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of the enemy have, for the greatest part of the year, been blocked up in their own ports; and we have seen with pleasure the operations in the East and West Indies, which, while they have been productive of great national advantage, have also displayed the valour and good conduct of your Majesty's forces, both by fea and land, in a degree highly honourable to the British arms.

Having contemplated with anxious solicitude the various fortune of war on the Continent, and the danger with which all Europe was at one time threatened, we reflect with proportionable admiration and joy on the honourable and dignified perseverance' of your Majesty's ally the Emperor, and on the intrepidity, discipline, and invincible spirit of the Austrian forces, under the auspicious conduct of the Archduke Charles; and we entertain the most fanguine hope that, from the turn lately given to the course of the war, the final result of the campaign may prove more disastrous to the enemy than its commencement and progress for a time were favourable to their hopes.

While we regret the hostile dispositions and conduct on the part of the Court of Madrid, which have led to the discussions now depending, we entertain a just confidence that, whenever your Majesty thall be enabled to acquaint us with the final refult, a farther proof will be given to Europe of the temper and prudence which govern your Majesty's proceedings; and we cannot too strongly express to your Majesty our fixed deterinination to support your Majesty with our lives and fortunes, in defending against every aggression the dignity, rights, and interests, of the British empire.

We beg to assure your Majesty, that you may at all times rely on the 'zeal and affection of your faithful Commons for such supplies as may be necessary for the service of the year; and that it must afford us the most cordial satisfaction to find that, not. withstanding the temporary embarrassments which have been experienced, the state of the commerce, manufa&ures, and revenue of the country, proves the real extent and fulidity of the public refources, and will furnish such means as may be equal to The great and vigorous exertions which the present crisis peculiarly requires.

We acknowledge, with the utmost tħankfulness and satisfaction, that the distresses, which were in the last year experienced from the scarcity of corn, are now, by the blessing of God, happily removed, and that an abundant harvest affords the pleafing prospect of relief on that important article to the labouring claffes of the community; and with equal satisfa&tion we reflect on the uninterrupted continuance of our internal tranquillity, on the general attachment of your Majesty's faithful subjects to the British constitution, and on the happy effects produced by the energy and wisdom of the laws, in repressing the endeavours


of those who wished to introduce anarchy and confusion into the country.

Wé beseech your Majesty to believe that we are deeply impressed with the gracious and paternal expreslions of your Majesty's constant folicitude for the glory and happiness of your kingdoms ; and we are persuaded that your Majesty may at all times rely on the firm, zealous, and affectionate support of your Parliament in those exertions which are directed to the great object of defeating all the designs of our enemies, of refloring to the people the blessings of a secure and honourable peace, and of delivering down unimpaired to the latest pofterity those civil and religious blessings, by which these kingdoms have been so eminently diftinguished, under the protection of your Majesty's just and auspicious government,

On Monday, O&tober 10, Mr. Speaker reported to the House, that the House attended his Majesty upon Saturday last,' with their address; to which his Majesty was pleased to give this most gracious answer:

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Gentlemen, I return you my particular thanks for this dutiful and affectionate address. The cordial and unanimous assurances of your continued and zealous support afford me the utmost satisfaction in this important conjuncture: they must have the happiest tendency to give effect to my endeavours for the restoration of peace, oni secure, honourable, and adequate terms; and they afford me, at the same time, a just confidence, that, if this desirable end cannot be obtained, I shall be enabled to prosecute the war with redoubled vigour and activity in support of our dearest interests.

In the House of Lords Earl Bathurst moved the following address to his Majesty for his most gracious speech :

Most Gracious Sovereign,

WE your Majesty's moft dutiful and loyal fubjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in Parliament assembled, beg leave to return your Majesty our humble thanks for your Majesty's most gracious speech from the throne.

We acknowledge with gratitude your Majesty's gracious condescension in acquainting us that you have omiited no endeavours for setting on foot negotiations to restore peace to Europe, and to secure for the future the general tranquillity; and that the steps which you have taken for the purpose have at length opened the


way to an immediate and direct negotiation, the issue of which · must produce the desirable end of a juít, honourable, and solid peace, for us and for our allies, or muít prove, beyond dispute, to what cause alone the prolongation of the calamities of war must be ascribed.

We entirely concur in the anxious wilh expressed by your Majesty, that the itep which your Majesty proposes to take of sending a person to Paris, with full power to treat for the resto. ration of a general peace, may lead to the accomplishment of that object. But we are fully sensible that nothing can so much contribute to give effect to this desire, as our manifesting that we possess both the determination and the resources to oppofe, with encreased activity and energy, the further efforts with which we may have to contend.

We feel this peculiarly necessary at a moment when the enemy has openly manifested the intention of attempting a descent on these kingdoms. We are fully fensible that it cannot be doubted what would be the issue of such an enterprize; but we shall, nevertheless, think it our duty to take every precaution that may either elude the attempt, or secure the speediest means of turning it to the confusion and ruin of the enemy.

In reviewing the events of the year, we have great pleasure in observing that, by the hill and exertions of your Majesty's navy, the extensive and increaling commerce of the country has been protected to a degree almoit beyond example, and that the feets of the enemy have, for the greatest part of the year, been blocked up in their own ports; that the operations in the East and West Indies have been highly honourable to the British arms, and productive of great national advantage; and that the valour and good conduct of your Majefty's forces, both by sea and land, have been eminently conspicuous.

We have also observed, with the utmost satisfaction, that although the fortune of war on the Continent has been more various, and although the progress of the French armies threatened the uimost danger to all Europe, yet, from the honourable and dignified perseverance of your Majesty's ally the Emperor, and from the intrepidity; discipline, and invincible fpirit of the Austrian forces, under the auspicious conduct of his Royal Highness the Archduke Charles, such a turn has lately been given to the course of the war, as may inspire a well-grounded contidence that the final result of the campaign will prove more disastrous to the enemy than its commencement was for a sime favourable 10 their hopes.

We rely with the utmost confidence on your Majesty's gracious assurances, that whenever your Majefty thall be enabled to acquaint us with the final result of the difcuffions, to which the apparently hostile disposition and conduct of the Court of Madrid has given I


rise, they will afford to Europe a further proof of your Majesty's moderation and forbearance; and we entreat your Majesty to be assured that we are firmly determined to defend against every aggression the dignity, rights, and interest of the Britith empire.

It has given us infinite pleasure to find that ihe dittreifes, which were in the last year experienced from the scarcity of corn, are now, by the blessings of God, happily removed, and an abundant harvelt affords the pleasing prospect of relief in that important article to the' labouring classes of the community; that our internal tranquillity has also continued undisturbed, that the general attachment of the people to the British constitution has appeared on every occasion, and that the endeavours of those who wished to introduce anarchy and confusion into this country have been reprefled by the energy and wisdom of the laws.

Persuaded as we cannot but be, from long experience of your Majesty's virtues, that to defeat all the designs of your enemies, to restore to your people the blessings of secure and honourable peace, to maintain inviolate their religion, laws, and liberty, and to deliver down unimpaired to the latest posterity the glory and happiness of these kingdoms, is the constant with of your Majesty's heart, and the uniform end of all your Majesty's actions; permit us most humbly to affure your Majesty, that in every measure that can conduce to these objects, your Majesty may rely upon our firm, zealous, and affectionate support, which we conlider as a duty which we owe to your Majesty and to our country.

Earl Fitzwilliam moved the following amendment to the above address :

THAT this House, strongly impressed with the justice and necessity of the present war, carried on for the maintenance of civil and moral order in the world, and for securing the balance of power in Europe, and the independence of all states, will continue to give his Majesty a vigorous support in allerting the general cause of his Majesty and his allies, and for preserving the good faith, dignity, and honour of the Crown, in full assurance that no steps Thall be taken inconsistent with those principles, or with the future safety and prosperity of these kingdoms: and should the apparently hostile disposition of the court of Madrid, instigated by the intrigues and menaces of the common enemy, put his Majesty under the necessity of repelling force by force, bis Majesty may rely on the determination of this House to give his Majesty the molt ample support in defending against every aggression the dignity, rights, and interests, of the British empire.


The amendment proposed by Earl Fitzwilliam was negatived without a division, and the original address was agreed to nem. dill

To the address of the House of Peers his Majesty delivered the following answer :

My Lords, I thank you very warmly for this dutiful and loyal address. The sentiments you have expressed, in the present important crisis of public affairs, afforded me the surest pledge of your fupport in such measures as the interest of the country shall require; and you may rely upon every exertion being made on my part for the welfare, happiness, and safety of my people.

Proteft of Earl Fitzwilliam against the Address of the House of

Lords to the Throne on his Majesty's Speech announcing the opening of a Negotiation for Peace with the French Republic.

THE motion being made that the address (in answer to his Majesty's Speech) do país, it palled in the affirmative.

DifTentient, ist. Because, by this address, unamended as it stands, the fan &tion of the Lords is given to a series of measures, as ill judged, with regard to their object, as they are derogatory from the dignity of his Majesty's crown, and from the honour of this kingdoni. The reiteration of solicitations for peace to a species of power, with whofe very existence all fair and equitable accommodation is incompatible, can have no other effect than that which it is notorious all our folicitations have hitherto had. They must increase the arrogance and ferocity of the common enemy of all nations ; they mult fortify the credit, and fix the authority of an odious government over an enflaved people; they must impair the confi. dence of all other powers in the magnanimity, constancy, and fidelity of the British councils; and it is much to be apprehended it will inevitably tend to break the spring of that energy, and to lower that fpirit which has characterised in former times this high-minded nation, and which, far from finking under milfortune, has even rifen with the difficulties and dangers in which our country has been involved.

2d. Because no peace, such as may be capable of recruiting the strength, æconomizing the means, augmenting the resources, and providing for the safety of this kingdom, and its inseparable


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