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From the State of

William A. Richardson,

Robert Smith,

Thomas J. Turner,
John Wentworth.
James S. Green,

Willard P. Hall,

John Jamieson,
John S. Phelps.

Kinsley S. Bingham,

Robert McClelland,

Charles E. Stuart. Texas ..

David S. Kaufman. Iowa

William Thompson.

Mason C. Darling, WISCONSIN

William P. Lynde. Two new members appeared, were sworn to support the constitution of the United States, iand took their seats, viz:

From the State of New York: Esbon Blackmar, in the place of John M. Holly, deceased; and Horace Greely, in the place of David S. Jackson, whose seat was declared vacant at the first session of the thirtieth Congress.

On motion of Mr. Wentworth, Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the part of the House, to join such committee as may be appointed by the Senate, to wait on the President of the United States, and to inform him that a quorum of the two Houses is assembled, and that Congress is now ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make.

Mr. Wentworth, Mr. John A. Rockwell, and Mr. Shepperd, were appointed of said committee on the part of the House.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Dickins, their Secretary:

Mr. Speaker: I am directed to inform the House of Representatives that a quo:um of the Senate is assembled, and ready to proceed to business.

On motion of Mr. Wentworth, Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate informing that body that a quorum of the House of Representatives is assembled, and that the House is ready to proceed to business; and that the Clerk go with the said message.

Mr. Wilson stated that he rose to a privileged question, and presented sundry documents relating to the election of Henry H. Sibley, who is alleged to have been recently elected to fill the unexpired term of Mr. John H. Tweedy, who was a Delegate from the Territory of Wisconsin; which documents were laid on the Speaker's 'table, to be referred to the Committee on Elections, whenever said committee should be appointed.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Dickins, their Secretary:

Mr. Speaker: The Senate have passed a resolution for the appointment of a committee, jointly with such committee as may be

appointed by the House of Representatives, to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that quorums of the two Houses of Congress have assembled, and that Congress are ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make, and have appointed Mr. King and Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts, of said committee on the part of the Senate.

Mr. Alexander Evans offered the following resolution, to wit:

Resolved, That the Clerk of this House, immediately after the passage of this resolution, place in a box the name of each member of the House of Representatives upon a separate piece of paper; that he then proceed, in the presence of the House, to draw from said box, one at a time, the said pieces of paper; and as each is drawn, he shall announce the name of the member upon it, who shall then choose his seat for the present session: Provided, That before said drawing shall commence, the Speaker shall cause every seat to be vacated, and shall see that each seat continues' vacant until it is selected under this order.

The said resolution was read; when

Mr. Murphy moved to amend the same, by striking out all after the word "resolved,” and inserting the following, to wit:

" That the members retain, for the present session, the seats which they occupied at the last one."

The said amendment was read, and disagreed to.

Mr. Evans moved the previous question, which was seconded; and the main question was ordered and put.

The said resolution was agreed to; and the Clerk proceeded accordingly.

On motion of Mr. Howell Cobb, Ordered, That the daily hour to which this House shall stand adjourned be 12 o'clock, meridian, until otherwise ordered.

On motion of Mr. Henley, Resolved, (the Senate concurring,) That two chaplains, of different denominations, be elected by Congress, one by each House, to serve during the present session, who shall interchange weekly.

Mr. Robert Smith gave notice of a motion for leave to introduce bills of the following titles, viz:

A bill granting to the State of Ulinois the right of way and a donation of public lands for making a'railroad connecting the upper and lower Mississippi with the chain of northern lakes at Chicago; and, also, for the northern cross railroad, with a branch to Alton, and for other purposes.

A bill granting the right of way to the States of Indiana and Illinois, and a donation of each alternate sections of public lands, for six miles on each side of said road, to aid in the construction of a railroad from New Albany, in the State of Indiana, to Alton, in the State of Illinois.

And then, on motion of Mr. Howell Cobb,

The House, at 1 o'clock and ten minutes, p. m., adjourned until to-morrow, at 12 o'clock, meridian.


Several other members appeared, and took their seats, viz:

From the State of Pennsylvania, David Wilmot and Andrew Stewart.

From the State of South Carolina, Armistead Burt and R. Barnwell Rhett.

From the State of Georgia, Alfred Iverson.

From the State of Tennessee, John H. Crozier and William M. Cocke.

From the State of Maryland, John G. Chapman.
From the State of Delaware, John W. Houston.
From the State of Illinois, Orlando B. Ficklin.
From the State of Iowa, Shepherd Leffler.

Mr. McClelland gave notice of a motion for leave to introduce bills of the following titles:

A bill making appropriations for the preservation, repair, and completion of certain harbor improvements on the northern lakes.

A bill making appropriations for the improvement of certain barbors on Lake Michigan, and of the St. Clair flats.

A bill making an appropriation of land for the construction of a canal around the falls of St. Marie, in the State of Michigan.

On motion of Mr. James Thompson, Resolved, That the Clerk cause to be furnished to the members of this House, during the present session, such papers as they may direct, the expense thereof not to exceed the rate of thirty dollars per annum, to each member, from the commencement of this session.

Mr. Sawyer gave notice of a motion for leave to introduce a bill to legalize the location of certain land warrants at the land office at Defiance, Ohio, and for other purposes.

Mr. Goggin gave notice of a motion for leave to introduce a bill to reduce the rates of postage on letters and newspapers; to establish uniform postage charges, and to correct abuses of the franking privilege.

Ön motion of Mr. Henley, Resolved, Tha: the standing committees be appointed, according to the rules and orders of this House.

Mr. Greely gave notice of a motion for leave to introduce a bill to discourage speculation in public lands, and' to secure homes thereon to actual settlers and cultivators.

Mr. Wentworth, from the joint committee appointed to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that a quorum of the two Houses is assembled, and that Congress is ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make, reported that the committee had waited on the President of the United States, and discharged the duties of its appointment, and that the President answered that he would make a communication, in writing, to the two Houses, at 12 o'clock, instant.

And thereupon,

A communication, in writing, was received from the President of the United States, by J. Knox Walker, his private secretary; which was read, and is as follows:

Fellow-citizens of the Senate

and of the House of Representatives : Under the benignant Providence of Almighty God, the representatives of the States and of the people are again brought together to deliberate for the public good. The gratitude of the nation to the sovereign arbiter of all human events, should be commensurate with the boundless blessings which we enjoy.

Peace, plenty, and contentment reign throughout our borders, and our beloved country presents a sublime moral spectacle to the world.

The troubled and unsettled condition of some of the principal European powers has had a necessary tendency to check and embarrass trade, and to depress prices throughout all commercial nations; but notwithstanding these causes, the United States, with their abundant products, have felt their effects less severely than any other country, and all our great interests are still prosperous and successful.

In reviewing the great events of the past year, and contrasting the agitated and disturbed state of other countries with our own tranquil and happy condition, we may congratulate ourselves that we are the most favored people on the face of the earth. While the people of other countries are struggling to establish free institutions, under which man may govern himself, we are in the actual enjoyment of them-a rich inheritance from our fathers. While enlightened nations of Europe are convulsed and distracted by civil war or intestine strife, we settle all our political controversies by the peaceful exercise of the rights of freemen at the ballot-box. The great republican maxim so deeply engraven on the hearts of our people, that the will of the majority, constitutionally expressed, shall prevail, is our sure safeguard against force and violence. It is a subject of just pride, that our fame and character as a nastion continue rapidly to advance in the estimation of the civilized world. To our wise and free institutions it is to be attributed, that while other nations have achieved glory at the price of the suffering, distress, and impoverishment of their people, we have won our honorable position in the midst of an uninterrupted prosperity, and of an increasing individual comfort and happiness. I am happy to inform you that our relations with all nations are friendly and pacific. Advantageous treaties of commerce have been concluded within the last four years with New Grenada, Peru, the Two Sici. lies, Belgium, Hanover, Oldenburg, and Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Pursuing our example, the restrictive system of Great Britain, our principal foreign customer, has been relaxed; a more liberal commercial policy has been adopted by other, enlightened nations, and our trade has been greatly enlarged and extended. Our country stands higher in the respect of the world than at any former period. To continue to occupy this proud position, it is only necessary to preserve peace, and faithfully adhere to the great and fundamental principle of our foreign policy, of non-interference in the domestic concerns of other nations. We recognise in all nations the right which we enjoy ourselves, to change and reform their political institutions according to their own will and pleasure. Hence we do not look behind existing 'governments, capable of maintaining their own authority. We recognise all such actual governments, not only from the dictates of true policy, but from a sacred regard for the independence of nations.

While this is our settled policy, it does not follow that we can ever be indifferent spectators of the progress of liberal principles. The government and people of the United States hailed with enthusiasm and delight the establishment of the French republic, as we now hail the efforts in progress to unite the States of Germany in a confederation, similar in many respects to our own federal Union. If the great and enlightened German States, occupying, as they do, a central and commanding position in Europe, shall succeed in establishing such a confederated government, securing at the same time to the citizens of each State local governments adapted to the peculiar condition of each, with unrestricted trade and intercourse with each other, it will be an important era in the history of human events. Whilst it will consolidate and strengthen the power of Germany, it must essentially promote the cause of peace, commerce, civilization, and constitutional liberty throughout the world.

With all the governments on this continent our relations, it is believed, are now on a more friendly and satisfactory footing than they have ever been at any former period.

Since the exchange of ratifications of the treaty of peace with Mexico, our intercourse with the government of that republic has been of the most friendly character. The envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States to Mexico has been received and accredited, and a diplomatic representative from Mexico of similar rank has been received and accredited by this government. The amicable relations between the two countries which had been suspended have been happily restored, and are destined, I trust, to be long preserved. The two republics, both situated on this continent, and with cóterminous territories, have every motive of sympathy and of interest to bind them together in perpetual amity.

This gratifying condition of our foreign relations renders it unnecessary for me to call your attention more specifically to them.

It has been my constant aim and desire to cultivate peace and commerce with all nations. Tranquillity at home and peaceful relations abroad constitute the true permanent policy of our country. War, the scourge of nations, sometimes becomes inevitable, but is always to be avoided when it can be done consistently with the rights and honor of a nation.

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