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ON HAZARDOUS SERVICE. By MERVYN LAMB, . . . 751
. Mus.Doc., . . . . . . 417, 581
SWIFT, STEELE, AND Addison. By J. A. STRAHAN,
The LURE OF Sea Cliffs. By LEO WALMSLEY,
THE SALVING OF THE ULIDIA. BY DESMOND Young . . 1, 248
YAMATO. By H. A. R., .
THE Ulidia was a typioal Murman Coast and in the " three-island” tramp steamer White Sea," whioh I read in -3081 tons grosa ; 330' x 42 April 1919. x 21', built by Redhead's at It was not one of those "all. Shields in 1903: so muoh was recording files” of which it is to be gathered from Lloyd's saidRegister.
“Every question man can raise, For thirteen years she had Every phrase of every phase plodded round the world at Of that question is on record in the eight or nine knots on her lawful occasions, oarrying her Indeed, the “details " which it five thousand tons or so of professed to give were meagre sargo-& good honest ship for enough. her owners, and a comfortable From the telegrams and ship for her officers and crew. reports, however, it appeared It is to be supposed that in that the Ulidia in September those thirteen years she had 1916, while loading timber at had her share of the trials and Soroka, on the south-western vicissitudes common to all shores of the White Sea, had ships; but for me her history parted her cables in bad began in September 1916 with weather, and had gone ashore a sheaf of telegrams in a dusty on & patch of rooks in the file at the Salvage Section of middle of Soroka Bay. Atthe Admiralty—a file entitled tempts to lighten her by dis“ Details of wrecks on the charging the cargo already
VOL. CCVIII.— NO. MCCLVII,
parted of the White as western
i shoaf of teletember 1916 or
loaded into barges succeeded seemed very anxious to buy only in putting her in a worse her as she lay-though, with reposition, since those responsible markable unanimity, the prices omitted to lay out anchors to they offered never rose above prevent her driving further about eight thousand pounds. ap on the rooks as she was At the time I know nothing lightened.
of Russians — an ignorance The Russian ice-breaker ser. which I was not long to vice from Arohangel then took enjoy; but it needed no a hand, and, doubtless with great discernment to see that the best intentions, made fast any one prepared to pay two powerful ice-breakers to eight thousand pounds for a the stern-post and endeavoured ship in such a position and to tow off the vessel, now such & place must have some damaged and partly filled with reasonable hope of refloating water.
her, and if she could be reBeyond oarrying away the floated, her value, at ourrent stern - post and rudder they prices, was nearer to eighty achieved nothing, and returned thousand pounds than eight. to Archangel. This was the The Admiralty Salvage Seoextent of the salvage opera- tion had themselves done the tions, and there the ship still majority of the possible sallay. Two winters in the ice, vage oases in home waters with the water rising and during the war; but North falling with the tide in the Russia had necessarily been engine - room and stokehold beyond their beat, although and all four holds, two years' casualties on those unfriendly exposure to the winter gales and often unlighted and badly in the White Sea, two years' charted coasts were only too straining and pounding upon frequent, even before the Gerthe rooks, to say nothing of man submarines came round a passing Bolshevik oooupa- the North Cape into the Arotio tion of Soroka, could hardly Ooean and thence down to the be expected to have improved White Sea. Information as her condition.
to the aotual position and Yet, from the first time I condition of ships wreoked up read her name, I felt & pre- there was difficult to obtain ; monitory interest in her, for cables were delayed and though I did not realise that mutilated, while the Naval for the next six months she and Transport Staffs at Arohwas to be a constant preocou- angel and Murmansk were pation, an obsession, and often sufficiently occupied during a nightmare to me,
1918—when Admiral Kemp For one thing, various and General Ironside were Russians in Archangel, whose holding on to hundreds of names were afterwards fa- miles of the most desolate miliar enough, but then were country in the world with a only a jumble of consonants few hundred "category" men at the end of a telegram, -Marines, Serbians, French,
straining site Sea, intor gales masualties"
disloyal Finns, and dejeoted 46th Battalion Royal Fusiliers, Russians,—without concerning the vanguard of the North themselves with so much of a Russian Relief Foroe, whose “gide show" as Salvage. adventures readers of 'Maga'
Moreover, ships do not, as have followed during the past a rule, choose the most acces- few months. sible places to go ashore, even At Murmansk- & village of on the British coasts. But on wooden huts built in mud and the British coasts it is only a inhabited by mosquitoes - I question of a few miles from met a representative from the the nearest town in a car, or Admiralty Salvage Section, a few miles from the nearest together with a Russian sal. port in a tug-boat.
vage expert, Captain G., with In Russia distances are thirty years' experience in the measured by days. That the Baltio. After an evening's information in the file was discussion, we came to the not exhaustive was therefore conolusion that the Ulidia disappointing but not surpris- was the first ship to inspeot. ing, and we soon came to the The next evening (June conclusion that the best course 14th), we took the train from was to go and see on the spot Murmansk for Soroka, við what salvage work there was Kandalaksha and Kem. to be done.
The railway had only recently The Admiralty and the been finished, and, but for the Ministry of Shipping were war, it is doubtful whether it ready to encourage British would ever have been finished enterprise, for they had a at all, in view of the appalling nataral disinclination to dis- death-rate from fover of the pose of what might still be labourers employed apon its valuable property for a few construotion. Chinese bad thousand pounds to Russians been tried, but these died who were, so far, the only faster even than the native prospeotive buyers, and would Russians; and it was not not discuss salvage except on until praotioally unlimited the basis that all their ex. supplies of German and penses should be paid, what- Austrian prisoners were availover the results. It was able, who, as they died, could therefore with every kind be buried alongside, or incorof official pass, and with the porated in, the permanent official list of wreeks in my way, that any real progress pooket (on whioh the Ulidia was made. was marked with blue penoil It was six months since the as one of the “possibles”), armistice, but some of the surthat I left Tilbury on May vivors of these prisoners were 31st, 1919, in the Prætorian, still about; whether because wbioh, in addition to Cæsar they had no means of returnand his prospective fortunes, ing home, or from some incarried General Sadleir-Jackson comprehensible preference for and his brigade staff, and the Marmansk, I did not discover.
naterprise, pocourago Britishe war, it is ded, and, but for ntly
pose le properties to Pin e only persoane jaoticali per man
thousand proportyohat still be death met view of tbeen finished of the
One large and typioal Boohe In this he was more true to was cook toalance-corporal and type than another Russki, three o.r. (M.F.P.) who lived whose history I heard from & on the quay, and appeared corporal in the Royal Sussex, to be both a good cook and a thrice wounded,-in Franoe, popular member of the mess. Gallipoli, and Palestine, who
The fanotion of the lance- ran the canteen oar up and corporal and his command down between Murmansk and was to prevent the looting of the front line near Onega, cargoes of ships in the port, and was very friendly because or the sale of them by the he lived in Fulham, while I orews to the looal Russian. As live in Chelsea. one instance of which I heard "We had a Russki oarpenter was the disappearance of the onoe,” he said, “when we were entire cargo (general) of outting down trees behind the 5000 ton steamer in about line for roads, and nothing we a fortnight, their job can have could do would make him work. been no sineonre.
He didn't seem to have any For two days we travelled heart for it. Then some one through soenery like that of suggested dressing him ap in Canada - pine forests with khaki and putting three stripes broad rivers tumbling head- on him. It had an effeot like long through them, over very magio. After that we oouldn't temporary wooden bridges and stop him. He would go on for & traok which, having been sixteen and more hours on end, built largely on mud previously and I don't know how many frozen and now thawing, was trees he wouldn't out dowe. none too secure, and reached In faot,” he oonoluded anSoroka on the third day. emotionally, “we had to kill
In this I gathered, from a him when we come away-to snatoh of conversation over- save the forest." heard, we were lucky.,
Soroka is a little fishing Young Bill, just out, was village dating back to the oomplaining of the length of twelfth century - A place of the journey and the tediousness banishment in the days of the of trains,
old régime for those suspeots "Three days," said old Bill, who were not considered dan. who had apparently settled gerous enough for Siberia. down in Russia as he had It is built on either side of a settled down previously in shallow rooky river. On the Flanders, and spoke the lan. opposite side from the railguage with the same facility way station is the sawmill—“Three days, that's - Peter Belaieff's-which, with dobra, that is. Why, we took Stewart's on the far side of the ten when we come down. The bay, provided the main inRusski engine-driver went off dustry of the place, and, incihome and got married half dentally, the reason of the way, and never came back for Olidia's presence there.
The two portions of the