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VI. The circle fhall furnish 8000 horfes, viz. 2000 draft horfes, 2000 horfes for heavy cavalry, and 200c for light cavalry; 500 of the draft horfes in the fecond decade; 500 draft horfes and the fame number of cavalry horfes, in the third; the fame in the fourth; 1000 draft and 500 cavalry horfes, in the fifth; 1000 draft horfes, and the fame number of cavalry horfes, in the fixth; and the like number in the feventh decade. Should any difficulties arife in furnishing the laft 2000 horfes, the circle of Suabia fhall be at liberty to pay for them, at 400 livres a piece. Befides thefe, 400 felect horfes fhall be furnished.
VII. Alfo 5000 oxen, of 500lb. weight each, 200 of which must be delivered to the army within two months, without the ordonnator in chief fhould grant fome farther delay in cafe he should not want them immediately. Two thoufand five hundred may be paid for at 250 livres each.
VIII. It fhall furnish 150,000 quintals of corn, two-thirds wheat, and one-third rye; 100,000 facks of oats; and 150,000 quintals of hay, within two months.
IX. 100,000 pair of fhoes fhall be delivered into the magazines of the army within one month.
X. Befides thefe contributions, to which all the princes, ftates, abbies, and cities of the circle of Suabia, fhall contribute, (Wurtemberg, Baden, Reutlingen, and Efslingen excepted) the abbies of Kempton, Lindau, and Buchau, the whole bench of prelates, and abbots, not excepting a single abbey or convent in Suabia, even if it fhould not contribute to the expence of the circle, fhall within fix decades, or fixty days, pay feven millions of livres in fpecie into the military cheft.
XI. The circle of Suabia fhall fend deputies to the Directory at Paris, to propofe negociations for peace, in company with the princes who negociate for themfelves."
Concluded at Stutgard, the 9th Thermidor, (July 27,) 1796. (Signed)
The commander in chief of the army of the Rhine and Mofelle,
MOREAU. The plenipotentiaries of the affembly of the circle of Suabia, under the ratification,
The Baron de SOLAYE,
The Baron de MANDELSLOHE.
Armistice between the French Republic and the Circle of Franconia.
WE E the underfigned, members of the general convention of the circle of Franconia, charged in the name, and with the full powers of all the countries of the faid circle, including the immediate Franconian knights of the empire of all the fix places,
and Auguftus Ernouf, general of divifion, &c. furnished with proper powers on the part of the citizen and commander in chief Jourdan, animated with the defire of fecuring the tranquillity of the inhabitants of the circle of Franconia, and of confolidating the poffeffions which the victorious armies of the French Republic have gained, have made an agreement, confifting of the following
Art. I. The ftricteft orders fhall be given for the most scrupulous obfervance of the proclamation, publicly printed and promulgated by the commander in chief, refpecting the fecurity of perfon and property, the maintenance of religious worship, and the laws and cultoms of the country.
II. By virtue of the preceding article, every inhabitant is authorised to arrest, or cause to be arrested, fuch foldiers or other perfons belonging to the army, as fhall be found plundering or committing other exceffes, and they shall be delivered up to the next commandant, and punished according to the rigour of the law.
III. All the inhabitants of the circle of Franconia, even the illuftrious states who have left their refpective refidence, to avoid for a moment all the horrors of war, are at liberty, with their families and fervants, as likewife with all their property, to return within two decades (20 days) to reckon from the publication of the present inftrument. They fhall then enjoy the fame fecurity and the fame protection, as the other quiet inhabitants, who take no part in the events of the war. After the expiration of the two decades, none of them fhall be allowed to return without fpecial permiffion from the commander in chief.
IV The circle of Franconia fhall pay to the French government, a contribution of eight millions of livres in ready fpecie, of which, however, two millions may be fet off by furnishing neceffaries or provifions for the armies.
V. The payment of the fix millions in fpecie is to be made to the paymafter general of the French army (according to the feveral terms fixed) the whole within forty-five days.
VI. and VII. Relate to the manner of difcharging the two remaining millions in neceffaries and provifions, &c.
VIII. The circle of Franconia fhall also furnish two thousand horfes for the cavalry, in two ftated terms.
IX. and X. Relate to the diftribution of the contributions, for which all military commanders fhall, if required, afford every affiftance against fuch as fhall refufe to make good payment.
XI. From the period appointed for the payment of the contribution, that is to fay, from this prefent day, every thing that fall or may be furnished for the French army (except free quarters) fhall be deducted from the contributions.
XII. The Margraviates of Anfpach and Bareuth, belonging to his Pruffian Majefty; and the principality of Schmalkalden, belonging to his Serene Highnefs the Landgrave of Heffe Caffel, according to the ftatus quo in which they were before the war, fhall be exempted from their fhare of the contribution.
XIII. In cafe another republican army, exclufive of that of the Sambre and Mufe, fhould enter the territories of the circle of Franconia, it shall most strictly obferve the prefent convention, which is, properly fpeaking, concluded with the French government.
XIV. The convention of the circle of Franconia referve for themselves to determine farther, by feparate articles, every thing relative to the diftributing and levying the contribution.
ERNOUF, General of divifion.
Done and expedited on duplicates with all our refpective fignatures at Wurtzburgh, 20 Thermidor, in the fourth year of the French Republic, (August 7,) 1796.
Armistice provifionally with the Margrave of Baden, until the definitive Peace propofed by the Directory, or till ten Days after the breaking up of the Negociation.
ARTICLES I. II. III. grant free paffage to the French
troops in the margraviate.
IV. If by circumstances or the difficulty of communication, it fhould be neceffary for the troops which pafs through, or remain in the margraviate, to draw their fubfiftence from the country, then the bailiffs or other magiftrates thall not refufe them grain, or bread, hay, oats, meat, wood, or fuch carriages and horfes, as the generals and commiffaries might require. These fupplies fhall be taken in part of the provifions and money to be furnished by the Margrave of Baden to the French Republic.
Every other article purchased of individuals, fhall be paid for. by the troops in money.
There fhall be an account made of what is delivered to the French troops from the figning of the treaty.
The commiffary in chief of the army of the Rhine and the Mofelle fhall make every neceffary arrangement with the commiffary to be fent by the Margrave, that the greatest order may reign with respect to the fupplies, which fhall be made by the country for the eftablishment of proper places for magazines which may be neceffary, and that the magiftrates may be fupplied beforehand with the provifions to be furnished.
V. The Margrave of Baden fhall pay into the cheft of the paymafter of the army of the Rhine and Mofelle, the fum of twe millions of French livres in money; 500,000 livres to be paid in ten days from the figning this treaty, 500,000 livres in ten days following, 500,000 livres in the last decade, and 500,000 livres the following month.
VI. The Margrave fhall furnish the French army within the time above fixed, reckoning from the day of figning, 1000 horfes, 400 of which fhall be draft horfes, and 400 cavalry, from eight to eleven hands high, and from five to eight years old.
Thefe horfes fhall be furnished by thirds in ten days after figning the treaty. They are to be delivered at the places appointed by the general in chief, together with 500 oxen of 500lbs. weight, within a month.
VII. Twenty-four thoufand quintals of grain, two-thirds in wheat, a third in rye, in the magazine which fhall be appointed. Two thousand facks of oats, twelve bushels to a fack, fifty thoufand quintals of hay.
All thefe articles fhall be furnished in thirds within fix decades, unless the commiffary in chief fixes upon a longer time.
VIII. Twenty-eight thousand pair of fhoes fhall be given into the magazines of Strasbourg within a month. If these fhoes cannot be furnished within the time fixed, they shall be paid for at five livres a pair.
IX. The Margrave of Baden fhall immediately fend to the Executive Directory to negociate the feparate peace which he propofes
Given at Stutgard, the 7th Thermidor, July 25, 1796, 4th year of the French Republic.
The plenipotentiary of his Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden, The Baron REIZENSTEIN, Grand Bailiff of Lorrach.
Treaty of Peace concluded between the French Republic and the Margrave of Baden.
THE French Republic, and his Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden, defirous of re-establishing between both countries the relations of friendship and good neighbourhood which exifted between them before the prefent war, have appointed as their plenipotentiaries, namely, the Executive Directory, in the name of the French Republic, citizen Charles de Lacroix, minister of foreign affairs, and his Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden, the Baron de Reitzenftein, his chamberlain, and great bailiff of
Lorrach, who, after having exchanged their refpective powers, have refolved on the following articles:
Art. I. There shall be peace and good understanding between the French Republic and his Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden. In confequence, all hoftilities thall ceafe between the contracting parties, to reckon from the ratification of this prefent treaty.
II. The Margrave of Baden revokes all adherence, confent, and accefs, public or fecret, by him given to the coalition armed against the French Republic, every contingent or fuccour, in men, horfes, provifions, money, ammunition, or other stores, under any pretence whatever, even if he fhould be required as member of the Germanic empire.
III. The troops of the Republic fhall pafs freely through the dominions of his Serene Highnefs, refide there, and occupy all military pofts neceffary for their operations.
IV. His Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden, for himself and his fucceffors, cedes to the French Republic all the rights that may belong to him upon the lordships of Rodemachern and Hefperingen, in the ci-devant duchy of Luxemburgh; the portion belonging to him in the county of Sponheim, and his rights upon the other portion; the lordship of Grevenftein, the bailiwicks of Beinheim and Rhod, and generally all the territories, rights, and revenues, which he poffeffed, or pretends to have a right to poffefs, on the left bank of the Rhine. He renounces all demands upon the Republic refpecting the arrears of the faid rights and revenues, and for every other caufe anterior to the prefent treaty.
V. His Serene Highnefs, the reigning Margrave of Baden, as well in his own name, as in that of his two fons, the Princes Frederick and Louis of Baden, for whom he interefts himself strongly, cedes and abandons, with entire guarantee to the French Republic, the two-thirds of the manor of Kutzenhaufen, fituate in the ci-devant province of Alface, with all its rights and dependencies, together with the arrears of the faid rights and revenues, which might remain due, renouncing all demands upon the Republic thereto relating, and for every other caufe anterior to the prefent treaty.
VI. His Serene Highnefs the Margrave of Baden alfo cedes for himfelf, and his fucceffors, all the iflands of the Rhine which may belong to him, all the rights to which he may pretend upon the faid iflands, as likewife upon the courfe and the different branches of that river; efpecially the rights of tolls, high jurifdiction, direct lordship, civil or criminal juftice, or police.
There fhall not be included, under the denomination of the different arms of the Rhine, the fmall branches, and the dead or stagnant waters left in confequence of the inundations of the VOL. V. ancient