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Resolved further, That whereas the foregoing resolution was duly passed by the legislature and approved February twenty-fourth (24th), one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five (1875), therefore,

Resolved, That said joint resolution be and the same is hereby re-adopted.

Approved February 19, 1891.

NUMBER 5.

[S. F. No. 90.]

A JOINT RESOLUTION RELATING TO A NIAGARA SHIP

CANAL.

Niagara ship cana),

Be it resolved by the Senate, the House concurring :

That the congress of the United States is hereby urged, in the interest of the commercial and agricultural interests of the West, and the military and industrial interests of the whole country, to have constructed within the state of New York a ship canal around the Falls of Niagara, as provided in a bill number five hundred and eighty-two (582), introduced in the United States house of representatives by Hon. S. E. Payne, December eighteenth (18th), one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine (1889).

Resolved, That the secretary of state is hereby directed to forward copies of this resolution to our members and senators in the congress of the United States.

Approved February 19, 1891.

NUMBER 6.

[S. F. No. 89.]

A JOINT RESOLUTION RELATING TO WATERWAYS.

Committee on navigable waterways.

Resolved, the House of Representatives concurring:

That there be created a joint committee on waterways, consisting of five (5) members, two (2) to be appointed by the president of the senate, and three (3) by the speaker of

the house, whose duty shall be to investigate and report at
this session of the legislature the feasibility and cost of a
system of navigable waterways, connecting existing and
established waterways.
Approved February 26, 1891.

NUMBER 7.

[S. F. No. 12. ]

JOINT RESOLUTION RELATING TO THE GUARANTEE OF

BONDS BY THE UNITED STATES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION
OF A SHIP CANAL THROUGH THE ISTHMUS OF DARIEN
OR PANAMA.

Be it resolved by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota :

That any guaranty by the United States of the payment Opposing of the principal or interest of one hundred millions bonds for ship (100,000,000) of bonds, or any other amount, or of the canal. bonds of private individuals or corporations of any sum or amount whatever, for any purpose whatever, is unwise, improvident and seriously detrimental to the pablic interests, and especially to the great producing masses of the United States, and is but another scheme of capital and capitalists to draw from the producing classes of the country, into the treasury of the United States, vast sums of money, and then so dispose of the same as to inure to the private benefit of a very small number of the wealthier class and capitalists; and that the state of Minnesota earnestly and solemnly protests against the application of any public money and against the pledge of the faith and the credit of the United States for any object or any pu ose other than to meet the necessary current expenses of the government, or to secure rights and properties which shall vest immediately and directly in the United States upon payment being made therefor; and insist that, if the public interests require the construction of a canal through the isthmus of Darien or Panama, that the same be constructed directly by and be owned and oper. ated by the United States government directly, and not by a private corporation or the stockholders thereof, after the same is paid for by the United States.

Resolved, Second, That a copy of the foregoing resolution be transmitted forth with by the governor of this state to each senator and member in congress from the state of Minnesota, and that each be requested to use his influence and cast his vote against any act or resolution guaranteeing any bonds or other obligations of private individual,

individuals or corporations, whether public or private, and against pledging the faith and credit of the United States for the payment of any debts or obligations other than those of the government contracted in the ordinary course of the administration thereof, pursuant to the authority of the congress of the United States first obtained therefor.

Approved February 24, 1891.

NUMBER 8.

[S. F. No. 341.]

A JOINT MEMORIAL TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REP

RESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES.

Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota :

Memorial to congress for a legal holiday in honor of Columbus.

WHEREAS, Every inhabitant of the United States of America, as well as of both the continents of North and South America, is under incalculable and life-long obligations to Christopher Columbus for the profound conceptions, the heroic persistence and daring which led to the discovery of the New World, and gave the oppressed populations of Europe an opportunity to escape from the crushing burdens of kingcraft and aristocracy; and

WHEREAS, The time is rapidly approaching when the human family is about to celebrate that marvelous discovery of “the world-seeking Genoese:" Therefore, Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota :

That the congress of the United States be and the same is hereby memorialized to declare, by law, the anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, to wit, October twelfth (12th), a day of national thanksgiving, on which the people of the United States shall express their gratitude to Almighty God for the life and services of the illustrious navigator and explorer.

Resolved, That our senators are directed and our representatives in congress requested to urge this measure upon the attention of the present session of congress before its adjournment.

Resolved, That the secretary of state is hereby directed to furnish copies of this memorial to the president of the senate of the United States and the speaker of the house of representatives and to all our delegation in congress.

Approved March 16, 1891.

NUMBER 9.

[S. F. No. 101.]

A MEMORIAL TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,

IN REFERENCE TO THE SALE OF “OPTIONS" ON AGRI-
CULTURAL PRODUCTS.

The memorial of the legislature of the state of Minnesota Memorial to respectfully shows and states to the congress of the United Congress to proStates, that a considerable part of the great financial depression which now afflicts the agricultural population of this country is due to the fact that thousands of persons, possessed of hundreds of millions of capital, are constantly engaged in efforts to affect the price of the chief agricultural products by selling "options" upon them. We respectfully represent that this pursuit is not legitimate traffic or honest commerce: the parties selling sell what they do not possess and never expect to possess, and the parties buying buy what they know they will never receive. The opera. tion is simply a species of gambling or betting on the fluctuations of the markets. And as it is always easier to excite distrust than to inspire confidence, the result is, that powerful influences are constantly at work to depress the price of the staple products of the farmers and reduce the producers to poverty. The American farmer contends not only with the injurious climatic conditions which may beset him, and the natural competition of foreign agriculturists, but he finds a great array of very wealthy men, in his own country, constantly engaged, with all manner of schemes, tricks and falsehoods, in the work of breaking down the price of what he has to sell, to ruinous levels. This system, working in conjunction with other evil influences, has covered the farms of this country with mortgages and brought the people to a condition of extreme discontent.

In the name of justice and fair play to the agricultural class of this country, the legislature of the state of Minnesota respectfully but urgently demands that the congress of the United States shall, before the close of the present session, pass what is known as the “Butterworth bill," or some measure that will make the sale of that which the seller does not own and have in his possession, nor expect to own or have in his possession, a penal offense, to be punished upon conviction by imprisonment in the penitentiary; and providing that all contracts shall be held and found to be "option contracts” where the goods and materials contracted for have not been actually delivered at the time specified in the contract. As all such option sales claim to attach themselves to products moving from one state to another, it seems to your memorialists that the business properly comes within the power of congress to "regulate commerce among the several states."

The whole power of the government of the United States has recently been brought to bear to break down lottery gambling; let the nation now address itself to another form of gambling ten times more destructive to the people than dealing in tickets in the Louisiana State Lottery.

Approved March 16, 1891.

NUMBER 10.

[S. F. No. 641.]

A JOINT RESOLUTION.

Acceptance of war tax fund from the Federal government.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Min

nesota, that, WHEREAS, There was collected by the United States government, from the state of Minnesota, under that act of congress approved August fifth (5th), one thousand eight hundred and sixty one (1861), and the acts amendatory thereto, the sum of ninety-two thousand two hundred and forty-six dollars ($92,246.40), no part whereof was so collected by the Federal government from the citizens or inhabitants of said state of Minnesota or any other person, either directly or by sale of property; and

WHEREAS, In and by a certain act of the congress of the United States, entitled “An act to credit and pay to the several states and territories and the District of Columbia all moneys collected under the direct tax levied by the act of congress," approved August fifth (5th), one thousand eigbt hundred and sixty-one (1861), it was provided that there should be appropriated, out of any money in the treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, such sum as might be necessary to reimburse each state and territory and the District of Columbia for all money found due to them under the provisions of said act; and the treasury of the United States was thereby directed to pay the same to the governor of the states and territories and the commissioners of the District of Columbia, but that no money should be paid to any state or territory until the legislature thereof should have accepted, by resolution, the sum in said act appropriated and the trusts imposed in full satisfaction of all claims against the United States on account of the levy and collection of said tax, and should have authorized the governor to receive said money for the use and purposes aforesaid; and

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