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Alabama appropriation ballot become believe Black Belt capacity census of 1880 cent centuries Christian citizen citizenship colored illiterates colored population colored race conflict consider consideration constitute danger difference doubt duty effect element emigration enfranchisement enlightenment entirely equal evil exercise exist fact favor feeling force freedman freedom fund gain Georgia hands hostility idea ignorance illiteracy increase individual influences instinct intelligence knowledge labor legislation less liberty Louisiana majority matter measure ment millions mind Mississippi native whites natural negro niggers Number and Percentage peace perhaps peril period political portunity present primary education privilege proportion prosperity question ratio reason Reconstructionary regard relations remedy republic Republican Party Residing secure self-support sentiment simply slave slavery Southern whites TABLE territory thing thought tion tisan to-day Total twenty United unquestionably Virginia voters West Virginia white population white race
Halaman 262 - A popular government without popular information or the means of acquiring it is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy, or, perhaps, both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.
Halaman 262 - Nor am I less persuaded that you will agree with me in opinion that there is nothing which can better deserve your patronage than the promotion of science and literature. Knowledge is in every country the surest basis of public happiness. In one in which the measures of government receive their impressions so immediately from the sense of the community as in ours, it is proportionably essential.
Halaman 301 - For the North and South alike there is but one remedy. All the constitutional power of the nation and of the States, and all the volunteer forces of the people should be summoned to meet this danger by the saving influence of universal education.
Halaman 262 - If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be.
Halaman 263 - Let us, by all wise and constitutional measures, promote intelligence among the People, as the best means of preserving our liberties.
Halaman 262 - Shall it lie unproductive in the public vaults? Shall the revenue be reduced? or shall it not rather be appropriated to the improvements of roads, canals, rivers, education and other great foundations of prosperity and union under the powers which congress may already possess, or such amendment of the constitution as may be approved by the states?
Halaman 413 - The intelligence of the nation is but the aggregate of the intelligence of the several States; and the destiny of the nation must be guided, not by the genius of any one State, but by the average genius of all.
Halaman 265 - It covers a field far wider than that of negro suffrage and the present condition of the race. It is a danger that lurks and hides in the sources and fountains of power in every state. We have no standard by which to measure the disaster that may be brought upon us by ignorance and vice in the citizens when joined to corruption and fraud in the suffrage.
Halaman 279 - ... against this Act, be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars, and imprisoned not more than six months ; or if a free person of color, shall be whipped, not exceeding fifty lashes...