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under consideration, some parts of Could barracks, however, secure the kingdom, such as the towns the soldiery from those perniciouś upon the east of Scotland, might be attacks? Did they never go aliable to the depredations of any broad, and share with their fellowprivateer. The accommodation citizens the blessings and contagion above the peace establishment, of society ! -Automaton troops of which he stated at 3700 men, would such discipline might do for drill; only allow for the surplus of 1700, but the best support of government, which were furely not fufficient to and the bravest defenders of the excite alarm. The new system rights, liberties, religion, and pro. was, he contended, greatly superior perty, of the kingdom, were those in point of æconomy to the old; who had an interest in all, and parthe new expences included a part took of the comforts they afford. of the expences formerly placed to Having formerly declared his sen. the account of ordnance, a part timents respecting the expediency likewise went to the governors of and advantages of uniting the chaforts and garrisons. With respect racters of the soldier and citizen, to the appointment of a barrack, he would at present decline that master previous to building the fubje&t; but he was certain, had barracks, it was necessary to have a Lord North, in the American war, master to treat for the ground, and proposed such a system, the present oversee the progress of erection, minister would have been one of He stated further, that much trou

the most strenuous opponents of a ble and little emolument was at- measure which he would not have tached to those offices, and that, hesitated to deem eminently weak therefore, gentlemen were continuand extravagant. He proceeded to ally religning them. The ere&tion notice the vast extension of patron. of barracks was, he thought, fur, age, and pointedly ridiculed the apther justifiable from the prevalence pointment of a bárrack-master at of fedition, which rendered it ne- Lincoln, who, though he could not cessary to remove the foldiery from plead having leen military service, the danger of contamination: it and though these offices were held would at once increase the comforts forth by the secretary at war "as and the obedience of the soldiery. rewards for men who deserved well After an elaborate vindication of from their country,' yet certainly the expreffon alluded to in the possessed uncommon abilities, and speech of the preceding speaker, was at once a good saddler, a good Mr. Windham, as might be expect- sportsman, a good dancing-master, ed, gave a direct negative to the and, at the same time, master of the motion.

ceremonies at the Lincoln affemMr. M. A. Taylor observed that bly! it had been insinuated, that sediti- The improbability of placing the ous papers, had been thrown into soldiery in such a situation as to the quarters of the soldiers, in order prevent their listening to the voice to corrupt them; and therefore of sedition, without Thutting them barracks were necessary. But why out from the principles of rational might not these papers be thrown liberty, was forcibly stated by Mr. into the barracks? and why were Fox. God forbid that they should not perfons thus acting subjected to be taught disobedience! But was it the punilhments provided by law ? not a plain propofition, that indiscriminate obedience was not the all the expence had been incurred! duty of an Englishman, whether Mr. Fox proceeded to notice an inSoldier or citizen? If one system consistency which had appeared in was more corrupt and inimical to the doctrines laid down that evenfreedom than another, it was the ing. Barracks were said to have System of bar acks. The canton- been erected upon the four of the ment in barracks of the army of occasion: this was the excuse for France was, he pointedly observed, their erection; but yet it is allere. one principal cause of the revo. ed that it has been lorg a matter lution. To speak in terms of re- of experience, that the military probation oi those who held doc. could not be properly accommo. trines hostile to the conftitution, dated in any other way. The plan, was a farce, wliile ministers were he contended, had been long in continually passing acts subversive agitation, houg' ministers had not of its acknowledged principles. thought proper to bring it rey. Their manifeft breach of the ap- larly before house. It was propriation act must be fresh in umphantly said that our ancestors every one's recollection. These gave their occasional content to deviations were justified on the plea such a measure ; but was there any of neceflity: fome deviation from refemblance betwe-n small can. ftri&t form was confessed; but no. tonments partially taking pl ce, and thing, it was said, had been done · the seclusion of the whole army substantialıy prejudicial. This was from the rest of their countrymen? the language of him who had a -When this subject had been fan&ified horror at every thing brought before the house some time which wore the semblance of re- ago, ministers got rid of it by the form,—of him who trembled at the order of the day. Could this be bare idea of making one step to called a folemn decision of parwards innovation ; yet he was the liament? That decision gave no person who came forward to say countenance whatever to the uns that forms might be dispensed with authorised expenditure of the pubBut what was this form to be dif- lic money. Many of the barrackpensed with? Was it not to dif. maliers were, he contended, repenfe with a fundamental principle lected merely for election purposes. of the constitution ? Was the house Should the appointment of a comnot called upon to dispense with mittee of inquiry be refifted, howthat controul which it ought to ever, Nir. Fox said, though he have over the public treasure, and might expose himself to invidious to sanction expences to which it had obfervations, he would say that are never agreed? The constitution had but the mockery of a conftiasterted that money was not to be tution. If, indeed, ministers difievied without the consent of par- regarded all fundamental princi. liament. Had not that been done ples, if the houfe quietly tolerated in the present instance? When iheir excesies if the power of rais. the question of barracks was under ing and applying money was exerthe contemplation of government, cised, not by the house of commould it not have been solemnly mons, but by ministers, what was fubinitted to parliament, and ma- the constitution but a farce and zurely confidered, and not brought morkery? The maintaining of a before them for approbation after Standing army in the country, and


diffolving the connection between house would have foregone the exthe citizen and soldier, was, he ob. Pence incurred if the estimate had served, a matter of the greatest de- been laid before them, and whether licacy and intricacy; and it would they would then refuse their affene have been decent, even for the fake to extraordinaries so beneficially of form, for minifters to have given employed ? the house an opportunity of exer- The fyftem in question was op. citing its deliberative functions, be, pored by Mr. W. Smith, as novel fore a measure was carried into to the constitution, highly expenexecution, so hoftile to the general five, and only fiç for the most abror freedom and happiness of the na- lute and despotic governinents. It tion.

was further objected to with une Mr. Pitt denied that the Mutting common humour by Mr. Courte. up foldiers in barracks fecluded nay, who thought the secretary at thein from the society of their fel. war had not been treated with suf. low citizens; it only prevented them ficient candour and fairness. From from society at a time when the ill- an uncommon fpecies of ingenuous disposed of the community might modefty (not always to be found in instil into them sentiments of a . ministers) a most considerable and tendency pernicious and hoftile to ample fund to fupply the expence the constitution. He contended, of erecting barracks, in every part that the fyftem at present pursued of the kingdom, had been hitherio had been 'sanctioned by the legis. concealed. A new and most judi. lature, and that, instead of intro. cious order had just been Mued ducing a new system, ministers from the war office, that all the merely carried on an old one to a dung of the dragoon horses, which, greater extent. If the principle, as fiten time immemorial, had been had been stated, was repugnant to a perquisite to the soldiers, wa's parliament, the country, and the now to be sold, and the produce conititution, would they not have remitted to the war-office, to be taken steps to stop it!!! and con- lodged in his majesty's exchequer, fequently, if they did not, their con- and employed for the service of the duct was to be construed into a state. In his usual strain of irony, tacit and implied approbation. The Mr. Courtenay continued to entermanner and process of erecting tain the house, observing, that the barracks could not furnith any ar. hon. secretary, like Virgil, as degument with respect to their no- fcribed by Mr. Addison, could scatvelty. There did not appear the ter his dung with a grace and maleast want of wisdom in the system, jesty;' and the royal domains prinor mismanagement in the execu- cipally derived their rich and flou. tion : with what propriety, then, rishing crops from the manure he could the house institute an in- bestowed upon them. He, with quiry? The assertion, that go- great irony, continued to complivernment had no right to employment the secretary at war for acting money in extraordinary services, upon those enlightched motives was unfounded. The measure, he which lord Chatham, Montesquieug contended, was only a prudent and and Blackstone, had thought might necessary extension of an old insti. be attended with the molt danger. . tution. The substantial question ous consequences to a free coun. for consideration was, whether the try. He had no doubt, from the 1796.



joy expressed by ministers in having Steele, in reply, recapitulated the the half

pay lift relieved by the op- staternent maile, and said, that when portunity of providing for several the intended plan was completed, meritorious officers, that out of the there would not be barracks for fifty-fix places to be bestowed, fifty more than 25,000 men. He vindiat least had been given to gallant cated miuifters from having misapand veteran officers; and he should plice the vote of credis, and said, therefore move for a list of the bar- they had only acted like former rack-masters, to prove to the coun. ministers in fimilar fituations. This try their patriotism in having no justification upon precedent was regard to election jobs and iin- ridiculed by Mr. Grey, who, with proper influence.

Mr. Fox and Mr. Sheridan, con. Mr. Grey, after reítating his af- tended that there was a palpable sertions on a former night, which inconsistency on the face of the he contended were not disproved, accounts. In that upon the table, wished to know what were to be it was stated that £ 314,000 had looked upon as permanent barracks been paid to the barrack-master for a peace establishment? If the general, and expended in the crec. new barracks were to hold 34,000 iion of temporary barracks, on a troops, and the old 20,000, this warrant dated July 1795; while the would be 54,000 on a peace elta- account given in by ministers laft blishment. If the barracks were year, the title of which was « An not to be filled with troops, how accouni of money issued to the barcould it be proved that the cheap- rack-mafter general for the erection est way of quartering men was by of temporary barracks, up to Dekeeping up barracks for many more cember 31st, 1795,"amounted only than were wanted ? With respect to £.243,000. A difference of to the expence of barracks, he 6-73,000 therefore remained to be noticed two accounts, of accounted for. Mr. Pitt and Mr. £.243,000, the other of 1-314,000, Steele in reply said, they believed and wished to know, whether these almost all, if not the whole, was were distinct, or the lesser con- expended in 1795. On a division tained in the greater fum? whether of the house, the ayes were 24, the total was expended in the last noes 98. five years, or all in 1795. Mr.



The Budget. Efimates. Faxes. Debate concerning the Loan. Further

Debares on this subject. Morion for a Commi tee of Inquiry concerning it. Close Committee appointed. Report of the Committee. Delate on the Report. Morion respecting the fillitious Hamburga Bils draren by the Treasury. Debares on the vote of Credit Bill--- In the Commons - In ihe Lords. 0p10ition to the Tax or Tobacco. To the Hufe Duti. Tax on Callicoes givene up. Debates on Collateral Succezion lax. Tar bu Lunded Succeton abundoned by the Minister.

T a very early period in the of laying before the commons the A pilter gave notice of his intention national expenditure and supplies.


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The budget, however, (as it is term- best to open the general state of ed in the technical language of the receipt and expenditure; and he did house) was not opened till Dec. 7, this with the more confidence, in when Mr. Pitt obierved that he the persuasion that the account was fully aware of the difficulties of would be a trium;h of the finances calling the attention of the house of Great Britain, and fully demonto a view of expences of the strate her equal to every emer, year at so early a period, when gency! He was the more induced many of them must be judged of by to this, from observing the totally estimate, and of course must be exhausted state of the elemy, while taken upon confidence. He called Great Britain could confidently upon the committee, however, to look forward to providing the recolled the prospect of peace held means for carrying on the war duro out to them by his majesty's speech; ing years if neceffary, without buradding, that it was probable a spee. thening the people or injuring dy termination to the war would trade!!! The whole of the supa bé materially aflisted by Mewing ply wanted, Mr. Pitt stated as folourselves prepared for either alter- lows : native. He therefore thought it

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Land tax

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750,000 Growing

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