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The 1970 census was taken principally by means of a separate questionnaire (a 9 1/2" X 1 0 7/8" booklet) for each household, completed by the respondent.
Population inquiries 2-8 were asked for all persons. The remaining questions were asked on a sample basis: some at every fifth household (1 5 percent), others at every twentieth household (5 percent), and some at both (20 percent).
Except for questions on Spanish origin or descent, citizenship, year of immigration, vocational training completed, presence and duration of disability, and activity 5 years ago, the 1970 population items were comparable to those in 1960.
All answers were designed for self-identification on the part of the respondent, but the enumerator was allowed to fill in blanks by observation when this was possible. For item 4 (color or race), it was assumed that the respondent's relatives living in the unit were also of the same race unless the census taker learned otherwise. The enumerator's manual included a long list of possible
written-in entries and how they were to be classified: For example, "Chicano," "LaRaza," "Mexican American," "Moslem," or "Brown" were to be changed to White, while "Brown (Negro)" would be considered as Negro or Black for census purposes.
Although not specified on the questionnaire, the enumerator was instructed to limit question 25 (children ever born) to mothers who were or had been married unless a son or daughter had been listed.
The housing items were part of the household questionnaire. Except for the elimination of the inquiries on condition and land used for farming, and the addition of items on dishwashers and second homes, the 1970 housing items were much the same as those used in 1 960.
The 1970 definition of a housing unit specified "complete kitchen facilities" rather than just cooking equipment as in 1960.
Question A and HI through HI 2 were asked for all housing units, and HI 3 through H30 on a sample basis only. At vacant units, the enumerator completed only those items marked with a double underscore.
COLOR OH RACE
DATE Of alRTH
5. Month md
I WHAT lS
O 186-, O 192- i C 0
O 187-; U 193-! O l
O 188-; O 19*! O 2
O 189- ' C 195-' O 3 ,
O 190-; O 196- O *;
O 191- j O 197
O 194-! n 2;
O 195-! O 3;
O 196-! O * I
O 186-1 C 192 .; GO
Ci 187- J O 193- i O 1
0 188.; 0-194.; O 2
□ 189-; O 195'. O 3
O 190- < O 196-! 0 4
O 191-1 C 197-I
C Jan •/*
G Oct Oat
O 186- | :.* 192- | '10 OS
C how rrarriad
) 186- l O 192- G 0
C 194-' O 2 O 7
O 189 ; C 195.
O 191-! O 197- 1
C Now marrlatf
C *vi O Japari*tM O |-»" 'i
O Ohwm O Kontn Waritji..
,- rwnro - friup,^ o Oihar-Fnarj
; C. 195-
! O 197-!
□ Jury Sapt
C 186-; O 192- i O 0
O 187-; O |93-1 O 1
O 188-] O 194 ; O 2 ,
o 189-; 0 195-; c 3;
Q 19&; C 196-; e 4 j
O 191-. C 197-'
O Now marriad M
C Jan. War
O Oct Dec
OJ86-; o 192; CO
OUTJ O 193 ! O l
O 188-; O 19*-; O 2
O 189-; C 195- \ O 3
G 190-j O 196-; O 4
0 Ml-1 G 197.'
On bacfe >n(*. i'n-t n
15 I percent
For persons born in a joreign country—
O Yes, naturalized —
O No, alien TM
O Born abroad of American parents
21. What Is the highest grade (or year) of regular school
Fill one circle. If now attending, mark grade he is in.
000000 oo oooo
College (academic year)
1 2 3 4 5 6 or more OOOOOO
DM he finish the highest grade (or year) he attended?
O Nowattending this grade (or year)
23. When was this person bom?
O Born before April 1956— Please go on with
Questions 24 through 41.
O Born April 1956 or later- Please omit questions 24 through
Month Year Month Year
c If married more than once— Did the first marriage end
25. // this is a girl or a woman—
How many babies has she ever 1234 5679
Do not count her stepchildren
or children she has adopted. 9 10 1112 or None
more OOOO O
26. If this is a man—
a. Has he ever served in the Army, Navy, or other Hi
r- O Yes
b. Was it during— (Fill the circle for each period of service.)
Vietnam Conflict (Since Aug. 1964) O
| KoreanWar (fane 1950 to fan. 191}) O
World War II (Sept. 1940 to July 1947) O
WorldWarl (April 1917 to Scv. 1918) O
Any other time O
15 and 5 percent
c. Where did he work last week?
// be worked in more than one place, print
where be worked most last week. If he travels about in bis work or if the place does not
have a numbered address, see instruction sheet.
(1) Address (Number
and street name)
(2) Name of city,
town, village, etc.
(3) Inside the limits of this city, town, village, etc.?
(5) State Code
d. How did he get to work last week? Fill one circle for chief means used on the last day he worked at the address given in 29c.
O Driver, private auto O Taxicab
O Passenger, private auto [ O Walked only
O Bus or streetcar O Worked at home
O Subway or elevated ; O Other weans—Specify —,
15 and 5| percent