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in a sort of cave, on the east side of West Rock, two or May 15- three miles nearer to the town. In this retreat ** they remained four weeks, being supplied with food from a lonely farm-house in the neighborhood, to which also they sometimes repaired in stormy weather. They caused the Deputy-Governor to be informed of their hiding-place;" and, on hearing that Mr. Davenport was in danger from a suspicion of harboring them, they left it, and for a week or two showed themselves at different times at New Haven and elsewhere. .." After two months more of concealment in their *::: retreat on the side of West Rock, they betook themselves to the house of one Tompkins, in or near Milford, where they remained in complete secrecy for two years; after which they indulged themselves in more freedom, and even conducted the devotions of a few neighbors assembled in their chamber. But the arrival at Boston of Commissioners from the King with extraordinary powers was now expected; and it was likely that these would be charged to institute a new search, which might endanger the fugitives, and would certainly be embarrassing to their protectors. It has been mentioned that a feud in the churches of Hartford and Wethersfield” led to an emigration to a spot of fertile meadow land forty miles further up the river; and that Mr. Russell, hitherto minister of Wethersfield, accompanied the settlers as their pastor. Massachusetts gave the new town the name of ** Hadley,” and ordered that, with Springfield and
* The Deputy-Governor was now Mr. Gilbert, of New Haven, an election having meanwhile taken place, by which Leete was promoted to the Chief Magistracy. (N. H. Rec., II.402; comp. Hutch. Coll. 338.) This fact Hutchinson appears to have overlooked, when he made the statement in his History (I. 199, note), that the regicides com
municated with Leete. I do not know
Northampton, — the latter a plantation estab- isos. lished a few years earlier, on the opposite side * * of the river,"—it should constitute the County 1962. of Hampshire.” In this remotest northwestern “”" frontier of New England, a refuge was prepared for the hunted men. On hearing of the arrival of the Commissioners at Boston, they withdrew to their cave; but some Indians, in hunting, observed that it had been occupied; and its secrecy could no longer be counted on. They then directed their steps ...” towards Hadley, travelling only by night, and ... were received into the house of Mr. Russell. Here — except for a remarkable momentary appearance of one of them, to be hereafter related, and except for the visits of a few confidential friends—they remained lost for ever to the view of men. Presents were made to them by leading persons among the colonists; and they received remittances from friends in England. They were for a time encouraged by a belief, founded on their interpretations of the Apocalypse, that the execution of their comrades was “the slaying of the witnesses,” and that their own triumph was speedily to follow. Letters passed between Goffe and his wife, purporting to be between a son and a mother, and signed respectively with the names of Walter and Frances Goldsmith. Four of these letters survive; * tender, magnanimous, and devout, they are scarcely to be read no. without tears. In the tenth year of his life at whaley. Hadley, Whalley was extremely infirm in mind “ and body, and he probably did not live beyond that year. Goffe outlived his father-in-law nearly five years, at least;" how much longer is not known. Mr. Russell's house was standing till near the end of the last cen: tury. At its demolition, the removal of a slab in the cellar discovered human remains of a large size. They are believed to have belonged to the stout frame which swept through Prince Rupert's line at Naseby. In the first years of the retirement of the Colonels at Hadley, they enjoyed the society of a former friend, who did not feel obliged to use the same strict precautions against discovery. John Dixwell, a Colonel in the Parliamentary service, was also a member of the High Court of Justice, and a signer of the death-warrant of the King. Little is known of his proceedings
* Mass. Rec., IV. (i.) 271. * Hutch., Coll., 433; History, I. 457; * Ibid., (ii.) 52; comp. Holland, His- Stiles, History of Three of the Judges, tory of Western Massachusetts, I. 59, &c., I, 114. Mass. Hist. Coll., XXI. 60. 60; Huntington, Centennial Address. * “The last account of Goffe is from * Apoc. xi. 37. a letter dated Ebenezer (the name they gave their several places of abode), to two magistrates, who had obstructed
*...* after the Restoration, till he came to Hadley, o three or four months later than Whalley and
Goffe." After a residence of some years in their neighborhood, he removed to New Haven, where, bearing the name of James Davids, and affecting no particular privacy, he lived to old age. The home gov. ernment never traced him to America; and though, among his acquaintance, it was understood that he had a secret to keep, there was no disposition to penetrate it. He married twice at New Haven, and by his second nuptials established a family, one branch of which survives. In testamentary documents, as well as in communications, while he lived, to his minister and others, he frankly made known his character and history. He died just too early to hear the tidings, which would have re- less. newed his strength like the eagle's, of the down- ** fall of the House of Stuart. A fit monument attracts the traveller to the place of his burial, in the park bounded on one side by the halls of Yale College." The King's favorable Answer to the Address of the General Court of Massachusetts” indicated sentiments on his part which it was prudent to make the most of; and, with the same vessel which brought it, or a little earlier, came intelligence of Wenner's insurrection in London,” which appears to have suggested the hint of a cheap display of loyalty. Wenner's movement, as has been mentioned, was for the establishment of an authority, approved by a considerable class among the mystics of that day, and called by them the Fifth Monarchy, from a passage in the Book of Daniel.” It contemplated the subversion of existing forms of government, and the substitution in their place of a polity of which Christ was to be the chief administrator, assisted by his saints in subordinate offices. Manifestations of a tendency to this scheme had not been entirely wanting in New England. The adoption, to a considerable
April 2, 1679.” (Hutchinson, I. 200,
it, and had subsequently treated him ill
Suppression of Eliot’s political treatise.
* The inscription on the head-stone, President Stiles devotes, some pages
which is ancient, is as follows: “I. D.,
(History, &c., 339 et seq.) to a recluse,
* See above, p. 494.
* See above, p. 434.
* Dan. vii. 3 – 27.
extent, of the Mosaic system of law, might be regarded as a step in that direction. Cotton had expressed his vague idea of an eligible code and administration in the text appended to his “Abstract of Laws,”—“The Lord is our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King, He will save us; ”’ though Cotton would have been prompt to disavow any such precise inference from his motto as would have confounded him with FifthMonarchists. William Aspinwall, the follower of Mrs. Hutchinson, had subsequently made himself known in England as a leader and champion of those dreamers.” The Apostle Eliot, when, following the model exhibited in Exodus, he had laid out the plan of a government for his Indians, to be conducted by captains of tens, of fifties, of hundreds, and of thousands,” had acquired a taste for constitution-making on a larger scale; and the fruit of his meditations on the high theme was, “after his consent given,” published in London, soon after Cromwell's death, by “a Sower of the Season.”* The book bears the title of “The Christian Commonwealth, or the Civil Policy of the Rising Kingdom of Jesus Christ.” It is dedicated “To the Chosen and Holy and Faithful, who manage the Wars of the Lord against Antichrist in Great Britain, and to all the Saints, Faithful Brethren, and Christian People of the Commonwealth of England.” It explains and defends “the Platform of the Lord's Government,” as being “approved by God, instituted by Moses among the Sons of Israel, and profitable to be received by any nation or people, who reverence the command of God, and tremble at his word.” “I am bold,” says the writer, “to present this Scripture plat
* Abstract of the Laws, &c., 15. By William Aspinwall, N. E. London,
* “A Brief Description of the Fifth 1653.” Monarchy, or Kingdom that shortly is " See above, p. 337. to come into the World, the Monarch, * It was, however, written seven or Subjects, Officers, and Laws thereof, eight years earlier. (Mass. Rec., IV. and the Surpassing Glory, Amplitude, (ii) 6.) Unity, and Peace of that Kingdom, &c.