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tion in addition to that of the general population schedule: Other name, if any; name of Indian tribe; tribal affiliation of mother and father; whether of full or mixed blood; whether living in polygamy; whether taxed; year of acquiring citizenship and whether acquired by allotment; whether living in a fixed or moveable dwelling.

applies only to homes which are owned (in whole or in part, as explained above). Its aim is to ascertain whether the home, or so much of the home as is owned by the occupant, has been fully paid for and is without encumbrance of any sort, either in the form of a mortgage or otherwise. This question has

no relation to rented property. 243. All homes which are not fully paid for, or upon

which there is any encumbrance in the form either of a mortgage or of a lien upon which judgment has been had in a court, are to be reported as mort

gaged, but not others. 244.

Liabilities or encumbrances of any sort which attach to land occupied in connection with a home, but not owned by the family, are not to be regarded as mortgages upon the home. For instance, if, as mentioned in paragraphs 239 and 240, in the case of a farm partly owned and partly rented, or in that of two farms, one of which is owned and the other rented, or in that of a house erected by the occupant upon ground owned by another person, there is a mortgage upon the leased land, but not upon the farm or portion of a farm or dwelling owned by the occupant, the house is to be returned as free from mortgage.

Instructions for Enumerators This modified form of Schedule No. 1 is to be used in making the enumeration of Indians, both those on reservations and those living in family groups outside of reservations. Detached Indians living either in white or negro families outside of reservations should be enumerated on the general population schedule (Form 7-224) as members of the family in which they are found; but detached whites or negroes living in Indian families should be enumerated on this schedule as members of the Indian families in which they are found. In other words, every family composed mainly of Indians should be reported entirely on this schedule, and every family composed mainly of persons not Indian should be reported entirely on the general population schedule. This schedule contains on each side twenty horizontal lines, each running twice across the page, and it is consequently possible to enumerate on it only forty persons (twenty persons on the A side and twenty persons on the B side). Each Indian should be carried through from the beginning to the end of the line on which he is entered, as line 1, line 2, etc., and each inquiry from column 1 to column 38 which applies to the individual case should be answered. COLUMNS 1 to 28.–These columns are identical with those on the general population schedule. Fill each column, so far as the inquiry applies, in accordance with the instructions for filling the corresponding columns in the general population schedule, but note the following additional instructions in relation to filling columns 1, 2, and

245. Farm or house.-The letter "F" in column 27 means

that some member of the family operates a farm,
which should be separately reported on the agricul-
tural schedule, and its number in the order of visita-
tion entered in column 28. In all other cases enter
in column 27 the letter "H." Usually a farmer resides
upon his farm, and persons who reside on farms
are farmers. If, however, a family resides upon a
farm, but no member of the family operates it,
write "H." On the other hand, if a farm is operated
by any person who does not reside upon it, but off
the farm, in a village, or elsewhere, enter against
the name of the head of the family of which such

person is a member the letter "F.”
246. Farm number. The serial number of each farm

reported, in the order of visitation, is to be entered in column 28, precisely as the numbers of houses and families enumerated are entered in columns 1 and 2. This number should, in every instance, be the same as the number in the heading of the corresponding farm schedule. (See paragraphs 233.)


COLUMNS 1 and 2.-If you are canvassing a given territory with both the general population schedule (Form 7-224) and this schedule for Indian population, make two independent series of numbers for these columns, one series in each kind of schedule, so that the last numbers on the two schedules when added together will correctly give the whole number of dwellings and of families visited and enumerated in your entire district. COLUMN 19.-If the Indian has no occupation and is wholly dependent on the Government for support, write "Ration Indian." If he is partly self-supporting and partly dependent on the Government, write the occupation and then the letter "R" (for ration). If the Indian is under ten years of age and receives rations, write "Under age R."

1900 QUESTIONNAIRE-INDIAN POPULATION (19 1/2" X 18 3/4", printed on two sides, space for 20 entries on each side, reverse side contained continuation of instructions. The top of the questionnaire contained questions 1-28 which were identical with those on the general schedule)

Measuring America

(INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING THIS SCHEDULE) The following instructions apply to columns 29 to 38: Column 29.—Write the Indian name, if the person has one, in addition to the English name given in column 3. If the Indian has only one name, Indian or English, repeat the name in this column.

and 37, in accordance with the facts. Column 35.-An Indian is to be considered "taxed” if he or she is detached from his or her tribe and living among white people as an individual, and as such subject to taxation, whether he or she actually pays taxes or not; also if he or she is living with his or her tribe but has received an allotment of land, and thereby has acquired citizenship; in either of these two cases the answer to this inquiry is "Yes.”

Column 30, 31, and 32.—If the Indian was born in this country answers should be obtained, if possible, to inquiries 13, 14, and 15, relating to the state of birth of the person and of his or her parents. In any event secure the name of the tribe with which the person is connected and the name of the tribe of his or her parents, and enter the same in columns 30, 31, and 32. Column 33.-If the Indian has no white blood, write 0. If he or she has white blood, write 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, whichever fraction is nearest the truth. Column 34.–If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, or if the Indian woman is a plural wife or has more than one husband, write “Yes.” If not, write "No." If the Indian is single, leave the column blank. Citizenship.-If the Indian was born in this country, no entry can be made in columns 16, 17, or 18; but for columns 35, 36, and 37 answers must be obtained. If the Indian was born in another country, answers will be made

An Indian on a reservation, without an allotment, or roaming over unsettled territory, is considered "not taxed," and for such Indians the answer to this inquiry is "No." Column 36.-If the Indian was born in tribal relations, but has acquired American citizenship, write the year in which it was acquired. If he or she has not acquired citizenship, leave the column blank. Column 37.–If the Indian acquired citizenship by receive ing an allotment of land from the Government, write "Yes." If he or she acquired citizenship by other means, write "No." If he or she has not acquired American citizenship, leave the column blank.

Column 38.-If the Indian is living in a tent, tepee, or other temporary structure, write "movable." If he or she is living in a permanent dwelling of any kind, write "fixed."

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92. Column 1.-Number of dwelling house in order of

visitation. In this column the first dwelling house you visit should be numbered as "1," the second as “2," and so on until the enumeration of your district is completed. The number should always be entered opposite the name of the first person enumerated in each dwelling house, and should not be repeated for other persons or other families living in the same house.

employees of a hotel, boarding house, or lodging house, if that is their usual place of abode, make up, for census purposes, a single family. But in an apartment or tenement house, there will usually be as many families as there are separate occupied apartments or tenements, even though use may be made

of a common cafe or restaurant. 98. Institutional families.-The officials and inmates of

an institution who live in the institution building or group of buildings form one family. But any officers or employees who sleep in detached houses or separate dwelling places containing no inmates should be

returned as separate families. 99. Persons living alone. The census family may like

wise consist of a single person. Thus a clerk in a store who regularly sleeps there is to be returned as a family and the store as his dwelling place.


Dwelling house defined.-A dwelling house, for census purposes, is a place in which, at the time of the census, one or more persons regularly sleep. It need not be a house in the usual sense of the word, but may be a room in a factory, store, or office building, a loft over a stable, a boat, a tent, a freight car, or the like. A building like a tenement or apartment house counts as only one dwelling house, no matter how many persons or families live in it. A building with a partition wall through it and a front door for each of the two parts, however, counts as two dwelling houses. But a two-apartment house with one apartment over the other and a separate front door for each apartment counts as only one dwelling house.

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95. Family defined.—The word "family," for census pur

poses, has a somewhat different application from
what it has in popular usage. It means a group of
persons living together in the same dwelling place.
The persons constituting this group may or may not
be related by ties of kinship, but if they live together
forming one household they should be considered as
one family. Thus a servant who sleeps in the house
or on the premises should be included with the mem-
bers of the family for which he or she works. Again,
a boarder or lodger should be included with the
members of the family with which he lodges; but a
person who boards in one place and lodges or rooms
at another should be returned as a member of the
family at the place where he lodges or rooms.

100. Column 3. Name of each person

enumerated.-Enter the name of every person
whose usual place of abode on April 15, 1910,
waswith the family or in the dwelling place for
which the enumeration is being made. In determin-
ing who is to be included with the family, follow

instructions in paragraphs 95 to 99. 101. Order of entering names.-Enter the member of

each family in the following order, namely: Head first, wife second, then children (whether sons or daughters) in the order of their ages, and lastly, all other persons living with the family, whether rela

tives, boarders, lodgers, or servants. 102. How names are to be written.—Enter first the last

name or surname, then the given name in full, and the initial of the middle name, if any. Where the surname is the same as that of the person in the preceding line do not repeat the name, but draw a hori

zontal line 4 ) under the name above. 103. Column 4. Relationship to head of

family.-Designate the head of the family, whether
husband or father, widow, or unmarried person of
either sex, by the word Head;" for other members
of a family write wife, father, mother, son, daughter,
grandson, daughter-in-law, uncle, aunt, nephew,
niece, boarder, lodger, servant, etc., according to
the particular relationship which the person bears

to the head of the family. 104. Occupants of an institution or school, living under a

common roof, should be designated as officer, inmate, pupil, patient, prisoner, etc.; and in the case of the chief officer his title should be used, as warden, principal, superintendent, etc., instead of the word "Head."

96. It should be noted, however, that two or more fami

lies may occupy the same dwelling house without living together. If they occupy separate portions of the dwelling house and their housekeeping is entirely separate, they should be returned as separate families.

Measuring America

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