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are granted to corporations under an act entitled an act concerning corporations, passed April twenty-second, one thousand eight hundred and fifty. (Amendment approved March 6, 1863, p. 34; took effect front passage.]

Sec. 183. It shall be the duty of said trustees annually to make a full report of all property, real and personal, held in trust by them, and of the condition of the corporation, to the society or association, by which they have been appointed or elected, a copy of which report shall be filed in the county clerk's office where the original certificate is filed, with an affidavit of the truth of such report, and also that such association or corporation has not been engaged, directly or indirectly, in any other business than such as is set forth in the original certificate on file.

Sec. 184. Whenever the rules, regulations, and discipline of any religious denomination, society, or church require, for the administra. tion of the temporalities thereof and the management of the estate and proj

rty thereof, it shall be lawful for the bishop, chief priest, or presiding elder of such religious denomination, society, or church, to become a sole corporation in the manner prescribed in this chapter, as nearly as may be, and with all the powers and duties, and for the uses and purposes, in this chapter provided for religious incorporations, and subject to all the conditions, limitations, and provisions in said chapter prescribed; provided, that for proof of the appointment or election of such bishop, chief priest, or presiding elder, it shall be sufficient to record with the clerk of the county in which such bishop, chief priest, or presiding elder resides, the original or a copy of his commission or certificate, or letters of election or appointment, duly attested, and that all property held by such bishop, chief priest, or presiding elder, shall be in trust for the use, purpose, and behoof of his religious denomination, society, or church, and that the limitation in section one hundred and eighty-two shall apply to incorporations formed under this section; and provided, also, that the district judge of the district in which any incorporation is formed under this chapter shall at all times have access to the books of such incorporation. (Amendment passed May 13, 1854, p. 162.] *

An act to provide for the incorporation of such institutions of learning, science and art, as may be established by the state.

[Approved March 21, 1868; Stats. 1867-68, p. 204.] Section 1. Whenever the legislature shall provide by enactment for the creation of any state university, college, academy, or other state institution of learning, science or art, and shall, in and by such enactment, direct and provide for the creation of a corporation for such purpose, any three of the persons named or indicated in and by such enactment as trustees or directors of such corporation mray unite in a certificate to the effect that they have associated themselves together for the purposes mentioned in and by such enactment,

*The rights, privileges, and immunities granted by an act approved May 18, 1853, page 274, are extended to the ancient Jewish Order of Keshershel Barsel, by act approved March 21, 1868, page 201, and to the Independent Order of B'nai Brith, by act approved March 25, 1868, page 310.

Corporation Laws-58

and to form a corporation for such purposes by the name and style designated in and by such enactment. The execution of such certificate shall be acknowledged before, and certified by, the Secretary of State or any notary public, and said certificate thereupon filed in the office of the Secretary of State; and thereupon the persons named therein, their associates and successors, shall become a corporation under the name and style designated in and by such enact. ment.

Sec. 2. Every such corporation, as such, shall have power:

First-To have succession by its corporate name for the perio) limited; and where no period is limited, perpetually.

Second-To sue and be sued in any court.

Third-To make and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure.

Fourth-To hold, purchase and convey such real and personal estate as the purposes of the corporations shall require, not exceeding the amount limited by law.

Fifth-To make by-laws, not inconsistent with any existing law, for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs.

Sec. 3. In addition to the powers enumerated in the preceding section, no such corporation shall possess or exercise any corporate powers except such as shall be necessary to the exercise of the pow. ers so enumerated and given, and such further powers as may be enumerated and given in and by the enactorent providing for the creation of the institution so incorporated; and any and all prorisions of such enactment specially limiting the powers of such corporation shall be binding upon the same.

Sec. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its passage.

An act concerning corporations for charitable and beneficial purposes.

[Approved April 4, 1870; Stats. 1869-70, p. 726.] Section 1. Any tribe of the Improved Order of Red Men, or the great council of the Improved Order of Red Men of California, or any similar tribe, lodge or society instituted for purposes of charity, or the purpose of granting sick, funeral or other benefits, may assume corporate powers and form themselves into a corporation by filing with the county clerk where they may be located, a certificate or statement signed by the presiding officer thereof, and the secretary thereof, who keeps the minutes of the proceedings thereof, stating the title and the name of the presiding officer and the secretary, the name by which said corporation shall be called and known, the county where said tribe, lodge or society may be located (provided, in case of a great council, grand lodge or state organization, that is not located in any particular county, but meets in different counties in this state, the certificate must state the same, and be filed in the office of the Secretary of State), and that said tribe, lodge or society is formed for charitable or beneficial purposes, and not for any illegal, political or immoral purpose whatever; and setting forth in said cer; tificate a copy of the resolution of said tribe, lodge or society ten quiring or directing said officers to acknowledge and file the proper certificate for purposes of incorporation; and said certificate sball be acknowledged by said officers before some officers authorized to take the acknowledgment of deeds and conveyances.

Sec. 2. Said corporation shall have a common seal, and the same may be changed at the corporation's will and pleasure; and in and by its corporate name, may sue and be sued, acquire and hold real and personal property for the charitable and beneficial purposes of said society, and have the rights of corporations, and have and exercise all such rights, privileges and immunities as by law are incidents to corporations, and what may be necessary to the corporation herein constituted; and may make such constitutions, laws and regulations as they may deem best, provided they are not contrary to law; and the proper officers to sign and acknowledge conveyances and con. tracts on behalf of said corporations shall be the presiding officer and the secretary thereof.

Sec. 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

[Masonic Hall Association of San Francisco, authorized to increase capital stock, Stats. 1866, 100.]

ARTICLE XVI.

ODD FELLOWS, TEMPERANCE HALLS, ETC.
An act concerning the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

[Approved May 4, 1852; Stats. 1852, p. 172.] Section 1. The Grand Encampment of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of the state of California, the grand lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of the state of California, and each of the subordinate lodges thereof, are severally empowered to acquire and hold such property, real and personal, as may be deemed necessary to carry out the charitable purposes of said institution, and may sue and be sued, and shall have such other general powers as are granted to corporations under the law entitled “An act concerning corporations,” passed April twenty-second, one thousand eight hundred and fifty. [Amendment, approved April 19, 1856, 123.]*

An act to amend an act relating to corporations.

[Approved May 18, 1853; Stats. 1853, p. 24.) Section 1. Any ten or more persons, citizens of this state may assume corporate powers for the purpose of erecting Odd Fellows' or Temperance halls, or buildings for the purposes of the meetings of said societies, by filing a copy of their intention so to do with the county recorder of any county wherein said societies exist, and may assume such corporate name as they pray elect, and in that name may sue and be sued, and shall have the rights of corporations; may make such constitutions, by-laws, rules and regulations as they may deem best; provided, that they are not contrary to the constitution and laws of this state. (Amendment, passed May 13, 1854, 237.]

Sec. 2. The said corporations may acquire and hold real and personal property not exceeding in value the sum of two hundred thousand dollars each, and as long as said property shall be held for the charitable purposes of the said societies. The same shall be free from taxation.

Sec. 3. That it shall be lawful for the said corporations to have a compron seal for their use, and the same may be changed at their will, and shall in general have and exercise all such rights, privileges

*Independent Order of Odd Fellows, authorizing trustees to lease a lot in San Francisco. (Stats. 1877-78, p. 561.]

and immunities, as by law are incident or necessary to corporations, and what may be necessary to the corporations herein constituted.*

An act supplementary to above act.

(Approved April 18, 1857; Stats. 1857, p. 208.] Section 1. All the rights, privileges and immunities granted by an act entitled “An act to amend an act relating to corporations, passed May 18, 1853, are hereby extended to and conferred upon the German General Benevolent Society of San Francisco, after said society shall have assumed corporate powers.

ARTICLE XVII.

ORPHAN, FOUNDLING, CEMETERY AND OTHER SOCIETIES. An act to further extend the act concerning corporations, passed April

22, 1850. [ Approved March 13, 1857; Stats. 1857, p. 75.) Section 1. Any nine or more persons who may desire to act in concert for the care, protection, relief or inrprovement of:

First-Orphans; or,
Second-Foundlings; or,
Third-Shipwrecked or destitute sailors; or,
Fourth-Sick and disabled, or unprotected and needy persons; or,

Fifth-For the establishment and management of cemeteries; and who shall desire to form an incorporated society for the promotion of either of the said benevolent objects, may do so by complying with the provisions of chapter eight of the act concerning corporations, passed April twenty-second, one thousand eight hundred and fifty; and such benevolent societies, incorporated under the provi. sions of said act, as hereby extended, shall possess the same powers, be subject to like liabilities, and enjoy the like privileges as therein provided; provided, that any corporation established for purposes of forming or conducting of cemeteries, shall be competent to take and hold any quan of land not exceeding three hundred and twenty acres.

Sec. 2. The corporations hereinbefore enumerated shall have power to elect such officers, and such number of directors, managers or trustees, and fill vacancies, and make such needful rules and regulations to carry their benevolent objects into effect as they may by their constitution and by-laws from time to time provide, and as shall not be inconsistent with any of the laws of the land.

[The following act, in its original form, appears to have been intended as a substitute for the foregoing; but as there is no express amendment or repeal of the act of 1857, it still stands upon the statute book.]

* The rights, privileges and immunities granted by the above act were extended to the Jewish Order of Keshershel Barsel by an act approved March 21, 1868, p. 201, and to the Independent Order of B'nai Brith, by act approved March 25, 1868, p. 310.

An act to further extend the act concerning corporations passed April

22, 1850. [Approved March 12, 1858; Stats. 1858, p. 57.] Section 1. Any nine or more persons who may desire to act in concert for the care, protection, relief or improvement of

First-Orphans; or,
Second-Foundlings; or,
Third—Shipwrecked or destitute sailors; or,

Fourth-Sick and disabled, or unprotected or needy persons; or for literary or educational purposes—and who shall desire to form an incorporated company, or ociety for the protection of either of said benevolent or educational objects, may do so by complying with the provisions of chapter eight of the act concerning corporations, passed April twenty-second, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and fifty, and such benevolent and educational society, incorporated under the provisions of said act, as hereby extended, shall possess the same powers, be subject to like liabilities, and enjoy the like privileges as therein provided. [Amendment, approved April 24, 1858, 264.]

Sec. 2. Women, married or unmarried, may be incorporators, officers, and members, of benevolent, literary, or educational incorporations, for the purposes herein aforesaid, and may transact the business thereof in the same manner and subject to the same liabilities as males. But no married woman shall have power to contract or incur any liability therein against her husband, nor shall any husband be liable, in any manner, for any debt or liability in any manner contracted or incurred, nor shall the common property of the husband and wife be in any manner affected by his wife becoming or acting as such corporator, except the same be specifically agreed to by the husband and wife, in writing. [Amendment, approved April 24, 1858, 264.)

Sec. 3. The corporations hereinbefore enumerated shall have power to elect such officers and such number of directors, managers, or trustees, and fill vacancies and make such needful rules and regulations, to carry their benevolent objects into effect, as they may, by their constitution and by-laws, from time to time provide, and as shall not be inconsistent with any of the laws of this state.

An act amendatory of and supplementary to the above act.

[Approved April 24, 1858; Stats. 1858, p. 264.) [Sections 1 and 2 contain the amendments to sections 1 and 2 of the foregoing act, therein inserted.]

Sec. 3. Any corporations formed under the provisions of said act shall have the right to acquire by purchase or otherwise, and to hold, any quantity of land not exceeding five hundred acres, with the improvements thereon; or if within the limits of any incorporated town, then not to exceed twenty acres, with the improvements thereon.

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