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trator from depositing with the county treasurer the moneys so deposited with such corporation. Moneys deposited by a public administrator may be drawn upon the order of such administrator, countersigned by a judge of a superior court, when required for the purpose of administration or otherwise.

Sec. 4. Whenever, in the judgment of any court having jurisdiction of any estate in process of administration by any executor, administrator, guardian, assignee, receiver, depositary, or trustee, the bond required by law of such officer shall seem burdensome or excessive, upon application of such officer or trustee, and after such notice to the parties in interest; as the court shall direct, and after a hearing on such application, the said court may order the said officer or trustee to deposit with any such corporation, for safekeeping, such portion or all of the personal assets of said estate as it shall deem proper; and thereupon said court shall, by an order of record, reduce the bond to be given or theretofore given by such officer or trustees, so as to cover only the estate remaining in the hands of said officer or trustee; and the property as deposited shall thereupon be held by said corporation, under the orders and directions of said court. Any court having jurisdiction of an estate being administered by a public administrator may direct such public administrator to deposit all or any part of the moneys of the estate not required for the current expenses of the administration, with any such corporation doing business in the county or city and county where such public administrator is acting.

Sec. 5. Such corporation shall not be required to give any bond or security in case of any appointment hereinbefore provided for, except as hereinafter provided, but shall be responsible for all investments which shall be made by it of the funds which may be intrusted to it for investment by such court, and shall be further liable as natural persons in like positions now are, and as hereinafter provided. The amount of money which any such corporation shall have on deposit at any time shall not exceed ten times the amount of its paid-up capital and surplus, and its outstanding loans shall not at any time exceed said amount.

Sec. 6. Such corporations shall pay interest upon all moneys held by them by virtue of this act, at such rate as may be agreed

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upon at the time of its acceptance of any such appointment, or as shall be provided by the order of the court.

Sec. 7. Each corporation, before accepting any such appointment or deposit, shall deposit with the treasurer of state, for the benefit of the creditors of said corporation, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000.00), in bonds of the United States, or municipal bonds of this state, or of any county, or city, or school district thereof, or in mortgages on improved and productive real estate in this state, being first liens thereon, and the real estate being worth at least twice the amount loaned thereon. The bonds and securities so deposited may be exchanged from time to time for other securities, receivable as aforesaid. Said bonds of the United States, or municipal bonds of this state, or of any county, city, or school district thereof, to be registered in the name of said treasurer, officially, and all said securities to be subject to sale and transfer, and to the disposal of the proceeds by said treasurer, only on the order of a court of competent jurisdiction, and as hereinafter provided. [Amendment approved April 1, 1897; Stats. 1897, 424.

Sec. 8. Any such corporation, having a paid-up capital in excess of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, may be permitted by the board of bank commissioners to mortgage any improved and productive real estate owned by it, in excess of said amount, to the treasurer of state, for such sum as the said board may determine; and such mortgage may be deposited with said treasurer, and, when so deposited, it shall be included in the amount of securities, hereinabove required to be deposited with said treasurer for the benefit of the creditors of said corporation.

Sec. 9. So long as the corporation, so depositing shall continue solvent, such corporation shall be permitted to receive from said treasurer the interest or dividends on said deposit; provided, however, that when it shall appear to the board of bank commissioners, from the semi-annual report of any such corporation, that the value of the personal property and cash held and possessed by such corporation, by virtue of the provisions of this act and any amendment thereof, exceeds ten times the amount of the deposit aforesaid, said board shall require said corporation to forthwith increase its said deposit to the sum of five hundred thousand dollars in such securities. And whenever it shall appear to said board that the amount of personal property and cash so held by any such corporation has been reduced below ten times the value of its original deposit above provided for, and said corporation is not in any default in its duties and obligations hereunder, they shall allow such corporation to reduce its said deposit to the sum of two hundred thousand dollars, by the withdrawal of such additional deposit, until such time as an increase in its holdings shall again require an additional deposit, as hereinbefore provided.

Sec. 10. When any part of such deposit is made in bonds and mortgages, it shall be accompanied by full abstracts of titles and searches, and shall be examined and approved by or under the direction of the said board. The fees for an examination oi title by counsel, to be paid by the corporation making the deposit, shall not exceed twenty dollars for each mortgage, and the fee for each appraiser, not exceeding two, besides expenses, shall be five dollars for each mortgage.

Sec. 11. It shall not be lawful for any such corporation to accept any trust or deposit, as hereinbefore provided, after the passage of this act without first procuring from the board of bank commissioners a certificate of authority, stating that such corporation has complied with the requirements of this act in respect to such deposit.

Sec. 12. Such corporation shall file with the said board of bank commissioners, during the months of January and July of each year, a statement, under oath, of the condition of such corporation at the close of business on the thirty-first day of December and the thirtieth day of June, respectively, next preceding, showing its financial condition. Also, a list and brief description of the trusts held by such corporation, the source of the appointment thereto, and the amount of real and personal estate held by such corporation by virtue thereof, except that mere mortgage trusts, wherein no action has been taken by such corporation, shall not be included in such statement. The said statement shall also be in such form, and contain such reports, returns, and information, as to the affairs, business, condition, and resources of the corporation, as the said board may from time to time prescribe and require.

Sec. 13. Such statement shall be verified by the affidavit of one of the managing officers and two of the directors or trustees of such corporation, who shall also state in such affidavit that they have examined the assets and books of such corporation for the purpose of making such statement. Any false swearing in regard to such statement shall be deemed perjury, and shall be subject to the punishment prescribed by law for such offense.

Sec. 14. The said board of bank commissioners are hereby authorized and empowered to address any inquiries to any such corporation, or the officers thereof, in relation to its doings and conditions, or any other matter connected with its affairs; and it shall be the duty of any such corporation or person so addressed to promptly reply, in writing, to such inquiries; and they may also require reports from any such corporation at any time they may deem desirable. It shall be the duty of one or more of the bank commissioners, as designated by the commissioners, annually, or as often as in their judgment they may deem it recessary, without previous notice, to visit and to make personal examination of the solvency of any such corporation, its ability to fulfill all its obligations, and report its condition to the attorney general as soon as may be after such examination.

Sec. 16. Such commissioners shall have power to administer an oath to any person whose testimony may be required on any such examination, and to compel the appearance and attendance of any such person, for the purpose of examination, by summons,

, subpæna, or attachment, in the manner now authorized in respect to the attendance of persons as witnesses in courts of record in this state; and all books and papers which may be deemed necessary to examine by the commissioners shall be produced, and their production may be compelled in like manner.

Sec. 17. Whenever it shall appear to the board of bank commissioners, from any such examination or report, that any such corporation has committed any violation of the law, or is conducting its business in an unsafe or unauthorized manner, they shall, by an order under their hands, direct the discontinuance of such illegal and unsafe or unauthorized practice, and strict conformity with the requirements of the law, and with safety and security in its transactions; and whenever any such corporation shall refuse or neglect to make any such report as herein

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before required or to comply with any such order as aforesaid, or whenever it shall appear to the said board that it is unsafe or inexpedient for any such corporation to continue to transact business, they shall communicate the facts to the attorney general, who shall thereupon institute such proceedings against the corporation as the nature of the case may require.

Sec. 18. If the board of bank commissioners shall at any time have satisfactory evidence that any semi-annual statement or other report required or authorized by this act, made or to be made by any officer or officers of such corporation, is false, it shall be the duty of the said board to immediately revoke the certificate of authority granted on behalf of such corporation and mail a copy of such revocation to said corporation, and to the clerk of every court of record in this state. Such revocation shall not be set aside until satisfactory evidence shall be given to said board of bank commissioners that such corporation is in substance and in fact in the condition set forth in such statement or report, and that all the requirements of this aci have been complied with. Such revocation shall be sufficient cause for the removal of such corporation from any appointment held by it under the provisions of this act.

Sec. 19. Any corporation which desires to retire from business under this act shall furnish to the board of bank commis. sioners satisfactory evidence of its release and discharge from all the obligations and trusts hereinbefore provided for; whereupon they shall revoke their certificate to such corporation, and thereupon the treasurer of state shall return to said corporation all its securities.

Sec. 20. All laws and parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.

Sec. 21. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.

Sec. 22. Any corporation exercising the powers and performing the duties provided for in said act, shall keep inviolate all communications confidentially made to it touching the existence, condition, management, and administration of any trusts confided to it; and no creditor or stockholder of any such corporation shall be entitled to disclosure of any such communication; provided, however, that the president, manager, and secretary of such corporation shall be entitled to knowledge of such com

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