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Survey of Missionary Stations throughout the World.

259

MADAGASCAR.

LILY FOUNTAIN.

STEINKOPFF.

Mr. Le Brun continues his labors In Little Namaqualand--formerly at Port Louis with success. His Byzondermeid.

Congregation varies from 100 to 1508 London Missionary Society-1817. the Communicants are about 40. In A Catechist.

the Schools there were 114 Boys and This Catechist arrived at the sta- || 40 Girls, and in a Sunday School; from tion in July, 1821.

60 to 70 scholars. “Ten adults have been baptized,

Mr. Jenkins, from the British and and fourteen children. Other adults Foreign School Society, had opened were receiving instruction, as candi- a School and obtained thirty scholars. dates for baptism. Four couple had been married.

A very large Island, off the eastern

coast of Africa, in the Indian Ocean, In Little Namaqualand, near the about 800 miles by 120 to 200; in a Khamies Berg.

partial state of civilization, and said Wesleyan Missionary Society. to contain 4,000,000 inhabitants. Edward Edwards, Jas. Archbell,|| London Missionary society--1818. Missionaries.

renewed 1820. Of Lily Fountain, the Committee David Jones, David Griffiths, John report

Jeffreys, Missionaries-G. Chick, John “With the exception of much dam-Cauham, T. Rowlands, Artisans. age done to the Chapel and other In addition to 30 dollars per month, buildings, by the great hurricane, the allowed by Governor Farquhar to Station is in a state of increasing pros- | each of the Missionaries, His Excelperity. This station, the first occu- lency, before he quitted the Governpied by our Missions, has not only a ment of Mauritius, (in which he has considerable Society connected with | been succeeded by Lieut. General it, but has furnished two pious Hot- the Hon. Sir G. Lowrie Cole) assigntentot Assistant Missionaries, fromed 20 dollars per month to each of the one family."

Artisans,

The King continues to manifest AFRICAN ISLANDS. The hope, stated in the last Survey, Houses have been provided, chiefly

the utmost kindness to the Mission. that the Imaum of Muscat would be

at his induced to lend his aid in suppressing

for the three Mission

expense, the Slave Trade, has been realized.

aries. Native youths, of a He entered into a Treaty, on the 10th able disposition, have been apprenof September, 1822, with the Govern- ticed to each Artisan. ment of Mauritius, for the total Aboli An encouraging account is given tion of that trade throughout his domi- of the progress of seven Youths now nions and dependencies.

in England. The trade, it appears, is resolutely King Radama is anxious to promote suppressed by King Radama in Mad- | education: he has established an A. agascar.

dult School for his officers, and has MAURITIUS.

himself undertaken to instruct some Or, Isle of France-east of Mada- of his own family. In the Schools of gascar--Inhabitants 70,000; chiefly the Mission there were 85 scholars: French Colonists and Blacks, but be- they continue to manifest great avidlonging to Great Britain.

ity for learning London Missionary Society--1814. Six hours are spent on the Sabbath John Le Brun, Missionary,

llin catechising Native cbildren.

very tract.

260

Religion of the Grand Lama.

JOHNANNA.

RELIGION OF THE GRAND LAMA.

them from it they will indeed answer One of the four Comoro Islands, in a valuable end."

To be Continued.
the northera part of the Mozambique
Channel.

From the Boston Recorder.
The Mission begun in this Island
in 1821, by the London Missionary
Society has been relinquished!

Concluded from p 247.
ABYSSINIA.

The inauguration of the infant LaOf the Amharic and Ethiopic Scrip- ma is attended with greater pomp and tures the Committee of the British and parade than any thing known in the Foreign Bible Society thus speak, in country. The Emperor of China on the last Report:

this occasion, assumes a conspicuous “The printing of the Amharic Ver- part in giving respect to the object of sion, destined for the use of Abyssinia, his faith and veneration. Officers from is now in active progress; the difficul- China, a Chinese anness, the Viceroy ties which had retarded it having been, of Lassa, accompanied by all the court, at length surmounted.

the heads of every monistery, and fiIn , |

nally, every man of any condition in Mr. Platt proceeded to Paris, at the Thibet, assemble at Torpaling. The request of your committee, to exam

Grand Lama is carried in a palanquin ine oriental MSS. of that city, for to the holy mountain, and though the materials to assist in the prosecution distance is but twenty miles, such is of another department of their Abys- the concourse of people, and parade of sinian labors, the publication of a

the procession, that three days expire correct edition of the Scriptures, or in this short march. The road, being parts of them in the Ethiopic langu-| previously white washed, is lined by

à double row of Lamas, of which, some The Four Gospels in Amharic have hold lighted rods of a perfumed combeen just finished at press.

position, that burn like decayed wood,

and emit an aromatic smoke. The Mr. Platt has published, since his rest are furnished with a great variety return from Paris, in a handsome of musical instruments, which are all quarto volume of about 80 pages, the sounded in unison with the hymn they results of his researches, with speci- || chant. Gold insignia, the standards mens of the modern languages of || of state, noble horses bearing stoves Abyssinia, and illustrations of those filled with burning aromatic wood, and languages which indicate a close and every species of Asiatic magnificence, able investigation of the subject. We contribute to the splendor of the prorejoice to see the attention of our cession, which moves at an extremely scholars so effectively occupied on the slow pace until it is received within means of enlightening Abyssinia, and the confines of the palace amid an aquote with great pleasure, Mr. Platt’s mazing display of colors, acclamations concluding remarks in reference to of the crowd, solemn music, and the that people:

chanting of the priests. Now succeed “Should such communications as the religious ceremonies of the inauthis have any effect in turning the at-guration. Every where prevail feasttention of the Orientalist to Ethiopicing, music, rejoicing, and unfurling of Literature, and to the people to whom banners on all the forts. Then folthat Literature was once familiar~ low sacrifices and gifts to the Grand to their present state of depression, || Lama, mutual presents, &c. the conand the best means for recovering ! summation of which usually lasts 40

age."

Religion of the Grand Lama.

261

days, when the multitude is dismissed. The Thibetian temples have an al[Asiatic Researches, vol. I.]

most endless variety of images, which Objects of Worship.-Boodh, Fo, || are still increasing. When the Grand and Manippe, belong to the first rank | Lama dies, his body is put in an erect of Thibetian idols.

posture into a golden shrine, and ever Boodh seems to be venerated prin- | after visited with sacred awe. The cipally for his antiquity. Fo, wlio || body of every Lama is burnt immenow resides in the Grand Lama, first diately after death, and his ashes entaught his disciples the doctrine of closed in a little brass image, which the metempsichosis. At the age of is placed in the sacred cabinet. In 79, perceiving that his divinity could addition to these, almost every man not prevent his paying the debt of na- || has in his own house, small images ture, he called his disciples together and pictures of the Grand Lama, and told them he would not leave which receive family worship. The them without revealing the whole se

Thibetians hold some objects sacred cret and hidden mystery of his doc- l in common with the Hindoos; such as trine. He declared he had for forty the water of the Ganges, the cows, years, till that moment thought best &c. to disguise the truth under figurative Manner of worship.Worship is and metaphorical expressions, but now generally performed in the temples he would unveil the whole mystery of three times a day, accompanied with wisdom. 'Learn then,' said he, 'there a variety of instruments of an enoris no other principle of all things, but mous size. There are trumpets above a vacum and nothing: from nothing | six feet long, drums stretched over have all things sprung, to nothing they copper cauldrons, gongs, which are must again return, and then all our circular instruments of thin hammerhopes end.

ed belmetal beat upon with a mallet, Manippe is a large idol, sitting on a || and producing a surprising noise, douthrone, with nine heads placed one a- ble drums of vast circumference, bove another, in the form of a cone. mounted on tall pedestals, which the

The Lamas burn incense to her, and performer turns with great facility, furnish a choice repast to satiate her | striking each side with a long curved hunger. Her worshippers kreeling, iron, large kinds of bugtes, cymbals, incline their faces to the ground, pray. hautboys, seakonks, &c. The Thibeing, 'save us, 0 Manippe.'

tians assemble in their chapels, and On certain days every year, a strong, unite together in prodigious numbers ferocious young man is clad in gar

to perform worship, which they chant ments variegated by different colors,

in alternate recitative and chorus, acarmed with sword, bow and arrows, | companied by all those loud, powerful and loaded with a variety of flags or

and harsh instruments. In addition colors unfurled, with their staves fas. || to all these, are the voices of 2 or 300 tened to his back and neck. In this men and boys, making at the same uniform he is possessed of the demon time every variety of sound, which to whom he is consecrated, and drives would produce a surprising effect upthrough the streets, murilering he

on an ear attuned to soft and delicate meets, without the least regard to age,

music. sex, or condition. No one dare make The Lamas of Thibet understand the least resistance, because these their tenets much better than those at deaths secure the favor of the goddess, || the extremities of Tartary, but their and influence her to keep the state principles do not require them to renhappy and prosperous. [Kircher.] der a reason.

Sacred books from an

262

Religion of the Grand Lama.

unknown period, have been printed in top of the rock above, a platform overThibet. The chief business of the hangs the enclosure, for the conveLama is prayer, which is performed by niency of precipitating the dead boreading the sacred books, when often dies with the greater ease, from the neither reader or hearer understand a walls into the area. No further trouword. „But they have many expedi- ble is taken with them, except such as ents to save the trouble not only of facilitate their destruction by birds, thinking but speaking. The London dogs, and other animals. Some conmissionaries, visiting a temple in Si-vey their deceased friends to certain beria, saw the chief Lania engaged in high hills, where their limbs are disprayer. He was counting beads and jointed, that they may become a more turning an instrument. This instru- easy prey to carnivorous birds. Ament resembles a barrel containing mong these receptacles of the dead, written prayers, fixed on an axle, pull- | where the mangled bodies and bleached by a string fastered on the outside, | ing bones lie scattered, some old man and offering all the prayers it contain- | and woman, lost to all feeling, but ed every revolution. This barrel is that of superstition, take up an abode, said sometimes to be turned by smoke and performs the horrid office of reover the fire, and thus prays with greatceiving the bodies, and from time to velocity from morning till night. time placing the mangled limbs in a When this praying mill is turned by situation the most eligible to carnivowater, it is of a large kind, and con rous animals. tains all the prayers of the neighbor As their souls at death, immediatehood. Capt. Gordon, who travelled ly pass into other bodies, they consithrough this country in 1820, men- der it honorable to be buried in living tions a stage or roof of a temple, sup- tombs, that the union of soul and boa porting 100 of these praying mills, dy may be apparently preserved. turned by the wind.

In Napaul, a tributary of Thibet, Another method is to write prayers when people are sick, and friends deson pieces of cloth and paper, which pair of their recovery, those helpless are suspended on poles fastened to and languishing beings are carried inthe roofs of their temples. In these to the wilds, and thrown into pits for cases, their advances in piety are in dead. Exposed to the open sky and proportion to the velocity of the wind. damp ground, without comfort or com

Treatment of the dead.--In regard passion, they soon die, and are deto the treatment of the dead, the vo-voured by birds, dogs, and wolves. taries of the Grand Lama differ, in Are not the tears and sufferings of different countries. In Thibet, the these forsaken objects, sufficient to body of the Grand Lama is said to be awaken Christian sympathy, and the only one suffered to undergo pu- prompt the inquiry-"Is it nothing to trefaction. The bodies of all the you, all

ye

that priests are burnt, and the burying is Importance of a Thibetian Mission. unknown. The general receptacle of --A station near the holy mountain the dead is a spacious area near the would be more important than any monastery, called Teshoo Lamboo, now in existence. Any thing printed enclosed on one side by a high per- || in the vernacular tongue of the Grand pendicular rock, and on the other by Lama, would be read by every learn. lofty walls. At the top, it is left opened Lama in Asia. For a long period for the sole purpose of admitting dogs all books printed in the Thibetian lan& other beasts of prey, which are ve- Iguage have been considered sacred. y numerous in that country, On the ll This prepossession, with the sanction

pass by?”

[blocks in formation]

of some Lama, would immediately From the London Jewish E.cpositor fo: give the divine oracles a high charac

Murch, 1821, ter. Since for more than 3000 years PALESTINE MISSION. a great part of Asia have visited the

MR. WOLFF'S JOURNAL. holy mountain, this place must afford an excellent situation to circulate

Jerusalem, Mount Zion, April 27. books, and show these pilgrims they I have adopted the Jewish fashion have at last found Him of whom Mo- of eating, to satisfy the Jews more fulses and the prophets did write. When ly, that neither meat nor drink bas in. we think of China, this station has an duced me to embrace Jesus Christ as overwhelming importance. No mis- my Lord and Saviour. sionary can preach in China. Dr. Mor I called again on Rabbi Mendel. I rison has labored as a Chinese mis- cited to him some of the excellent docsionary fifteen years, and all yet re-trines the Gospel contains; he approve mains dark, except two converts.-ed of them, and said, the Gemaralı Thibet is the only nation that enjoys says, 'Accept wisdom from whomsofree intercourse with China. The ever, and wherever you meet with it.' emperor and court look to Thibet for R. Abraham Ben Jeremiah, and their religion. If the Gospel could Rabbi Zebi Ben Zarah remained with be established in Thibet, it would flow me at night till eleven o'clock; at first in the deserted channels of Lamaism they spoke blasphemous things, but all over China and Tartary.-If a they ceased when I told them that Thibetian mission should be instru- they wounded my heart by their unmental in the conversion of the Lamas, belief. the paganism of all Asia would trem April 28. I introduced brothers dle from its foundation. If Christians King and Fisk to R. Mendel; he rerejoice at the conversion of the chiefceived them kindly, and told me that of an island, what will be their ecstacy should tell them that he regretted he at the conversion of him, who as

was not able to speak their language, sumes the attributes of Deity, and for then they would hear words of holds in his grasp the souls of Asia.— wisdom from him, but being obliged Are these views of a Thibetian mis- | to speak by an interpreter, the spirit sion visionary: What part of the hu- || of many things would be lost. man race are more deeply involved Brother King said to him, 'It afin the thraldom of paganism? Where fords me much pleasure to be permittwould a few feeble exertions have a led to see you in this holy city, and I more happy and extensive influencer hope the time will soon come, when If my apprehensions are just, is it not all Israel shall be gathered.' the duty of this Society to invite the Rabbi Mendel said, 'when the time public mind to Central Asia, in or- | shall come that it will be well with der to dispel the thick mists and the Jews, then it will be well with all dark clouds which hover over the de- other nations; as long as the Jews luded votaries of the Grand Lamar reigned all the nations of the earth

C. Y. were blessed; for Rabbi Simon Bar

Joahi
says

in his Sohar, that the Jews are the root, and for this reason they

ought to govern;' but as soon as the I will not envy the prosperity of the Gentiles who are the branches, begin wicked, nor be offended at the afflic- to govern, then disorder and confusion tion of the righteous: The one is take place. But when the root, i. e. drawn in pomp to hell, whilst the o- | the Jews, shall begin again to govern, ther swims in tear to heaven. then the words of Isaiah the prophet

CURE OF ENVY.

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