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one, and all hands were in goodM oreover, they were conspirits.

tinually grumbling about their Reay became a popular hero, rations, which were on exactly and an admiring crowd was the same soale as those of our usually to be found round the own troops, and far more pomp whenever he gave it & liberal than those issued to trial run.

any other Russians, and it Needing an assistant to fetch was noticeable that the general and oarry spanners, petrol, &o., tone was not so contented as it and to swing the engine for had been before. The truth starting, he attached to him. was, that Bolshevik feeling self one Savonoff, who became was in the air, and that we his devoted slave.

had one or two agitators who They spent all day and most were quick to take advantage of the night in their dark of it. Soroko itself had been oorner of No. 2 'tween-deok in the occupation of the Bolalongside the pump. Coming sheviks, and Belaieff's milldown anexpertedly, I would workers and still more, find Savonoff oreeping about the railway employees were on his stomach making ex. strongly though secretly in plosive noises or gazing at sympathy with them. Reay between the crossed From Soroka we had abont fingers of his two hands. a dozen carpenters and a oer. Reay would explain that tain amount of casual labour, Savonoff was telling him about and these were infected with his experiences in the Russian the new principles, and were armoured oars, or how he had not slow to begin propaganda gone to gaol for assaulting amongst the rest. & policeman in Petrograd. However, there was nothing Neither knowing a word of seriously to worry about until the other's language, they the end of the first week in understood each other per- August. The work was going feotly, and would carry on on-though not as fast as we long and intrioate convers&- bad wished, for we had hoped tions on all sorts of subjects to be ready to attempt to float entirely by gesture of which by this time—and I had gone Savonoff was such a master over to Arohangel to persuade that I have always regretted the bank there to disgorge that I did not seoure him for some of my money. the "movies."

It was unsatisfactory to For very few other Russians have to go away and leave had Reay any respeot. Their Reay the only Englishman habit of eating cold raw bacon on board the ship; but the for breakfast, and putting men had to be paid, and the apricot - jam into their tea, bank, though they readily adwas a constant irritation to mitted that my account was him, aud certainly it was not several thousand pounds in pleasant to watoh,

oredit, blandly stated when

I wrote to them that they had not been allowed to take had no money, and therefore their servants, none of them regretted their inability to spoke Russian, and they had pay. They continued to do no interpreter. I advised him, business as usual, however, unnecessarily perhaps, to be and, after the D.N.T.O.'s in- careful, and saw him ashore at terpreter and I had oornered Onega. I debated whether I the manager in his private should go ashore myself, but office and refused to go or there happened to be a tag to allow him to go until he just leaving for Popoff which produoed some hundred of would arrive before the sloop, thousands of roables, we event- and I decided to go aboard aally got the money, though her. he attempted to palm off some It proved a lucky decision. nine different breeds of rouble, In the first place, we had only each more obsolete and sparious left Qaega an hour when the than the last.

5th Russian Rifles matinied, The identification of Ker- murdered all the officers in the ensky's, Nioolai's, perforated town, including, presumably, and not perforated, Tzar notes, my friend in the Rifle Brigade, Archangel notes, British guar- and handed over the place to anteed roubles, &c., had by this the Bolsheviks' troops. Onega time become something of a was the next post to Soroka. fine art.

Secondly, the navigating Having secured the money, I officer of the tug was Lieut. was anxious to get baok as E. J. Grey, D.S.C., & Now soon as possible.

Zoalander, and the best type of There was a sloop-one of sailorman, who had been second the “Flower” class-calling at in command of the famous QOnega and going on from there boat Stockforce in the historio to Popoff, whence I could get action in whioh her commander, to Soroka by train.

Captain Auten, won his V.C. While in Arohangel I had While in Archangel I her

He was very interested in heard stories of matinies of the Ulidia; we quickly became Russian troops and the murder friendly. I saw at once how of British officers up the Dwina, valuable he would be to me, bat I had not paid mooh atten- and immediately on our arrival tion to them. On board the at Popoff we both telegraphed sloop, however, was a subaltern to the Ministry of Shipping in the Rifle Brigade whom I and asked that he might be had last seen on the morning demobilised at once. of 21st Mareh 1918, opposite No difficulties were made, as St Quentin, when he was taken he was supernamerary, and prisoner. He told me that he within three or four days he was one of five officers detailed was in our employment and to join at Oaega the 5th North had joined us aboard the Russian Rifles-repated to be Ulidia. He was a very wel. on the brink of mutiny. They come addition,

We kept & disoreet silence their hands in their pockets, about the affair at Onega, but laughed in an openly conthe sudden inorease of troops temptuous manner, talked for passing through Soroko, and a considerable time about some the fact of aeroplanes flying purely imaginary grievance, over in an easterly direction, and went on strike. made the men suspeot that The sight of them sitting something was in the wind. about doing nothing had

Saoh news travels quiokly, naturally not at all a good and it was soon known on effeot on the Arohangel party, board. The effect was dig- who were working under quieting. The men were al- protest. Captain G. was wildly ready “fed up." They had indignant, but powerless. been working six weeks at Reay, Grey, and I held a Soroka, whioh had no amuse- hurried council of war. ments to offer them, and they An argent telegram was sent now had large sums of money to the ordnance at Popoff, and in their pookets which they by the next train arrived two were anxious to spend at Arch. cages. We had the launch in angel. Moreover, they were to meet the train, and the two frankly frightened about the cases were hoisted aboard and possibilities of a Bolshevik carried into the saloon. Here advance on Soroka.

they were hurriedly unpacked In this they differed from and the first intimation our the local labour, who were friends had of their contents openly exultant about it, and was when (having walked unbegan to grow very idle and obtrusively ap on to the truculent.

bridge) we “loosed off" a drum The first step was a deputa. from the Lewis gun over the tion from the Arohangel work. side, and then, idly fingering men to say that they wished & Mills bomb, proceeded to to leave, and insisted on the oall a meeting. At this we Aleida Johanna taking them explained that the salvage home to Arohangel at once. operations were in their most We pointed out that it was critical phase, and that we only a question of a week or so had no intention of having before the Ulidia would be them interfered with. That floated, and when this had no any one who did not work effeot, told them that no one would get neither food nor would navigate the Johanna pay, and that if he wanted to for them and that she would resign his job and go ashore not leave.

he would have to swim, With the arrival of & The rattle of the Lewis deputation from the looal gun had had an instantanelabour - armed with axes— ous effeot : we were now “topthings began to look more dogagain and work was serious. They stood in the resumed. saloon with their oaps on and About this time we had our first taste of bad weather strong winds would be in-a two days' blow from the creasingly oommon, and would N.E., the worst quarter. The develop into gales with the ship moved about as if she commencement of September. were at sea, and we spent It was now that I regretted two barassed and sleepless bitterly all our pumps in Engnights as we listened to her land. But, like the Datohgrinding and straining on the man's anchor, they had been rooks. Whether as a result of left behind and regret was this blow, or of the poor quality useless. It seemed hopeless of the cement, subsequent to look for any more pumps pumping tests showed that locally. the ship was far from tight, By a fortunate accident, howand that a good deal of water ever, the greater part of Soroka came through from under our had recently been burnt down, balkheads.

and, a week or two after the The 12-inch pump could dry fire, there arrived a handsome out No. 2 in half an hour or motor fire-pump for the captain 80, bat it had to be kept of the port. It had two 4-inch running if the hold were to guotions, but was intended to remain dry. The two big steam draw water from nearly its pumps could pump out the own level and throw it to a engine - room and stokehold, height. but the donkey-boiler could not However, it was & pump, give them sufficient steam, and and after prolonged negotiathe Aleida Johanna, had to re- tions, assisted by one or two main alongside and give the bottles of whisky, it was steam through a flexible steam brought on board in triumph pipe.

and placed down No. 1 bold By shifting the suctions of on a special staging, Soroka one of the big steam pumps being left to look after itself. temporarily to No. 3, No. 3 But it was now 28th August and No. 4 oould be pumped -we had spent about £10,000, out and could be kept dry with the ship was not yet afloat, the 4-inoh Worthington, England was more than two

This left no reserve pumping thousand miles away, and the power, nothing for No. 1, and evaouation of North Russia no tug available to get hold seemed every day more certain. of the ship when she floated, Already the summer was and take her across to the nearly over and darkness was other side of the bay where setting in quite early in the we had decided temporarily to evenings, while 2nd September repair her.

was the last of the springTo add to our troubles, all tides. local opinion was unanimous Things looked black. I sent that we could expect little a despairing telegram to Dawes more fine weather, and that to despatoh a big tug, if posafter the middle of August sible with a pump on board,

los de opinicould expected that to

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and Grey and I went off to engine and truck and the Popoff in search of a pump promise of & olear line to we remembered to have seen Soroka. My opinion of the there on the quay, after leaving staff went up with a bound. striot injunctions with Captain But it was impossible to G, that only ordinary routine lift the pump on to the truck work was to be carried out in in one piece. The engine-room our absence.

staff of a tug - boat alongside We found the pump where was enlisted, and after a strenuit had lain since it arrived ous couple of hours the pump brand new three years before. was reduced to its main conThe harbour-master was only stituent parts, loaded and too glad to get rid of it. It securely lashed by Grey, and appeared that he had indented we were off. for a small pump with which We were soon grateful for to pump out barges. The the lashings, for it was a bair. oommission on such a pump raising journey. The track would not, however, have been between Popoff and Soroka sufficiently large for the official was very bad, and the single whose business it was to buy flat truok without sides swayed it, and he had therefore or about in the most alarming dered the one we saw. This manner in rear of the engine. weighed over six tons, and we were afraid all the time was of a type intended to dig- that it would capsize, or that tribute water over & whole some piece of the pump would town. It had with it no suo- break loose and take oharge. tion or discharge pipes. How. This, however, was not our ever, it was a ten-inoh steam only trouble. pamp, and we deoided that The engine burned wood, and we could make flanges for we travelled the whole way in it and conneot up our spare a oloud of sparks which, falling twelve-inch pipes to it. The on us faster than we could additional pumping power thus pick them off, burned innumergained would be invaluable. able holes in our clothes.

Unfortunately the captain None the less we were in of Stewart's small tug, in great spirits, for we had the which we had come round, feeling that we carried with was quite decided (and not us what might prove the dewithout reason) that it could ciding faotor in the operanot be put on his deoks without tions. going through them.

We had sent the tug-boat A hurried telephone conver- off immediately we had been sation with the A.Q.M.G. of promised the special train, to General Maynard's foroe, and give Captain Ġ. orders for a an explanation of our diff. barge and a working party to oulties, produoed an immediate be alongside the pier to meet order to the R.T.O., Popoff, us and to get the pump aboard to supply us with a special the wreck without delay.

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