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INSTRUCTION FOR ENUMERATORS
This modified form of the general schedule for population
Detached Indians living either in white or negro families outside of reservations should be enumerated on the general population schedule (Form 8-1 589) as members of the families in which they are found; but detached whites or negroes living in Indian families should be enumerated on this special Indian schedule as members of the Indian families in which they are found. In other words, every family composed mainly of Indians should be reported entirely on this special schedule, and every family composed mainly of persons not Indians should be reported entirely on the general population schedule.
Spaces are provided for entries for 20 persons on each side (A and B) of the sheet, the entries for each person running twice to the page. Columns 1 to 46 are to be filled for each individual case, if applicable, according to the instructions.
Columns 1 to 32.—These columns are identical with those on the general population schedule. Fill each column, so far as the inquiry applies, in accordance with the instructions for filling the corresponding column in the general population schedule, but note the following additional instructions in relation to filling columns 1 and 2, column 7, and columns 1 8 and 1 9.
Columns 1 and 2. Visitation numbers.—If, in canvassing a given territory, you are using both the general population schedule (Form 8-1 589) and this schedule for Indian population, make two independent series of numbers for these columns, one series in each kind of schedule, so that the last number in column 1 on this schedule added to the last number in column 1 on the general population schedule will give the whole number of dwellings visited, and, likewise, the last number in column 2 on this schedule added to the last number in column 2 on the general population schedule will give the whole number of families visited and enumerated in your district.
Column 7. Age at last birthday.—Some difficulty may be met in ascertaining the exact ages of Indians, as they frequently reckon their ages from notable events occurring in the history of the respective tribes. Endeavor to ascertain the years in which these notable events occurred, and with a little calculation on your part you should be able to ascertain the exact age of each Indian.
Columns 1 8 and 19. Occupation. If the Indian is wholly self-supporting, enter his or her occupation in columns 1 8 and 19 in accordance with the general instructions for returning occupations. If the Indian—man, woman, or child—has no occupation and is wholly dependent on the Government for support, write "Ration Indian" in column
18. If the Indian is partly self-supporting and partly dependent up the Government, write the occupation in columns 1 8 and 1 9, and then the letter "R" (for ration).
INSTRUCTIONS CONTINUED ON "B" SIDE
The following instructions apply to columns 33 to 46:
Columns 33, 34, and 35. Tribal relations. If the Indian was born in this country answers should be obtained, if possible, to inquiries 12, 13, and 1 4, relating to the state or territory of birth of the person and of his or her parents. In any event, take particular pains to secure the name of the tribe with which the person is connected and the name of the tribe of each of his or her parents, and enter the same in columns 33, 34, and 35.
Columns 36, 37, and 38. Proportions of Indian and other blood.—If the Indian is a full-blood, write "full" in column 36, and leave columns 37 and 38 blank. If the Indian is of mixed blood, write in column 36, 37, and 38 the fractions which show the proportions of Indian and other blood, as (column 36, Indian) 3/4, (column 37, white) 1/4, and (column 38, negro) 0. For Indians of mixed blood all three columns should be filled, and the sum, in each case, should equal 1, as 1/2, 0, 1/2; 3/4, 1/4, 0; 3/4, 1/8, 1/8; etc. Wherever possible, the statement that an Indian is of full blood should be verified by inquiry of the older men of the tribe, as an Indian is sometimes of mixed blood without knowing it.
Column 39. Number of times married.—If the Indian is married, enter in this column the number of times he or she has been married.
Column 40. Whether now living in polygamy.—If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, write "Yes" in this column; otherwise, write "No."
Column 41. If living in polygamy, whether the wives are sisters.—If the Indian man is living with more than one wife, and if his wives are sisters, write "Yes" in this column. If his wives are not sisters, write "No."
Column 42. Graduated from what educational institution.—If the Indian is a graduate of any educational institution, give the name and location of such institution.
Column 43. Is this Indian taxed?—An Indian is to be considered "taxed" if he or she is detached from his or her tribe and is living among white people as an individual, and as such is subject to taxation (whether he or she actually pays taxes or not); or if he or she is living with his or her tribe but has received an allotment of land, and thereby has acquired citizenship. In either of these two cases write "Yes" in this column.
An Indian on a reservation, without an allotment, or roam- Column 46. Living in civilized or aboriginal dwelling.—If the ing over unsettled territory, is considered "not taxed," and Indian is living in a house of civilized designs, as a log, for such Indians the answer to this inquiry is "No." frame, brick, or stone house, write "Civ." (for civilized) in
Column 44. If Indian has received allotment, give year of this column; but if the lndian is livin9 in a dwellin9 of
allotment.-lf the Indian has received an allotment of land, aboriginal design, as a tent, tepee, cliff dwelling, etc., write
enter, in column 44, the year in which the allotment was "Abor." (for aboriginal), made.
Column 45. Residing on his own lands.—If the Indian lives on his or her own land, write "Yes" in this column; if the Indian lives elsewhere, write "No."
Measuring America 57
Instructions to Enumerators
These generally followed the directions given in 1910 and 1 920. College students, except cadets at Annapolis and West Point, were to be enumerated at their homes, but student nurses were to be counf°i where they were being trained. Veteran statuc <■>- JO and 31) excluded persons who served only during (jeacetime. The war or expedition was to be entered by an abbreviation: World War, WW; Spanish-American War, Sp; Civil War, Civ; Philippine insurrection, Phil; Boxer rebellion, Box; or Mexican expedition, Mex.
There were specific instructions for reporting race. A person of mixed White and Negro blood was to be returned as Negro, no matter how small the percentage of Negro blood; someone part Indian and part Negro also was to be listed as Negro unless the Indian blood predominated and the person was generally accepted as an Indian in the community.
A person of mixed White and Indian blood was to be returned as an Indian, except where the percentage of Indian blood was very small or where he or she was regarded as White in the community. For persons reported as American Indian in column 1 2 (color or race), columns 1 9 and 20 were to be used to indicate the degree of Indian blood and the tribe, instead of the birthplace of father and mother.
In order to obtain separate figures for Mexicans, it was decided that all persons born in Mexico, or having parents born in Mexico, who were not definitely White, Negro, Indian, Chinese, or Japanese, would be returned as Mexicans (Mex).
Any mixture of White and some other race was to be reported according to the race of the parent who was not White; mixtures of colored races were to be listed according to the father,s race, except Negro-Indian (discussed above).