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LONDON:

Printed by T. Purton, No. 31, Little Queen-freet,
for the Proprietors of Dodsley's Annual Register,
W.OTRIDGE AND SON; R. FAULDER; J. CUTHELL; OGILVY AND SON;
R. LEA; J. NUNN; J.WALKER; LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.

E. JEFFERY; AND VERNOR AND HOOD,

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PREFACE.

THE

HE campaigns, or rather combined campaign of

1799, in, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland, for extent and variety of action, is distinguished even among those of the present war, and unprecedented in the annals of the world.

In the history of a war, carried on by so many armies, on so extended a theatre, it is impossible, without confusion, and losing sight of those combinations and designs, which alone can give interest to the subject, to be so copious and circumstantial as in that of wars, in which, the campaign is bounded by the occupation of a few passes, and the reduction of one or two fortified towns. What would have been formerly the whole of a plan, for one season, has now become only a part of a more comprehensive system. The Annalist must therefore write his accounts of military designs and operations on the same general scale on which they are conceived and executed. Marches, sieges, battles, and retreats, which might, in former times have served, each of them, for the subject of a separate narrative, or perhaps, some of them of a heroic Poem, must, in the history of the present, and probably of future, wars, be considered as only component parts of one more general action. If books were extended in proportion to the multiplication of facts and reason

ings, the republic of letters would sink under its own weight. Classifications, results, conclusions, and maxims, long perhaps the fabjects of discussion, become the elements of new compositions.

The neceflity of compression, in our European campaigns, is not lessened by the co-incident movements of armies in Syria, Egypt, and India ; nor yet by the negociations at Rastadt and Seltz: a scene of political intrigue bearing some analogy to the wide and various field of action,

The time that was necessary for the arrangement of so many materials into a plan, not entirely difproportionate to our usual dimensions, and for the correction of errors, by recent and undoubted information, will, we trust, afford not only an apology for being somewhat Jater in the publication of this volume, than was promised in our last ; but afford a new proof of our earnest defire, by all means, to render our work as complete and fatisfactory as possible. On the whole, our engagements to the public, with regard to the time of bringing up this work, which had indeed fallen greatly behind, have been now fulfilled. It may be said that we have now very nearly overtaken time. It hall be our care to keep an equal pace with this in future: though at a due distance. The Annual Register is not addressed to the fame curiosity that thirsts after newspapers, but to curiofity of a higher order : that of seeing plans and systems unfolded by events; and these events, from new relations and combinations, deriving not only a degree of novelty, but greater interest and importance,

THE

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A general View of the Year 1799.-Hazardous Situation of Buonaparte,

in consequence of the Defruclion of the French Fleet.- Present State of Egypt. Mammalukes.— Beys.-Arabs.-Jere's.Greeks.---Cophts.Force, Land and Marine, under the Command of Buonaparie.- Various Cares of Buonaparte.Means of maintaining the Army.--And of recruiting and preserving it.-Buonaparte respects himself, and gives Orders to his Officers to respect, the Prejudices of all the Egyptians.--His Proclamation to the People of Egypt.-At great Pains to propagate, in all Mahometan Countries, a Belief of his l'eneration for Islanmism and the Prophet. - Treachery and Punishment of the principal Sheick, or Shereef, of Alexandria.--Endeavours of Buonaparte to blend and harmonize the French and the Egyptians.-Measures taken for the Accomplishment of that Dehyn.Grand feast at Cairo, on the Anniversary of the French Republic.-Great Ceremony at the annual opening of the Grand Canal of Cairo.---Liberality of Buonaparte to the Egyptians.-Useful Infiitutions.--Government of Egypt attempted to be assimilated to the new Government in France. Notables.--Departments. And a general Assembly, or Divan, in Egypt, -Difficulty of operating and producing any permanent Change in the Minds of Barbarians. -Jealousies of the French. --Discontents. --MurVOL. XLI.

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