Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States: for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners: refusing , ass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of 1.ew Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent tu bois for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their oflic.'s, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass cur People, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Arinies without the Consert of our legislature.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation :

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: For protectin: them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States :

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offenses :

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighboring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies.

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring is out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign merecnaries to compleet the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy tive Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to briog on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free People.

Nor have We been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our coinmon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the recti. tude of cur intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firas reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

JOHN HANCOCK.

New Hampshire.
JOSIAH BARTLETT,
WH, WHIPPLE,
MATTHEW THORNTON.

Massachusetts Bay.
SAIL. ADAMS,
JOHY ADAMS,
ROBT. TREAT PAINE,
ELBRIDGE GERRY.

Rhode Island.
STEP. HOPKINS,
WILLIAM ELLERY.

Connecticut.
ROGER SHERMAN,
SAM'EL HUNTINGTON,
M. WILLIAMS,
OLIVER WOLCOTT.

New York.
WM. FLOYD,
PHIL LIVINGSTON,
FRANS. LEWIS.
LEWIS MORRIS.

New Jersey.
RICHD. STOCKTON,
JNO. WITHERSPOON,
FRAS. HOPKINSON,
JOHN HART,
ABPA CLARK.

Pennsylvania.

JAS. SMITH,
GEO. TAYLOR,
JAMES WILSON,
GEO. ROSS.

Delaware.
CAESAR RODNEY,
GEO. READ,
THO. M'KEAN.

Maryland.
SAMUEL CHASE,
WM. PACA.
THOS. STONE.
CHARLES CARROLL of Carrollton.

Virginia.
GEORGE WYTHE,
RICHARD HENRY LEE,
TH. JEFFERSON,
BENJA. HARRISON,
THOS, NELSON, Jr.,
FRANCIS LIGHTFOOT LEE,
CARTER BRAXTON.

North Carolina,
WM. HOOPIR.
JOSEPH HEWES,
JOHN PENN.

South Carolina.
EDWARD RUTLEDGE,
THOS. HEYWARD, Junr.,
THOMAS LYNCH, Junr.,
ARTHUR MIDDLETON.

Georgia.
BITTON GWINNETT,
LYMAN HALL,
GEO. Walton.

ROBT. MORRIS,
BENJAMIN RUSH.
BENJA. FRANKLIN,
JOHN MORTON,
GEO. CLYMER,

Note.- This document as published above was copied from "Charters and Constitutions of the Cnited States' Compiled undins n orrer of the United States Senate by Ben l'erley Poore and isted in 1877. In said publication the proof was compared with the fac-simile of the original hy Mr, Ferdinand Jefferson, the Keeper of the Rolls at the Department of State, at Washington, He says: "In the fac-simile, as in the original, the whole instrument runs on without a break, bot raches are mostly inserted. I have, in this copy, followed the arrangement of paragr.phis adopted in the publication of the Declaration in the newspaper of John Dunlap, and as printed hy him for the Congress, which printed copy is inserted in the original Journal of the old Congress. The same paragraphs are also made by the author, in the original draught preserved in the De. partment of State.

ANALYTICAL INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE

UNITED STATES.

A

Art. Sec. CI. Page.
ACTS, Records and Judicial Proceedings of each State, entitled to Faith and
Credit in other States,

4 1

335
AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION, How made,

5

336
which have been Adopted,

335
APPOINTMENTS to be made by the President,

2

2

33+
APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES (Ainendments),

14

341
Representation and direct taxation,

1

3 329
APPRO: KIATIONS made by Law, Money drawn from the Treasury, to be in
Consequence of,

1

7 332
APPROPRIATION for Army not to Exceed Two Years,

1 8 12
ARMIES, Congress to raise and support

1 8 12 332
ARMS, Right of the People to keep and bear (Amendments),

3u8
ARTS AND SCIENCES, To be Pronoted,

1 8 8 331
ASSEMBLE, People may (Amendments),

1

358
ATTAINDER, Bill of, Congress Prohibited to pass,

1 9 3 332
No State shall pass,

1 10 1 333
Or Treason shall not Work Corruption of blood or Forfeiture, Except
During the Life of the Person Attainted,

3 3 2 335
AUTHORS AND INVENTORS, Congress to Authorize to, for Limited Times,
Exclusive Rights in their Writings and Inventions,

1 8 8 331

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

B

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

BAIL, Excessive, not Required (Amendments),
BANKRUITCY LAWS to De Uniform,
BILLS for Raising Revenue shall Originate in Hlouse of Representatives,

Before they Become Laws shall be passed by both hvuses' and Approved

by the President; vr if Disapproveri, shall be passed by Two-Tunds of

each House,
Not Returned in Ten Days, unless an Adjournment Intervene, shall be

Laws,
BRIBERY or other High Crimes and Misde:neanors,

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

CAPITATION TAX, Apportionment of,
CENSUS, or Enumeration to be made every Ten Years,
CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Who are (Amendments).
Privileges or Immunities of, not to be Abridged by any State (Amend-

ments),
Rights or, to vote, not to be Abridged on Account of Color, Race or Pre-

vious Condition of Servitude (Amendmaits),
Rights of, to vote, not to be Abridged on Account of Sex (Amendments),
CITIZENS of each State shall be entitled to the Privileges of Citizens in the

Several States,
CLAIMS by the United States, or of the Several states, not to be prejudiced

by any Construction of the Constitution,
COASTING TRADE, Regulations Respecung,
COIN, a Tender in payment of Debts, No State shall make Anything but Gold

and Silver,
COIN MONEY and Regulate the Value Thereof and of Foreign Coin, Congress

shall have Power to
COMMERCE, Congress to Regulate,

Regulations Respecting, to be equal and Uniform,
COMMISSIONS to be granted by the President,
COMMON LAW Recognized and Established (Amendments),
COMPENSATION, Private Property shall not be taken for Public Use without

just (Amendments),
CONFEDERATION, no State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance or,
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, All Legislative Powers Vested in a

May alter the Regulations of State Legislatures Concerning Elections of

Senators and Representatives, except as to the places of Choosing

Senators,
Shall Assemble Once every year,
Officers of Goverrunent cannot be members of .
May Provide for Filling Varaney in ('ases of Removal, Death, Resig-

nation or inability to Discharge Duties, of President aud Vice-l'resi.

dent,
May Determine the Time of Choosing Electors of President and Vice.

President,
May Invest 'the Appointment of Inferior Officers in the President alone, in

the Courts of Law, or the Heads of Departments,
May Establish Courts Inferior to the Supreme Court,
May Declare the l'urishinent of Treason,
May Prescribe the Manner of Proving tne Acts and Records of each State
To Assent to the Formation of New States,
May Propose Amendments to Constitution or call a ('onvention,
To Lay and Collect Duties, ....

[blocks in formation]

337

11
12

Art. Sec. Cl. Page. CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES--Concluded. To Lay and Collect Taxes on Incomes (Amendments),

10

342 To Borrow Money,

1 8 2

331 To Regulate Commerce,

1 8

331 To Establish Uniform Laws of Bankruptcy and Rule of Naturalization, 1 8

331 To Coin Money, to Regulate the value of Coin, and fix a Standard of Weights and Measures,

1

331 To Punish Counterfeiting,

1 8 6 331 To Establish Post-offices and Post-Roads,

8

331 To Authorize Patents to Authors and Inventors,

1

8 To Constitute Tribunals Inferior to the Supreme Court,

1

331 To Define and Punish Piracies, Felonies on the High Seas, and offenses against the Laws of Nations,

1 S 10 331 To Declare War, Grant Letters of Marque, and Make Rules Concerning Captures,

1 8

331 To Raise and Support Armies,

1 8

332 Ta Provide and Maintain & Navy,

1 8 13

332 To Make Rules for the Government of the Army and Navy,

1 8 14 332 To Call out the Militia in Certain Cases,

1 8 15 332 To Organize, Arm and Discipline Militia,

1 8 16 332 To Exercise Exclusive Legislation over Seat of Government,

1 8 17 332 To Pass Laws Necessary to carry the Enumerated Powers into Effect, 1 8 18 332 To Dispose of, and make Rules Concerning the Territory of Other Property of the United States,

3 2 336 The President may, in Certain Cases, Convene and Adjourn either House of,

2 3

334 May Enforce Prohibition of Slavery by Appropriate Legislation (Ainendments),

13 2

340 Persons Engaged in Insurrection or Rebellion Disqualified for Senators or Representatives in (Amendments),.

14

341 May, by a Two-Thirds Vote, Remove Disability of Persons who Engaged in Rebellion (Amendments),

14 3

341 Shall Have Power, by Appropriate Legislation to Enforce the Provisions of_Article XIV, Relating to Citizenship (Amendments),

14 5

341 Shall Have Power, by Appropriate Legislation to Enforce the Provisions

of Article XV, Establishing Right of Certain Citizens to Vote
(Amendments),

15 2

341 Shall Have Concurrent Powers, with the Several States, by Appropriate

Jegislation, to Enforce the Provisions of Article XVIII, Prohibiting
the sale of Liquor (Amendments),

18 2

342 Representation in, how Apportioned (Amendments),

1+ 2

341 CONSTITUTION, Amendments to, may be Proposed and Ratified,

336 And the Laws made in Pursuance thereof, and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, shall be made the Supreme Law of the land,

6

2 336 Rendered Operative by the Ratification of Nine States,

337 CONTRACTS, No State shall pass Law Impairing the Obligations of,

10 1 333 CONVENTIONS for Proposing Amendments to the Constitution,

336 COPYPJGHTS TO AUTHORS, Congress Power to Provide for,

8

331 COUNTERFEITING, Congress to provide for Punishment of,

1 8 6 331 COURT, SUPREME, its Original and Appellate Jurisdiction,

3 2 2 335 COURTS, Inferior to the Supreme Court may be Ordained by Congress,

9 331 As Congress may Establish. The Judicial Power of the United States shall be Vested in one Supreme Court and such Inferior,

S 1 CIJE, no Perron shall be held to answer, for capital or otherwise infamous, unless on a Presentment of a Grand Jury (Amendments),

338 CRIMES, Persons Accused of, Fleeing from Justice, may be Demanded,

2 2 336 How to be tried,

2 3 335 CRIMINAL PROSECUTION, Proceedings in Cases of (Amendments),

338 D

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

335

Tools

Icons

[blocks in formation]

DEBT, Public, Authorized by Law, shall not be Questioned (Amendments),
DEBTS, Against the Confederation to be Valid

Incurred in aid of Rebellion, not to be Assumed or Paid (Amendments),
DIRECT TAX, how to be Laid,
DISABILITY of the President and Vice-President, Provisions in Case of the,

Of Persons who Engaged in Rebellion (Amendments),
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Congress shall Exercise Exclusive Legislation in all

Cases over the,
DUTIES to be laid by Congress, and to be Uniform,

Shall not be Laid on Exports,
In Another State, Vessels Clearing in the Ports of one State shall not

be Obliged to pay,
Cannot be Laid by the States,
On Imports, the net Produce of all such Duties shall be for the use of

the Treasury of the United States,
DUTY OF TONNAGĚ, without the consent of Congress, no State shall lay any,

[blocks in formation]

ELECTION Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, each House shall

be the Judge of the, .......
Of President and Vice-President, Congress may Determine the Day for

the,

01 United States Senators, to be by the People (Amendments), ELECTIONS for Senators and Representatives, the Time, Place and Manner

of Holding, how Prescribed.

Shall be the same Throughout the United States, the Day of the,
ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT and Vice-T resident, how Chosen,

And Vice-President, their Duties, as Al pred (Amendments).
And Vice-President, no Senator, Representative or Public Officer shall

serve as,
And Vice-President, no Person having taken an oath as an officer of the

United States, or of any State and Afterwards Engaged in Insurrection
or Rebellion, shall be (Amendinents),

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1 1

330 333 333 339

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

17

Art Sec. CL Page.
ELECTORS, Qualifications of, to vote for United Staves Senators (Amend.
mients),

342
EMANCIPATION, or Loss of any Slave, Claims for, shall be illegal (Amend-
ments),

14 4

3+1
ENUMERATION to be made Every Ten Years,

1

3 339
EXECUTIVE POWER Vested in the President,

2 1 1 333
EXPORTS not to be Taxed,

1 9 5 332
And Imports, States Prohibited from Laying Duties on,

1 10 2 333
EX-POST FATTO LAW, None shall be Passed,

1 9 3 332
No State shall pass any,

1 10 1 333

[blocks in formation]

FELONIES Committed on the High Seas, Congress shall have Power to Punish,
FINES, Excessive, shall not be unposed (Amendments),
FUGITIVES from Justice to be delivered up,

From Service may be Reclaimed,

331
389
336
336

[blocks in formation]

GENERAL WELFARE, Congress shall have Power to provide for the,
GOLD AND SILVER COIN the Only Tender in Payment of Debts,
GOVERNMENT, a Republican Form of, to be Guaranteed to Every State, .
GRAND JURY, Persons shall only be held to Answer for a Capital or Other-

wise Infamous Crime, on the Presentment of a (Amendments),

1
1

331
333
336

[blocks in formation]

H

HABEAS CORPUS, Writ of, can only be Suspended in Cåses of Rebellion or

Invasion,
HOUSE OF RETRESENTATIVES- (see Representatives).

[blocks in formation]

I

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

. . . . .

329
329
330
334
334
332
333

1

1
1

2
9
10

[blocks in formation]

IMPEACHMENT, the House of Representatives shall have the sole Power of,

All Cuses of, to be Tried by the Senate,
Judgment on,
All Civi Ouncers Liable to,

The President Cannot Grant Pardons in Cases of,
IMPORTATIONS of Slaves not Irohibited until 1808,
MPORTS OR EXPORTS, States prohibited from lying Duties un,
IMPOSTS AND EXCISES, Congress shall have power to Lay and Collect Taxes,

Duties,
INCOMES, TAXES ON, Congress may lay and collect (Amendments),.
INDIAN TRIBES, Congress shall Regulate Commerce with the,
INDICTMENT, the Party Convicted in Case of Impeachment, Liable and Sub-

ject to,
Or Presentment of a Grand Jury, no Person shall be held for a Capital

Tuamous Crime, unless on (Amendments),
INSURRECTION OR REBELLIOX, No l'erson having taken an oath as an

Officer of the Umited States or of any State, and Afterwards Engaged
in, shall again hold any office unless Disarilities are Removed

(Amendments),
Debts Incurred in aid of, not to be Assumed or P id (Amendments),
And Repel Invasions, Congress to Provide for Calling forth the Militia

to Suppress,
INVASION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, the United States ta Protect Each

State Against,
INVENTORS AND AUTHORS how Encouraged,

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

JOURNAL of its Proceedings, each House shall keep a,
JUDGES shull hold their offices during Good Behavior,

Their Compensation,

In every Suate shall be bound by the Constitution,
JUDICIAL lower vested in a Supreme Court and Courts Inferior,

Tribunals Interior to Supreme Court may be Created,
Power, Restrictions of, as to Suits against a State (Amendments),
Proceedings of each State are Entitled to Faith and Credit in every

State,
JUDICIARY, Powers of the,
JURY, the Trial of all Cases, Except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by,

In all Criminal Prosecutionis the Accused shall have a Speedy and

Public Trial by (Ameniments),
All suits at Common Law, where the Value Lxceeds Twenty dollars, shall

be tried by (Amendments),

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

LAW OF THE LAND, the Constitution, the Laws made in Pursuance thereof,

and Treaties shall be the Supreme,
LAWS Necessary to Carry into Execution the Powers Vested in the Govern

ment, Congress shall make all,

President to see them Faithfully Executed,
LEGISLATIVE Powers Vested in Congress (see Congress),
LIQUOR, Manufacture, Sale or Transportation of Intoxicating, for Beverage

Purposes, Prohibited (Amendients),
Congress and States given Concurrent Power to Pass Legislation to

Enforce Article Prohibiting Sale of (Amendments),

When Article Prohibiting Sale of, to Become Operative (Amendments),
LOANS, uthority

to make,

[blocks in formation]
« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »