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Brisbane, Albert. Social Destiny of Man (Philadelphia, 1840).
A Mental Biography by His Wife (Boston, 1893).
Bromwell, William T. History of Immigration (New York, 1856).
Brownson, Henry F. Orestes Brownson's Early Life (Detroit,

Brownson, Orestes. Collected Works (Detroit, 1882-1907).

The Convert, or Leaves from My Experience (New York, 1857).

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The Labouring Classes," in Boston Quarterly Review, 1840, III.

Butterfield, C. W. History of Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin (Chicago, 1880).

Campbell, John. A Theory of Equality; or, the Way to Make Every Man Act Honestly (Philadelphia, 1848).

Negro-Mania (Philadelphia, 1851).

Clark, F. C. "A Neglected Socialist," in American Academy of Political and Social Science, Annals, 1894–1895, V, 718-739. Commons, J. R. "An Idealistic Interpretation of History," in Labor and Administration (New York, 1913); same, entitled "Horace Greeley and the Working Class Origins of the Republican Party," in Political Science Quarterly, 1909, XXIV, 468– 488.

Cooke, G. W. The Poets of Transcendentalism (Boston, 1903). Curtis. "Report" in Transactions of the American Medical Association (Boston, 1849).

Curtis, Francis. History of the Republican Party (2 vols., New York, 1904).

Devyr, Thomas A. Our National Rights (n. p., n. d.).

"Dwellings and Schools for the Poor," in North American Review, 1852, LXXIV, 464-489.

Ely, R. T. French and German Socialism (New York, 1883). Evans, F. W. Autobiography of a Shaker (Mount Lebanon, N. Y., 1869).

Forney, J. W. Anecdotes of Public Men (New York, 1873-1881). Kellogg, Edward. Labor and Other Capital: the Rights of Each Secured and Wrongs of Both Eradicated (New York, 1849). Kingsbury, Susan. Labor Laws and their Enforcement, with Special Reference to Massachusetts (New York, 1911).

Lockwood, G. B. The New Harmony Movement (New York, 1905).

Masquerier, Lewis. Sociology: or the Reconstruction of Society, Government, and Property (New York, 1877).

Minutes of the Cigar Maker's Society of Baltimore, 1856. In Library of Johns Hopkins University.

Myers, Gustavus. History of Tammany Hall (New York, 1901). Murray, David. "The Anti-Rent Episode in the State of New

York," in Annual Report of the American Historical Society, 1896, I, 139-173.

National Cotton Mule Spinners' Association of America, Constitution and By-laws (1890).

Noyes, John H. History of American Socialisms (Philadelphia, 1870).

Parton, James. The Life of Horace Greeley (Boston, 1872). Persons, C. E. "The Early History of Factory Legislation in Massachusetts: From 1825 to the Passage of the Ten-Hour Law in 1874," in Labor Laws and their Enforcement, with special reference to Massachusetts (New York, 1911), 1-124. Schlüter, Herman. Lincoln, Labor and Slavery (New York, 1913).

Podmore, E. P. Robert Owen (2 vols., London, 1906).

Weitling, Wilhelm. Das Evangelium eines armen Sünders (Bern, 1845).

Garantien der Harmonie und Freiheit (New York, 1879). Wrigley, Edward. The Working Man's Way to Wealth (Philadelphia, 1872).


The Awl (Lynn, Mass.), weekly, 1844-1846.

Bee (Albany), daily, 1845.

Pittsburgh Chronicle, daily, 1850.

Pittsburgh Daily Commercial Journal, 1848.

New York Evening Post, 1841.

New York Globe, daily, 1850.

Harbinger (Boston and New York), weekly, 1845-1849.

New York Herald, daily, 1850.

Mechanic (Fall River), weekly, 1844.

The Herald of the New Moral World (New York), weekly, 1841. Nonpareil (Cincinnati), weekly, 1851.

Philadelphia North American and United States Gazette, daily,


People's Paper (Cincinnati), weekly, 1843.

Phalanx (New York), weekly, 1843-1845; continued as Harbinger. Public Ledger (Philadelphia), daily, 1844-1848.

Pittsburgh Daily Morning Post, 1848-1849, 1853.

Quaker City (Philadelphia), daily, 1849.

Die Reform (New York), weekly, 1853-1854.

Republik der Arbeiter (New York), weekly, 1850-1855.
Spirit of the Age (New York), weekly, 1849-1850.

Baltimore Sun, daily, 1855.

New York Sun, daily, 1853.

New York Times, daily, 1853-1857.

New York Tribune, daily, 1842-1857.

New York Weekly Tribune, 1845-1853.

Voice of Industry (Fitchburg and Lowell, Mass.), weekly, 18451847.

Volks-Tribun (New York), weekly, 1846.

Working Man's Advocate (New York), weekly, 1844-1848.
Young America (New York), weekly, 1845-1848.


The secondary sources are George E. McNeill, The Labor Movement The Problem of To-day, especially chapter V, "The Progress of the Movement From 1861-1886"; also T. V. Powderly in Thirty Years of Labor (Columbus, Ohio, 1889), 18-130. Excellent accounts are found also in R. T. Ely, The Labor Movement in America, 69-91, and in a series of articles by F. A. Sorge, in the Neue Zeit (Stuttgart), 1890–1891, II, 397, 438; 1891-1892, I, 69, 110, 172, 206, 651.

This period witnessed the establishment of a labour press upon a lasting foundation. No less than one hundred and twenty daily, weekly and monthly journals of labour reform appeared during the decade 1863-1873.1 Fincher's Trades' Review, Philadelphia, 1863-1866, was the paramount trade union paper and perhaps the most influential paper of the entire period. The labour organ of the West, the Chicago Workingman's Advocate, 1864-1876, laid particular stress on labour politics. The Boston Daily Evening Voice, 1864–1867, was the organ of the New England labour movement with its emphasis on shorter hours. The files of the Workingman's Advocate contain the proceedings of all the annual conventions of the National Labor Union, which are reproduced in Vol. IX of the Documentary History of American Industrial Society.2


Chinese Immigration. An address to the people of the United States on the social, moral and political effect of Chinese immigration. Prepared by a committee of the Senate of California. 45th Congress, 1st sess., House Miscellaneous Document, No. 9.

1 Doc. Hist., X, 142.

2 A more comprehensive description of

the labour press is to be found in Chapter

II of Part V, II, 15 et seq.

California Laws, 1865-1866, 1868.

Commonwealth v. John Kehoe et al. (Pottsville, 1876).

Connecticut Laws, 1867.

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House Journal, 29th Cong., 1st sess.; 39th Cong., 1st sess.

Illinois Public Laws, 1867.

Industrial Commission Report (Washington, 1901), VII and XVII. In Matter Jacobs, 98 New York 98 (1895).

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Massachusetts House Documents, 1865, No. 259; 1866, No. 98; 1867, No. 44.

Missouri Laws, 1867.

Ninetieth General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, Minutes of Votes and Proceedings (1866).

New York Laws, 1867.

Ohio House Journal, 1866.

Pennsylvania Report (Harrisburg, 1878), of the Joint Special Committee of the Legislature of Pennsylvania on Contract Convict Labor, with accompanying Testimony. January 16, 1878.

Pennsylvania House Journal, 1866.

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Senate Committee on Education and Labor, Report on Relations between Capital and Labor (Washington, 1885), I.

United States Bureau of Education Circulars of Information (Washington, 1872), "Relation of Education to Labor." United States Session Laws, 38th Cong., 1st sess.; 41st Cong., 1st


United States Session Laws, 41st Cong., 1st sess., Appendix.
United States Statutes at Large, 37th Cong., 2d sess.
United States Statutes at Large, 38th Cong., 1st sess.
United States Statutes at Large, 40th Cong., 2d sess.

United States Statutes at Large, 42d Cong., 2d sess., Appendix.
Wisconsin Laws, 1867.

Wholesale Prices, 1890-1912, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin,
No. 114 (Washington, 1913).

Wright, Carroll D. Apprenticeship System in its Relation to Industrial Education, United States Bulletin of Education, No. 6 (Washington, 1908).

Young, Edward. Labor in Europe and America: a special report on the Rates of Wages, the Cost of Subsistence, and the Condition of the Working Classes (Washington, 1875). United States Treasury Department, Bureau of Statistics.


Archcroft's Railway Directory (New York, 1865).

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Bemis, E. W. Co-operation in New England," in American Economic Association, Publications (Baltimore, 1886-1887), I, 335-464. Also in Johns Hopkins University Studies (Baltimore, 1888), VI.

Campbell, Alexander C. The True American System of Finance (Chicago, 1864).

The True Greenback, or the Way to Pay the National Debt without Taxes and Emancipate Labor (Chicago, 1868). Chamberlain, E. M. Sovereigns of Industry (Boston, 1875). Cigar Makers' International Union, Proceedings, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867. Typewritten Record at Johns Hopkins University Library.

Cooper, Peter. "Autobiography," in Old South Leaflets (Boston, 1904). General Series, VI, No. 147.

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Coulter, J. L. "Organizations among the Farmers of the United States," in Yale Review, 1909, XVIII, 277-298.

Crowe, Robert. The Reminiscences of R. Crowe, the Octogenarian Tailor (New York, 1903).

Dacus, J. A. Annals of the Great Strikes in the United States (Chicago, 1877).

Dewees, F. P. The Molly Maguires (Philadelphia, 1877).
Farnam, H. W. "Die Amerikanischen Gewerkvereine," in Schrif-

ten des Vereins für Socialpolitik (Leipzig, 1879), XVIII. Fitch, J. A. "Unionism in the Iron and Steel Industry," in Political Science Quarterly, 1909, XXIV, 57–79.

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Harper, Ida Husted. Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (2 vols., Indianapolis and Kansas City, 1898-1899).

Heywood, Ezra Hoar. The Great Strike (Princeton, Mass., 1878). Yours or Mine (Princeton, Mass., 1876).

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Kelley, Oliver Hudson. Origin and Progress of the order of the Patrons of Husbandry in the United States; a history from 1866 to 1873 (Philadelphia, 1875).

Kennedy, J. B. "Beneficiary Features of American Trade Un

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