« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
What the object of the war then was made by the adherents of mi. was, has never been ascertained; nistry to connect these outrages what its conduct has been, we have with the meetings which had been seen to our misfortune and our previously held by the Correspondloss.
ing Society; and, on the other hand, The year 1795 concluded with their advocates have retorted the little confolatory abroad, and with accusation, and ascribed them to the a general and torpid despondency emiflaries of the minister. We must at home, as far as respected the pub- in justice declare that neither of lic affairs. The meeting of parlia- these opinions seems warranted by ment was fixed for an unusually early the depositions at the bar of the period, the latter end of October; house of lords, nor by the appearand previous to its assembling, some ance of the multitude which was meetings were held by the London assembled on that occasion, the maCorresponding Society for the avow. jority of whom consisted, as usual, ed purpose of petitioning the king of women and children; and these and parliament in favour of peace were, in general, the most active and reform. As the meetings were and clamorous. held in the open fields, they were His majesty proceeded from the numerously attended, as was no- palace to open the session of particed in our last volume: and as the liament, at the usual hour, between great majority of the people who two and three o'clock; and the composed these meetings were cer- crowd in St. James's park, which tainly not members of that also. is always considerable on these occiation, and were drawn together casions, was certainly greater than by no stronger motive than curio- usual, though we conceive it must fity, when that paflion of the mo- have been over-rated, when it was ment was gratified, they dispersed estimated at 150,000 persons. A without any further confequerices. fine day, and a rumour which had
A dreadful and opprettive scar. been circulated, with what view it city at this crisis pervaded the king- is impossible to ascertain, that a riot dom; several instances occurred of was likely to take place, contributpersons who periflied through abso- ed greatly to increase the multitude Jute want; and the poor were every of the spectators. where despairing and desperate. As the royal carriage passed along
To the calamitous war, and to the 'the park, the predominant exclamamisconduct of ministers, all the mi- tions were, " Peace!- Peace! sery under which the nation suf- Give us bread !-No Pitt !-No fafered was (perhaps rathly) attribut- mine!-No war!”-A few voices ed. From these circumstances we were heard to exclaim, “ Down must account for the daring and with George!" or words to that detestable insults and outrages which effect. In the park, and in the were offered to his majesty on his streets adjacent to Westminster way to and from the house of lords Hall, some stones and other things on the 29th of O&tober. An effort were thrown, nine of which, it is
bility, exified in France; the blood of Louis wouid nerer hare freamed from the scatfuld; and the people of England would not, in the short space of four years, have doubled the quhole amount of their lares. The propofal was afterwards renewed by MM Chauvelin and Maret, when our minifcrs began the ridiculous dispute about the opening of the S: A'dt!!!!
allirted, asserted, ftruck the state coach; had frequent opportunities of perand one of them, which was su- sonally assaulting the king, but who Ipected to have proceeded from a on the contrary seemed studious to window in Margaret-street, near keep off the rest of the mob. They the abbey, perforated one of the remaik, in fine, as a most extraor. windows by a small circular aper- dinary and unprecedented fact, that ture; and from these circumstances not one of those who threw the it was supposed by some to have stones, or otherwise attacked the been a bullet discharged from an king, was brought to justice, though air-gun, or from some similar en. a reward of one thousand pounds was gine of destruction ; but no bullet offered. These mutual recriminawas found; and whatever it was, it tions we only state to shew the vioneither touched the king, nor the lence and the artifices of the party; noblemen who attended him. for, from various circumstances, we
As we have already intimated, are of opinion that no conspiracy this outrage was by some confider: whatever existed ; and that the ed as a conspiracy on the part of the whole was a sudden ebullition of Corresponding Society; and on the popular fury, exasperated by the other hand, the accusation was re- misfortunes of the war, and by the torted on their adversaries by the evils of famine. adherents of that society, who have As his majesty returned from the asserted (though, we must believe, house through the park, though the without reason that if there was a gates of the Horse Guards were shut plot, it must have originated in a dif- to exclude the mob, yet even this ferent quarter, and for very differ- precaution was not sufficient to ent purposes. They observe, that, prevent a renewal of the outrages; according to the unguarded admif- and another stone was thrown at fion of Mr. secretary Dundas, the the carriage as it passed opposite to bills, which were immediately upon Spring Garden terrace. After the this event introduced into parlia- king had alighted at St. James's, ment for reitricting the liberty of the populace attacked the state carthe press, and for preventing pub- riage; and in its way through Palllic meetings, had been in the con- Mall to the Mews, it was almost templation of ministers ever since demolished. the failure of the prosecution of It was a very singular circumHardy, &c. and that a fair op- ftance that his majeity was permitted portunity was wanting to bring to return from the house of lords them forth. They remark, that in without any additional guard or efother countries similar outrages cort. The hostile dispositionsevinced have been committed, not by the by the populace ought certainly to populace, but by persons hired for have induced the ministers to have particular views; that the attack on taken some precaution, had they been the late king of Portugal, which actuated by a proper affection for proved the destruction of the po- their fovereign, who was expoied puar party there, was now gene- to infult only by their misconduct. rally confidered by historians as the No friend of monarchy, no an stratagem of one of his min:sters. who admires and reveres the private They affert, that in the late outrage virt es of his sovereign, could rethe royal carriage was accompanied flcct without indignation, that the by a particular set of persons who fame ministers who did not dare to were the moít clamorous, and venture their own persons in the
city or a public festival without a carriage was stopt, he shewed evi. large military escort, saw with dent ligns of agitation. His face negligent unconcern, and with un- was futhed, his eyes were momenfeeling apathy, their protector and tarily turned from fide to side, and their king return from St. James's his manner evinced the utmost peramidst a misguided and enraged turbation. populace, with no other protection Four witnesses of what passed in or attendant than two footmen be- the course of the day, viz. Mr. Walhind his private carriage.
ford of l'all Mall, Mr. Stockdale In this unprotected itate, as soon of Piccadilly, one of his majesty's as the carriage had turned out of footmen, and Kennedy, belonging to the paved passage that leads from the office of police in Bow-street, the garden gate, the horse-path un- were severally examined at the bar of der the garden wall was found filled the house of lords on the evening of with people, who obstructed the the 29th; and a copy of the minutes passage for a short time, and in a of the evidence was communicated most daring manner insulted his ma. to the house of commons the fola jesty. Fortunately, however, some lowing day. of the life-guardsmen, who were The evidence exhibited on this mounted as returning from duty to occasion went only to confirm the the Horse-Guards, being informed narrative which we have already of the circumstances, rode back given, and to criminate a man of and relieved his majesty from this the name of Kidd Wake, and three new danger and perplexity. other persons, who were appre
During the whole of the day, hended on the occasion, but who it was observed that the king ap- appeared to have been no further peared more deeply affected by the guilty than in hissing and halloo. melancholy clamours that surround- ing, and making use of some indeed him, than by the coarse and cent and seditious expressions *. unworthy indignities which were On the 31st of October, a prooffered. On his return, when the clamation was issued, offering a re
* Mr. John Walford, of Pall Mall, called out on duty that day as a constable, depored, that, on entering Parliament-ftreet, he observed one man in particular among the crowd, very active; which he observed to Mr. lockdale, his brother confiable, at the time. This man was running by the fide of the coach, and exclaiming, “ No war! Down with George!" And on their entrance into Palace Yard, he observed fomething come with great velocity from the foot pavement as he thought; on which he observed to Mr. Stockriale, “ Good God! the glass is broken! That mult surely be a ball.” His majesty then passed on to the house, and he observed the man with the crowd perfectly quiet. Immediately on his majesty's coming out of the house, the crowd fet up a hooting and hising. He did not observe that man any more particularly, till he arrived in the Park; when he perceived him frequently to foop down, but whether he picked np any thing he could not say; but at that tiine there were many ftones thrown from diferent quarters. Hearing the same man make the fame exclamation again, he told him, if not quict, he inoit affuredly thould take him into culody.
He repeated the caclamation of “ Down with Gcorge!" again ; upon which he immediately seized him; and, under the protection of the horse guards, conducted him to the court yard of St. James's, where he left him.
The other persons examined said little inore than went to confirun the evidence of Mr. Walford.
On the fame evening some persons, tahen into cufiody upon fufpicion of baving inCulled his majety, were examined at the office in Bow-firect:
ward of one thousand pounds to any great number of persons were colperfon or persons, other than thote lected in the fields in the neighactually concerned in doing any bourhood of the metropolis by act by which his majesty's royal per advertisements and hand-bills, and son was immediately endangered, that divers intlammatory discourses who should give information so were delivered to the persons so that any of the authors or abettors collected, and divers proceedings in that outrage might be apprehend- were had, tending to create grounded and brought to justice.
lefs jealousy and discontent, and to On the 4th day of November endanger the public peace; and another proclamation was issued. that such proceedings were followIt began by announcing, that, im- ed, on the day on which the session mediately before the opening of the of parliament commenced, by aêts present session of parliament, a of tumult' and violence, and by
The first was Kidd Wake (the person taken by Mr. Walford), aged twenty-seven, and a journeyman printer.
Lemon Careby, a constable, deposed, that he observed the prisoner, soon after the car. riage had entered the Park, hiss, groan, and call out, “No war!” vehemently and repeatedly. The witness endeavoured to secure him, but fell down in the attempt; when he role, he observed the prisoner again in the fame act; he kept his eyes aipon him as far the Horse Guards, and there lost fight of him. After his imajetiy alighted at the house of dords, a Mr. Walford came up, and observed to the witnef« and other peace oflicers, that be mould know the man who broke the glass of the coach, defcribing him to wear a green coat with a black collar.
On the return of his majesty into the Park, near St. James's, he observed the prisoner feuffing with Mr. Walford, to whole allitiance he went, and they-secured him; Mr. Walford not attending to identify his perfon, the defeription given by him to the witness, of the inan who threw the stone in Parliament-fireci, could not be received in evidence.
The prisoner said he was in the service of Mr. Noble, a printer; was a married man; and by hising and groaning at his majesty, he meant only to let the hing fee "he was diffatisted at the war."
Three others were examined the same evening with Kidd Wake; but the evidence did not atted them materially; all four, however, were committed to priion that evening for further examination.
On the next morning Kidd Wake was brought before the fitting inagilirates for reexamination, when Mr. Walford, above-inentioned, came forward, and depofer, that as soon as he joined the procession as a constable, he observed to Mr. Stochuile, his brother oficer, hux very particularly active the prisoner was in hilling, hooting, and calling out, “ No war!” And as the procession was paling through St. Margaret-iireet, he saw fomneThing (mall go with great velocity againti one of the coach windows, which made a mall bole in the glass; and at this time the priloner disappeared; but when the king arrived it the house of peers, he again observed the prisoner in the front of the crowd; when some other officers, remarking the prisoner's aclive conduct, proposed to take hiin into cufiody; but on confideration it was declined. When his inajefty came out uitbe houte, he lotilight of the prisoner till the procellion had passed through the lorte Guarls, when hıc obferved the prisoner, and about thirty more, clote to the carriage, grinning at the hing, grouning, and calling out, " No war! Down George!" But whether the prisoner taid au un Georges he could not positively say. As the procession was patling from the Horic Guards towards Carteton House gates, fix or leven tiones were furs at the carriage; and about the time the fracs were fung, he observed the prisoner koop to or three times; but whether be fiung any of the Lones he would not positively say. The winners reinominated with ide prisoner upon the impropriety of his conduct, who paid nu uilention to the remontiranca, till at length pating along the Mall, the witness, with the alliance of one of the horte guards, secured him. The prisoner, Kidd Wake, was re-comutted for further rcantination. He at length was brought to trial, and found guilty oi hooting, groaning, and hiting at the king; for which he was sentenced to be ccafred for several y vars in the pen.tcutiary, koulc at Gloucesier, and to naud in the pillory.
daring and criminal outrages, to the Practices and Attempts.” And the inmediate danger of his majesty's other, “ An A&t for the more effecperfon. And further, that uneali. tually preventing Seditious Meetnels and anxiety had been raised in ings and Assemblies.” the minds of his majesty's faithful Notwithstanding the outrages subjects by rumours and apprehen- which had taken place during his fions that feditious and unlawful majesty's progress to the house, the assemblies were intended to be held sellion of parliament was regularly by evil-difpofed persons; that it opened in the usual way, by a speech was therefore thought fit to enjoin from the throne; but that ceremony and require all justices of the peace, was no sooner concluded, than the sherills, and all well-disposed per- bar of the house of peers was ab. fons throughout the kingdom, to ruptly ordered to be cleared, and use their utmost diligence to discou- their lordihips went into a commitraje, prevent, and suppress all se- tee of privileges, in consequence ditious and unlawful allemi lies, and of the circumstances which had at. the dit:ibution of all feditious pa- tended his majesty's coming to the pers and publications.
house. Thus the public mind was gradu- Their lordships having first orally prepared for a most important dered his majelty's speech to be innovation on the British constitu- taken into confideration the fol. tion; an innovation, which, had lowing day, lord Grenville ftata it been carried to the extent that ed, that his majesty had been grossminifiers at first intended, would ly insulted in his way to the house, have laid the Bill of Rights and his state coach damaged, and an Magna Charta itself proftrate in the allault attempted on his royal perduit, and would have nearly eita. fon. blithed a military despotifon in the The earl of Westmoreland (master place of those laws and customs of the horse) stated to the house the which have long been dear to Eng- particulars of the infuit and outlithmen; those laws and liberties rage, as far as they had fallen withfor which our ancestors cheerfully in his knowledge, and lord Onllow thed their blood ; to preserve which, (a lord of the bed-chamber) conthe unfortunate house of Stuart was firmed the report made by the earl expelled from the throne of their of Westmoreland. ancestors; and to defend which, the The journals having been prefceptre of these kingdoms was viously consulted for precedents, placed in the hands of the elector an address was proposed; and this of Hanover.
was to be followed by a conference The reader will perceive that we with the other houte, to desire their allude to two bills which were at concurrence in the measure. After this crisis introduced into pariia- a short conversation among several ment by lord Grenville and Mr. of the peers, the marquis of LantPitr, and which were parled into downe animadverted with severity lais, after vigorous dcbates, in the and acrimony on the conduct of month of December 1795. The ministers, whom he viscredited and one was entitled, “ An Act for the reprobated upon this occation. He Safety and Preservation of his Ma- believed, on his part, that it was jelty's Person and Government a- no more than the counter-part of gainst Treasonable and Seditious their orun plot; the alarm bell to ter