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An Indian on a reservation, without an allotment, or roam- Column 46. Living in civilized or aboriginal dwelling.—If the ing over unsettled territory, is considered "not taxed," and Indian is living in a house of civilized designs, as a log, for such Indians the answer to this inquiry is "No." frame, brick, or stone house, write "Civ." (for civilized) in

Column 44. If Indian has received allotment, give year of this column: but if the lndian is living in a dwelling of

allotment.-lf the Indian has received an allotment of land, aboriginal design, as a tent, tepee, cliff dwelling, etc., write

enter, in column 44, the year in which the allotment was "Abor." (for aboriginal), made.

Column 45. Residing on his own lands.—If the Indian lives on his or her own land, write "Yes" in this column; if the Indian lives elsewhere, write "No."

Measuring America 57

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Instructions to Enumerators

These generally followed the directions given in 1910 and 1 920. College students, except cadets at Annapolis and West Point, were to be enumerated at their homes, but student nurses were to be counted where they were being trained. Veteran status (items 30 and 31) excluded persons who served only during peacetime. The war or expedition was to be entered by an abbreviation: World War, WW; Spanish-American War, Sp; Civil War, Civ; Philippine insurrection, Phil; Boxer rebellion, Box; or Mexican expedition, Mex.

There were specific instructions for reporting race. A person of mixed White and Negro blood was to be returned as Negro, no matter how small the percentage of Negro blood; someone part Indian and part Negro also was to be listed as Negro unless the Indian blood predominated and the person was generally accepted as an Indian in the community.

A person of mixed White and Indian blood was to be returned as an Indian, except where the percentage of Indian blood was very small or where he or she was regarded as White in the community. For persons reported as American Indian in column 12 (color or race), columns 19 and 20 were to be used to indicate the degree of Indian blood and the tribe, instead of the birthplace of father and mother.

In order to obtain separate figures for Mexicans, it was decided that all persons born in Mexico, or having parents born in Mexico, who were not definitely White, Negro, Indian, Chinese, or Japanese, would be returned as Mexicans (Mex).

Any mixture of White and some other race was to be reported according to the race of the parent who was not White; mixtures of colored races were to be listed according to the father's race, except Negro-Indian (discussed above).

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