Gambar halaman

the rights of Englishmen; and they brought introductions from men venerated and beloved by the people among whom a refuge was sought. Edward Whalley, a younger son of a good family, first cousin of the Protector Oliver, and of John Hampden, distinguished himself at the battle of Naseby as

:. an officer of cavalry, and in the following winter ... was promoted by Parliament to be Colonel of

a regiment." He commanded at the storm of Banbury, at the first capture of Worcester” and elsewhere. He was intrusted with the custody of the King's person at Hampton Court. And he sat in the High Court of Justice at the trial of Charles, and was one of the signers of the death-warrant.” After the battle of Dunlso bar, where he again won renown,” he was left *** by Cromwell in Scotland, in command of four regiments of horse. He was one of the Major-Generals among whom the Protector parcelled out the local administration of the realm, and in that capacity governed the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, Warwick, and Leicester. He sat as a member for Nottinghamshire in Cromwell's second and third Parliaments, and was called up to “the other House,” when that body was constituted. William Goffe, son of a Puritan clergyman in Sussex, was a member of Parliament, and a colonel of infantry soon after the breaking out of the civil war. He wuma married a daughter of Whalley." Like his father- * in-law, he was a member of the High Court of Justice for the King's trial, a signer of the warrant for his execution, a member of the Protector's second and third Parliaments, and, finally, a member of “the other House.” He commanded Cromwell's regiment at the battle of Dunbar, and rendered service particularly acceptable to ga. him in the second expurgation of the Long Par- *** liament. As one of the ten Major-Generals, he held the government of Hampshire, Berkshire, and Sussex. In his Declaration at Breda, King Charles the Second had promised that none should be called to account for their share in the late troubles, except such as should be designated by Act of Parliament; and when Whalley and Goffe left England to escape what they apprehended might prove the fate of regicides, the will of Parliament in respect to persons circumstanced as they were had not been promulgated. They came to Boston in the vessel which brought the news of the King's accession. Having been courteously welcomed there by the Gov- no colonel, ernor, they proceeded, the same day, to Cam- to: bridge, which place for the present they made 1990. their home. For some months they appeared “” there freely in public. They attended the religious services at the meeting-house, and others held in private dwellings, at which latter they prayed, and prophesied, or exhorted. They visited some of the principal towns in the neighborhood; were often in Boston; and were received, wherever they went, with assiduous attention.”

* The chaplain of Whalley's regiment was no less a person than Richard Baxter. When his old Colonel had reached a higher eminence, the author of “The Saints' Rest” dedicated to him one of his minor works, with the most cordial expressions of reverence and affection. (Baxter, Practical Works, I. 453.)

* The officer who held Worcester at this time for the King was Colonel Sir Henry Washington, of the family from which descended the first President of the United States. (See Sparks, Writings of George Washington, I. 545; Irving, Life of Washington, I. 14, 15; Sir Simondson D'Ewes, Autobiography, I. 430; Simpkinson,

“The Washingtons,” &c., 324. The
last-named work, published in England
within the present year, contains, along
with other highly interesting antiqua-
rian matter, an original and welcome
contribution to our knowledge of the
ancestry of the great American.)
* Dr. Stiles (History of Three of
the Judges of King Charles, 99) has
preserved the list of the High Court of
Justice, which Whalley and Goffe kept
by them, and in which they entered
memoranda of the later fortunes of their
associates, as from time to time intelli-
gence reached them. Compare it with
the lists in Walker, “History of Indepen-
dency,” II. 58; Rushworth, VII. 1379.
* Carlyle, Cromwell, I.472.

* She was well connected also on * In a Memorial of Breedon, prethe side of her mother, who was a served in the rich collection in the

sister of Sir George Middleton. State Paper Office, he says: “At the

At length, intelligence came to Massachusetts of the Act of Indemnity, and that Whalley and Goffe were among those who were marked for vengeance. Affairs meanwhile had been growing critical between Massachusetts and the mother country; and, though some members of the General Court assured them of protection, others thought it more prudent that they should have a hint to provide for their safety in some way which would not imply an affront to the royal government on the part of the Colony. The Governor called a Court of Assistants, and

without secrecy asked their advice respecting his obligation to secure the refugees.

1661. Feb. 22.

arrival of Whalley and Goffe, who
came to New England under the
names of Richardson and Stephenson,
I, knowing them, commanded them
before the Governor, and acquainted
him they were two of the King's
judges, declared traitors and murder-
ers, and therefore advised him to se-
cure them; who answered, without a
commission from England none should
meddle with them. For my service
herein, I was abused by many by call-
ing me “malignant;" and the Marshal-
General of the country, coming to
me before several in court time, used
these expressions, grinning in my face:
“Speak against Whalley and Goffe, if
you dare, if you dare, if you dare.”
Afterwards came to my hand the Act
of Parliament and the King's Procla-
mation, which some vilified, and said
they were mere malignant pamphlets I
had picked up.”
In the same collection is an affidavit
of John Crowne (see above, 286, note
4) relating to the same subject. It has
been printed by Chalmers (Annals,
263). The following is part of it: —
“John Crowne, gentleman, maketh
oath that while he was at Boston, in
New England, soon after his Majesty's
happy restoration, Goffe and Whalley,

The Court

two of the execrable murderers of his Majesty's royal father, of blessed memory, landed there; and, at their landing, were conducted to the house of John Endicott, then Governor of the Massachusetts Colony, and that it was reported by all the deponent conversed with, that the said Governor embraced them, bade them welcome to New England, and wished more such good men as they would come over; that, after, the said Goffe and Whalley resided . some time at Boston, visiting and being visited by the principal persons in the town; and that, among others, they visited Mr. John Norton, the Teacher of the principal Independent church in the said town, and one of those who came over with the Address and Letter of the said Colony to his Majesty; that the deponent then boarded in the house of Mr. Norton, and was present when they visited him, and that he received them with great demonstrations of tenderness; that, after this, the said Goffe and Whalley went and resided in Cambridge, (the University of New England, of which the deponent was a member.) and that, having acquaintance with many of that University, he inquired of them how the said Goffe and Whalley were received; and that arrest.

refused to recommend that measure, and four days more passed. At the end of this time, – whether through the persuasion of others, or their own conviction of the impropriety of involving their generous hosts in further embarrassment, — or simply because they had been awaiting the completion of arrangements for their reception at New Haven, - they set off for that place. A journey of nine days brought them to the hospitable house of Mr. Davenport, where again they moved freely in the society of ministers and magis- The colonel,

Feb. 26.


But they had scarcely been there three

at New IIa. Wen.

weeks, when tidings came of the reception at March 1. Boston of a proclamation issued by the King for their

To release their host from responsibility, they went to Milford (as if on their way to New

it was reported to him by all persons
that they were in exceeding great es-
teem for their parts; that they held
meetings in their house, where they
preached and prayed, and gained uni-
versal applause and admiration, and
were looked upon as men dropped
down from heaven; that this was the
phrase of all the deponent heard dis-
course about them, but that penitence
for the horrid murder for which they
fled did not appear to be any part of
that piety which sainted them in their
esteem; for that Whalley said openly,
almost in all places where he came,
that, if what he had done against the
King were to be done, he would do it
again; and that it was the general re-
port of the place that he was frequently
heard to say these words. . . . . .
“And the deponent doth likewise
remember, that, being afterwards in
company of several merchants at Bos-
ton, and discoursing of Hugh Peters
and his execution, some persons did
there say that there were many godly

March 27.

in New England that dared not condemn what Hugh Peters had done.”

In this deposition (which has no date) Crowne says that he had been “a member" of the University. It does not appear from the Catalogue of graduates that he ever took a degree. Nor is there any other evidence that I know to corroborate this statement, except that in the Steward's account-book, mentioned above (p. 399, note), there is at page 323, the following entry, and no more, namely: —

“Crown is Creditor. “2.7mo. [Sept.) 1657. Paid to Thomas Chisholm f(x02 02 00.”

* Hutch. Hist., I. 198.

* A sister of Whalley was the wife of the Reverend Mr. Hooke, who for twelve years had been associated with Davenport as Teacher of the NewHaven church. — The hiding-place in Davenport's cellar, which sometimes received Whalley and Goffe, is still shown. He was not unused to harboring fugitives. (See Vol. I. 369.)

Netherland), and there showed themselves in public; but returned secretly the same night to New Haven, and were concealed in Davenport's house. They had been so situated for a month, when their friends had information from Boston that the search for them was to be undertaken in earnest. Further accounts of their having been seen in that place had

Order to o: reached England, and the King had sent a perhension emptory order to the colonial governments for

** their apprehension." Endicott, to whom it was

transmitted, could do no less than appear to interest himself to execute it; and this he would do with the less reluctance, because, in the circumstances, there was small likelihood that his exertions would be effectual. Two young men recently come from England, Thomas Kellond and Thomas Kirk.” received from him a commission to prosecute the search in Massachusetts, with letters of recommendation to the Governors of the other Colonies. That they were zealous royalists would be some evidence to the home government that the quest would be made in good faith. That they were strangers, unacquainted with the roads and with the habits of the country, and betraying themselves by their deportment wherever they should go in New England, would afford comfortable assurance to the Governor that they would make the quest in vain.”

that the Governor had taken too much upon him in issuing the order for their

* See it in Mass. Hist. Coll., XXVII.

123. In ignorance or in carelessness,

it was addressed “To our trusty and
well-beloved the present Governor or
other Magistrate or Magistrates of our
Plantation of New England.”
* Kellond was a merchant, and Kirk
a shipmaster, as appears from a letter
of Temple to Secretary Morrice, in
Mass. Hist. Coll., XXVIII. 325.
* It is perhaps an indication of the
prevailing good-will to the fugitives,
that some of the Court complained

arrest. “Many very honestly minded
of the Deputies, and some among the
Magistrates, could not consent to own
the Governor's acting without the Coun-
cil in executing the King's Majesty's
warrant for apprehending Colonels
Whalley and Goffe. Though they
own it a duty to be done, yet his
acting without the major part of the
Council assembled made them loath to
own the act at all.” (Hull's Diary for

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