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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Human Rights
Documents

Compilation of Documents Pertaining

to Human Rights

U.S. Laws on Human Rights
Basic U.N. Human Rights Instruments
U.N. Instruments in Selected Human Rights Areas

Regional Human Rights Instruments
War Crimes and International Humanitarian Laws

(Laws of Armed Conflict)
Human Rights Bodies Established by U.S. Laws or

Multilateral Instruments

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402

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CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin, Chairman DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California DON BONKER, Washington

JOEL PRITCHARD, Washington GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

JIM LEACH, Iowa ANDY IRELAND, Florida

TOBY ROTH, Wisconsin DAN MICA, Florida

OLYMPIA J. SNOWE, Maine MICHAEL D. BARNES, Maryland

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois HOWARD WOLPE, Michigan

GERALD B. H. SOLOMON, New York GEO. W. CROCKETT, JR., Michigan

DOUGLAS K. BEREUTER, Nebraska SAM GEJDENSON, Connecticut

MARK D. SILJANDER, Michigan
MERVYN M. DYMALLY, California

ED ZSCHAU, California
TOM LANTOS, California
PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania
ROBERT G. TORRICELLI, New Jersey
LAWRENCE J. SMITH, Florida
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
HARRY M. REID, Nevada
MEL LEVINE, California
EDWARD F. FEIGHAN, Ohio
TED WEISS, New York
ROBERT GARCIA, New York

JOHN J. BRADY, Jr., Chief of Staff
MARGARET E. GALEY, Staff Consultant

SHIRLEY DAWSON, Staff Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania, Chairman DON BONKER, Washington

JIM LEACH, Iowa MEL LEVINE, California

ED ZSCHAU, California TED WEISS, New York

GERALD B. H. SOLOMON, New York TOM LANTOS, California PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania

ROBERT MICHAEL FINLEY, Subcommittee Staff Director

CYNTHIA D. SPRUNGER, Minority Staff Consultant
MARK J. TAVLARIDES, Subcommittee Staff Consultant
BERNADETTE PAOLA, Subcommittee Staff Consultant

(II)

FOREWORD

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. This compilation of human rights materials assembles the provisions in current U.S. laws relating to human rights, the texts of key international human rights instruments adopted by the United Nations, by regional organizations, and the International Red Cross Conferences. It should provide a useful guide for Members of the House of Representatives, particularly those on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, interested in the role of human rights in U.S. foreign policy, as well as for the public.

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI,

Chairman.

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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C.
Hon. CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI,
Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs,
Washington, D.C.

DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: As members of the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations, we believe that Congress has an important legislative and oversight role to play in human rights issues, bilateral and multilateral, in U.S. foreign policy. This compilation of basic human rights laws and international instruments should greatly assist the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Congress in carrying out this role.

Part I consists of the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, as well as excerpts from current U.S. statutes relating to human rights.

Part II contains the basic international human rights instruments prepared by the U.N. Commission on Human Rights and adopted by the United Nations: The Universal Declaration on Human Rights; the International Convenants; and the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The key U.N. Charter articles relating to human rights are also included. While it is not possible to include the texts of all international human rights instruments adopted by the United Nations, its Specialized Agencies, and bodies, part III provides the texts of conventions frequently noted in hearings, briefings, and in related matters for ready reference.

Part IV contains regional human rights instruments adopted by the Council of Europe, the Organization of African Unity, the Organization of American States, and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Although the United States is neither a member of the Council nor the OAU, the human rights instruments adopted by these organizations demonstrate the important work in this area that the respective member governments of each organization have contributed.

Part V contains the texts of conventions on war crimes as well as the international humanitarian laws of armed conflict. These impose important obligations on states which have ratified them and are increasingly referred to today in regard to various armed conflicts taking place in the world.

Part VI contains a description of organizations established within the U.S. Government, the United Nations, and regional international organizations that have responsibility for implementing provisions of the various human rights provisions referred to in the

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