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particular relation and circumstances between us and the person addressed.

Most careful and most particular we ought to be in our epis. tolary correspondence with the fair sex; for woman cannot dispense with praise altogether; though it should never be expressed too plainly. Sincerity and truthfulness should also here be our guides.

ON TITLES.

Titles, in this land of liberty, do not form as important a subject as in monarcbical Europe, which swarms with Majesties, Royalties, Highnesses, Excellencies, your Honor the Duke or Duchess, your Grace, your Lordship, your Worship, etc. The American addresses his fellow citizen, when no nearer relation to him, by “Sir, or Dear Sir," and only makes an exception, when addressing those dignitaries of Church and State, whom he bas elected himself, and which therefore, can have nothing degradiug in it.

The President. His Excellency, Franklin Pierce, President of the United States.

The Vice-President. His Excellency, David R. Atchinson, Vice-President of the Unitod States.

The Governors of States and Territories. His Excellency, William Bigler, Governor of Pennsylvania

The Senators and Representatives of the United States. The Honorable Lewis Cass, United States Senator, Washing.

ton, D.C.

Members of the Cabinet
and other high officers of the National Government, are also
Addressed,
The Honorable Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War.

Judges.
Of the upper and lower Courts, are addressed :

wandten oder Freunden dessen, an den man schreibt, ein gleiches Bar terland, Aehnlichkeit des Berufes und Geschäfts u. dgl.

Bei Briefen an Vorgeseşte und hochstehende Personen muß man natürlicher Weise höflicher sein, als bei Briefen an nahe Freunde und Angehörige, doch darf die Höflichkeit nie in Servilität und niebrige Schmeichelei übergeben.

Än Verwandte, Freunde und Geliebte schreibt man in eben dem Tone, mit eben den Ausdrüđen, deren man sich in der mündlichen Unterredung mit ihnen bedienen würde. Solche Briefe enthalten ganz den reinen und unverfälschten Axødruď der Sprache Des Hear 3 ens, und obschon in allen Briefen Natürlichkeit herrschen soll, so wird und fann dies insbesondere in den Briefen an Berwandte, Freunde und Geliebte stattfinden, weil diese unserem Herzen nabe steben, während die andern Briefe durch äußere Ders sältnisse bestimmt werden, die nicht unberücfichtigt bleiben dürfen.

Am behutsamsten und rüdrichtsvollsten muß man in Briefen an das schöne Geschlecht zu Werke gehen. Denn die Eitelkeit der Frauen fann des Lobes nicht entbehren, doch darf es nicht gar zu did aufgetragen werden. Redlichkeit und Wahrheitsliebe müssen auch hier zum Leitsterne dienen.

Die Titulatur ift im Lande der Freiheit und Gleichheit kein so schwieriged Ding, wie in dem von Majeftäten, Königlichen Hoheiten, Durchlauchten, gräflichen und hochwohlgebornen Gnaden, Ercellenzen, Magnificenzen, Hochedelgeborenen, Wohledelgeborenen, Hochedlen, Gestrenger. u. 1. n. wimmelnden Deutschland. Der Amerikaner giebt seinem

w Mitbürger, auch wenn er ihm nicht näher steht, nur die einfachen Titel: : „Werther Herr oder Geehrter Herr und macht nur bei den (von ihm selbst gewählten) Würdeträgern in Staat und Kirche eine Ausnahme, die durchaus nichts Erniedrigendes für ihn enthält:

Der Präsident. An Seine Ercellenz, Franklin Pierce, Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten.

Der Vice-Präsident. An Seine Ercellenz, David R. Atchison, Vice-Präsident der Berete

nigten Staaten. Die Gouverneur der Staaten und Territorien. In Seine Ercellenz, William Bigler, Gouverneur vou Pennsyl

panien.

To His Honor, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. To His Honor,

President Judge of the 3d District of Ohio.

The Officers of the Army and Navy, Are addressed by their Military titles :

Captain Duncan N. Ingraham, Commander of the United States Sloop of War St. Louis.

Captain Company D., Fifth United States Regiment of Infantry.

Justices of the Peace, And other inferior civil officers, are addressed :

N. N., Esq., Justice of the Peace.

N. N., Esq., United States Marshal of the Western District of Ohio.

The Clergy. The Right Reverend N. N., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the Diocese of New York.

The Reverend Dr. Georgei, Camden, N. J.

THE APPEARANCE OF A LETTER. As letters should be written very legibly, much depends, of course, on a good pen. Everybody must know from experience, what kind of a pen suits hin, koest.

Always use a fine black ink. Red or blue ink is unfit for letter-writing.

"As to the paper, the quarto size is to be preferred on account of its form, but it should be very wbite. Neatness is an absolute requisite in letter-writing.

It is best to enclose the letter in one of the envelopes which of late have become so fashionable and so cheap.

If a letter is not long, we should always try to write it on one page. In this country, the date is generally at the beginning of the letter, about an inch from the upper edge of the paper, and in such a mann:r as to reach the right edge of the paper :

Trenton, New Jersey, Dec'r 12, 1853. The address is placed somewhat lower than the date, and to the left of the page, namely:

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To His Honor, Chief Justice of the Supreme Cle Beretnigte Staaten-Senatoren und of the United States.

Repräsentanten. To His Honor, President Judge of the 3d Dich an Seine Ehren (an den ehrbaren), Lewis Caß, Vereinigte Staxo of Ohio.

ten-Senator von Michigan, Washington, D. C. The Officers of the Army and Navy,

In Seine Ehren, Thomas H. Benton von Missouri, Repräsentan

tenhaus, Washington, D. C. Are addressed by their Military titles :

Kabinet $ - Mitglieder Captain Duncan N. Ingrabam, Commander of the City

und andere hohe Beamte der Bundesregierung werden ebenfalls States Sloop of War St. Louis. ,

titulirt : Captain Company D., Fifth United States Regis

In Seine Ehren, Jefferson Davis, Kriegøsekretär. of Infantry. Justices of the Peace,

Ridhter

der oberen und der unteren Gerichtshöfe werden Hitulirt : And other inferior civil officers, are addressed :

An Seine Ehren.

....., Oberrichter der Supreme Court der VerN. N., Esq., Justice of the Peace.

einigten Staaten. N. N., Esq. , United States Marshal of the Western De Ar Seine Ehren.

Gerichtepräsident des 3ten Justizbetres of Ohio.

von Ohio. The Clergy.

Die Offiziere der Flotte und landarmee

werden mit ihrem militärischen Sitel abresfict: Capitän Duncan n. Ingraham, Commandeur der Bereinigte

Staaten Kriegsschaluppe St. Louis. þauptmann ....., Compagnie D, fünftes Vereinigte Staaten

Infanterieregiment.

Friedensrichter course, on a good pen. Everybody must know from experie und alle niederen Civil- und Gemeindebeamten werden titulirt:

N. N., Esq.,. Friedensrichter. Always use a fine black ink. Red or blue ink is unft i n. N., Esq., Vereinigte-Staaten Marschau, westlicher Bezirk von letter-writing.

Geistliche of its form, but it should be very white. Neatness is an s bohwürdiger N. N., Bischof der protestantischen Episcopal-Kirche,

in der Diöcese New Yort.
It is best to enclose the letter in one of the envelopes Chrwürdiger Dr. Georgii, Camden, N. J.

Peußere Ausstattung des Briefes.
Da tie Briefe sehr leserlich geschrieben sein sollen, so kommt es

Jedermann muß aus eigener
Trenton, New Jersey, Dec'r 12, 180 Erfahrung wissen, welche Art von Febern seiner Hand am meisten

Man nehme immer eine schöne, schwarze Tinte. Rothe und blaue Tinte find in Briefen nicht am Plaße.

The Right Reverend N. N., Bishop of the Protestani Ls copal Church, in the Diocese of New York.

The Reverend Dr. Georgei, Camden, N. J.

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THE APPEARANCE OF A LETTER.

As letters should be written very legibly, much depends

what kind of a pen suits hiu test.

As to the paper, the quarto size is to be preferred on acete

lute requisite in letter-writing.

of late have become so fashionable and so cheap.

If a letter is not long, we should always try to write it ons page. In this country, the date is generally at the beginni

, of the letter, about an inch from the upper edge of the pepe and in such a manner as to reach the right edge of the paper

xor Allem auf eine gute Feder an.

The address is placed somewhat lower than the date

, and y susagt

. the left of the page, namely:

New York, Deo Dear Sır: I have received your favor of the 5th ult., and you the desired information.

The same symmetry should be observed at letter, thus :

Respectfully,

He

When the letter is short, it ought to occupy as sible, the centre of the page.

To add postscripts, is a bad habit; they can be by making, before beginning the letter, either or nne's head, a plan of its contents.

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POSTAGE.

The Postage of the United States is as follows:

Letters within the Territory of the United St Oregon and California,) not weighing more than paid, 3 cents; not prepaid, 5 cents. For each ounce, when prepaid, the postage is 3 cents, when n cents.

The prepaid letter for California or Oregon, not weight 1 ounce, pays 6 cents; the not prepaid lett For every additional half ounce, the prepaid letter o the unpaid, 12 cents more.

As to the correspondence with foreign countries, y particular in learning the days when the steamers le different places, if we wish our letters to arrive quic!

These days are annually published by the Postmas and can also be found in the public papers,

several the starting of the steamers.

The following are the rates of postage to and fro By the New York, Liverpool and New York, Southa (also by the British lines) the postage of a single from any place in the United States, (except Orego fornia,) as also to or from any part of Great Britain, no matter whether the letter is prepaid or not.

The postage for a single letter to or from Cal Oregon to Great Britain, or vice versa, is 29 cents.

The postage of a single letter to or from Bremen, men line, is IC cents, prepaid or not

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