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less than it was in the time of her “ In the beginning of queen fucceffor.

Elizabeth's reign, she reduced her “ The articles contained in the expence a little below what her fa. very curious wardrobe account of ther ended with, but, at the conclu. Edward the Second, published by fion of her long reign, it was inthe fociety, seem rather to relate to creased to 55,000l. his extraordinary expences and pre- 14; A little before her death the parations for war in Scotland, than was very uneasy at finding her to what we should properly call the household expences run so high, expences of the household. The and the following account of a amount of the latter is, however, conversation which me had on the to be collected from the conclusion subject with Mr. Brown, one of the of the account, which, after stating officers of her green-cloth, is truly the whole expences of the articles characteristic of her. She died in that book to be £-53,178 15 1 thortly after, and before any thing adds, Summa tota

had been done to correct the abuses lis exituum et ex

complained of. pensarum garde.

“ The original of this paper is robe per iftum li

amongst some that were collected brum de anno 28,

by fir Julius Cæfar. It is in, una cumexpenfis hof

dorsed, picii regis ejusdem

• The late Q. Males fpetches anni

64,10; 05 6 often tymes to R. Bro: Deduct then the

• for household causes.' above fum 53,178 15 1 « Richard Brown's s'vice to

• the late queene, and her and the household

m's speeches and com's at expences will be 10,926 54

• sundrie times to him for • What might be the expence of • household causes knowen Richard the Second, I do not " to some of the lo: in coun. know; but, according to Holin

cil and white-staves, thed, it must have been enormous,

· The household charges abridgas he says there were 300 servitors ed from 59,00ol. to 44,00ol. per in the kitchen, and every other of. ann. for in two offices onlie fice furnished at the like rate, and 6 2,000l. per ann. abated.--Larder that ten thousand persons had meat • poultrie--herma de has notwith, and drink allowed them.

standing told Browne, that in the “ From the pipe rolls it appears, beginning of her raigne lesfe than that the greatest expence of Henry 40,00ol. defrayed the charge. VII. was about 15,000l. per ann. • Browne answered, that all provibut this was afterwards lestened, 'c'ons then weare cheaper. The and towards the end of his reign queene said, that may bee soe, and was reduced to about 13,000l. • I save by the late compoc'on (as

“ Henry the Eighth, a prince • I am informed) 10,000l. per ann, fond of expence, began with about and therefore I charge you exa16,000l. per ann. and went on in. myne the difference of some yeare creasing till in his 30th year the ex- 'in the beginninge of my raigne pence was 22,000l.; in the 33d • with one yeares expences now, year it got up to 34,ooul, and the "and lett me understand ytt. 37th to 40,000l

An examinac'on and confe.


rence was made betweene the hemencie, complayninge of the third yeare and the 43' " yeare, yt

weaknesle of the whitestaves to was found that in bread, beare, o suffer yt, and accusinge herself * wyne, wood, coles, wax-lights, for making foe lender choice, torches, tallow-lights, and some with many more speeches, &c. . meete, and other allowances of . But my speedy order for refor. incidents, necessaries, carriages, mac'on, shall satisfy my lovinge

wages, &c. to the some of 12,000l. • subjects greeved, for I will end as per ann, at the least, more was I beganne with my subjects love.'

spent in ao. 43tio. then in ao 30 “ In another hand is written, • Reg", and no sufficient warrant *yt ys no marvell thoughe

for the increase, whereby ytt did * those grevan's were compl: playnlie appeare, that the booke • in parliam'.'

ligned by her marie for the honour- . Those that are nearest to me, able allowance to all prons was 6 and have dailie great benefit by not exceeded.

• suits, have these wastfull increases • The queenes marie being in- • daylie, but my whitestaves and formed of this difference, and be- those of my greencloth, by whom • ing therewith moved greatlie, faid, • all good orders and honoble allow• And Mall I suffer this, did not Í • ances should be maynteyned, are

tell yo“, Browne, what yo" should principal falters herein, for noe in. • fynd, I was nevt in all my govern- crease can be without their privi.

ment, soe royallie, with nombers tie and unlawful warraunt, where" of noblemen and la: attended up- • by I fynd the difference of officers on, as in the beginninge of my now, and in the beginninge of ow raigne, all offices in my com be

raigne. *ing supplied, wch now are not, Whereupon her matie, gave "and all those then fatisfied with • straight charge and commandm • my allowance, agreed uppon by to Browne forthwith to repayre to

my councell and signed by me, 'the lo: treasurer, lo: admiral, and • win that care as by all former the whitestaves of the how should princes hath bene 'used. And (wch Browne did), that order might shall these now that attend, and be taken to abridge all messes of have the like allowances, not rest meate, and other expences, more contented, I will not suffer this than the booke signed doth allowe, disho able. spoile, and increase that and further said, myself will speke noe prince ever before me did, to "unto them, and geve them charge, the offence of God, and great and then let me see or learn, what greavance of my lovinge fubje&ts, he in my house that dareth breake who, I understand, daylie com- and disobey my orders and com

playne, and not without cause, anadement-higned, with verie bit, that there is increase daylie of ter speeches, that shee would 4 carryadges and of p'vic'on taken cleanle her co's, and not suffer such • from them, at low prices, and a nomber of p’sons and famylies

waftfullie spent within my cosi to more than are to bee allowed to some of their un doings, and now • bee kept within the cor, where' myself understanding of yt, they uppon her matie sent certain noates

may juftlie accuse me, to fuffer yt, 6 to the white staves, to be put in « with many other discontented p'efent execuc'on, in the meane • speeches, delivered with great ve "tyme, before the effectinge where.

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6 of yt pleased God to take her ma le Cæsar's papers, mentioned above, 6 to his murcie.'

will shew the consequence of this 6. @conomy was not one of the want of management. virtues poflefied by James the First " It is indorsed (if indeed he poitested any), and • To the right honourabl my when he came to the land of plenty,

very good lord the erl of he had no idea of limiting his ex- : Dorset, 1d high treasurer of pences. The estimate for the first

• Englande.' year was 76,9541. 25. 5 d. besides Right honorabell my very good 16,000l. for the prince, making to.

• lord : gether 92,9541. 25, 5d. In his According to my duty I have fourth

his household

expence beene always carefull tó fave al was 97,4211

. 25. 3d. From Mi- needless expense in the prince's chaelmas in his seventh year to Mi. • house. But the continual increase chaelmas in the eighth year, it was of new fervants davly sent hether. 129,8631. gs. old. and yet the king by warrante procured without my had corn and cattle served by the knowlege, has brought the charge several counties at under prices, • so farr out of frame, that it bard that the farmers might get rid of to conceive a course how to lessen purveyors, the benefit of which was it seeing the necessary increase of estimated to the king at 38,000!. . many moor will follow the prince's 66 Prince Henry's expences

advancement in years and digni. kept pace with his father's. At tie. Notwithstanding least I should the first establishment of his seeme to bee careless, or over cu. household, 20th July, 1 James rious to search into other mens ac. I. anno 1603, he had fervants 70 tions, if it thall please your lp to

66 A few weeks after a fe- commande mee by a letter, to call cond book was signed, when o the officers of this household ta they were increased to

advise of some redress, unto fur• In the next year they a.

ther 'inconveniencies, I hoope mounted to

141 • both to give your l' good accounte besides servants of these ser- of the present estate of our ex. vants who had intruded them

pense, and to make some overture felves into the court

130 • how to reforme, or at least to pre“ The 141 foon multiplied 6 vent futur accidents. The note into


that I sent your lP conteining 2 besides workmen of various • breefe of such orders as I defir to forts, and 13 extraordinary. • be ratified for avoyding confusion 6 In 1608 they were 233

and disorder in the table, I be. and with the masters, the num- • seech your l' to consider of, and ber of servanis also increased. • to propounde them not simply as

“ The book figned by his a suite of myne, but as a matter royal highness in 1610 gives generally requisite for the better the names of 297 with wages, government of his highnes house. 129 without,

And as my duty always binds mec beldes various workmen, among whom is Inigo Jones, « Your Ips assuredly to commande, às surveyor of the works.

· THO, CHALONER.' The following letter, the ori- St. James, ginal of which is amongst fir Julius Jan, 27.



• I rest,


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“ Sir Thomas Chaloner, in a let- vants took much pains in endeater to fir Julius Cæsar, dated 7 Nov. vouring to lessen his enormous ex1607, mentions fome of the above pence, and formed various projects crcumstances, says he would (at the for that purpose. They obtained first) have undertaken to maintain an account of the French king's the (prince's) house to the king's household expence, which was not honour for 8000l. yearly, provided fo great as king James's. The heads they might have good payment of of it were as follows: the money; that in the first year he dismissed of unnecessary dependants The table and kitchen 35,718 3.6 on the house at least 3 score, where. The stables

7,620 00 of many had passports to return to Domestic officers

9,000 their own country, and he utterly The office of plate 8,180 00 refused all suitors who addressed The treasurer of the themselves to him to obtain some chamber

12,893 50 place about the prince, and then he The gardes du corps 5,400 complains of the great increase, The provost of the without warrant, as well as with, household

3,000 and of the number of suitors wait- The hounds and fal. ing for places. He says, that for

3,642 14 o the want of ready money, the pur. veyors are forced to take up meate

Total 85,454 46 on trust, and then serve it out fo 6 In 1622 king fmall and ill, at a price so high, that James's expence was the king had better borrow money reduced to

78,995 78 at 20 per cent.

but he soon after made additions ☆ It seems that king James's ser- to it. The household expence of king Charles II. from i £. d.

October, 1663, to the last of September, 1664, was 57,275 to which is to be added for the duke of York

10,000 The household of king James II. in 1687. Household coffers

76,118 6 62 Stables

14,336 19 1 90,455 5 8 King William and queen Mary, 1 O&t. 1692, to the lait of Sept. 1693

114,685 7 King William alone from 1698 to 1699

90,735 2 Queen Anne, 2 years, Oct. 1703-1705

167,421 4 2 the average

83,710 12
1 year

89,044 6 10 King George I. Oct. 1715-1716

75,629 7 73 1723-1724

86,097 19 21 King George II. 1730-1731

118,487 2 13 1731–1732

124,806 17 61 1 Jan. to the last of Dec. 1759

108,290 10 25 " At the accession of his present pences. An increase attended the majesty a confiderable reduction increase of his family, but they was made in the household ex. were again reduced in 1782.




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A SHORT ACCOUNT of several GARDENS near LONDON, with Remarks

on some Particulars wherein they excel, or are deficient, upon a View of them in December 1691 ; communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by the Rev. Dr. HAMILTON, Vice President, from an original Manuscript in his Possession,

[From the same Work.]

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great skill

den is a large plat, envie and industry, having raised great roned with an iron palisade round numbers of orange and lemon trees about next the park, laid all in by inoculation, with myrtles, Rowalks, grass plats and borders. man bayes, and other greens of Next to the house, some flat and pretty siapes, which he has to disa broad beds are set with narrow rows pose of. of dwarf box, in figures like lace- “ 4. Bedington garden, at prepatterns. In one of the lefser gar- sent in the hands of the duke dens is a large green house divided of Norfolk, but belonging to the into several rooms, and all of them family of Carew, has in it the best with stoves under them, and fire to orangery in England. The orange keep a continual heat. In these and lemon trees there grow in the there are no orange or lemon trees, ground, and have done so near one or myrtles, or any greens, but such hundred years, as the gardener, an tepder foreign ones that need con- aged mari, said he believed. There tinual warmth.

are a great number of them, the " 2. Kensington Gardens are not house wherein they are being above great nor abounding with fine two hundred feet long; they are plants. The orange, lemon, myr. most of them thirteen feet high, tles, and what other trees they had and very full of fruit, the gardener there in summer, were all removed not having taken off so many flowto Mr. London's and Mr. Wise's .ers this last summer as usually greenhouse at Brompton Park, a others do. He said, he gathered off little mile from them. But the them at least ten thousand oranges walks and grass laid very fine, this last year. The heir of the faand they were digging up a flat of mily being but about five years of four or five acres to enlarge their age, the trustees take care of the garden.

orangery, and this year they built 3.

The queen dowager's gar. a new house over them. There den, at Hammersmith, has a good are some myrtles growing among greenhouse, with a high erected them, but they look not well for front to the south, whence the roof want of trimming. The rest of the falls backward. The house is well garden is all out of order, the stored with greens of common orangery being the gardener's chief kinds; but the queen not being for care; but it is capable of being made curious plants or flowers, they want one of the best gardens in England, of the most curious forts of greens, the soil being very agreeable, and a and in the garden there is litle of clear silver stream running through value but wall trees; though the it. gardener thcre, monsieur Hermon " 5. Chelsea phylic garden has


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