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In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Suuthern District of New York

PRE FACE.

The design of the present work is to furnish a convenient and popular Library Edition of the most celebrated Speeches and Addresses, forensic and parliamentary, of the principal Orators and Statesmen of America. It contains many which have never before been included in any collection ; and heretofore inaccessible to the student and general reader. As far as attainable, specimens of the eloquence of the Continental Congress have been given, which fully illustrate the principles and portray the sufferings of the Revolutionary Period. Many entire speeches from the debates in Congress, since the year 1789, under the present organization of the Government, will also be found in this work. Selections from the earnest and able discussions in the State Conventions of the principles involved in the adoption of the Federal Constitution, also form a considerable portion of the work; and thus render it valuable as a means of acquiring an understanding of that important instrument.

The biographical sketches, preceding the selections from the works of each orator, are intended to present a brief outline of their lives and public services, the limited space allowed for that portion of the work precluding more extended notices. The analytical index attached to the work may render it generally useful as a book of reference.

The want of a work of this kind is too obvious to make any apology necessary for its publication at the present time. Should its success warrant such a course, another series, embracing the MORE RECENT AND LIVING ORATORS, prepared upon the same plan, will be offered to the public.

In closing, the Editor acknowledges his obligations to the numerous individuals from whom he has received valuable assistance, and especially to his brother, George H. Moore; to Mrs. Laura Wolcott Gibbs, for permission to copy the miniature of Alexander Hamilton, painted by her, and now in her possession; to Dr. John W. Francis, for the extension of his usual courtesies; to Mr. Henry T. Tuckerman, for valuable suggestions; to Mr. William Hunter, of the State Department, Washington, for the material contained in the sketch of his father's life; to the Libraries of the New York IIistorical Society, the Mercantile Library Association, the New York Society Library, and the Astor Library, as well as to the officers of these Institutions for the facility with which he has been enabled to make use of their valuable collections.

New York, August, 1st, 1857,

CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

PAGE

PAGI

14

JAMES OTIS:

JAMES MADISON:

Sketch of his Life,

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 125

Speech on the Writs of Assistance,

Speech on the Federal Constitution, . 127

On the study of the Law, . . . 7 Speech on the British Treaty, . . . 144

PATRICK HENRY:

JOHN JAY:

Sketch of his Life, .

. . . 8

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 151

Speech on the Federal Constitution,

Address to the People of Great Britain: 1774, 159

Another speech on the same subject,

Reply to Edmund Randolph, . .

EDMUND RANDOLPH:

Sketch of his Life,

. . 163

RICHARD HENRY LEE:

Speech on the Federal Constitution, , 165

Sketch of his Life, . .

- 40 | Argument in the Trial of Aaron Burr, 174

Address of the American Colonies to the in-

habitants of Great Britain : 1775, . . 43 | ALEXANDER HAMILTON:

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 183

WILLIAM HENRY DRAYTON:

Speech on the Federal Constitution, . . 187

Sketch of his Life, . .

48

Remarks in the Federal Convention of New
Charge to the Grand Jury of Charleston Dis-

York, on Mr. Gilbert Livingston's pro-

trict, South Carolina: 1776, . . 50

posed amendment to the Constitution, 195

Further remarks on the Federal Constitution, 200

JOSEPH WARREN:

Argument in the case of Harry Croswell, .204

Sketch of his Life, . , . . 57 | Speech on the Revenue System, . . 215

Oration on the Boston Massacre,

JOHN HANCOCK:

JAMES WILSON:

Sketch of his Life,

nis Life, . . . . . 224

Sketch of his Life, . .

Oration on the Boston Massacre, . . 227

Vindication of the Colonies; a speech deliver-

ed in the Convention for the Province of JOHN ADAMS:
Pennsylvania: 1775, . . . 68 Sketch of his Life,

. 232

Speech on the Federal Constitution, . 74

Speech in defence of the British Soldiers : 1770, 235

WILLIAM LIVINGSTON:

Inaugural Address : 1797, . . . 248

Sketch of his Life, ..

GEORGE WASHINGTON:

Speech to the New Jersey Legislature: 1777, 88

Sketch of his Life, .

. . 251

FISHER AMES:

Inaugural Address : 1789, . .. 252

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 91

Farewell Address, . . . . 254

Speech on Madison's Resolutions, . . 92

Speech on the British Treaty, .

104

ELIAS BOUDINOT:

Sketch of his Life, .

JOHN RUTLEDGE:

Oration before the New Jersey Society of Cin-

Sketch of his Life, .

. 118

cinnati, , ,

. . 264

Address to the South Carolina Assembly: 1776, 120 Speech on Non-Intercourse with Great Brit-

Speech to the General Assembly: 1782,. 122 ain : 1794. . . . . 270

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412

Speech on Direct Taxation'

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319

PAGE

PAGI

JOHN DICKINSON:

OLIVER ELLSWORTH:

Sketch of his Life, .

. . 273

Sketch of his Life, .

Speech in the Pennsylvania Assembly: 1764, 277 | Remarks on the Federal Constitution, .4

The Declaration on Taking up Arms: 1775, 286 Speech on the Power of Congress to levy

Taxes, . .

406

JOHN WITHERSPOON:

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 290 CHRISTOPHER GORE:

Speech on the Conference with Lord Howe, . 293 Sketch of his Life, .

Remarks on the Confederation, . . 296 Speech on the Prohibition of certain Imports:

Speech on the Convention with Burgoyne, 298

1814,

Speech on the Appointment of Plenipoten-

Speech on Direct Taxation, · · · 417

tiaries, . . . . ' 301

RED JACKET:

Speech on the Loan Office Certificates, .303

Sketch of his Life, .

A Portion of a speech on the Finances, . 305

. . . 4??

Reply to Samuel Dexter, . . . 42

DAVID RAMSAY:

Defence of stiff-armed-George, . . 42:

Sketch of his Life,

, 308 Reply to Mr. Cram, . . . . 429

Oration on the Advantages of American In-

URIAH TRACY:

dependence, . . . . 310

Sketch of his Life, .
Extract from an Oration on the Cession of
Louisiana to the United States, .

Speech on a proposed amendment of the Con-

. 318

stitution : 1802, . . . . 432

SAMUEL ADAMS:

Remarks on the Judiciary System, . 442

Sketch of his Life,,

Oration on American Independence, . . 824

HENRY LEE:

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 447*

JOSIAH QUINCY, JR:

Eulogy on Washington, . . . 449

Sketch of his Life, .

. 831
An Appeal, under the signature of “Hy- . | GOUVERNEUR MORRIS:
perion :" 1768, .

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 41

Speech in Defence of the British Soldiers :

Speech on the Judiciary, .

457

1770, . . . . . 336

Discourse before the New York Historical ..

Society: 1812, . . . . 466

BENJAMIN RUSH:

Speech on the Navigation of the Mississippi, 475 -

Sketch of his Life,

. 346 Oration over the dead body of Hamilton, . 487

Address to the People of the United States,

1787, previous to the meeting of the ROBERT GOODLOE HARPER:

Federal Convention, . . . 347

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 489

Speech on the Aggressions of France, . 491

ROBOT R. LIVINGSTON:

Speech on the Appointment of Foreign Minis-
Sketch of his Life, .

. 350

ters, . . . . . . 50.
Oration before the New York Society of Cin-

cinnati : 1787, . . . . 352 | THOMAS ADDIS EMMET:
The Purse and Sword; an extract, . . 355 Sketch of his Life, .

025

Speech in the trial of William S. Smith, . 528

H. H. BRACKENRIDGE:

Argument in the trial of Robert M. Goodwin, 537

Sketch of his Life, . . . . . 356

An Eulogium on “the brave men who have GEORGE RICHARDS MINOT:

fallen in the contest with Great Britain :"

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 551

· .358

Eulogy on Washington, , . . 552

CHARLES PINCKNEY :

HARRISON GRAY OTIS:

Sketch of his Life,
: : . . 361

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 537

Observations on the Federal Constitution, .362

Eulogy on Hamilton, , . . 559

LUTHER MARTIN :

DE WITT CLINTON :

Sketch of his Life, . . . . 371 Sketch of his Life,

. 565

Speech on the Federal Convention, . . 873 Speech on the Navigation of the dississipi , 567

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