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ously recommend. The action of time ; and I maft agree with Dr. the pen will doubtless imprint an Johnson, (Idler, No. 24.) that idea on the mind as well as on the i what is twice read, is commonly paper: but I much question whe. • better remembered, than what is ther the benefits of this laborious transcribed." method are adequate to the waste of

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MANNERS OF NATIONS.

SKETCH of the MANNERS of the INHABITANTS of PARAMARIBO, the

Capital of SURINAM, and of the PLANTERS on the Estates in the Country.

“often

[From the first and second Volumes of Captain STEDMAN'S NAR,

RATIVE of a Five YEARS' EXPEDITION against the REVOLTED
NEGroes of SURINAM.]

ARAMARIBOis a very lively number of flaves by whom they are rally crouded with planters, sailors, one family. White servants are soldiers

, Jews, Indians, and negroes, seldom to be met with in this co. -while the river is covered with ca- lony. noes, barges, &c. constantly paffing “ The current money, as I have and repaffing, like the wherries on already stated, are stamped cards of the. Thames, often accompanied different value, from five shillings with bands of music; the thipping to fifty pounds: gold and silver is also in the road, adorned with their so scarce, that the exchange predifferent flags, guns firing, &c.; mium for specie is often above ten not to mention the many groupes' per cent.

A base Dantzic coin, of boys and girls playing in the called a bit, value something less water, altogether form a pleasing than sixpence, is also current in appearance; and such gaiety and Surinam. English and Portuguese variety of objects serve, in some coin are sometimes met with, but measure, to compensate for the mostly used as ornaments by the many inconveniences of the cli- Mulatto, Samboe, Quaderoon, and mate. Their carriages and dress negro girls. The negro slaves never are truly magnificent; filk embroi. receive any paper money, for as dery, Genoa velvets, diamonds, gold they cannot read, they do not un.

silver lace, being daily worn, derstand its value: besides, in their and even the masters of trading hands, it would be liable to many fhips, appear with buttons and accidents, from fire or children, and buckles of solid gold. They are particularly from the rats, when it equally expensive at their tables, becomes a little greasy. where every thing that can be called “ This town is well supplied with delicate is produced at any price, provisions, viz. butchers' meat, and served up in plate and china fowls, fish, and venison. Vegeof the newest fashion, and most ex- tables, in particular, the country quisite workmanship. But nothing abounds with: besides the luxuries displays the luxury of the inhabi- peculiar to this climate, they import tants of Surinam, more than the whatever Europe, Africa, and Asia,

can

can afford. Provifions, however, o'clock in the morning, and the are exceflively dear in general, ef. fame hour in the evening, the mornpecially those imported, which are ing and evening guns are fired by mostly cost by the Jews and mar- the commanding mip in the harters of ships. The first enjoy ex bour; at the evening signal, all the traordinary privileges in this co- flags are instantly lowered on board Jony; the latter erect temporary the different velfels; their bells are warehouses for the purpose of fet a ringing, whilst the drums and trade, during the time their ships fifes beat the tattoo through the are loading with the productions of town, The watch is then fet, and the climate. Wheat flour is fold no negro af either sex is allowed to from four-pence to one filling per appear in the streets or on the ripound; butter tivo Billings; but ver, without a proper pass ugned chers' meat never under one fhil- by his owner; without this he is ling, and often at one shilling and taken up, and infallibly fogged the fix-pence; ducks and fowis from next morning. At ten at night, a three to four Millings a couple. A band of black drums beat the fingle turkey has cost me one gui- burgher, or militia retreat, throughi nea and a hali; eggs are sold at the the streets of Paramaribo. rate of five, and European potatoes " At this time the ladies begin to twelve for six-pence. Wine three make their appearance, who are fhillings a bottle. Jamaica rum a particularly fond of a tite-à-tere by crown a gallon. Fish and vege. moonlight, when they entertain, tables are cheap, and fruit almost with therbet, fangaree, and wine for nothing: Niy black boy, Qua- and water; belides the most unreco, has often brought me forty served and unequivocal converoranges for fix-pence, and half a sation concerning themselves, as dozen pineapples for the fame well as the peculiar qualifications price; while limes and tamarinds of their husbands, and the situation may be had for gathering. House of their female flaves, whom they rent is exceflively high. A small propose the acceptance of to the room ufurnifhej coits three or gentlemen they converse with, at four guineas a mouth; and a house so much per week, according to with two apartments on a floor lets their own estimation. Sometimes, for one hundred guineas yearly; placing half a dozen of them in a Shoes f:Il for half-a-guinea a pair; row, the lady says, "Sir, this is a and a suit of cloaths, with filver callebasee, that is a maid, and this binding, has cost me twenty gui- is not. Thus are they not only neas.'

unreserved in their conversation, * The whites or Europeans in but also profuse in their encomiums this colony, and who refide princi. "upon fuch gentlemen as have the pally in the town, are compiited at honour of their instructive com. five thousand, including the garri- pany, and whose person or figure son. The negro llaves at about se. meets with their approbation. , venty-five thoufand. The miitary “ They are also rigid disciplina. mount guard every morning at rians, as the backs of their poor. eight o'clock, in the fortress; but Naves, male and female, fufficiently. the safety of the town is entrusted teitity. Thus every country has to the burghers or militia, who keep its customs, and from these customs watch during the night. At fix At fix exceptions are to be made; for 4

have known ladies in Surinam, nefs, what work was done the day
whose delicacy and polité conver- before ; what negroes deserted, died;
Tation would have graced the first fell fick, recovered, were bought,
circles in Europe. Besides the or born; and, above all things,
amusements of feasting, dancing, which of them neglected their
riding, and cards, they have a snall work, affected fickness, or had been
theatre, where the inhabitants of drunk, or absent, &c.; the prisoners
fashion act plays for their own are generally present, being secured
amusement, and that of their friends. by the inegro-drivers, and instantly
As they are elegant in their dress, so tied up to the beams of the piazza,
they keep their houses extremely or a tree, without so much as being
clean. They use the finest linen, heard in their own desence; when
exquisitely well washed with Caftile the flogging begins, with men, wo-
Soap ; its whiteness can only be men, or children, without ex-
compared to mountain snow, and ception. The instruments of tor-
would make the best bleached li- ture on these occasions are long
nen in Europe appear like canvass. hempen whips, that cut round at
Their parlour Hoors are always every lash, and crack like pistol-
Icoured with four oranges cut shot; during which they alternately
through the middle, which gives repeat, Dankee, majera,' (Thank
the house an agreeable fragrance: you, malter.) In the nean time,
the negro girls, taking one half in he stalks up and down with his
each hand, keep singing aloud while overseer, affecting not so much as
they rub the boards. Such is the to hear their cries, cill they are suf-
town, and such are the inhabitants ficiently mangled, when they are
of Paramaribo, the capital of Suri- untieds and ordered to return to
nam; and the character will apply their work, without so much as a
to the natives of all the Dutch fet. dreffing.
tlements in the West Indies."

• This ceremony being over, the
“ A planter in Surinam, when he dressy negro (a black surgeon) comes
lives on his estate, (which is but to make his report; who being dis-
Teldom, as they mostly perefer the missed with a hearty curse, for al-
fociety of Paramaribo,) gets out of lowing any flaves to be fick, next
his hammock with the rising fun, makes her appearance a superan-
viz. about six o'clock in the morn. nuated matron, with all the young
ing, when he makes his appearance negro children of the estate, over
under the piazza of his house ; whom she is governess; these being
where his coffee is ready waiting clean washed in the river, clap theit
for him, which he generally takes hands, and cheer in chorus, when
'with his pipe, instead of toast and they are sent away to breakfait on
butter; and there he is attended by a large platter of rice and plantains;
half a dozen of the finest young and the levee ends with a low bow
Daves, both male and female, of the from the overseer, as it begun.
plantation, to serve him ; at this " His worfuip now fauriters out
Jantium fanétorum he is next accoft- in his morning dress, which con-
ed by his overseer, who regularly lifts of a pair of the finest Holland
attends etery morning at his level, trowsers, white filk stockings, and
and having made his bows at seve- red or yeilow Morocco Nippers;
tal yards distance, with the most the neck of his thirt open, and no,
profound respect informs his great thing over it, a loose flowing night.

gowns

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gown, of the finest India chintz, while the cringing overseer sits at excepted. On his head is a cotton

the farther end, keeping his proper night-cap, as thin as a cobweb, and distance, both being served by the over that an enormous beaver hat, inost beautiful Naves that can be that protects his meagre visage from selected: and this is called breakthe fun, which is already the co. ing the poor gentleman's fast. lour of mahogany, while his whole " After this he takes a book, carcase seldom weighs above eight plays at chess or billiards, entertains or ten stone, being generally ex- himself with musie, &c. till the hausted by the cliinate and disli. heat of the day forces him to return pation.

into his cotton hamınock, to enjoy “ Having loitered about his e. his meridian nap, which he could state, or sometimes ridden on horse. no more dispense with than a Spaback to his fields, to view his in- niard with his fefta, and in which creafing stores, he returns about he rocks to and fro, like a perfor, eight o'clock, when, if he goes mer on the Nack rope, till he falls abroad, he dresses, but if not, re- asleep, without either bed or cover, mains just as he is. Should the ing; and during which time he is first take place, having only ex. fanned by a couple of his black changed his trowsers for a pair of attendants, to keep him cool, &c. thin linen or filk breeches, he fits “ About three o'clock he awakes down, and holding out one foot by natural instinct, when, having after the other, like a horse going washed and perfumed himself, be to be shod, a negro boy puts on his sits down to dinner, attended as at stockings and shoes, which he also breakfast by his deputy governor buckles, while another dresses his and sable pages, where nothing is hair, his wig, or shaves his chin, wanting that the world can afford and a third is fanning him to keep in a western climate, of meat, fowls, off the musquitoes. Having now venison, fith, vegetables, fruits, &c. shifted, he puts on a thin coat and and the most exquisite wines are waistcoat, all white; when, under often squandered in profufion; after an umbrella, carried by a black this a cup of strong coffee and a boy, he is conducted to his barge, liqueur finish the repast. At fix which is in waiting for him with o'clock he is again waited on by fix or eight oars, well provided his overseer, attended as in the with fruit, wine, water, and to- morning by negro-drivers and pri. bacco, by his overseer, who no foners, when the fogging once sooner has seen him depart, than he more having continued for some resumes the command with all the time, and the necessary orders being usual infolence of office. But given for the next day's work, the fhould this prince not mean to stir allembly is dismissed, and the even. from his estate, he goes to break- ing spent with weak purich, fanga. fast about ten o'clock, for which a ree, cards, and tobacco.-His wortable is spread in the large hall, pro- fhip generally begins to yawn about vided with a bacon ham, hung beef, ten or eleven o'clock, when he withfowls, or pigeons broiled; plautains draws, and is undressed by his footy and sweet cassavas roasted; bread, pages. He then retires to rest, butter, cheese, &c. with which he where he passes the night in the drinks strong beer, and a glass of arms of one or other of his fable Madeira, Rhenille, or Mozeli wine, fuitanas (for he always keeps a se:

raglio)

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