Price Theory

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Transaction Publishers, 31 Des 2011 - 357 halaman
Economics is sometimes divided into two parts: positive economics and normative economics. The former deals with how the economic problem is solved, while the latter deals with how the economic problem should be solved. The effects of price or rent control on the distribution of income are problems of positive economics. The desirability of these effects on income distribution is a problem of normative economics. Within economics, the major division is between monetary theory and price theory. Monetary theory deals with the level of prices in general, with cyclical and other fluctuations in total output, total employment, and the like. Price theory deals with the allocation of resources among different uses, the price of one item relative to another. Prices do three kinds of things. They transmit information, they provide an incentive to users of resources to be guided by this information, and they provide an incentive to owners of resources to follow this information. Milton Friedman's classic book provides the theoretical underpinning for and understanding of prices. Economics is not concerned solely with economic problems. It is a social science, and is therefore concerned primarily with those economic problems whose solutions involve the cooperation and interaction of different individuals. It is concerned with problems involving a single individual only insofar as the individual's behavior has implications for or effects upon other individuals. Price Theory is concerned not with economic problems in the abstract, but with how a particular society solves its economic problems.
 

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Chapter 1
1
Chapter 2
12
Chapter 3
65
Chapter 4
75
Chapter 5
85
Chapter 6
130
Chapter 7
153
Chapter 8
166
Chapter 12
213
Chapter 13
238
Chapter 14
251
Chapter 15
262
Chapter 16
279
Chapter 17
283
Appendix A
323
Appendix B
329

Chapter 9
176
Chapter 10
194
Chapter 11
201

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Tentang pengarang (2011)

Steven G. Medema is professor of economics at the University of Colorado, Denver. He is editor of Transaction’s Classics in Economics series.

Milton Friedman is a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. Before that, he was Paul Snowden Russell Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. He has also taught at Columbia University, the University of Wisconsin, the University of Minnesota, and Cambridge University. Among his many books are Essays in Positive Economics, A Program for Monetary Stability, Capitalism and Freedom, A Monetary History of the United States, and The Optimum Quantity of Money.

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