Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub
[blocks in formation]

commercial traveler salesman bookkeeper cash girl cashier cashier conductor conductor farmer farmer gardener lawyer manager overseer president president superintendent steel works foreman newsboy newsdealer wagon driver wagon driver chauffeur chauffeur miner laborer quarryman janitor

dry goods department store department store department store department store bank steam railroad street car general farm truck farm private estates general practice general farm truck farm life insurance co. bank

[blocks in formation]

cotton mill street store groceries express express wagon private family coal miner coal mine marble house

them does so in transacting his own business. Thus no individual working for a corporation either as an officer or otherwise should be returned as an employer.

EMPLOYER, EMPLOYEE, OR WORKING ON OWN ACCOUNT 168. Column 20. Whether employer, employee, or working

on own account. For one employing persons, other than domestic servants, in transacting his own business, write "Emp” (for employer). For a person who works for wages or a salary, write “W” (for wageearner). For a gainful worker who is neither an employer nor an employee, write "OA” (for own account). For all persons returned as having no occu

pation, leave the column blank. 169. Employer. An employer is one who employs help

ers, other than domestic servants, in transacting his
own business. The term employer does not include
the superintendent, agent, manager, or other person
employed to manage an establishment or business;
and it does not include the foreman of a room, the
boss of a gang, or the coal miner who hires his
helper. All such should be returned as employees, for,
while any one of these may employ persons, none of

170. A person employing domestic servants in his own

home but not employing any helpers in his business should not be returned as an employer. But, on the other hand, a person who is the proprietor of a hotel or boarding or lodging house and employs servants in running that hotel or boarding or lodging house should be returned as an employer, because he employs these servants in his business.

171. Employee.-Any person who works for wages or a

salary and is subject to the control and direction of
an employer, is an employee, whether he be presi-
dent of a large corporation or only a day laborer,
whether he be paid in money or in kind, and whether
he be employed by his own parent or by another. The
term employee does not include lawyers, doctors,
and others who render professional services for fees,

[merged small][ocr errors]

177. What is meant by "out of work.”—The purpose of

inquiries 21 and 22 is to ascertain the amount of
enforced unemployment-the extent to which per-
sons want work and can not find it. Do not, there-
fore, include with those "out of work” those who are
on a strike, those who are voluntarily idle, those who
are incapacitated for any work, or those who are on
sick leave or on a vacation. School-teachers, artists,
and music teachers are often unemployed during a
portion of the year, but should not be considered as
“out of work," in the sense in which the term is used
for the purposes of the census.

178. Column 21. If an employee, whether out of work on

April 15, 1910.-If a person reported as an employee (W) in column 20 was out of work on April 15, 1910, write “Yes;" but if such person had work on that date, write "No." For persons other than employees, leave the column blank.

and direction of those whom they serve. It does
include actors, professors, and others who are
engaged to render professional services for wages or
salaries. A domestic servant should always be
returned as an employee even though, as previously
explained, the person employing a domestic servant
is not always returned as an employer.
Working on own account.-Persons who have a gain-
ful occupation and are neither employers nor
employees are considered to be working on their
own account. They are the independent workers.
They neither pay nor receive salaries or regular
wages. Examples of this class are: Farmers and the
owners of small establishments who do not employ
helpers; professional men who work for fees and
employ no helpers; and, generally speaking, huck-
sters, peddlers, newsboys, boot-blacks, etc.,
although it not infrequently happens that persons in
these pursuits are employed by others and are work-
ing for wages, and in such case should, of course, be

returned as employees. 173. Illustrative examples.—In many occupations a man

may be either an employer, or an employee, or working on own account. For example, a physician is working on his own account if, as explained above, he works for fees solely and employs no helpers; if, however, he employs an assistant in his office he becomes an employer; but if he works for a salary, say in a hospital or institution, he is an employee. It may happen, however, that he receives a salary and also works for fees, in which case he should be classed with respect to his principal source of

income. 174. A dressmaker who works out by the day for day

wages should be returned as an employee; but a dressmaker who works at home or in her own shop should be returned as working on own account, unless she employs helpers, in which case she

becomes an employer. 175. Similarly, a washerwoman or laundress who works

out by the day is an employee, but a washerwoman
or laundress who takes in washing is either working
on own account, or, it may be, is an employer.
Case of wife working for husband or child working
for parents.-When, in accordance with the preceding
instructions, a wife working for her husband or a
child working for its parents is returned as having an
occupation, the wife or child should be returned as
an employee, even though not receiving wages. The
husband or parent in such case should be returned
as an employer, unless, as may happen, he is work-
ing for wages, in which case he, as well as the wife
or child, should be classed as an employee.

179. Column 22. If an employee, number of weeks out of

work during year 1909.—If a person reported as an
employee (W) in column 20 was out of work during
any part of the year 1909, enter the number of
weeks out of work; but if such person was not out of
work at all during the year, do not leave the column
blank, but write “o.” For persons other than employ-
ees, leave the column blank.

180. Person not employed at his principal or usual occu

pation but engaged in some side or temporary work is not to be considered as unemployed, the intent of this question being to find out the number of weeks during which the person was unable to secure any employment.

EDUCATION

181. Column 23. Whether able to read.—Write “Yes” for all

persons 10 years of age and over who can read any language, whether English or some other, and "No" for all such persons who can not read any language. For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column blank.

176.

182. For a person reported as “blind" (column 31), write

"Yes" if he could read any language before becoming blind or, if born blind, if he has been taught to read any language.

183. Column 24. Whether able to write.-Write “Yes” for all

persons 10 years of age and over who can write any language, whether English or some other, and "No" for all such persons who can not write any language. For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column blank.

Measuring America "Yes" if he could write any language before becoming blind or, if born blind, if he has been taught to write any language. Column 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.-Write "Yes" for any person who attended school, college, or any educational institution at any time since September 1, 1909, and "No" for any person of school age-5 to 21 years—who has not attended school since that date. For persons below or above school age, leave the column blank, unless they actually attended school.

tion applies only to farm homes. If the home is a farm home, enter in this column simply the number of the agricultural schedule filled out for this farm. Make this entry opposite the name of the member of the family operating the farm. Usually this will be the head of the family.

SURVIVORS OF THE CIVIL WAR

OWNERSHIP OF HOME

192. Column 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Con

federate Army or Navy.--This question should be
asked as to all males over 50 years of age who were
born in the United States and all foreign born males
who immigrated to this country before 1865. Write
"UA” if a survivor of the Union Army; "UN" if a survi-
vor of the Union Navy; "CA” if a survivor of the Con-
federate Army; and "CN" if a survivor of the Confed-
erate Navy. For all other persons leave the column
blank.

186. Column 26. Home owned or rented.—This question

is to be answered only opposite the name of the
head of each family. If a dwelling is occupied by
more than one family it is the home of each of them,
and the question should be answered with reference
to each family in the dwelling. If the home is owned,
write opposite the name of the head of the family
"O." If the home is rented, write “R." Make no entries
in this column for the other members of the family.

BLIND AND DEAF AND DUMB PERSONS

193. Column 31. Whether blind (both eyes).-If a person is

either totally or partially blind, in both eyes, so as not to be able to read even with the help of glasses, write “BI." For all other persons leave the column blank.

187. Owned homes.-A home is to be classed as owned if

it is owned wholly or in part by the head of the family living in the home, or by the wife of the head, or by a son, or a daughter, or other relative living in the same house with the head of the family. It is not nec. essary that full payment for the property should have been made or that the family should be the sole owner,

194. Columns 32. Whether deaf and dumb.-If a person is

both deaf and dumb, write "DD.” For all other persons leave the column blank. Persons who are deaf but not dumb, or persons who are dumb but not deaf, are not to be reported.

SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE

188. Rented homes.—Every home not owned, either

wholly or in part, by the family living in it should be classed as rented, whether rent is actually paid or

not. 189. Column 27. Home owned free or mortgaged. This

question applies only to those homes classed in column 26 as owned homes and not to rented homes. Write "M" for mortgaged and "F" for owned free. These entries should be made opposite the name of the head of the family. All owned homes which are not fully paid for, or upon which there is any encumbrance in the form either of a mortgage or of a lien upon which judgment has been had in a court, are to be reported as mortgaged.

195. When to be used. This schedule (Form 8 1857) is a

modified form of the general population schedule; it is to be used principally for the enumeration of Indians living on reservations or in tribal relations, and also by the enumerators in certain counties containing a considerable number of Indians.

196. If any copies of this schedule are enclosed in the

portfolio for your district, you are required to enumerate thereon all Indian families living in your district, in accordance with the instructions printed upon the schedule itself.

1910 QUESTIONNAIRE-INDIAN POPULATION

190. Column 28. Farm or house.- This column is

intended merely to distinguish farm homes from other homes. If the home is a farm home, write “F”. (for farm) opposite the name of the head of the family. If it is not a farm home, write "H" (for house). A farm home is a home located on a farm, for which a farm schedule should be secured. Any other home is to be reported simply as a house.

(23" X 16", printed on two sides, space for 20 entries on each side, reverse side contained continuation of instructions. The top of the questionnaire contained questions 1-28 which were identical with those on the general schedule.)

Measuring America

55

and direction of those whom they serve. It does include actors, professors, and others who are

177. What is meant by "out of work.”—The purpose of engaged to render professional services for wages or

inquiries 21 and 22 is to ascertain the amount of salaries. A domestic servant should always be

enforced unemployment—the extent to which per returned as an employee even though, as previously

sons want work and can not find it. Do not, thereexplained, the person employing a domestic servant

fore, include with those "out of work” those who are is not always returned as an employer.

on a strike, those who are voluntarily idle, those who

are incapacitated for any work, or those who are on 172. Working on own account.-Persons who have a gain

sick leave or on a vacation. School teachers, artists, ful occupation and are neither employers nor

and music teachers are often unemployed during a employees are considered to be working on their

portion of the year, but should not be considered as own account. They are the independent workers.

"out of work," in the sense in which the term is used They neither pay nor receive salaries or regular

for the purposes of the census. wages. Examples of this class are: Farmers and the owners of small establishments who do not employ 178. Column 21. If an employee, whether out of work on helpers; professional men who work for fees and

April 15, 1910.–If a person reported as an employee employ no helpers; and, generally speaking, huck

(W) in column 20 was out of work on April 15, 1910, sters, peddlers, newsboys, boot-blacks, etc.,

write “Yes;” but if such person had work on that date, although it not infrequently happens that persons in

write "No." For persons other than employees, leave these pursuits are employed by others and are work

the column blank. ing for wages, and in such case should, of course, be returned as employees.

Column 22. If an employee, number of weeks out of

work during year 1909.-If a person reported as an Illustrative examples. In many occupations a man

employee (W) in column 20 was out of work during may be either an employer, or an employee, or work

any part of the year 1909, enter the number of ing on own account. For example, a physician is

weeks out of work; but if such person was not out of working on his own account if, as explained above,

work at all during the year, do not leave the column he works for fees solely and employs no helpers; if,

blank, but write "O." For persons other than employ. however, he employs an assistant in his office he

ees, leave the column blank. becomes an employer; but if he works for a salary, say in a hospital or institution, he is an employee. It 180. Person not employed at his principal or usual occumay happen, however, that he receives a salary and

pation but engaged in some side or temporary work also works for fees, in which case he should be

is not to be considered as unemployed, the intent of classed with respect to his principal source of

this question being to find out the number of weeks income.

during which the person was unable to secure any

employment. 174. A dressmaker who works out by the day for day

wages should be returned as an employee; but a dressmaker who works at home or in her own shop

EDUCATION should be returned as working on own account,

181. Column 23. Whether able to read.-Write "Yes" for all unless she employs helpers, in which case she

persons 10 years of age and over who can read any becomes an employer.

language, whether English or some other, and "No" 175. Similarly, a washerwoman or laundress who works

for all such persons who can not read any language. out by the day is an employee, but a washerwoman

For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column or laundress who takes in washing is either working

blank. on own account, or, it may be, is an employer.

182. For a person reported as "blind" (column 31), write 176. Case of wife working for husband or child working

"Yes" if he could read any language before becoming for parents.—When, in accordance with the preceding

blind or, if born blind, if he has been taught to read instructions, a wife working for her husband or a

any language. child working for its parents is returned as having an occupation, the wife or child should be returned as 183. Column 24. Whether able to write.-Write "Yes" for all an employee, even though not receiving wages. The

persons 10 years of age and over who can write any husband or parent in such case should be returned

language, whether English or some other, and "No" as an employer, unless, as may happen, he is work

for all such persons who can not write any language. ing for wages, in which case he, as well as the wife

For persons under 10 years of age, leave the column or child, should be classed as an employee.

blank.

[ocr errors][merged small]

“Yes” if he could write any language before becoming blind or, if born blind, if he has been taught to write

any language. 185. Column 25. Attended school any time since Septem

ber 1, 1909.-Write "Yes" for any person who attended school, college, or any educational institution at any time since September 1, 1909, and "No" for any person of school age-5 to 21 years—who has not attended school since that date. For persons below or above school age, leave the column blank, unless they actually attended school.

tion applies only to farm homes. If the home is a farm home, enter in this column simply the number of the agricultural schedule filled out for this farm. Make this entry opposite the name of the member of the family operating the farm. Usually this will be the head of the family.

SURVIVORS OF THE CIVIL WAR

OWNERSHIP OF HOME

192. Column 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Con

federate Army or Navy.—This question should be
asked as to all males over 50 years of age who were
born in the United States and all foreign born males
who immigrated to this country before 1865. Write
“UA” if a survivor of the Union Army; "UN" if a survi-
vor of the Union Navy; “CA” if a survivor of the Con-
federate Army; and "CN" if a survivor of the Confed-
erate Navy. For all other persons leave the column
blank.

186. Column 26. Home owned or rented.-This question

is to be answered only opposite the name of the
head of each family. If a dwelling is occupied by
more than one family it is the home of each of them,
and the question should be answered with reference
to each family in the dwelling. If the home is owned,
write opposite the name of the head of the family
"O." If the home is rented, write “R." Make no entries
in this column for the other members of the family.

BLIND AND DEAF AND DUMB PERSONS

193. Column 31. Whether blind (both eyes).—If a person is

either totally or partially blind, in both eyes, so as not to be able to read even with the help of glasses, write “BI." For all other persons leave the column blank.

187. Owned homes.-A home is to be classed as owned if

it is owned wholly or in part by the head of the family living in the home, or by the wife of the head, or by a son, or a daughter, or other relative living in the same house with the head of the family. It is not nec. essary that full payment for the property should have been made or that the family should be the sole owner.

[blocks in formation]

188. Rented homes.-Every home not owned, either

wholly or in part, by the family living in it should be classed as rented, whether rent is actually paid or not.

SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE

195. When to be used.—This schedule (Form 8 1857) is a

modified form of the general population schedule; it is to be used principally for the enumeration of Indians living on reservations or in tribal relations, and also by the enumerators in certain counties containing a considerable number of Indians.

189. Column 27. Home owned free or mortgaged. This

question applies only to those homes classed in column 26 as owned homes and not to rented homes. Write "M" for mortgaged and “F” for owned free. These entries should be made opposite the name of the head of the family. All owned homes which are not fully paid for, or upon which there is any encumbrance in the form either of a mortgage or of a lien upon which judgment has been had in a court, are to

be reported as mortgaged.
190. Column 28. Farm or house.- This column is

intended merely to distinguish farm homes from
other homes. If the home is a farm home, write "F"
(for farm) opposite the name of the head of the fam-
ily. If it is not a farm home, write "H" (for house). A
farm home is a home located on a farm, for which a
farm schedule should be secured. Any other home is
to be reported simply as a house.

196. If any copies of this schedule are enclosed in the

portfolio for your district, you are required to enumerate thereon all Indian families living in your district, in accordance with the instructions printed upon the schedule itself.

1910 QUESTIONNAIRE-INDIAN POPULATION

(23" X 16", printed on two sides, space for 20 entries on each side, reverse side contained continuation of instructions. The top of the questionnaire contained questions 1-28 which were identical with those on the general schedule.)

[merged small][ocr errors]
« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »