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President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such uumber be a majority of the whole nuinber of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two bigliest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
[ARTICLE XIII.) *
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress Given Power to Enforce this Article.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Citizenship Defined-Privileges of citizens.
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
*The thirteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was submitted to the Legislatures of the several States, there being then thirty-six States, by a resolution of Congress possed on the 1st of February, 1865, at the second session of the Thirty-eighth Congress, and was ratified, according to a proclamation of the Secretary of State dated December 18, 1865, by the Legislatures of twenty-seven of the thirty-six States, viz: Ilinois, February 1, 1865; Rhode Island, February 2, 1865; Michigan, February 2, 1865; Maryland, February 3, 1863; New York, February 3, 1865; West Virginia, February 3, 1865; Muine, February
1865 ; Kansas, February 7, 1865; Massachusetts, February 8, 1865; Pennsylvania, February 8, 1865; Virginia, February 9, 1865; Ohio, February 10, 1865; Missouri, February 10, 1865; Indiana, February 16, 1865; Nevada, February 16, 1865; Louisiana, February 17, 1865; Minnesota, February 23, 1865; Wisconsin, March 1, 1865; Verniont, March 9, 1865; Tennessee, April 7, 1865; Arkansas. April 20, 1865; Connecticut, May 5, 1865; New Hampshire, July 1, 1865; South Carolina. November 13, 1865; Alabama, December 2, 1865; North Carolina, December 4, 1865; Georgia, December 9, 1865. The following States not enumerated in the proclamation of the Secretary of State also ratitled this amendment: Oregon, December 11, 1865; California, December 20, 1865; Florida, December 28, 1865; New Jersey, January 23, 1866; Iowa, January 24, 1866; Texas, February 18, 1870.
+ The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on the 16th of June, 1866.
On the 21st of July, 1868, Congress adopted and transmitted to the Department of State a concurrent resolution declaring that "the Legislatures of the States of Connecticut, Tennessee, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, New York, Ohio, Mlinois, West Virginia, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, Missouri, Indiana, Minnesota, New Hainpshire, Mussachusetts, Nebraska, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, North Carolina, Alabama, South Carolina, and Louisiana, being three-fourths and more of the sev. eral States of the Union, hare ratified the fourteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States, duly proposed by two-thirds of each House of the Thirty-ninth Congress: Therefore, Resolved. That said fourteenth article is hereby declared to be a part of the Con. stitution of the United States, and it shall be duly promulgated as such by the Secretary of State.” The Secretary of State accordingly issued a proclamation, dated the 28th of July. 1868, declaring that the proposed fourteenth amendment had been ratified, in the manner hereafter mentioned, by the Legislatures of thirty of the thirty-six States, viz: Connecticut, June 30, 1866; New Hampshire, July 7, 1866; Tennessee, July 19, 1866; New Jersey, September 11, 1866 (and the Legislature of the same State pas a resolution in April, 1868, to with. draw its consent to it); Oregon, September 19, 1866; Vermont, November 9, 1866; Georgia, rejected it November 13, 1866; and ratified it July 21, 1868; North Carolina rejected it December 4, 1866, and ratified it July 4, 1868: South Carolina rejected it December 20, 1866: and ratified it July 9, 1868; New York ratified it January 10, 1867; Ohio ratified it January 11, 1867 (and the Legislature of the same State passed a resolution in January, 1868, to withdraw its consen. to it); Illinois ratified it January 13, 1867: West Virginia, January 10, 1867: Kansas, January 18, 1867 ; Maine, January 19, 1867; Nevada, January 22, 1867; Missourl January 26. 1867; Indiana, January 20, 1467; Minnesota. February 1, 1867: Rhode Island, February 7. 1867: Wiscon. sin, February 13, 1867; Pennsylvania, February 13, 1567; Michigan, February 15, 1867; Massachusetts, March 20, 1867; Nebraska, June 15, 1867: Iowa, April 3, 1868; Arkansas. April 6, 1868; Florida, June 9, 1868; Louisiana, July 9, '1868; and Alabama, July 13, 1868. Georgia, again ratio fied the amendment February 2, 1870. Texas rejected it November 1, 1866, and ratified it Feh. ruary 18, 1870. Virginia rejected it January 19. 1867, and ratified it October 8. 1869. The amendment was rejected by Kentucky January 10, 1867; by Delaware February 8, 1867; by Mary. land Jarch 23. 1867, and was not afterwards ratified by either State.
Apportionment of Representatives.
Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States ac cording to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, cxcluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any mlection for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or bold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
Public Debt not to be Questioned-Payment of Debts and Claims Incurred in Aid of Rebellion
Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, itcluding debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or (mancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Congress Given Power to Enforce this Article.
Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate Legislation the provisions of this article.
Right of Certain Citizens to Vote Established.
Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State, on account of race, color, or prerious condition of servitude.
Congress Given Power to Enforce this Article.
Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
*The fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Legis. latures of the several States by the Fortieth Congress, on the 27th of February, 1869, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated March 30, 1870, to have been ratified by the Legislatures of twenty-nine of the thirty-seven States, viz: Nevada, March 1, 1869; West Virginia, March 3, 1869; North Carolina, March 5, 1869 : Louisiana, March 5, 1869; Illinois, March 5, 1869; Michigan, March 8, 1809; Wisconsin, March 9, 1869; Massachusetts, March 12, 1860; Maine, March 12, 1809; South Carolina. March 16, 1809; Pennsylvania, March 20, 1869; Arkansas, March 30, 1869; New York, April 14, 1869 (and the Legislature of the same State passed a resolution January 5, 1870, to withdraw its consent to it); Indiana, May 14, 1869: Connecticut, Jay 19, 1860; Florida, June 15, 1869; New Hampshire, July 7. 1869; Virginia, October 8, 1809; Vermont, October 21, 1869; Alabama, November 24, 1869; Missouri, January 10, 1870; Mississippi, January 17, 1870; Rhode Island, January 18, 1870; Kansas, January 19. 1870; Ohio rejected it May 4, 1869, and ratified it January 27, 1870; Georgia, February 2, 1870; Iowa, February 3, 1870; Nebraska, February 17, 1870; Texas, February 18, 1870; Minnesota. February 19, 1870. The State of New Jersey rejected the amendment and afterwards ratified it on the 21st of February, 1871, subsequent to the date of the proclamation of the Secretary of State. The States of California, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland. Oregon and Tennessee rejected this amendment.
See also the nineteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States, extending the right of suffrage to women,
Taxes on Incomes-Congress Given Power to Lay and Collect.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
[ARTICLE XVII.] †
Election of United States Senators-Filling of Vacancies Qualifications of Electors,
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the -xecutive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereon to make temporary appointment until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
Manufacture, Sale or Transportation of Intoxicating Liquors, for Beverage Purposes, Prohibited.
Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Congress and the Several States Given Concurrent Power to Pass Appropriate Legislation to
Enforce this Article.
Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Provisions of Article to Become Operative, When Adopted by Three-fourths of the States.
Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
*The sixteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Legis. latures of the several States, by the Sixty-first Congress, and was declared in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, cated February 25, 1913, to liave been ratified by the Legislatures of thirty-six States, viz: Alabama, Kentucky, South Carolina, Mlinois, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Maryland, Georgia, Texas, Ohio, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, California, Montana, Indiana, Nevada, North Carolina, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorada, North Dakota, Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, Maine, Tennessee, Arkansas, Wisconsin, New York, South Dakota, Arizona, Minnesota, Louisiana, Delaware and Wyoming.
The serenteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Legislatures of the several Siates the Sixty-second Congress, second Sess on,
and Twas declarel, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated May 31. 1913, to have been ratified by the Legislatures of thirty-six States, viz: Massachusetts, Arizona, Minnesota, New York, Kansas, Oregon, North Carolina, California, Michigan, Idaho, West Virginia, Nebraska. Towa, Montana, Texas, Washington, Wyoming. Colorada, Illinois, North Dakota, Nevada, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Oaklahoma, Ohio, South Dakotit, Indiana, Missouri, New Mexico, New Jersey, Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.
The eighteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-second Congress, second session,
and declared in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated January 29, 1919, to have been ratified by the Legislatures of thirty-six States; the ratifications were received by the Department of State in the following order, viz:- Virginia, January 11, 1918; Kentucky, January 16, 1918; North Dakota, January 28, 1918; South Carolina, February 12, 1918; Maryland, March 12. 1918 South Dakota, March 22. 1918; Texas, March 4, 1918; Montana, February 20, 1918: Delaware, March 20, 1918; Massachusetts, March 26, 1918; Arizona. May 25, 1918; Georgia, July 2, 1918; Louisiana, August 9, 1918; Mchigan, January 2, 1919; West Virginia, January 3, 1919; Maine. January 8, 1919; Mississippi, January 13, 1918; Florida, December 3, 1918; Oklahoma, January 7. 1919; Washington, January 13, 1919 : New Hampshire. January 11, 1919 : Nebraska, Januars 16, 1919; Minnesota, January 17, 1919; Indiana, January 14, 1919; California, January 13, 1919; Colorada, January 15, 1919; Alabama, January 18, 1919: Oregon, January 15, 1919 : Ohio, January 7, 1919; Ulinois. January 14, 1919: Troming. January 17, 1919: Idaho, January 15, 1919; Wisconsin, January 15, 1919; North Carolina, January 16, 1919; Utah, January 18, 1919; and Kansas, January 20, 1919. The Legislatures of the following States not enumerated in this proclamation of the Secretary of State also ratified this amendment: NM Mexico, January 21, 1919: Wisconsin, January 15, 1919; North Carolina, January 16, 1919; Utah, January 18, 1919 : Missouri, January 17, 1919; Nevada, January 27, 1919, and Pennsylvania, February 26, 1919.
Right of Citizens to Vote not to be Denied on Account of Sex. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
*The nineteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the Leg. islatures of the several States by the Sixuy-sixth Congress, and was declared in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated August 26, 1920, to have been ratified by the Legislatures of threefourths of the several states in the following order, viz:--Illinois, June 10, 1919; Michigan, June 10, 1919; Wisconsin, June 11, 1919; Kansas, June 16, 1919; New York, June 16, 1919; Ohio, June 16, 1919; Massachusetts, June 25, 1919; Pennsylvania, June 27, 1919; Texas, June 28, 1919; lowa, July 2, 1919; Missouri, July 3, 1919; Arkansas, July 28, 1919; Montana, August 2, 1919 Nebraska, August 2, 1919; Minnesota, September 8, 1919; New Hampshire, September 10, 1919; Utal, October 2, 1919; California, November 1, 1919; Maine, November 5, 1919; South Dakota December 4, 1919; North Dakota, December 5, 1919; Colorado, December 15, 1919; Rhode Island, January 6, 1920; Oregon, January 13, 1920; Indiana, January 16, 1920; Kentucky, January 19, 1920; Wyoming. January 27, 1920; Nevada, February 7, 1920; Idaho, February 11, 1920; Arizona, February 12, 1920; New Jersey, February 17, 1920; New Mexico, February 21, 1920; Oklahoma, February 28, 1920; West Virginia, March 13, 1920; Washington, March 22, 1920; Tennessee, August 24, 1920; Connecticut, September 14, 1920; and Vermont, February 8, 1921.
ANALYTICAL INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Abbreviations---Pr., preamble; Art., article; Sec., section; Sch., schedule ; p., page.
ACCUSED Riglt of, tu be Heard,
Common Pleas Courts in,
President Judge of, Sch.,
Not to be Subinitted Oftener than Once in Five Years,
To be Proposed by the Legislature,
Right of, where Trial by Jury is dispensed with,
To Charitable Institutions not under Control of the State, Forbidden,
For Maintaining the Militia, Asseinbly to Provide,
Persons having Conscientious Scruples against Bearing, Exempt from,
Term of Commission, Sch.,
Not to work Corruption of Blood,
Member of the Board of Pardons,
Secretary of Internal Affairs,
Eligible only for one Term,
Expiration of term of Present, Sch.,
Notes or Bills to be Secured,
Appropriation, Partial Veto Allowed,