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Instructions to Enumerators—Housing
The census takers continued to define "nondwelling-unit quarters" (item 3) as they had in 1 940, including as dwelling units those places with fewer than 10 lodgers. However, in subsequent office coding, any residence with 5 to 9 lodgers was reclassified as a nondwelling unit and excluded from the housing inventory. Vacant trailers, tents, boats, etc., were not enumerated.
There were detailed instructions for classifying various facilities (such as plumbing), equipment, and rooms for inclusion in the census.
In item 7 (condition of unit), the enumerator had to decide whether or not the place was "dilapidated," which, in conjunction with the information on plumbing facilities (items 10-1 3) would provide an indicator of housing quality. The reference manual had a special illustrated section devoted to item 7 and training was augmented with a filmstrip. With this background, "dilapidated" or "not dilapidated"
was to be checked without asking the householder about the condition of the unit. The decision was to be made on the basis of observation, looking for critical and minor housing deficiencies or for the adequacy of the original construction. A dilapidated unit, the census taker was told, was "below the generally accepted minimum standard for housing." It failed to protect the occupants from the elements or endangered their health or safety. It could be dilapidated because it had been neglected or because the original construction had been inadequate in the first place. A unit was not to be reported as "dilapidated" simply because it was old or dingy, nor was it "not dilapidated" because it happened to be freshly painted or shingled over.
Items 14 and 1 5 were five different sets of questions, and each household answered the set found on the line on which it was enumerated (thus constituting a 20-percent sample for these items).
The responses supplied by householders to the inquiries shown below were transcribed by enumerators to machine-readable forms, 14 1/8" X 17 1/4," which were the official 1960 schedules.
For the population inquiries, questions P3-P7 were asked for all persons, but the other items (P8ff.) were collected on a 25-percent basis. In 1960, the housing unit or the group quarters (the dwelling or nondwelling units in 1950) was the sampling unit, so that everyone living in that unit fell in the sample. There were special procedures for sampling persons in institutions and similar facilities, however. A unit with five or more lodgers or six unrelated individuals (one of whom was designated as head) was classified as "group quarters."
The month of birth (P6) was collected for everyone, but only the quarter was transcribed to the official schedule.
The instructions for completing P5 (race or color) by observation directed that Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, or other persons of Latin descent would be classified as "White" unless they were definitely Negro, Indian, or some
other race. Southern European and Near Eastern nationalities also were to be considered White. Asian Indians were to be classified as "Other," and "Hindu" written in.
The husband of a married couple was always to be listed as the head of the household if he was present.
Housing questions H3-H16 were asked for all housing units, and the others (HI 7H46) on either a 25-, 20-, or 5-percent sample basis. (The 20- and 5-percent samples were subdivisions of the 25-percent selection.)
Questions on the presence of a kitchen sink and electric lighting, and the type of refrigerator asked in 1950 were omitted. A number of new sample items were added, however, mainly on facilities and equipment, and detailed instructions were supplied.
In question H6 (condition), the category "Not dilapidated" was subdivided into "sound" (in good repair) and "deteriorating" (in need of repair), and the enumerator was given a list of "slight," "intermediate," and "critical" defects by which a determination could be made.
As before, vacant trailers, boats, etc., were not enumerated.
P22. Did this person work at any time last week?
Include part-time work such as a Saturday job, delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm. Do not count own housework.
Yes D No D
P23. How many hours did he work lost week (at all jabs)?
(If exact figure not known, give best estimate)
1 to 1■4 hours Lj 40 hours LJ
IS to 29 hours LJ 41 to *8 hours [—]
30 to 34 hours LJ 49 to 59 hours LJ
35 to 39 hours I I 60 hours or more .. .1 I
P24. Was this person looking for work, or on layoff from a job?
Yes D No LJ
P25. Does he have a job or business from which he was temporarily absent all last week because of illness, vacation, or other reasons?
Yes L_] No D
P26. When did he last work of all, even for a few days?
Working now. J_J 1949 or earlier LJ
In 1960 LJ
In 1 959 LJ Never worked I I
1955 to 1958.. D
m. Occupation (Answer J, 2, or 3;
1. This person lost worked in 1949 or earlier... I PH
2. On active duty in the Armed Forces now - I |
3. Worked in 1950 or later -J_J Answer a to e, be/ow.
Describe this person,s job or business last week, if any, and write in name of employer. If this person had no job or business test week, give information for last lob or business since 1950.
a. For whom did he work?
(Nam* of company, business, organization, or other employer)
b. What kind of business or industry was this?
Describe activity at location where employed.
[for example: County lunior high school, auto assembly plant, TV and radio service, retail supermarket, road construction, farm)
c Is this primarily: (Check one box)
Manufacturing.. . I I
Wholesale trade EH
Retail trade I I
Other (services, agriculture, |—.
government, construction, etc.). - - l_J
d. What kind of work was he doing?
(For example: 8th grade English teacher, point iprayer, repoiri
t. Was this person: (Check one box)
Employee of private company, business, or indi- •—i
vidual, for wages, salary, or commissions . . 1—1
Government employee (Federal, State, >—.
county, or local) .. LJ
Self-employed in own business, .—.
professional practice, or farm LJ
Working without pay in a family ,—.
business or form .. ..-... . 1 I
PLEASE NOTE: These housing questions begin with number HI 9 because the Census Taker has already obtained the answers to
The term "house" or "apartment" coven your house or part of the) house) you occupy, or the apartment,