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cepted the proposal, but with in- Naples to take the portraits of those junction that nothing should be sovereigns, according as he had spoken to him of recompence. promised the king their father; but

“ He undertook therefore the instead of finishing them both acpainting of the cabinet of the mu- cording as he had determined before feum, which was designed in the he left Rome, he entertained himself Vatican to keep the fragments of in Naples all the winter, and reancient Papiri."

turned to Rome with only the heads " He had been near three years finished; and being arrived he in Italy before he had finished this could not resist the desire of comwork, and was perfectly re-esta- pleating what remained to be done blithed in his health; in conse- in the chamber of the Papiri; and quence he had no reason for re- it was then that he finithed the maining so long without giving an painting of the aforesaid faint Peaccount to the king, who neverthe. ter. lefs continued him his ftipend the 16 At last he left Rome to return same as if he had remained at Ma- to Spain with part of his family, drid. He had besides undertaken this leaving his five daughters in a conwork of the Papiri without leave vent, recommended to his brotherand even without his knowledge. in-law, the celebrated painter, fig. Any other sovereign but Charles nor Marron. Four months after, III. would have resented this abuse palling through Florence to go to of his bounty; but his unwearied Parma, I found him at that place, patience contented itself to make not having the resolution to prome search reservedly the motives ceed any further; and on my rewhich detained Mengs at Rome : I turn two months after, he was still represented to his majesty the truth, remaining there. During my short excusing Mengs on account of his stay at Florence, he drew my porpassion for Rome, the centre of the trait; and his friendship for me polite arts ; likewise for the tender- made him perform wonders in the ness he bore his family, from whom execution.' I returned to Rome; he had not the courage to separate and five months after, paffing again himself; and for his ambition (so by way of Florence, I induced him excusable in an artist of his merit) finally to depart for Spain.” to leave some testimony in memory 6. In this year which Mengs reof his abilities, with those of Ra. mained in Italy, he studied or more phael; and lastly, relieved his de- properly speaking, meliorated much licacy, by saying he had fought no- his style. His former works bear thing from any other sovereign no comparison with those he did fince he served, the king of Spain, after that period. The most seripromising at the same time what I ous study of the ancients, and espewould do in order to induce him cially the paintings of Herculanesoon to depart for Madrid.

um, manifested to him the true " At the indirect insinuation I fountain of beauty, and the way by gave him, he was uneasy, and re- which the Grecians had attained it. solved precipitately to leave incom. In his first works, notwithstanding plete the work of the Papiri, and to his corrections, his colouring, and depart immediately. No reflection his harmony, one discovers at the was capable of diverting him from same time study and labour; in his this refolution. He went first to last works, all is facility and grace,


and appear the effect of the hidden “ But this fatigue injured his and insensible force of nature. His health, and moved the king to conclare obscure has more vigour, and descend to his desire of once more the 'effect of reflective light, and his returning to Rome, the centre of perspective sky, bear an allufion his delight. His majesty treated which one does not find in any him with that generosity which is other painter.

peculiar to him; leaving him at " In that style he painted at full liberty with the pay of three Madrid the grand faloon where the thousand scudi, and one thousand king dines ; and this work alone is more to divide in dowers among his fufficient to establish hin the repu- daughters. tation of one of the first painters. “ We again behold Mengs in Upon the dining table of his ma- Rome, surrounded by his family, jesty, he painted the Apotheosis of and with a reputation establithed Trajan, a Spanish prince, and the throughout the world, and with a best that ever occupied the throne fortune fufficient to relieve him of the Cæfars, and the model of from the neceflity of searching a that Trajan who now reigns in subsistence by his laboars. It apSpain.

pears, then, that he ought to have “ In front is the temple of Glory, been the most happy and tranquil to which all the Virtues lead, who man in the universe: he was, not. unite in the composition: but this withstanding, entirely the contrary. painting, and all the others which In a short time he loft his wife, Mengs left in Spain, I shall mention whom he adored as an example of in the account which I shall give virtue and affection. From that

time be became entirely changed “ In the private theatre of the both in manner and in difpofition, princes at Aranjuez, he painted the being one continual scourge to himceiling, in the middle of which self and those around himn. His Time irritated seizes on Pleasure, foriner complaints relapsed and infrom whose head drops a garland of creased. The imprellion of the Aowers. This fancy is one of the cold, which in the nights of that most graceful ever produced by winter was excellive, made him Mengs. In the expression one be- give into the other extreme, by liv. holds the abuse of Time, and the ing and painting in rooms fhut up precept to profit oneself of it. The from every circulation of air, and rest of the ceiling is filled up by heated by stoves and immense fires. cariatides, in clare obscure, which This excessive heat rarified and will ever be a monument and school dried the air more than was proper of design of that great man.

for natural perspiration. His lungs, “ It seerns impoffible that in lit- therefore, loft their elasticity, and tle more than two years froni the received the prejudicial emanation time Mengs was returned to Ma- of an infinity of mineral tinctures drid, he could have painted so many united with the ambient heat. things. This surprise, however, “ I have many tiines been deceases, when we consider the appli prived of his company from not cation and incessant labour of that being able to raise my head in the man, whose whole pleasure, during pestilential atmosphere of his apartlife, was painting and study; from ment. When he painted in fresco which attention nothing could ever it was even worse, because he put divert his mind.

his scaffold in a posture forced 6


of them apart.

against the ceiling, by which he dose of diaphoretic antimony, respired the acrid poisons of the ce- which in a little time destroyed thar ment and the minerals which they machine, already half ruined. In use in that kind of painting. His that manner a charlatan, and an lymph or fluids thickened in such a unfortunate fuperftition, combined manner, as no longer to nourish his to deprive the world of a man blood. His muscles and veins loft worthy of much longer life; for at their elasticity; he almost entirely this time he had attained only fifty loft his voice; a dry cough tore one years and three months. mented him, and his appearance “ His corpfe was interred at the was quite that of a lifeless corpfe. foot of the janiculum, in the parish The physicians, not knowing what of Saint Michael, and at the obfeother term to give his complaint, quies attended the profeffors of the pronounced him phthifical." academy of faint Lucas. His ftatut

“ His impatience, joined to a of bronze, which had been momost ardent imagination, made him delled under his direction, was af. take faith in a mountebank, a com- terwards collocated in the pantheon, patriot of his, who promised to cure by the fide of that of Raphael, una him in a few days. Thus secretly, der which was written the follow without consulting any of the fa- ing infcription : culty, or of his family, he gave him a medicine fo violent that it ex ANT. RAPHAELI MENGS. hausted entirely the little strength PICTORI. PHILOSOPHO. which remained in him, and occa- IOS. Nic. De. AZARA. Amico fioned him various fits, in which he

Suo. P. was left for dead. Recovering,

1779. bowever, from this attack, though Vixit Ann. 51. MENSES 3. DIES 17. badly, he was pofleffed with a reit. less desire of changing to another “ The paintings and writings of house, molesting all his people to Mengs infure bim a seat in the make all enquiries, and to see all temple of Immortality, and his the houses that were to be let in goodnefs and bounty will engrave Rome. It is to be remarked, that on the bofoms of his friends an at that time he had three houses, everlasting testimony to his meone which he built, and two which mory. he rented. Nevertheless, one morn- “'The life and studies of this ing he removed suddenly to a lodge great man ought to serve as a ftiing situated in the Strada Condutii, inulus to every one who would carrying with him the burthensome with to apply to, and perfect them. weight of all his evils, corporeal seives in, the noble arts. His father and mental; and a few days after directed him fufficiently well in his he was again removed to the Strada infancy, by accustoming his eye to Gregoriana, still continuing his clan- exactness; but I have heard him destine correspondence with the many times lament having occupied empiric, who had induced him to so much time in drawing from take certain balsams which a nun prints, which, however good they ‘of Narni had distributed with much may be of their kind, always lose by fame and miracle. In compliment the incision p:rt of the excellence to that work he mixed with it (as of their originals; their contours was afterwards discovered) a good are always overcharged, and are

wide from that fimplicity whichcha- its excellence, and on one occafion racterizes true beauty.

observed to me that the right tibia “ The method to give a scrupu- of one of his children was much lous reason for every thing is ne- thorter than the other. cessary ; but it ought, notwith- « On account of having given standing, to be used with discretion, to the king, for his academy, all otherwise it accustoms youth to the chalk figures of his collection observe too much the minuteness of statues, (a collection 'which had of every little part, and not to at- cost him a sum fuperior to his fitend sufficiently to the grandeur of nances,) he thought of writing 'a the whole. He likewise lamented treatise on the manner of viewing much, that his father bad accuf- antiquities, and of discovering their tomed him to paint in enamel, and beauties; but he feared, that there in miniature; as it afterwards coft might be found in Europe, perfonis, him great trouble to correct the dry who from fome defect, would take and minute taste of that species of umbrage, and declaim against the painting. The truth is, that Mengs real merit of these works. Death knew latterly how to liberate him- has therefore deprived the world of self intirely from that defect which this publication, which I am sure he has plainly fhewn in those mi- would have been a model of faganiatures which he painted by way city and wisdom. It was him alone of complaisance. I do not know, who was capable of discovering and however

, that he finished more than demonstrating, as he did in a letter four, three of the which are in my to monsignor Fabroni, that the poffeffion.

group of Niobe 'was only an infe“ His veneration for antiquity rior copy of the famous original was great, without being fanatical. mentioned by Pliny. His intelliWhere he found defects, he always gence in antiquities is clear from acknowledged them. To point out the following circumstance: 1 one the errors, or beauty of a work, is day found in a cave in the villa of this difference ; for the one, it is Pifoni at Tivoli, a head inuch batnecellary that the eye should be en- tered and ill treated, fo as one dowed with the illustration of rea- would suppose to be unintelligible, Con, and accompanied by that fine yet, as soon as he faw it, he laid it Senability which is not common to was a sculpture of the time of all men. Envy and Malignity, in Alexander the Great: a few days order to abase the works of others, after was found the remainder of and to elevate themselves by their the inscription, which proved it to min

, look with piercing eyes after be the head of the fame Alexander. their defects; but he who manifests “ Laitly, it is worthy to know, only the errors, and is filent on the that all the technical parts in the beauties of a work, is either igno. hiitory of the arts, by Winkelman, or perhaps both are of his friend Mengs; which is

fufficient to give an idea, how much "None like Mengs ever under he had studied the works of the stood and manifested the perfections ancients.".

“ The frankness of his manner times has he contemplated with me was certainly fingular; and it is the beauties of the fublime Laocoon, well known that his enthusiafm for till he was fired with enthusiasm at the arts extinguished in him every

rant or invidious,
the one and the other.

of the ancient statues. How many

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other passion. His veracity, and him, which is too characteristic to the horror he bore towards every be omitted. The king of Poland fpecies of fasehood, was ever visible requested of him an allegorical in all his actions ; for proof of painting, and when the commission which I fall give only one exam- was given him by his minifter, then ple of the many which I could resident in Rome, Mengs replied, adduce.

that with the greatest pleasure he “ On entering France by Pont would grant the request which his Vauvoisin, the last time he went to * majesty had honoured him with, Spain, the officers of the custom but having already various com. house saw that he had some gold missions from other sovereigns, boxes ornamented with brilliants, reafon dictated that he should which were given him by different accomplish those firit, according princes. They asked him if he to the orders which he had recarried them for sale, or for his “ceived; and besides, that he had own use. He replied, that he was given his word to some friends, to not a merchant, and that he did not • finish them fome paintings, and take snuff; with which they were those ought to be the first, because not contented, and insisted that he • he preferred friendship to all the would reply to the second part of honours and dignities of this their demand, if they were for his world.' own use, in order that he might be “ He was a moit faithful husband, at liberty to take them: but they and tender father to his children, to were not able to draw from him a whom he gave a rigid and excellent word of untruth, that is to say, that education. Nevertheless, he has he had ever taken snuff; for which much injured his family by his reason they were obliged, against want of economy, and carelesness their will, to seize the boxes as ven

One might reckon, dible goods, which he suffered, nor that in his last eighteen years he reever would have taken the trouble ceived more than one hundred and to recover them, if the marquis de eighty thousand scudi, and scarce Llano and myself had not repre- left enough at his death to pay the sented the affair at Paris.

expences of his funeral.” " I remember another trait of

of money:

PORTrait of the MARQUIS Azo the Second, from whom the Kings

of GREAT BRITAIN are lineally descended.

[From the second Volume of the Miscellaneous Works of EDWARD

Gibbon, Esq.) “T

"HE name and character of 3. His long life. 4. His marriages. the

marquis, Albert-Azo 5. His rank of nobility in the pubthe Second, shine conspicuous lic opinion. The glory of his dethrough the gloom of the eleventh scendants is reflected on the founcentury. The most remarkable fea- der; and Azo Il. claims our at. tures in the portrait are, 1. His tention as the stem of the two great Ligurian marquisate. 2. His riches. branches of the pedigree; as the


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