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As it is important to stop in its growth an evil which might prove fatal in its consequences, the undersigned requests the most Terene government to take the measures in its power to undeceive the people, respecting the falle impreslions endeavoured to be made on them. The men who mislead them are known; the Genoese government can no longer suffer their plots and insolent declamations against the French, without offending the French Republic, and becoming responsible for the misfortunes which might attend upon a reciprocal irritation of minds. It ought to deprive the iinpostors of the faculty of deceiving, by all the exaggerations which they do not cease to devise and to circulate, by informing the people of the deinands which General Buona parte and the undersigned have really addressed to the senate, and of the general motives on which they were founded.

The undersigned begs the most serene government to communicate to him the effective measures which, in its wisdom, they shall resolve on, to prevent the consequences of ihe present ferment, in order that he may be able to acquaint the Executive Directory, and the general of the army of Italy, with its real dispositions,



Letter from the Commissary Director Sucy to the Commandant of

Fort La Lauterne.


St. Pierre d'Arena, 25 Fructidor. THE agents of the government here have guarantied our land.

ing goods in the harbour of St. Pierre d'Arena, nevertheless two English sloops have gone out of port, and passed before your post, in order to carry off our vessel, and it was not till the floops were at a distance with their prize that you commenced firing, which you did not keep up, and which you discontinued when the English ships were within reach. Yet you cannot be ignorant of the fact, because we fired more than 30 times before you were disposed to oppose this violation of neutrality. You will, Sir, acknowledge the receipt of the present.


S. Sucy.

REPLY COMMISSARY DIRECTOR, THE commandant of fort Lauterne has the honour to acquaint you that he could never have imagined that the English Loops of war which came out of the harbour would be guilty of a violation

of my

of neutrality, and the rather, as they had given their word of honour not to make reprisals for 24 hours after their departure; and even then not within cannon shot of the garrison.

For these reasons I could not interdict the departure of the floop alluded to from this harbour.

As soon as I received the accounts of the violence committed on the French tartan; I gave directions for batteries to prevent the accomplishment of the attempt began on the said tartan, and at the same time to maintain our neutrality.

If the effe&t of these directions, has not answered my expecs tation, the mifcarriage is not to be ascribed to any neglect of mine.

I have the honour to be,
With the most fincere esteem; Sir,
Your obedient humble servant,

BedtANI, Lieutenant-colonel.
Fort Lauterne, 12th Sept. 1796.

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Genoa, Fuly 18 SATURDAY the 16th, the minister of the French Republic

presented a note to the most serene government, in which he requested an answer to his two former notes, relative to the publication of the demands made by the French, and to a proclamation which he had folicited the government to issue upon the subject of the reports circulated to excite the people against the French. It particularizes the demands inade by the general in chief and the minister, in the name of the Directory, the dis. mission of the Count de Girola, the restitution of the ships taken by the English under the cannon of the fort of Arena, and the measures to be adopted for the safety of travelling. The minister observed that all Genoa shall be answerable for the safety of the French, if the government does not take effectual measures to secure it.

Saturday evening the government issued the proclamation required, by which it declares, it never had reason to doubt the faith of the French Republic and its government, and that the conduct of her ministers has always been conformable to those principles. It acknowledges that the muskets clandestinely introduced in the morning belonged to certain Genoese who dealt in those articles. It invites every subject of the Republic to banith all mistrust and inquietude, and declares that the promoters of troubles shall be treated with the full rigour of the laws.

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Berne, May 21. THE French minister, M. Barthelemi, has delivered a note

to our canton, intimating, that as the emigrants were evidently favoured in Switzerland, and particularly in the canton of Solihurn, where sinuggling is carried on by force of arms against France ; and a correspondence kept up with the rebels in the fonthern provinces, and where hoftilities were carried on against the Republicans, by which means several French citizens had deen maltreated and killed, the French Directory therefore found it necessary to establish an army on the frontiers of the canton, which should redress the least excelles by force of arms.

'M. Barthelewi allured the canton of Zurich at the same time, that from theiê arrangements Switzerland should have nothing to fear; nor should the consider it as a breach of neutrality, but look upon it only as a measure merely necessary for the safety of the French Republic. A second notice was joined to this, in which the Directory demands, in very strong terms, that the French Republic should immediately be acknowledged by all the cantons.

Official Note, transmitted by Mr. Wickham, Minister Plenipotentiary

from His Britannic Majefty to the Senate of Berne, the 26th of June, 1796.

N confequence of the resolution agreed to and published by your

ftate, respecting all the French indiferiminately who have takon refuge in your country, several of the heads of families of these unfortunate vi&tims to their attachment to the ancient laws of their country, have addrcffed themfelves to me, to obtain the means to repair to England, where they hope at last to find repose, and a secure asylum against the cruelty of their persecutors.

It is with extreme concern, Magnificent Lords, that I find iry self obliged to refuse their request, and to declare to all of them that I cannot grant a paffport to any of them until I have received orders from my court. I think it necessary, Magnificent Lords, to communicate to you my sefolution upon this fubject, in order that the persons, to whom it relates, may not be suspected of any neglect or tardiness in obeying the ordonnance made respecting them. God forbid that, in taking such a resolution, I should pretend to set bounds to the munificence of my

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sovereign, or the generosity of his subjects, which I hope will exist as long as the monarchy itself. We have always, Magnificent Lords, a confidence that our means will be increased by divine favour, in proportion as they are employed in allifting the unfortunate.

But it is my duty, in this unforeseen case, to take no {teps without having previously communicated to my court all the circumstances which have preceded, accompanied, and followed this measure, and entreated his Majesty to give me the most distinct orders for the regulation of my conduct in all that relates to this business.

I do not hesitate to avow that I have not been without hope that the delay, which might be caused by my tesolution in the execution of the order against those who have no other asylum but England, would have offered to your lordships an opportunity of considering of every mitigating circumstance, of which this case is capable. Perhaps also this delay may lead those persons, who have urged this measure, to think deliberately both upon

its nature and the consequences which may ensue from it.

Whatever may be the event, Magnificent Lords, in adopting, and coinmunicating this resolution to your lordships, if I can be the means of saving any one of those respectable families from exhausting their last resources in taking a long and dangerous voyage, I shall think that I have performed my duty to my God and my King; and I dare answer, that whatever may be the affection and friendihip which the King, my master, (after the example of his august predeceffors) feels for your lordships, these sentiments must be much strengthened, when I ihall have laid

before him a fresh act of your's-of that generous and enlarged · humanity which forms the distinguished character of his reign,'

and which our two nations have formerly exercised to the unhappy refugees from that same country.

With the fincerest wishes for the prosperity and happiness of your state, I am,

Magnificent and Powerful Lords,
Your lord thips' most devoted servant,



IN September, 1996, the Senate of Venice decreed the em

bodying of 20,000 men. The Senate likewise issued an ediet, enjoining the Venetians to an observance of the strictest neutrality, and not to give the fightest offence or cause of complaint to the French



PARMA. the 23d of December, 1796, the minister of foreign affairs

presented the Marquis del Campo, ambassador of Spain, chosen by his royal highness the infant Duke of Parma as his representative in quality of envoy with the French Republic. This last presented the president with his credential letters, and assured the Directory that his royal highness will always preserve the strictelt connexion with the Republic.

The president answered, that the Republic will always cultivate with sincerity the bonds of friendship happily establilhed between che two states.


N the 234 of December, 1796, M. le Comte Balbi, am-

bassador from Sardinia, presented to the Directory a letter from the King his master, acquainting them with the birth of a fon to his royal highness the Duke d'Aosta, and addretled to them the following discourse :

Citizens Directors, in hereditary monarchies the birth of a prince is always an event interesting to the safety of the state ; for that reason, Citizen Directors, you will, no doubt, learn with pleasure that the Duchess of Aosta has been safely delivered of a boy: The friendship which unites you and my master will also make you fincerely partake in the consolation he receives from it, and he announces it to you in the letter I have the honour to present.

The President replied: Mr. Ambassador of Sardinia, the Executive Directory is sensible of the earnestness with which the King of Sardinia announces to it the birth of a presumptive heir. The French Republic cannot learn without pleasure an event which fills the family of its ally with joy. It is another friend gained to the Republic, if the King, his uncle, shall have him educated in the principles by which he is at present directed.


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