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On the 12th, general Lindsay ar- rebel camp at Belvidere was attackfived from Martinico; on the 14th ed by the British, who, however, he was joined by a small reinforce- were forced to retreat with the loss ment of 150 men from Martinico; of upwards of 100 men in killed and and, on the following day, marched wounded. On the 14th, brigadierwith his whole force, about 750 general Nichols was fent from Marmen, for Gouyave. In the mean tinico to assume the command, c. hich time the insurgents had received he did on the 16th. Heiminediately considerable accestions of force, proceeded to visit the camp before and Fedon affumed the command Belvidere; and perceiving that the under colour of a commiflion from fituation was not favourable to his vi&tor Hugues. Before the British views, he withdrew the troops, and general, however, was enabled to determined to drive the enemy
from take any effective measures for dis- Pilot Hill, where they were posted lodging them from their strong in considerable force. poft at Belvidere, he put an end to An engagement took place on his own existence on the 22d of the 22d between a party of the March; according to fome, in the British posted at the observatory delirium of a fever, occasioned by under major Wright, and the inthe inclemency of the climate ; and, surgents, in which the latter were according to others, in distress of put to flight. In the mean time mind at the calamitous situation in the general was adopting the only which he was placed.
mode that could be adopted to save The cruelty and imprudence of the iNand, that of embodying the the English colonists now seem to most faithful and able negroes. On have impelled the insurgents to put the 26th the camp at Belvidere was in force their threats of retaliation. evacuated; and Pilot Hill was taken AM. Alexandre, a native of France, posletsion of on the 4th of May; the who had never taken the oath of al- enemy having abandoned it in the legiance to the British government, course of the night, on observing had been sent by the insurgents to the preparations made for the ata Trinidada to purchase stores, &c. tack. From the inadequate force, but was taken in his passage by the however, under his command, and Resource frigate ; and was tried the ravages of the fever, general and executed, with many circum- Nichols was obliged to remain instances of cruelty, on the parade active for the remainder of the at St. George's. The immediate year; and, as the insurgents were consequence of this intemperate either not firong or not enteract of almost savage vengeance, prifing, nothing occurred but a few was, that the British prisoners ikirmishes of no importance. The were shot by the rebels on the general, however, succeeded in esta. fixth day after the execution of M. blishing posts at Grenville, St. PaAlexandre.
trick's, St. David's, and Charlotte On the 2d of April a detach- Town; and, by this arrangement, ment from Barbadoes of 1250 were the principal harbours were lecured, landed at Gouyave; and, on the and the insurgents precluded from 7th of the same month, the in- a communication with the sea. fargents received a supply of arms In this distracted state the island and ammunition by a schooner continued, to the utter ruin of the from Guadaloupe. On the 8th the planters; while, in the month of 1796.
June, June, they had the mortification to fourteen were executed on the pa. see the reinforcements from Eng; rade, in the town of St. George ; land, which might have afforded and the remainder were respited. them iminediate relief, absurdly We earnestly hope that justice was thrown away on the visionary pro- properly tempered with mercy in ject of conquering St. Domingo. these proceedings, since there is no. General Vaughan himself is said to thing which so dishonours even the have lamented the state of the island faireft cause as a sanguinary spirit. .at this crisis, and to have enter- The reduction of the island of tained not the most favourable opi- St. Lucia under the British governnion of the wisdom of ministers. ment was effected in the month of
In the beginning of the year May by the troops under general 1796, general Nichols was enabled Abercrombie, but not without conto resume active operations; and fiderable resistance on the part of having received some reinforce- the French and insurgents. Gene. mients, he attacked the French atral Abercrombie, in the beginning Port Royal in the beginning of of May, made a formal attack on March, once without success, and the Morne Fortuné; but, from fewith considerable lofs; but, in a veral untoward circumstances, the second and more desperate attempt, plan failed in the execution, and he carried their works by storm. the troops retired to their former The Naughter must have been great position. In his next attack, how. and horrible, as only fix prisoners ever, he was more successful; for, were taken. The loss of the Britith on the 24th of the same month, was trifling. After this fignal de- early in the morning, he was so feat, the insurgents were every fortunate as to lodge a considerable where routed and compelled to fub- body of forces within five hundred mit; and the island has fince en yards of the fort, which he affailed joyed a tolerable state of tranquil- with spirit and vigour. Upon the lity. Of the fate of Fedov, nothing evening of that day, the French has been with certainty known: it defired a fufpenfion of hoftilities was long rumoured that he still re- till the next day at noon; in the mained in the woods at the head mean time a capitulation was agreed of a small party; but it is most pro- on for the whole island; and, on the bable that he fell a victim to the 26th, the garrison, to the amount inclemency of the climate, and the of 2,000 men, surrendered prisonmiserable state to which, as a fugi- ers of war. tive, he was exposed.
The fate of St. Vincent's, as we The other persons who were,ef. intimated in our preceding volume, teenred principals in the insurrec. depended greatly upon that of St. tion, voluntarily surrendered them. Lucia; and, as the opponents to felves, after the reduction of the the British arms were chiefly a island, to general Nichols, who im- horde of undisciplined savages, they mediately sent them to be tried by became an easy conquest, and were the civil power. On the 20th of prefently subdued. June, fitry of these unfortunate per. In our last volume we gave a short sons were put to the bar; and the sketch of the insurrection of the Ma. whole fifty, upon the identification roons in Jamaica, collected from the of their perfons, were immediately only source of information which condemuied. On the 1st of July thenlay open to us, the debates which
had taken place in the British par- the Maroons, in defiring this confeliament. As those debates chiefly rence, were actuated solely by moturned upon the authority of a pri- tives of treachery; that they knew vate letter, we then intimated our that the principal part of the regular doubts with respect to the accuracy force on the island was to fail on the of the statement, which we expected 26th for St. Domingo; and that they further information would enable immediately began to tamper with us to correct. That information the negro Naves, and to reduce them has since been both amply and ably from their allegiance. Seriously and laid before the public by Mr. Bryan justly alarmed at this information, Edwards, the laborious and well- as the fleet had already failed, lord informed author of the History of Balcarras lost no time in dispatching the West Indies. By the statement of after it a swift sailing vessel, which this gentleman, it appears, from the was fortunate enough to overtake treaty concluded in 1738 by gover- it on the 2d of August; and on the nor Trelawney with the Maroons, 4th, one thousand men under col. that, contrary to the hafty affertions Fitch disembarked from the transa of some members in the house of ports in Montego Bay. commons, the Maroons were, for The war now formally commence every offence against the white in- ed, though it appears that there was habitants, to be delivered up to the a considerable party among the Macommon course of justice in the roons themselves averse to hoftility. island,—that these people existed in On the 12th of August, on the apthe most depraved state of barbarism, proach of the British troops, the --and that in the month of July 1795, Maroons withdrew from the new two Maroons having committed a town: but they employed this manfelony were apprehended, tried by a cuvre merely as a feint, to draw. jury at Montego Bay, and sentenc- their opponents into an ambuscade, ed, according to law, to be whipped; where the conflict proved fatal to which sentence was inflicted in the the British commander, col. Sandusual manner by the black overseer ford, and a considerable number of of the workhouse negroes, whose his party. After this affair, the Maoffice it is to inflict punilıment on roons established their head-quarsuch occafions.
ters at a poft which was almost On the return of the offenders to inaccessible, called the Cockpits, Trelawney town, the principal Ma- whence at different times they diroon settlement, the whole body of spatched small parties, who conMaroons assembled; and after fome ducted this defultory warfare with tumultuous debates, they determin- the usual cruelty of barbarians. Cot. ed to send a written defiance to the Fitch, who succeeded col. Sandford magistrates of Montego Bay, adding in the command, followed him likethat they intended to attack the town wise in his fate, and fell a facrifice on the 20th of July. The militia af- to this wily and active enemy in an sembled on the 19th; but the parties ambuscade. were prevented from proceeding to The general assembly was conextremities by the Maroons desiring vened in September; and in such a conference with the magiftrates, circumstances it was natural to rein the course of which the matters cur to past experience for a precein dispute were settled to the appa- dent to govern their conduct. It was rent satisfaction of all concerned. found that in the long and bloody Mr. Edwards, however, asserts that war which had been carried on
R2 previous previous to the treaty of 1738, à the greater part of them laid down certain species of dogs had been their arms, and soon after the reemployed, to discover the conceal- mainder also surrendered ; and they, ment of the Maroons, and to pre- with their wives and families, were vent the fatal effects resulting from removed, in the month of June their ambuscades. By a resolution following, to Lower Canada, where therefore of the assembly, an order lands are provided for them by the was sent to Cuba to procure a hun- legislature of Jamaica, and where dred dogs, accompanied with a pro- they are to form a free, and, we hope, per number of Spanish chasseurs: a flourishing settlement. but in the mean time such measures Mr. Edwards states, “ that not a were pursued as promised to render drop of blood was sed after the their aslistance unnecessary. By the dogs arrived."
dogs arrived." We are happy to indefatigable zeal and activity of be enabled, on such good authorigen. Walpole, who succeeded col.
ty, to correct the hafty sketch of Fitch in the command, the Naroons these proceedings, which we gave were completely hemmed in, and in our last volume, from the dethe passes to other parts of the coun- bates in parliament, and which, on try were effectually secured. From a review, we find, were not even the want of a supply of water, and accurately stated from those debates; the terror which the rumours, pro- and conclusions were drawn therepagated concerning the dogs, had in, which the debates do not war. inspired, the Maroons were there- rant. We had no intention to cafore induced to conclude a treaty; lumniate the conduct of the gowhich, however, they did not per- vernment of Jamaica, or to afperfe form; and many endeavours were the character of the noble and rein vain used to prevail on them to fpectable governor who administers surrender according to the terms of it; and we lament that our desire that treaty. But, on a considerable to furnislı the public with the earbody of regulars, accompanied by lieft intelligence on the subject, the Spanish dogs, being sent into fhould have betrayed us into the the woods to attack the Maroons, errors we have now pointed out.
CH A P. XII.
Laws respecting English Manufactures. Evacuation of Corfica. Peace with
Naples and Parma. Cispadane Republic, Attack on Newfoundland. Capture of a Dutch Fleet. Battle at Neuwied. Batile of Arcole. Defeat of General Alvinzi. State of Finances. Emigrants. American Ambassailor. Recall of the French Anbasador from the United States. Negotiation of the English for Peace. Affairs of Holland. Failure of the Descent on Irelana. The Pope makes warlike Preparations. New Republic South of the Pe. Conftitution of Geneva. Siege of Kehl. Surrenıler of Kehl. General State of Europe. Death of the Empress of Russia, &c.
LTHOUGH every power in fluence of the republic, England
Europe had felt, in a greater had hitherto, except in the accuor less degree, the force of the niulation of debt and the derangeench arms or the diplomatic ine ment of her finances, suffered the
least inconvenience from the war. repealed, it had been for some time Various had been the plans of an- altogether unheeded; the French noyance against that country pro. having found certain advantages in jected by the French; but all had the olandestine commerce carried hitherto bec" delaved, or set aside on with England. They were also as inadequate or impracticable, till unwilling to check privateering, it was su gested that the most ef. by means of which they furnished fectual mode of oppofing England themselves with colonial producwith advantage, since the French tions at a cheap rate; and they were could not themselves from the in- therefore tardy in submitting themferiority of tveir naval force injure felves to the obligation they had her commerce, was to shut out her in some measure inposed on the snanufactures from every port in Dutch; nor was it until the Dutch Elrone The proclamation iffued government threatened to repeal by the Enzlth minister, permitting their prohibitory decree, that the t'e exportation of goods to the Ne- directory fent a message to the therlands an the United Provinces, council, requesting their considera. led the Dutch convention to issue tion of the propoptions laid before a counter-proclamation, forbidding, them on that-subject. These prounder fevere penalties, the entry of positions included not only the prosuch goods into the Dutch repub- hibition of any future importation lic, and calling on their country. of English goods, but extended it men. by everv principle of honour, to those already imported into the as well as eventual interest, to abf- republic, enjoining the owners to tain from this commerce. They make a report of what stock they observed, in their report, that the 'held, and to re-export it. Several precarious benefit offered them was compuKory resolutions were prothe fruit of the perfidy and rapine posed, on the 2ed of October, to which the English government had enforce this measure, such as domiexercised towards them; that this ciliary visits and seizures; and the dast infult ought to be repelled with earnestn: fs with which the governindignation, as compliance with itment urged the council to pass the would only be favouring the de- law, by repeated messages on the signs of the enemy, fince the only danger of delay, feemed to indicate motive the English government that the sanction of the legislature could have for this act of apparent- was a point of the' las importance. ly relaxed hoftility, was that of Some of the propofitions were seeking to exhaust Holland of its warmly opposed, fuch as that of ready money to satisfy its own-ne. seizing gooils already imported, on ceffities, and thereby facilitate the the score of the immorality of viomeans of continuing the war. lating the property of individuals
The Dutch government impart- by an ex-post facto law; and also ed their resolution to the directory, that of an infringement of the conTequiring them to adopt the same ftitution in violating the safety of mode with respect to France, which, persons in the permillion of domiwith their advice, they had ado, ted ciliary visits. But as all parties conin Holland. Though the law made curred in the principle of the dein the beginning of the reign of cree, which was that of injuring, terror, forbid ling the importation in the most essential manrer, the of English manufactures, stood un- 'commerce, and diminishing the re