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Preface to Bulletin No. 16.
This handbook includes the following new matter, as well as addition to and revision of:
Universal gauging tables for horizontal cylindrical tanks.
Methods for the determination of the capacity of oil pipe lines.
The laws and taxes governing the sale and transportation of refined petroleum.
The detailed description of the decomposition of petroleum hydrocarbons in the presence of aluminum chloride.
The most recent specifications for the quality of petroleum products as used by the trade.
Standard method of drilling oil wells.
Detailed and explicit methods of analysis of all types of petroleum products giving preference to accepted or standardized methods. New developments in the decomposition of heavy hydrocarbons for the production of gasoline.
Formulae for the calculation of the total gasoline obtainable by any means from crude oil of different gravities and bases.
The properties of crude oils from all of the important fields. New matter on the uses, properties and value of fuel oil. Specific gravity and Baume' gravity correction tables for very light petroleum oils and for very heavy petroleum oils.
Baume' gravity and Specific gravity equivalents for oils heavier than water, but on the lighter than water scale.
The combustion of gasoline and the products of combustion of internal combustion engines.
The properties of gasoline made by present methods of decomposition.
The properties of average gasoline as now sold on the market. The vapor volumes of petroleum distillates and different temperatures and of different gravities.
Processes and U. S. patents issued to 1922.
The statistics of the production, transportation and refining of petroleum up to 1922.
Preface to Bulletin No. 15.
The purpose of this publication is to set forth in concise form for the petroleum producer, seller, refiner, and technologist, scientific information and statistics on the production, properties, handling, refining and methods of valuation of petroleum and related products.
All matter formerly published in Bulletin No. 14 has been revised and included in this publication. In addition there has been added fifty-five new illustrations, complete temperature-Baume' correction tables, extensive tank gauging tables, refinery engineering formulae, complete specifications for petroleum products, much additional data on oil cracking, geology, lubricants and asphalt, a complete set of methods of analysis of petroleum, asphalt and natural gas and a fairly complete bibliography.
The sources of original information have been from the research, commercial and engineering departments of the Kansas City Testing Laboratory and from the bibliography published at the end of the book.
November 1, 1919,
Kansas City, Missouri.
(General outline only. See index for detailed subject matter.)
tion, prices, depletion of wells, drilling methods.
tions, tank cars, loading, storage tanks, gauging, measurements.
physical properties. Special commercial petroleums.
Chemical nature of cracking. Properties of gasoline and naphtha
fuels. Comparison with other fuels. Sampling. Relative costs.
coal distillation plants, gas manufacturing.
erties of asphaltic and bituminous materials. Various types of
tion. Manufacture. Gasoline by absorption method. Capacity
PETROLEUM-GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF USES.
The word petroleum has its derivation from the Latin "petra,"
The occurrence of petroleum has been recorded from the earliest
The original use of petroleum was in the preparation of illumi-
The development of the gasoline engine is due principally to the
The following outlines some of the main uses of petroleum
Gasoline and Naphtha-Gas lighting, laboratory solvents,
Kerosene and Illuminating Oils-Lamps, distillate engines, sig-
Gas Oil-Pintsch gas, Blaugas, town gas, straw oil, heating,
Heavy Distillates-Lubricants, spindle oil, auto oil, machine oil,
Liquid Residua-Steam fuel, heating, concrete waterproofing.
Semi-solid Residua-Asphalt pavement, waterproofing, brick
Crude Oils-Diesel engines, dust prevention, waterproofing,
The following statistics show the extent of the petroleum indus-