« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
in and the tenant as hiring the farm he cultivates. If the owner simply boards with the tenant, no account is to be made of the owner.
ants, or by owner and one or more tenants, it is to be
regarded as a home to each family. 2. If a person owns and cultivates what has been two or
more farms and lives on one, they are not to be taken
as more than one farm. 3. If a person owns and cultivates what has been two or
more farms and all are not mortgaged, the several farms are to be counted as one farm and as mort
gaged. 4. If a person hires both the farm he cultivates and the
home he lives in, or owns both, the home is to be con
sidered as part of the farm. 5. If a person owns the home he lives in and hires the
farm he cultivates, or owns the farm he cultivates and hires the home he lives in, both farm and home are to
be entered upon the schedule, and separately. 6. If the tenant of a farm and its owner live upon it,
either in the same house or in different houses, the
7. If the same person owns and cultivates one farm and
hires and cultivates another farm, he is to be entered
upon the schedule as owning the farm he cultivates. 8. The head of a family may own and cultivate a farm
and his wife may own another farm which is let to tenant, perhaps to her husband. In such case only the farm which is owned by the head of the family is to be considered, but the rented farm is to be taken account
of when its tenant's family is visited. 9. A person who cultivates a farm is not to be regarded
as hiring it if he works for a definite and fixed compensation in money or fixed quantity of produce, but he is to be regarded as hiring it if he pays a rental for it or is to receive a share of the produce, even though he may be subject to some direction and control by the owner.
merated as of the hotel, unless they are likely otherwise to be omitted from the enumeration; but the proprietor and his family, and those boarders, employees, and servants who regularly sleep there are to be so included.
(Name and Relationship)
enumerated.—Enter the name of every person
June 15, etc., as the case may be.
dent of your district upon the first day of June,
phrase "usual place of abode;" and it is difficult to
cases in his enumeration of any given family. 112. In the case of boarders at hotels, students at
schools or colleges, and inmates of institutions, ascertain whether the person concerning whom the question may arise has at the time any other place of abode within another district at which he is likely to be reported. Seafaring men are to be reported at their land homes, no matter how long they may have been absent, if they are supposed to be still alive. Hence, sailors temporarily at a sailors' boarding or lodging house, if they acknowledge any other home within the United States, are not to be included in the family of the lodging or boarding
house. 113. Persons engaged in internal transportation, canal
men, expressmen, railroad men, etc., if they habitually return to their homes in the intervals of their occupations, will be reported as of their families, and not where they may be temporarily staying on June 1, 1900.
115. The inmates of transient lodging-houses are to be
so enumerated, if they claim no other home or have
no other place of abode. 116. All inmates of hospitals or other institutions are to
be enumerated; but if they have some other permanent place of residence, write it in the margin of the
schedule on the left-hand side of the page. 117. If a soldier, sailor, or marine (officer or enlisted
man), or civilian employee in the service of the United States at a station at home or abroad, is a member of a family living in your district, he should be enumerated as a member of that family, even though he may be absent on duty at the time of the
enumeration. 118. Summer boarders at hotels or country houses and
persons temporarily residing in foreign lands
their home or usual place of abode. 119. The floating population in vessels, steamboats, and
house boats at wharves and piers or river landings should be enumerated on the morning of June 1, as far as possible, by the enumerators of the districts contiguous to the water front, including in the enumeration all persons who claim to be residents of the United States, even though they have no other home than on board the craft where they are found; but the officers and crew of a foreign ship only tem
porarily in the harbor are not to be enumerated. 120. It is important to ascertain beyond a doubt whether
the information given by the person supplying the same covers all the persons in the family, including not only the immediate members of the family, as the head, wife, and children, but also other relatives living with the family, servants (if they sleep in the house), and persons who live with the family, as
boarders, lodgers, etc.
visit, but enumerated at a later visit, no spaces
35 122. In the case, however, of boarders, lodgers, or other of children born to this woman, as 1, 2, 3, 6, 10, etc. If she has had none, write “o.” Enter in column 12 the figure showing the number of these children living on the census day. Whether the children are living in your district or elsewhere makes no difference. If the woman has had no children, or if they are all dead, write "0."
persons living in a family, for whom no information
127. Column 6. Sex. Write "M" for male and "F" for
female, as the case may be. 128. Column 7. Date of birth. The object of this question
is to help in getting the exact age in years of each
forms will prevent it in many cases. 129. Enter in the first division of column 7 the name or
abbreviation of the month in which the person was born, thus: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July,
Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., or Dec. 130. Enter in the second division the year in which the
person was born, thus: 1841, 1897, etc.
year of age in completed months. 132. For each person of one year of age or over, enter
the age at last birthday in whole years, omitting months and days. For children who, on the first day of June, 1900, were less than one year of age, enter the age in months, or twelfths of a year, thus 3/12, 7/12, 8/12. For a child less than one month old,
enter the age as follows: 0/12. 133.
Endeavor to ascertain in each case the month and year of birth called for in column 7, but where this is impossible get as nearly as possible the exact years of age. An answer given in round numbers, such as "about 30," "about 45," is likely to be
wrong. In such cases endeavor to get the exact age 134. Column 9. Whether single, married, widowed, or
divorced. Write “S” for single or unmarried persons, “M” for married, "Wd" for widowed (man or
woman), and “D” for divorced. 135. Column 10. Number of years married. Enter in this
column for all persons reported as married (column 9) the number of years married (to present husband or wife), as 5, 9, 29, etc.; for person married during the census year, that is, from June 1, 1899, to May 31, 1900, write “0;" for all other persons leave the column blank. Notice that this question can not be answered for single persons and need not be for widowed or divorced persons.
125. Column 4. Relationship to head of family. Designate
the head of the family, whether a husband or father,
146. Spell out the names of states, territories, and coun
tries, and do not abbreviate, except for American
Citizen, as mentioned in paragraph 144. 147. Columns 14 and 15. Place of birth of father and
mother. Apply the instructions for filling column 13 to these two columns; but where either the father or mother was born at sea, write in the proper column, besides the words “at sea," the birthplace of the father's father or mother's mother.
NATIVITY 138. Column 13. Place of birth of person. The object of
this question is to get the birthplace of every person living in your district. If the person was born in the United States, enter in column 13 the state or territory (not city or town) of the United States in which he was born. A person born in what is now West Virginia, North Dakota, South Dakota, or Oklahoma should be reported as so born, although at the time of his birth the particular region may have had a different name.
148. Column 16. Year of immigration to the United
States. If the person is a native of the United
149. Column 17. Number of years in the United
States. If the person is a native of the United States, leave the column blank. If he was born abroad, enter the number of years since his arrival in the United States. Disregard all fractions of a year. If the time is less than one year, write "0." Endeavor to get the exact number of years in all cases.
139. If the person was born outside the United States,
enter in column 13 the country (not city or district) in which he was born. By country is meant usually a region whose people have direct relation with other countries. Thus, do not write Prussia or Saxony, but Germany. To this rule, however, note the following
exceptions. 140. Write Ireland, England, Scotland, or Wales rather
than Great Britain. Write Hungary or Bohemia rather than Austria for persons born in Hungary or Bohemia, respectively. Write Finland rather than Russia for persons born in Finland.
150. The question of immigration (columns 16 and 17)
applies to all foreign-born persons, male and female, of whatever age. It does not apply to persons born in the United States.
Note, also, that the language spoken is not always a safe guide to the birthplace. This is especially true of Germans, for over one-third of the Austrians and nearly three-fourths of the Swiss speak German. In case a person speaks German, therefore, inquire carefully whether the birthplace was Germany, Austria, or Switzerland. In case the person speaks Polish, as Poland is not now a country, inquire whether the birthplace was what is now known as German Poland or Austrian Poland or Russian Poland, and enter the answer accordingly as Poland (Ger.), Poland (Aust.), or Poland (Russ.).
151. Column 18. Naturalization.-If the person is a
native of the United States, leave the column blank.
143. If the birthplace reported is Canada or Newfound
land, ask whether the person is of English or French decent. Write Canada English or Canada French,
according to the answer. 144. If the person was born abroad of American parents,
write in column 13 both the birthplace and "Am. Cit.;" that is, American citizen.
OCCUPATION, TRADE, OR PROFESSION 153. NOTE.—The following instructions concerning the
return of the occupation, trade, or profession in column 19 do not, in the main, form a part of the instructions contained in the portfolio or the