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INDEX TO THE SIX NATIONS OF NEW YORK.

Alworption or dispersion of so-called Indian nations probable, 3.

Accusations of drunkenness against the Allegany Indians slanderous, 59.

Accusations of drunkenness against the Onondagas not sustained by facts, 61.

Acquisition of the English language essential to Indian prosperity, 3, 70.

Acquisitions of property snme as among white people, 2, 13, 81.

Acreage of reservations, 12.

Adams, John, Oneida chief, present at annual distribution of goods, 78

Address of Hiawatha at organization of Iroquois confederacy, 20.

Address of rector of Episcopal church at Onondaga, 42.

Affirmation of Indian land tenure would simply confirm Indian custom, 12, 80.

Agent for the Six Nations, state, 4.

Agent for the Six Nations, United States, 4.

Agricultural fair at Cattaraugus. 49.

Agricultural fairs abandoned, except at Cattaraugus, 49.

Agricultural implements numerous, but sometimes neglected, 49.

Agricultural statistics, 14, 15.

Akron, New York, roads from, tt> Tonawanda reservation, 26.

Akron, New York, Sunday observance of Indians and white people near, con-
trasted, 61.

Aldrich, Charles, note of, on Governor Blacksnake, 28.

Algonquins contrasted with the Six Nations, 20.

Allegany reservation described, 27-29.

Allegany reservation property, 13.

Allegany Seneca churches, 42, 43.

Allegany Seneca crops, live stock, and agricultural implements, 14, 15.

Allegany Seneca schools, 65.

Amusements among the Six Nations.52, 53.

Ancient rites still preserved, 46.

Annual exhibition of the Friends' school near Allegany reservation, 68.

Annual popular picnics among the Six Nations, 52.

Annuities to the Six Nations, amount of, from United States and state of New
York, 78.

Annuity payments, principle of, illustrated, 79.

Ansley, Hudson, state's attorney for the Seneca nation, fails to answer written
inquiry respecting prosecutions for liquor selling and other offenses
against the Seneca Indians, 59.

Antecedents of the Six Nations, 1, 3, 4, 20.

Aphorisms of the Six Nations, 4fi, 74.

Archery as a national sport, 53.

Arithmetic not congenial to the Indian mind, ft.').

Atheism unknown to the Iroquois, 47.

Attendance at school, at least for a month, given with each school, 65, 66.

Attendance at school by days, weeks, etc., 64.

Attorney for the Seneca nation, how chosen, 38.

Attorney, slate, for the Saint Regis, 4.

Attributes of the Great Spirit those of the Hebrew Jehovah, 47, 48.

Aunt Cynthia among the Onondagas, 26, 75.

Aunt Dinah's religious simplicity, as reported by Judge A J. Northrup, 74.

B

Backsliding Indians resume pagan customs as a rule, 55.

Ball a national game among the Six Nations, 53.

Baptist churches at Allegany, Cattaraugus, Tonawanda, and Tuscarora, 13, 44.

Barns of farmers old and dilapidated, as among the white people, 49.

Basket making, 50.

Basket work among the Saint Regis extensive, 50.

Bead work among the Tuscarora aud Saint Regis Indians, 50.

Hembleton, John, unearths an ancient relic, 48,

Bempleton, Mary, at home, 56.

Bennett, Abigail, at distribution of annuities, 77.

Bible ideas incorporated in teachings of Handsome Lake. 48.

Bible names among the Tonawanda Senccas. 72.

Billy David (chief), 37.

Births and deaths, 6, 7.

Bishop, Lester, Sunday school work of, 44.

Blacksnake, Governor, friend of Washington, 21, 28, 73.

Blinkey, Rev. Harvey, at Red House, Allegany reservation, 41.

Brandt, John and Joseph, 21.

Bryant, William C, chairman board of trustees of Thomas Orphan Asylum, 67.

Burned dog rite abandoned, but explained, 48.

Canadian Iroquois, 5.

Carrington, General Henry B., special agent. 1.
C'arroltou on the Allegany reservation incorporated. 27.
Cartier made a Huron vocabulary at Montreal in 1535,20.

Catholics at Saint Regis use the Mohawk language in church service. 69.

Catholics at Saint Regis worship across the Canadian line. 45.

Cattaraugus churches, 44.

Cattaraugus crops, live stock, agricultural implements, and property, 13-15.

Cattaraugus reservation described, 30, 31.

Cattaraugus schools, 65. 66.

Caughnawagas associated with the Mohawks,71.

Cayugas, as described by Hiawatha, 20.

Census inquiries respecting the Six Nations, 55.

Census of 1890 the first giving the actual condition of the Six Nations Indians. 1.

Ceremonies, funeral, among the Six Nations, 74.

Chastity a rule among the Iroquois, 2, 60.

Chew, Emily, a native teacher, 64.

Chief Chariot Victor, demand of, 74.

Chiefs can not disturb Indian titles, 8O.

Chiefs of the Saint Regis, 40.

Christian churches stimulated to progressive work, 80.

Christianity clouded by wars between christian settlers, 21.

Christmas at Cattaraugus, 52.

Church issue at Onondaga, 42.

Church music at Onondaga, 42. ,

Church music at Tuscarora, 44.

Church statistics, 8, 9.

Cider mills among the Six Nations and eider traffic at Cattaraugus, 59, 77.

Cider, use of, destructive, 60.

Citizenship not to be precipitated upon the New York Indians, 80.

City of refuge, a place of safety for fugitives, 73.

Civilization advancing, 2, 5.

Clans or tribes defined, 20. 21.

Clothing equal to that of the white people, 56.

Coal gas indications at Cattaraugus, 30.

Cold, Captain, character of, 74.

Colden describes the league as the basis of all government, 21.

Colden on the Mohawks of 1670, 22.

Commissioners IUnited States) laid out eor1K>rations at Allegany, 27.

Commission of New York re1K>rts treaties, statutes, and evidence, 19

Committee report on manual labor school, 37.

Common law has similar authority to that of Indian custom, 4, 12. 79, 80.

Communicants of churches, 8, 9.

Compulsory school law needed, 3, 80.

Condition of the Six Nations, 2.

Conflicting claims of Massachusetts and New York respecting Indian rights, 19.

Conquests of the Iroquois, 1, 22.

Constitution of the Seneca nation described, 33.

Contradictory reports relating to the Six Nations, 1.

Cook, Colonel Louis, a party to the treaty of 1797, 39.

Cooking among the Six Nations, 57.

Cook, Margaret, preserves a memorable wampum, 76.

Cooper. William, an active Tonawanda Seneca, 43.

Cornplanter crops, live stock, agricultural implements, and property, 13-15.

Cornplanter Indians, 4, 8, 9.

Cornplanter invokes the aid of the Friends in 1791, 68.

Cornplanter reservation described, 29.

Cornplanter's monument, 29.

Corporate towns on Allegany reservation, 27.

Costumes worn on public occasions, 47, 57.

Courtesy natural to the Iroquois and uniform in homes, 56.

Crane pronounces the Iroquois to be unsurpassed by any people, 21.

Crime no greater than among many sections of white people, 2, 8.

Cripples among the Six Nations, 7.

Crisis among the Six Nations realized by them, 37.

Crouse, Marvin, an active churchman, 42.

Crouse, Sylvester, clerk of the Seneca nation, 63.

Crow, Rev. A. A., at Cattaraugus, 44.

Cushing suggests dates of relic from the Tuscarora mound, 48.

Cusick, Albert, a prominent Onondaga, 26, 42.

Cusick, Captain Cornelius,Twenty-second United States infantry, an Onondaga.

66, 73.
Cusick. David, historian, 21, 73.
Cusler, B. K., address of, on the severalty question, S4.

D

Dances of the Six Nations, 46.

Dead feast among the Six Nations, 74.

Dearborn, H., Secretary of War, honors Handsome Lake, 73.

Deaths among the Six Nations, causes of. 7.

Deerfield bell not carried to Saint Regis, 45.

Deer, John J. (Running Deer), 32.

85

Denunciation of drunkenness at Allegany slanderous, 59.

Deportment of Indian children at school exemplary, 64.

Diseases and deaths, causes of, 7,71.

Diseases incident to early white association diminishing, 2.

Distinction between the Six Nations and western tribes, 19.

Distribution of goods, 1890, and incidents, 78.

Divorces, separations, and marriages, 4, 54.

Doctrines of Handsome Lake and the new religion, 46.

Donaldson, Thomas, expert special agent, on the Six Nations, 1-17.

Draper, Andrew, state superintendent of public instruction, deplores irregular

attendance at Indian schools, 66.
Drawing and penmanship attract the Indian mind, 63.

E

Kducational incidents, 63.

Educational lines in which the Indians excel and fail, 63.

Education, schools, and language, 63-70.

Education should be compulsory, 3, 80.

Eleazur the original name for I.uzar and Lesor, 76.

Election contest at Tonawanda settled by a state court, 37.

Election in the Seneca nation, 38,39.

Election of officers at Tonawanda, 37.

Election of trustees at Saint Kegis, and powers of trustees defined, 40.

Encroachments by the white people require wise adjustments, 20.

Enforcement of the Six Nations to appoint persons with authority to adjust

their relations with the United States and the state of New York In the

line of modern progress a necessity, 79, 82.
England dropped her Indian allies on cessation of hostilities with the United

States, 22.
England recognized the independence of the Six Nations, 19.
English language among the Six Nations, 3, 9.
English royal grants ambiguous and conflicting, 19.
Enumeration calls for moral, social, and physical details, 55.
Episcopal church at Onondaga, services at, 42.

F

Faith, the pagan, statement of, 46.

Family unity the principle of the Iroquois league, 21.

Fancher, Rev. Mr., Methodist minister at Onondaga, failure of, to keep record

of Indian marriages, 55.
Farmer, Orris, at distribution of goods, 78.
Farming illustrated by leading examples, 49.
Farm of John Jimerson, 51.
Feast, dead, among the Six Nations, 74.
Feather dance at Newtown described, 47.
Federal judiciary the guardian of Indian rights, 20.
Fences at Tuscarora well maintained, 31.
Fencing at Saint Kegis often used for fuel in winter, 32.
Ferrin, A. \V\, agent, successor of T. W. Jackson, 4.
Festivals of the Iroquois, 13 annual, 46, 52.
Fishing and trapping among the Saint Regis, 51.
Five Nations resist French conquest; hold a sulwtantial interior position;

recognized by England; recognized by Washington; too strong to be

defied, 19, 20.
Fletcher, Alice C, 24.

French ancestry among the Saint Kegis, 76.
Friendsr school at Allegany, 68.
Frost, Captain, 73.
Fruit orchards at Tuscarora, 31.
Funeral ceremonies, 74.
Future rewards and punishments described by Handsome Lake, 46.

G

Gambling, Indians not more given to, than white people, 61.

Games among the Six Nations, 52, 53.

Geographical Indian names, 72.

Goods, annuity, distribution of, 78.

Good Tttmplar lodge at Onondaga, 59.

Gordon, Father Anthony, accompanied the Tarbells to Saint Regis in 1760, 22.

Gordon, Jackson, views of, regarding a school, 63.

Government of the Six Nations outlined, 21.

Governor Tryonrs map of 1771, 24.

Grammar difficult for the Indian, 03.

Gray, Charles, in the war of 1812, 76.

Gray, Louis, gives his family history, 76.

Gray, William, captured at age of 7, 76.

Great feather dance, 46.

Great Valley in Allegany incorporated, 27.

Grcen-corn festival and other annual festivals and dances, 52.

Green, Dr. Samuel, secretary Massachusetts Historical Society, cites action of

Massachusetts legislature toward redemption of the Tarboll captives in

history of Groton Spring Indian wars, 76.

Green, Eliza, at home, 56.

Green, Thomas D., agent for the Onondagas, 26, 36.

Griffin, John, a leading Baptist at Tonawanda, 43.

Grow, Superintendent, encouraged as to Saint Regis schools. 69.

Grow, Sydney G., efficient state superintendent of schools, 68.

H

Halftown, Harrison, deputy clerk of Seneca nation, 39.

Halftown, John, associate of Governor Black snake and John O'Bail in negotia-
tions with Washington, 28.

Hall, Rev. William, long life of, among the Senecas, 43, 75.

Handsome Lake and his origin, 46.

Handsome Lake, the Peace Prophet, honored, 73.

Hard-cider dealers watch annuity day, 77.

Hard-cider traffic denounced in vain by Indian agents for 25 years, 60.

Hazard, Joseph E., superintendent of Cattaraugus schools, finds it difficult to
secure teachers at pay allowed, 65.

Health and vital statistics noticed, 6, 7, 71.

Health statistics indicate improvement among the Iroquois, 71.

Hemlock, Joseph, 77.

Hemlock, Martha, and her jewels, 56.

Henderson, James, superintendent Friends' school, 68.

Hiawatha initiates the Iroquois confederacy, 20.

High or mechanical school needed, 37, 64.

Hill, Abram, at Onondaga, 42, 78.

Hill, Bill, house of, 56.

Hilt, Julia, punctual at school, 64.

Hill, Nancy, a pensioner, 77.

Hoag, William C, 49, 71.

Hobart, Bishop, establishes Protestant Episcopal mission at Oneida, 75.

Holland Land Company makes a donation to the Tuflcaroras, 31.

Honnos, Captain, 74.

Hospitality of the Iroquois gracious and hearty, 57.

Household effects, 13, 55.

Houses of various kinds, 55, 56.

nouses, one-room, not the prime cause of low moral tone, 61.

Humor of the Iroquois, 52.

Hunting and trapping among the Saint Regis, 51.

Huntington, Bishop, and Indian marriages, 55.

Ignorance the key to the inactivity of the Saint Kegis, 61.

Immodesty or scantiness of dress not found, 57.

Immorality rare, 2, 62.

Immorality, white men mainly responsible for, 60.

Implements, value of agricultural, by reservations, 15.

Indian agents for 25 years denounced the sale of hard cider to Indians, 60.

Indian agents. United States and state of New York, for the Six Nations, 4.

Indian customs have the force of common law, 4, 12, 79, 80.

Indian homes as compared with other homes, 55.

Indian industries, 49.

Indian language deficient in range, 63.

Indian morals, 60-62.

Indian movement westward and the ordinance of 1787, 19.

Indian pupils, conduct of, in the schoolroom, exemplary, 64.

Indian reservations of New York, intemperance on, caused by white men ami

women, 59.
Indian teachers, difficulties of, 64.
Indian teachers who have a thorough knowledge of the English language

difficult to secure, 69.
Indian topographical names, sacrificing of, a wrong, 72, 76.
Indolence an incident of alternate occupations, 71.
Interpreters retard Indian progress, 70.
Iroquois agricultural society and fair, 1890, 49.
Iroquois as estimated by Coldcn, Crane, Jefferies, Morgan, Purkham, mid

Schoolcraft, 21, 22.
Iroquois better qualified for citizenship than many who seek America M *

home, 62.
Iroquois confederacy and the Aztec monarchy, 22.
Iroquois confederacy, " the Long House" described, 24.
Iroquois conquests, 22.

Iroquois contrasted with the Algonquins, 20.
lroquois dominant at advent of the white people, 21.
Iroquois jealous of family rights, 60.
Iroquois law of descent, 54.
Iroquois, league of, at various dates, 6.
Iroquois resisted a French conquest with success, 19.
lrwakura, Japanese ambassador, conviction of, regarding the relationship of

the red man to the Japanese, 73.
Isaacs, Billy, "Buffalo Bill of Onondaga", wit and philosopher, 56.
Isaacs, Widow, at the distribution of goods, 73.

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Jacket, John, grandson of Red Jacket, at annuity distribution, 77.

Jack, Luther W., clerk of Tuscarora nation, 30.

Jack, Mary, at home, 56.

Jackson, T. W., United States Indian agent and enumerator, report of, 82.

Jackson, T. \V., United States Indian agent, arrival of, at Onondaga, 78.

Jacobs, Deacon Samuel, a missionary, 75.

Jacobs, Josiah, a christian worker, 42.

Janes, Bishop, presents bell to Saint Regis Methodist church, 45.

Japanese and Indians grouped by Irwakura, 73.

Javelin game I>opular, 53.

Jay, John, governor of New York, and treaty with the Saint Regis, 30.

Jealousies between Indian parties, 61.

Jefferies honors the Iroquois confederacy, 21.

Jesuit mission near Montreal, 1675, 22.

Jimerson, Alfred T., a Presbyterian elder, 44.

Jimerson, David, member of executive board of Thomas Orphan Asylum, 67.

Jimerson, Elder William W., 43.

Jimerson, John, a model farmer, 51.

Jimerson, Mary, the Wyoming captive, testifies to the honorable dealing of

Indians with women, 74.
Jimerson, Theodore F., great-grandson of Mary Jimerson, 71.
Jimerson, Willlt B., at Allegany, 44.

Joe, John, the old blind man, at the annuity distribution, 77.
John, Andrew, jr., presidentSeneca nation, 1889, a thorough pagan politician, 38.
John, Andrew, jr., statement of, regarding pagan faith. 46.
John, Isaac, of Tuscarora, a model farmer, 49.
Johnson, Elias, Tuscarora historian and member of executive board of Thomas

Orphan Asylum, 46, 67.
Johnson, Phillip T., chief, 50.

K

Kennedy, Nathaniel, member of executive Imard of Thomas Orphan Asylum, 67.

Kennedy, Porter, humorist, 52.

Kennedy, Thomas, as a host, 52.

King, Job, as a stockman, 50.

Kirkland, Samuel, and his work, 75.

Kitchen arrangements among the Six Nations, 57.

Lacrosse the national game, 53.

Ladies- home missionary society at Tuscarora, 45.

Lafayette, visit of, to the Six Nations in 1778,21.

I A Forte, Abram, 75.

La Forte, Daniel, Onondaga chief, once a christian worker, 42.

La Forte, Rev. Thomas, minister at Onondaga, 42.

Lund distribution, per capita, destructive of honest industry, 81.

Ijinds of the Six Nations, as to distribution of, 81.

Lands of the Six Nations, leases of, 81.

Lands of the Six Nations, partition of, 81.

lAudsof the Six Nations, title to, how acquired and held, 8O.

Lands, titles to, and values of, 4, 12, 13.

Language and a higher course of study, 9, 64, 70.

Language of the Iroquois, no words in, for profaning the name of the Great
Spirit, 52.

Language spoken by the Six Nations, 3.

Lay, Chester C, ex-president of the Seneca nation and professional musician;
official United States interpreter; at his home, 39, 56, 77.

league of the Iroquois from 1660 to 1890, 1, 5, 20.

Lcased Allegany lands, regulated by Congress, 27.

Leases by white people of the Six Nations lands, 81.

Leases in Allegany legalized, 27.

Lee, Sarah L., of Boston, contribution to the Six Nations nomenclature, 72.

Iegal status of the Six Nations, 3.

legislation, tendency of, toward abrogation of all existing treaties, 20.

letter of transmittal of Superintendent of Census, vii.

lewiston, roads from, to the Tuscarora reservation, 31.

Licentiousness, rareness of, among the original Iroquois, corroborated by his-
tory, 60.

Life, social, among the Six Nations, 52.

Lineal descent of nationalities and families traced through the mother, 54.

List of union soldiers and sailors in the late war, 16, 17.

Logan, A. Sims, a capable lawyer, 39.

Logan, Cayuga chief, 73.

Longevity of the Indians of the Six Nations, 8.

Lossing, B. J., historian, describes tho Iroquois system, 20.

Lost tribes of Israel suggested by traditions and ceremonies, 48, 5t.

M

McMasters, Rev. John, at Tonawanda, 43.

Manual labor school at Tonawanda, building of, vacant, and views of the New

York committee on, 37.
Manufactures at advent of white people, 21.

Maple dance, 62.

Marriage among the Saint Regis followed by 3 suppers, 58.

Marriage and the Indian home, 54-57.

Marriage between members of the same divisions and tribes forbidden, 21.

Marriage first solemnized at Saint Regis February 2, 1762, 45.

Marriage, observance of legal forms of, by the Saint Regis, 58.

Marriage, uncertainty regarding, 54.

Massachusetts, action of, toward redemption of the captive Tarbclls alluded to, 76.

Massachusetts and New York adjust conflicting claims, 27.

Massachusetts and New York respected original Indian titles, 19.

Massachusetts honors a Saint Regis chief, 1775, 39.

Masters, Rebecca, minister of the Friends, addresses the Senecas, 1890, 46,68.

Mauville, Father, among the Saint Regis, 69.

Mechanical or high school needed, 37,64,

Mechanical trades followed by few, 51.

Mechanical work among the Saint Regis, 50.

Medicinal roots and herbs relied on for healing ordinary ailments, 71.

Memorial sterling domestic qualities held in higher esteem than field achieve-
ments, 73.

Memorial wampums described, 33.

Merit the original basis and reward of office, 21.

Methodist church at Saint Regis finished in 1845, 45.

Methodist churches al Cattaraugus (Rev. A. A. Crow), Onondaga, and Tona-
wanda, 42-44.

Methodist services at Saint Regis specially noticed, 45.

Military prowess, 1.

Military service voluntary, 21.

Missionaries, French, could not teach English, 69.

Missionary society at Cattaraugus, 44.

Mohawk, Allan, plea of, in behalf of his sons for protection against the white
sellers of intoxicants, 59.

Mohawk dialect of 11 letters used by Saint Regis Indians, 69,

Mohawks as described by Hiawatha, 20.

Monument to Cornplanter, inscriptions on, 29.

Monument to Washington in the Seneca heaven described, 48.

Moral prostitution, white men responsible for, 59-41.

Morgan credits the Iroquois with the defeat of French colonization, 21.

Morris, Robert, 27.

Moses, David, 26.

Moses, George, women preparing a pagan supper near the house of, 61.

Moses, William II., Presbyterian elder at Tonawanda, 43.

Mountpleasant, John and William, founders of the Tuscarora temperance
society, 60.

Mountpleasant, Mrs. Caroline, home of; reminiscences of; elected "queen
peacemaker" in 1873,55, 78.

Mountpleasant, Rev. Frank, at Tuscarora, 44.

Musical accomplishments of children, 67.

Musical instruments, besides those of 5 brass and reed bands, 10, 57.

Music, love for, among the Six Nations, 67.

N

Names of Bible characters among the Tonawanda Senecas, 72.

Names, traditions, and reminiscences grouped, 72-75.

National council of the Seneca nation described, 38.

National game of lacrosse, 53.

New-year festivities among the pagans, 47.

New York and Massachusetts adjust conflicting claims, 27.

New York commission of 1888, report of, 20.

New York courts availed of by the Saint Regis, 40.

New York Indian problem, 19, 79.

New York Indians early recognized as an independent body, 19.

New York legislation amenable to federal review, 20.

New York patient and generous in her dealings with the Six Nations, 19.

New York, treaties of, together with treaties of the United States with the Six

Nations, compiled and published by, 20.
Nomenclature among the Six Nations, 72.
North Carolina the old home of the Tuscaroras, 31.
Northrup, Judge A. J., secured memorials of Aunt Dinah, of Onondaga, before

her death, 74.
Nurses aided by nature among the Six Nations, 71.

o

OrBail, John, known as Cornplanter, honored by Washington, 28.

OrBail, Solomon, grandson of Cornplanter, at the annuity distribution, 78.

Obedience and decorum of Indian children at school excellent, 64.

Object lesson presented by Indians and white people on Sunday, near Akron,

1890, 61.
Obligations of the Indian—he should be required to accept and meet them, 82.
Official corruption, 2.

Ogden Land Company, claims of, must be lifted, 4,82.
Ogden Land Company lien removed from Tonawanda lauds, 3, 2G.
Oh-to-da-ha, the first president of the Iroquois confederacy, 21.
Oil Spring reservation described, 28.
Oneida history a sad one, 22.

Oneida Indians described by Hiawatha, 20.

Oneidas neutral in the Revolutionary war, 22.

Onondaga Castle the "entrance gate" to Onondaga reservation, 25.

Onondaga chiefs in 1890 named, 37.

Onondaga constitution of 1882 and its history to date, 34-36.

Onondaga crops, live stock, agricultural implements, and property, 13-15.

Onondaga election, 1890, 37.

Onondaga Indians affected by 21 statutes, 20.

Onondaga quarries, 25.

Onondaga reservation described, 25, 26.

Onondaga schools, 64, 65.

Onondagas described by Hiawatha, 20.

Onondagas the heart or eenter of the league, 25, 33.

Orchards of Tuscarora and Cattaraugus, 31, 49.

Ordinance of 1787 a factor in the Indian question, 19.

Ornaments worn at public religious festivals, 47.

Orphans and the aged honored by the Iroquois, 74.

Pagan and christian surroundings generally differ among the Six Nations, 2, 42.
Pagan dances and festivals, 52.
Pagan element generally opposes education, 63.
Pagan faith, statement of, 46.
Pagans, many, anticipate radical changes, 37.
Pagans often loyal to home ties, 56.
Parker, Eliza, of Tonawanda, and her firebrand, 56.

Parker, General Ely 9., Seneca chief, stuff officer of General Grant, and trans-
lator of the Indian praise song, 24, 37, 44, 47.
Parker, Mrs. Abbie, of Cattaraugus, a successful teacher at Cornplanter, 63.
Parkham, opinion of, regarding the Iroquois, 21.
Parlor accommodations, 56.

Partition of lands among Indians, demands of white citizens for. reviewed. 81.
Pauperism unusual, 2.
Paxon, James E., 78.
Peacemaker courts, jurisdiction of, 38.
Peacemaker courts, records and proceedings of, 4, 54.
Peck, Abigail, a veteran teacher, 64.
Penmanship and drawing interest the Indian mind, 63.
Pennsylvania honored Cornplanter, 29.

Percentage of Indian acquisition almost identical with that of white people, 82.
Peter, the Big Speak, son of Lesor Tarbell, 76.

Pickering, Timothy, grants requests of Indians for Quaker teachers, 68.
Picnics, annual, among the Six Nations, 52.
Pierce, Adam, at the funeral of his brother, 74.
Pierce, Harriet, a native teacher, removal of, 75.
Pierce, Jacob, funeral of, 74.
Pierce, Jaris, of Onondaga, progressive, 42.
Pierce, MariuB Bryant, graduate of Dartmouth college, 75.
Pierce, Marsh, of Cornplanter, 44.
Pierce, Mary Jane, career of, 74.
Plummer, John, school record of, 65.

Political motives largely shape the religious attitude, 45.
Politics, the white man's methods in, followed by the Indian politician, 37.
Polygamy forbidden among the Iroquois, 54.
Poodry, Edward M., a leading Tonawanda Seneca, statements of, regarding

hard cider, the Indian language, and mathematics, 43, 59, 63.
Poodry. Mrs. Hattie E., a retired teacher, 63.

Population of the Six Nations, by reservations and nations or tribes, 6, 14.
Presbyterian Christmas festival at Cattaraugus, 52.
Presbyterian churches at Allegany, Cattaraugus, Cornplanter, Tonawanda,

and Tuscarora, 43, 44.
President of the league taken from the Onondagas, 21.

Pride in the old systems and regard for traditions promote respect for au-
thority, 86.
Printup, Daniel, of Tuscarora. 49.
Prisoners of war, treatment of, 60.
Professions and trades, II, 51.
Property, acquisition and distribution of, 13, 82.
Protestant communicants among the Saint Kegis, 9.
Public dances not immoral, 60.

Pupils of special merit for school attendance mentioned, 65, 69.
Purity of blood a fundamental idea of the Iroquois system, 21, 60.

Q

Quaker boarding school at Allegany, 68.

Quaker school work among the Senecas, foundation for, in 1682, 17%, 1798, 68.

Quarrels rare among the Saint Regis, 61.

Quarts, Boots, Hill, and other names at Saint Regis explained, 76.

Queen peacemaker, tradition of; office of, revived, 73.

R

Railroad encroachments at Allegany, 39.
Reading and copying largely mechanical, 63, 69.
Recommendations of New York commission practical, 79, 83.

Records of Saint Regis church well preserved, 45.

Red House, enlargement of corporate limits of, the only way to settle difficulty

attending its peculiar location, 27.
Red Jacket and John Jacket, 72, 77.
Referee, appointment of, by the United States, to settle difficulties of hind

leases, suggested, 79.
Regis, Jean Francois, history of, 22.
Relic from a Tuscarora mound, 48.
Religion among the Six Nations, 8, 9, 45, 48.
Religious belief of the Iroquois superior to that of the philosophers of Greece

and Rome, 47.
Religious contrasts noted, 45.
Religious dances, 46.
Religious relic, 48.
Rental privileges impose obligations upon the Indians as to highways and

schools, 79.
Republican basis of the Iroquois confederacy, 20, 33.
Respect for authority characteristic of the Six Nations, 36.
Respect for the graves of the dead, 74.
Reuben, Wilson, of Onondaga, heir of Aunt Cynthia, 75.
Root and herb gathering practically ended as an avocation, 50.
Runciman, Rev. George, at Cattaraugus, 44.

Sabbath breaking denounced, 34.

Sabbath observance about the Tonawanda reservation by Indians and white
people contrasted, 61.

Sabbath school at Cattaraugus, and singing at, 44.

Sacred maxims of the Iroquois, 74.

Sage, Alia, teacher, daughter of the veteran teacher William Sage, 64.

Sage, William, retired teacher and friend of the Indian, 64.

Saint Regis about equally divided by the boundary line, 32.

Saint Regis annuity, 4, 79.

Saint Regis bells came from Troy, New York, within the last 25 years, 45.

Saint Regis Canadians claimed to be wrongly on American soil, 41.

Saint Regis crops, li%-e stock, and agricultural implements, 14, 15.

Saint Regis Indians, attempt of, to revive the rule by chiefs, 40.

Saint Regis Indians loyal in 1812, 40.

Saint Regis Indians, marriage among, observed by 3 suppers, 58.

Saint Regis Indians, names, traditions, and reminiscences of, 76.

Saint Regis Indians practically seek redress in New York courts, 40.

Saint Regis Indians, when elected into the league of the Iroquois, 40.

Saint Regis reservation and its history, 32.

Saint Regis school details, 68, 69.

Salamanca, business aspect marred by the prevalence of the liquor traffic, 59.

Salamanca police, failure to secure any information from, respecting the liquor

sellers, 59.
Sawyer, Louis, at Saint Regis, 76.

Scanandoab, Elizabeth, native teacher of experience, at Onondaga. 63.
Scattergood, Joseph, commissioner in 1875 with John Manly and Henry Slmnk-

lin to lay out corporations, 27.
Scholars at Thomas Orphan Asylum discharged at 16 years of age, 67.
School cost should I>c shared by Indians from rent realized from while people. 79.
Schoolcraft mentions the Indian historian, Cusick, 21.
School details, 9, 10, 64-70.

Scott, Mrs. John, conducts music of Onondaga Episcopal church, 42.
Scott, Rev. John, rector of Episcopal church at Onondaga. 42.
Seneca council, action of, crude and fickle, 39.
Seneca nation affected by 37 statutes, 20.
Seneca nation and its government and laws, 38, 81.
Seneca nation, leases of, and their conditions, 27.
Seneca nation presented 1 mile square to the Tuscarora*, 31.
Senecas as described by Hiawatha, 20.

Severalty a misnomer for adjustment of the New York problem, 82.
Severalty practically in force between the Indians themselves, 27, 80.
Sewing machines in use on the several reservations, 10.
Shanklin, Henry, » commissioner in 1875 to lay out towns. 27.
Sherman, Judge, report of, for 1877, on titles and rights of the Six Nations, 28.
Shirley, governor of Massachusetts, obtains the aid of thelroquois against the

French, 21.
Sigourney, Mrs., embodies an incorrect tradition in her poem, The Bell of Saint

Regis, 45.
Silverheels, Henry, and wife, native missionaries, honored, 75.
Silverheels, Robert, 77.

Single-room houses not the prime source of low moral tone, 61.
Six Nations and their antecedents, 1, 3, 4, 20.
Six Nations contrasted with the Algonquins, 20.
Six Nations not foreigners, 3.
Six Nations not on the decline, 1, 6.
Six Nations, population of, 6
Six Nations Temperance Society of the United States and Canada organized in

1876, 60.
Sky, Stephen, a leading Methodist at Tonawanda, 43.
Sky, Warren, Presbyterian elder at Tonawanda, 43.

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Slavery repugnant to the Iroquois constitution, 21, 60.
Smith, Mrs. Erminie, a lifelong friend of the Iroquois, 72.
Snow-snake a popular game, 53.

Social grade of the Onondagas in transition for the helter. 79.
Social life, games, and amusements, 52.
Social reunions and surprise parties, 52.

Society among the ancient Iroquois precluded gross immorality, 6O.
Soldier and sailor element in the late war, 16, 17.

Sparks, in Life of Washington, recognizes the services of the Saint Regis In-
dians, 40.
Specific schools, 64.

Spells for chopping, huilding, and planting common. 52.
Spiritual religion, 45.

Spring, Mrs. Hattie, a normal-school graduate, and a woman of refinement, 63.
State court called on to settle a Tonawanda election case in 1890, 37.
State Superintendent A. S. Draper deplores the condition of Indian schools, 66.
Stock raising, 15. 50.
Studies at Thomas Orphan Asylum, 68.
Sugar making at an end, 50.
Suggestive characters, 74.
Sullivanrs expedition, 21.
Sympathy for the poor and sick characteristic of the Six Nations, 51, 57.

Tarbell boys stolen from Groton, Massachusetts. 1708. 22.

Tarbell captives married daughters of chiefs, 22.

Tarbell, Joseph, visited Europe and the pope in 1826, 76.

Tarlndl, Lcsor, or Eleazur, 76.

Tarbell, Loren, a trustee of the Saint Regis in 1802, 40.

Tarbell, Thomas, grandson of elder captive Tarbell, surviving at the age of 89

years, 76.
Teachers of Indian youth require special fitness, 64.
Temperance and morals, 59.
Temperance hall, Onondaga, 59.
Temperance jubilee in 1876, 60.

Temperance movement of Handsome Lake in 1800, 46.
Temperance society in its seventh decade, 60.
Testimony before New York commission minutely examined and witnesses

generally visited, 82.
Testimony of competent Indians as to the moral status taken, 59.
The new religion, 46.

Thomas Orphan Asylum founded by Philip Thomas, 1855, 67.
Thomas Orphan Asylum school and Friendsr school. 67, 68.
Thompson, Asa, death of, 49.
Timber laud of Tuscarora reserved, 31.
Timber of Cattaraugus, 31.

Titles and tenures of Indian lands, how obtained, 12, 30, 31.
Tobacco smoking, absence of, at annuity distribution, 78.
Tonawanda chiefs, 38.

Tonawanda chiefs elected by the women, 37.
Tonawanda churches, 43.

Tonawanda crops, live stock, and agricultural implements, 14, 15.
Tonawanda executive officers elected by the people, 37.
Tonawanda fences and improvements, 27.
Tonawanda reservation described, 26.

Tonawanda reservation relieved of claim of Ogden I.*nd Company, 26.
Tonawanda schools, 65.

Tonawanda Senecas affected by 14 statutes, 20.

Torrance, Elias, exhibits a medal given to his grandfather by George III, 76.
Traditions and customs of Hebrew origin, 48, 54.
Traditions of the Iroquois and Six Nations, 1, 20, 48, 73.
Treaties, tendency to ignore all existing, 20.

Treaty of Big Tree, 1797, between Senecas and Robert Morris, 27.
Trills or clans defined, 20, 21.

Trippe, Rev. M. F., at Allegany, Tonawanda, and Tuscarora, 43, 44.
Trustees authorized for the Saint Regis, 1802, 40.
Trustees of the Saint Regis, 1890, 40.

Turkey, Joseph, at Allegany, labors for the conversion of the people, 43.
Tuscarora antecedents, 31.

Tuscarora chiefs selected by the women, 39.

Tuscarora churches, 44.

Tuscarora crops, live stock, and agricultural implements, 14, 15.

Tuscarora fruit orchards, 31.

Tuscarora mission building unfit for use, 64.

Tuscarora reservation described. 31.

Tuscaroras affected by 9 statutes. 19.

Tuscarora schools, 66.

Tuscaroras friendly in the Revolutionary war, 39.

Tuscaroras, number of acres cultivated and number of acres rented by,

Tuscaroras sell their lands in North Carolina and purchase additional

Tuscaroras, when admitted to the league, 31.

Tuscarora temperance society organized 1830, 60.

Twoguns, Daniel, 77.

Twoguns, Xoah, a wit and lawyer, 52.

r

Union soldier and sailor element, 16, 17.

United States Indian agent for the Six Nations, 4.

12,13.
lands, 31.

V

. 12.

Value of lands of the Six Nations reservations,

Value of property, 13.

Vandalia, in Allegany, incorporated, 27.

Van Valkenburg, Mr. J. II., and wife, in charge of Thomas Orphan Asylum. 67.

Veto power as to peace and war with the Iroquois women in early limes, 21.

Vitality statistics, 6. 7, 8.

Vulgar stories and conduct erroneously charged upon the Iroquois, 52.

\v

Wages of teachers of Indian youth, 64.

Wampum of 1608 describes the Iroquois confederacy, 25.

Wampums described, 26.

Wampums read by the keeper of wampums, 33.

War dance, 46.

Washington entertains Louis Cook, of Saint Regis, at his camp at Cambridge.
Massachusetts, 39.

Washington, Ha-no-da-ga-ne-ars, the Town Destroyer, 48.

Washington, name of, not given to Indian children, 72.

Washington, tribute to, by Handsome Lake. 4*.

Watching the dead among the Saint Regis similar to the custom of white
neighbors, 58.

Webster, Ephraim, 75.

Welcome of the Saint Regis chief, Louis Cook, to the Massachusetts general
court, 40.

Wells, Rev. A. A., among the Saint Regis and his prosperous church; grand-
daughter of, studying the Indian language, 45, 69.

Wesleyan Methodist church at Onondaga, 42.

West Salamanca incorporated, 27.

Westward limits of early grants confused, 19.

Westward movements of Indians not participated in by New York tribes, 19.

White, Angus, clerk of the Saint Regis, 41.

White people adjoining Indian reservations often disgrace christian civilization,
59-61.

White people, distrustfulness of, 60.

Williams, Eleazur, a missionary, work of, 75.

Williams, Thomas, party to the Saint Regis treaty of 1800, 39.

Wilson, Mary, and old Jo-geh-ho, 57.

Wilson, Reuben, 75.

Winthrop, John, reports establishment of friendship with the Saint Regis, 40.

Witnesses before the New York commission generally visited, 82.

Women elect chiefs among the Onondagas, 34.

Women of bad character abhorred by the Iroquois, 60.

Women permitted to sit in council and exercise veto powers, 21.

Wood, Joseph, descendant of Elizabeth Wood Tarbell, 76.

Woodman, John Wesley. son of Mary Benedict Woodman, founder of the Saint
Regis Methodist church, 45.

Wright, Rev. Asher, and wife, memory of, cherished, 75.

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