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MALLET, BERNARD. A method of estimating capital wealth from the estate duty statistics. (In R. S. S. Journal, vol. 71, pp. 65-84. 1908.)

MICHEL, E. Statistiques et monographie.

Lecture à l'Association normande (Congrès de Bayeux, 1906). Caën: Delesques. 1907. 11 pp. Tables. 8°.

NINA, L. Principi fondamentali di statistica. Turin: Bocca. 1907. 182 pp. 8°.

PEARSON, KARL. On further methods of determining correlation. London: Dulau. 1907. 39 pp. 4°.

Rev. in R. S. S. Journal, vol. 70, p. 655.

PRATO, GIUSEPPE. Rassegne statistiche ed economiche. Turin:
Soc. tip. editr. nazionale. 1908. 313 pp. 16°. [Univer-
sity of Turin. Economic laboratory studies. 3.]
A work on statistical theory and practice.

SCHNAPPER-ARNDT, GOTTLIEB. Sozialstatistik.

(Vorlesungen

über Bevölkerungslehre, Wirtschafts- und Moralstatistik.) Leipzig: Klinkhardt. 1908. xxii, 642 pp. Illus. 8°.

Edited by Dr. Leon Zeitlin. Rev. in R. S. S. Journal, vol. 71, p. 222; and in the Economic Bulletin for April, 1908, p. 52.

UNITED STATES. Census Bureau. Modes of statement of cause of death and duration of illness upon certificates of death. Comparison of forms. . . [with those of] other countries and suggestion of a modification of the standard certificate to secure uniform and definite statements of causes of death. [Washington. 1907.] 81 pp. Map. Facsimiles. 8°.

Check list of registration officials, and of reports and bulletins containing vital statistics in the United States, pp. 71-81.

UNITED STATES. Census Bureau. Special reports. Supplementary analysis and derivative tables. Washington. 1906. xviii, 1144 pp.

A special supplementary report on the 12th Census, prepared under the supervision of Walter F. Willcox,-an analysis and interpretation of statistics (particularly those of population) contained in the main reports.

WEBB, Mrs. SIDNEY. [Methods of investigation.] (In Sociological papers. Published for the Sociological Society. Vol. iii. London. 1907.)

Briefly discusses "the function of statistical method in sociology." WELLS, FREDERIC LYMAN. Statistical study of literary merit, with remarks on some new phases of the method. New York: Science Press. 1907. 30 pp. Diagrams. 8°. ZIMMERMAN, FRIEDRICH W. R. Die deutsche Handelsstatistik in ihre geschichtlichen Entwickelung und ihrem derzeitigen

Stand. (In Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik.
Jena. Concluded in the issue for April, 1908.)

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ALLGEMEINES STATISTISCHES

ARCHIV. Herausgegeben Georg von Mayr. Tübingen. Semi-a. 1890. AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION. Boston. Publications. N. s. Q. 1888+.

von

ARCHIV FÜR SOZIALWISSENSCHAFT UND SOZIALPOLITIK. Formerly called Archiv für soziale Gesetzgebung und Statistik. Begründet v. Heinrich Braun. Herausg. v. W. Sombart, M. Weber, und E. Jaffé. Tübingen, Berlin. Q. 1888+. THE BANKERS', INSURANCE MANAGERS', AND AGENTS' MAGAZINE. [The Bankers' Magazine.] A journal of banking, actuarial and financial statistics. London. M. 1844 +.

BIOMETRIKA. A journal for the statistical study of biological problems. Edited, in consultation with Francis Galton, by W. F. R. Weldon, Karl Pearson, and C. B. Davenport. Cambridge (Engl.). Q. 1901-02+.

BULLETIN RUSSE DE STATISTIQUE FINANCIÉRE ET LÉGISLATION. St. Petersburg. M. 1894+.

DEUTSCHER RUNDSCHAU FÜR GEOGRAPHIE UND STATISTIK. Wien. M. 1879+.

FRANKFURTER VEREIN FÜR GEOGRAPHIE UND STATISTIK. Jahresbericht. Frankfurt am Main. Y. 1836+.

INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DE STATISTIQUE. Bulletin. Rome. Irreg. 1885 +

JAHRBÜCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK. [CONRAD'S.] Begründet v. Bruno Hildebrand. Jena. M. 1863+. JOURNAL DES ÉCONOMISTES. Revue mensuelle de la science économique et de la statistique. Paris. M. M. 1843+. MANCHESTER STATISTICAL SOCIETY. Transactions. Manchester (Engl.). Y. 1887-88+.

MONATSSCHRIFT

STRAF

FÜR KRIMINAL-PSYCHOLOGIE UND RECHTSREFORM . . . Hrsg. v. ... Gustav Aschaffenburg. Heidelberg. M. 1964+.

Gives special attention to criminal statistics, particularly to the discussion of official criminal statistics.

REVUE DE STATISTIQUE. Paris. W. 1898 +.
ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY. Journal. London. Q. 1838+.
SAMMLUNG NATIONALÖKONOMISCHER UND STATISTISCHER ABHAND-
LUNGEN DES STAATSWISSENSCHAFTLICHEN SEMINARS ZU HALLE
A. D. S. Hrsg. v. Joh. Conrad. Jena. Irreg. 1877 +.
SOCIÉTÉ DE STATISTIQUE DE PARIS. Journal. Paris. M.

1860+.

STATISTICAL AND SOCIAL INQUIRY SOCIETY OF IRELAND. Journal. Dublin. Y. 1855+.

THE STATISTICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA. Publications. Johannesburg. 1907+.

STATISTISK TIDSKRIFT: UTGIFVEN AF KUNGL. STATISTISKA CENTRALBYRÅN. Stockholm. 1862+.

STATSVETENSKAPLIG TIDSKRIFT FOER POLITIK, STATISTIK, EKONOMI.

Upsala. 1897 +.

VEREENIGINg voor de stAATHUISHOUDkunde en dE STATISTIEK. Verslag van de algemeene vergadering, gehouden te Amsterdam den 5en October 1907. Amsterdam: Joh. Müller. 24, 70 pp. Roy. 8°.

ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR SCHWEIZERISCHE STATISTIK.

(Schweizerische statistische Gesellschaft und Eidgenossisches statistisches Bureau.) Berne. Irreg. 1865+.

STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION.

NEW SERIES, No. 84

DECEMBER, 1908.

UNIFORMITY AND CO-OPERATION IN THE CENSUS METHODS OF THE REPUBLICS OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENT.*

BY S. N. D. NORTH.

To the United States of America belongs the unique distinction of having inaugurated the decennial census of national population and resources. The census of the population was ordained by the Constitution in 1790, and for every tenth year thereafter, as long as the nation shall endure.

A census was necessary as a basis for Congressional apportionment, and no other reason was assigned for it in the Constitution. But it quickly dawned upon the statesmen of that formative era that apportionment, while an imperatively essential reason for the census, to determine the geographical readjustment of political power in a government founded upon the democratic principle, was only one of many purposes this decennial stock-taking could be made to serve. With successive decades, new lines of enumeration were added,―agriculture 1820, manufactures in 1840, other inquiries at following decades, until the census became the periodical inventory of the national resources and the barometer of national development, in every phase and branch,-in human beings first, for the quality and character of its citizenship must always remain the most important national asset; after that the measurement and the differentiation of progress in every field where human energy finds play in the making of a nation. Thus the American census has become as essential, for definite knowledge of our national assets and liabilities, as the periodical book balancing of a business corporation in determining its solvency.

* Address read at the recent Scientific Congress of American Republics at Santiago, Chile.

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