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a Deputy-Governor (William Brereton), with ten Assistants and eighteen Deputies, were elected. Roger Williams was chosen an Assistant, but Coddington had not again emerged from the popular disfavor. Rhode Island — to give to the Colony the abbreviated name which old custom has made familiar—had by her charter reached a better capacity than ever before for settling some of her disputes. Using the privilege of choice, which had been accorded them by the compact between Clarke and Winthrop, the Atherton Company had determined to place their lands under the loa. jurisdiction of Connecticut. That Colony had "* accepted the surrender of the territory, and, appointing a local magistracy at a little settlement of traders which had existed there for some years, had given to it the name of Wickford." Rhode Island ordered that ico. persons coming into the Narragansett country "* “to settle, build, or inhabit, without express leave first had and obtained from the General Assembly,” should be “taken and imprisoned for such their contempt.” Accordingly, four persons were arrested at Wickford, including Richard Smith, Jr., the constable appointed by Connecticut. Smith's father informed the Atherton partners of what had taken place, and they applied for “advice and direction” to Governor Winthrop, at the same time acquainting him that they had heard — but with incredulity—of his having disclaimed for his Colony a jurisdiction over the Company's lands.” The same questions arose respecting another plantation. Some Rhode-Island men had bought from . a Narragansett chief a parcel of land, called by or the Indians Misquamicock, lying at the mouth ... of the Paucatuck River, on its eastern side. The *

purchasers applied to the General Court of Rhode

May 4.

* Conn. Rec., I. 407. * Ibid., 42–49. * R. I. Rec., IL 29, 30.

Island for its “favorable approbation, countenance, and isol assistance in the settling of a plantation or ** township.” The Federal Commissioners were apprised of what was going on, and wrote to the Governor of Rhode Island that the “Pequot Country,” within which the proposed settlement was included, was “the undoubted right of those English Colonies that conquered that bloody nation; and, some years since, that part of the country was assigned by the Commissioners of the United Colonies to the government of the Massachusetts, for their share and interest in that conquest, and by them disposed of in townships and farms.”* Endicott received an affidavit from William Chesebrough, that “about thirty-six inhabitants of Rhode Island were come into the ** bounds of Southertown, to lay claim unto the lands on the east side of Paucatuck,” and that he had protested against the trespass. Endicott issued his warrant for the apprehension of such persons, and three were arrested and brought to

Nov. 14. Boston, where two of them were sentenced to pay a fine of forty pounds, and to give bonds, to the amount of a hundred pounds, to keep the peace. The p.a. authorities of Massachusetts wrote “once and M.s again” to Rhode Island, demanding a prohibition of such disorderly inroads. For a time they *" had no answer. At length, by a threat that, unless within seven weeks their town on the Paucatuck was vacated by the strangers, they “should account it their duty to secure all such persons,” they succeeded in breaking the silence.” The Rhode-Islanders replied,

Sept. 13.

* R. I. Rec., I. 449. which occur to the grant to Massachu* Records, &c., in Hazard, II, 448; setts of the Narragansett country in comp. above, p. 383. 1643: “Besides what we formerly

* R. I. Rec., I. 455–463. – In the wrote, we [the Massachusetts govcorrespondence which took place on ernment] have a charter and patent this occasion is one of the few allusions from the Lord of Warwick and divers

that their patent included all lands east of the Paucatuck, and even beyond that river, and that the recent planters had proceeded with their approbation. They excused their delay in answering the earlier letters on the ground of their having arrived “in the interval of Courts;” they complained of the precipitancy of Massachusetts in issuing her warrant; and they proposed to her “to expect the future pleasure of his Majesty in these affairs, not persisting any further to grieve them by force used against them, - - - - - without express order from his Majesty.” On the reception of the charter of Connecticut, the Federal Commissioners wrote to Rhode Island that by that instrument the King's pleasure was Sept. 12. declared, and that “the lands of Paucatuck and Narra gansett were contained " within the former Colony.” When the Commissioners had separated, the General Court of Rhode Island addressed to the government of Massachusetts a reply to this communication. They said that the charter referred to had been “procured by an underhand dealing, and that the power that granted it did so resent it, and was resolved to do that which was right therein;” and they asked for the liberation and remuneration of the persons who had been taken at Southertown, and who still lay in prison for the non-payment of their fines.” Just before the royal charter to Rhode Island reached America, some progress seemed to have been made to- los. wards an adjustment of this dispute. Massa- ** chusetts proposed to refer the decision of it to the Federal Commissioners, or to arbiters chosen by the parties;" and, on her part, Thomas Prince and Josiah Winslow, of Plymouth,” were nominated as referees. On the part of Rhode Island, Randall Holden, of War. 164 wick, (for whom afterwards John Green was sub** stituted,) and Joseph Torrey, of Newport, were authorized to make “a treaty according to the proposals.” But the attention of all the Colonies was now called ,, ... in a direction different from that of controver. *** sies among themselves. The reader remembers that Massachusetts had rendered no satisfactory compliance with the royal demands transmitted through her agents.” By the measure for a political overthrow of New Haven, the Confederacy had now been deranged. It was probably hoped by the ministry of King Charles, that, by the charters to Connecticut and Rhode Island, the good-will of those Colonies had been secured, and that, in the consequent transactions, ancient heart-burnings had been revived, and new interests and sentiments created, hostile to Massachusetts. There was a hold upon Plymouth through her hope of a similar indul. gence; and, at all events, Plymouth was feeble in population and in wealth. It seemed that, substantially, Massachusetts would be left alone in the championship of freedom in New England. In the Privy Council, just after the Connecticut charter had been despatched, “the settlement of the Plantations loa in New England was seriously debated and dis*** coursed; and the Lord Chancellor declared then, that his Majesty would speedily send Commissioners to settle the respective interests of the several Colonies,the Duke of York [afterwards James the Second] to consider of the choice of fit men.”" Seven months later, “his Majesty, present in Council, did declare that he

May 22.

Oct. 27.

other Lords and Commons, empow- trespassers whom Chesebrough warned ered thereunto by Parliament, of all away from Southertown. (R. I. Rec., that tract of land from Pequot River I. 455.) to Plymouth line,” &c. (R. I. Rec., I. * R. I. Rec., I. 469 – 473. 461; see above, p. 123.) * Records, &c., in Hazard, IL 467; No less a person than Governor Ar- comp. 462. mold, of Rhode Island, was among the * R. I. Rec., I. 493.

Nov. 24.

* Mass. Rec., IV. (ii.) 95. * See above, p. 527. * R. I. Rec., I. 516, 517. * Journal of the Privy Council.* Ibid., II, 30; comp. 49, 50. To this entry is added: “A patent

intended to preserve the charter of that planta

tion ['New England'], and to send some Com- *** missioners thither speedily, to see how the charter was maintained on their part, and to reconcile the differences at present amongst them.”” It was just after the communication of this scheme


of corporation to be granted to Rhode
Temple had probably reached Lon-
don in the preceding February. On
the 26th day of that month, it was
ordered by the Council, that “all
persons that have any commissions
from those in New England inter-
ested in the affairs of that plantation,
and all others who can give any ac-
count in reference to his Majesty's
service, and the good and benefit
of those parts, do attend on Thursday
next the 6th of March ensuing, at
three in the afternoon; and particu-
larly that Colonel Thomas Temple and
Mr. Winthrop, and such as they shall
advise and think fit, be summoned and
required then and there at the time
aforesaid to give their attendance
In the Massachusetts Archives (CVI.
56, 57) is a long “extract from Colonel
Temple's letter, dated the 4th and 5th
of March” of this year. The letter
appears, from one sentence, to have
been addressed to Mr. Lake (see above,
p. 495), who was “a merchant of note
in Boston.” (Hutch. I. 209.) Temple
had but partially recovered, he says,
from “somewhat a rough and long
passage, in which he was perpetually
sick, and no less distressed in mind.”
He was still more distressed, when he
reached London, and , learned that
representations had been there made
against him and the Colony of Massachu-
setts, “with all the malice and treach-
ery imaginable.” He had “at first
almost yielded to despair, and began

to think of ending his days in some
obscure cottage.” But, recovering him-
self, and having gone to “God's throne,”
and “prostrated himself, and earnestly
besought his mercy, direction, comfort
and counsel,” he had obtained courage
to make a personal appeal to the Earl
of Manchester, and, by the favor of that
nobleman, had obtained an audience
of the King. A friend accompanied
him, who “very nobly testified the
service he had done the late King,
and his commands to his Majesty that
now reigns to reward and take a
special care of him.” The King re-
ceived him graciously, and he used his
advantage to “set forth the happy
and flourishing condition that the plan-
tation was in.” He now hoped “in a
few days to get New England's former
charter renewed.” “If,” he says, “the
Major-General [Leverett] comes over,
he may have anything; but I hope to
do all to his hand. . . . . . The King
and Chancellor and all the Lords are
as zealous now for New England's good
as Mr. Wilson is. The Chancellor
commanded me to assure you of his
true love and friendship to the coun-
try, and that neither in your privileges,
charter government, nor church dis-
cipline, you should not receive any
prejudice, neither did the King or
Council intend in the Quaker's letter
that you should not punish them, but
only not put any to death without
their knowledge.”— Sir Thomas Tem-
ple was not a dull man; but he was
not a man to read Lord Clarendon.
* Journal of the Privy Council.

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