter them; for every thing is a supply of water, they set out suited to a people whose constitu- themselves in an instant, without tions are proof againtt the fevereit making me a reply, clambered up fatigue. If, however, they stop their mountains, and in less than any where to sojourn for a while, two hours brought back all my and find materials proper for con

leather bottles and vetrels full of structing huts, they then form a excellent water. kraal; but they abandon it on their “ During the whole time of my departure, as is the case with all residence on the rivulet, they renthe huts which they erect.

dered me the same service, uni. “ This custom of labouring for formly displaying the same zeal and others of their tribe announces a the same readiness. One of these (ncial character and a benevolent expeditions would have employed difpofition. They are, indeed, not my Hottentots a whole day. only affectionate husbands and good “ When on a journey, scarcity fathers, but excellent companions. of water gives them no uneasiness, When they inhabit a kraal, there is even in the middle of a defert. no such thing among them as pri- By a particular art they can disco. vate property; whatever they pof. ver water that is concealed in the seís is in common. If two hordes bowels of the earth; and their inof the same nation meet, the recep- stinct, in this point, is even fupetion is on both fides friendly; they rior to that of the other Africans. afford each other mutual protec- Animals, in like cases of distress, tion, and confer reciprocal obliga- find water alfo; but it is only by tions. In tort, they treat one the smell. There must be a curanother as brethren, though per- rent of air to convey to them the haps they are perfea strangers, and exhalation which rises from it; and have never seen each other before. confequently they must be to the

“ A&tive and nimble by nature, windward. While I resided in the the Houzouana considers it as a- desert, during my first journey, my musement to climb mountains and savages had shown more than once the most elevated peaks; and their the fume faculty; and I myself acfill in this refpe&t was very advan- quired it also from their instruction, tageous to me. The rivulet near as I have mentioned in my narrawhich I encamped had a coppery tive. taste and a nauseous smell, which " The Houzouana, more expert, rendered it impollible for me to employs only his sight. He throws drink the water. My cattle, ac- himself flat on the ground, takes a customed to the bad water of the distant view, and, if the space which country, were satisfied with it: but he traverses with his eye conceals I was afraid that it might injure any subterranean spring, he rises my people; and I would, on that and points with his finger to the .. account, not permit them to use it. spot where it is to be found. The The Houzouanas had no milk to only thing by which he discovers give me, as they poflessed only a it is that ethereal and subtile exhafew wretched cows which they had lation which evaporates froin every plundered. ' Having asked them if current of water, when not funk they knew of any good spring in to too great a depth. the neighbourhood, to which i " With regard to pools and could send my company to procure other collections formed by the 1796.

F

rain,

rain, as their evaporation is more and, however fast I rode, I always sensible, they are discoverable even found them keep pace with me. when hid by an eminence or a hill; " My people, prejudiced again and the vapour of streams, such as this nation, were filled with alarm rivers or rivulets, being still more whenever they saw me thus occu. abundant, is so diftin&ily marked pied. Every report of my gun by it, that their course and even made them tremble. They conti. all their finuofties may be traced. nually imagined that the Houzoua.

" I endeavoured to learn this art nas were in the act of assassinating of the Houzouanas, during the me, and that they should after. time I resided amongst them. I wards experience themselves the followed their example, and prac- fame fate'; and they never beheld tised their lessons; and was at me return to my camp without tefti. length able to make similar disco- fying their joy, considering me as a veries, and with as much certainty. man escaped from death. My talent, however, was far from “ For myself, being daily embeing so extensive as theirs; for, ployed in rendering them services, owing either to the natural weak. and seeing these savages, on their ness of my sight or the want of ex- part, ever ready to oblige me, I perience, I could distinguish water laughed at such vain terrors. In at no greater distance than three my way of judging, I had nothing hundred paces, while they could to apprehend from a people who perceive it at a distance much more gained so much by my presence, considerable.

and who would, consequently, have “ The only arms of the Hou. been considerable losers by my zouanas are bows and arrows. The death. arrows, which are very short, are During the long excursions carried on the shoulder in a quiver, which we made together, they in about eight inches in length, and no instance belied their character. four in diameter, made of the bark In many respects they appeared to of the aloe, and covered with the resemble the Arabs, who, being skin of a large species of lizard, also wanderers, and like them brave which these wanderers find in all and addicted to rapine, adhere with their rivers, particularly on the unalterable fidelity to their engagebanks of Orange and Fith River. ments, and defend, even to the last

• Obliged to maintain a nume- drop of their blood, the traveller rous troop, and being desirous that who civilly purchases their services, the whole horde should participate and puts himself under their proin my game, of which I procured tection. abundance, I went out daily to " If my plan of traversing from the chace, 'always accompanied by south to north the whole of Africa a great number of the Houzouanas. was at all practicable, I repeat it, If I hunted in the mountains, I it could have been accomplished climbed the rocks with them. In only with the Houzouanas. I am the plain I used one of my horses; convinced that fifty men of this but, whether they followed me or temperate, brave, and indefatigable were employed in driving towards nation would have been sufficient me the zebras and antelopes, they to enable me to carry it into exethowed themselves indefatigable; cution; and I Mall always regret

that

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