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Part I—Historical outline 19-23

Antecedents of the Six Nations 20-22

The Saint Regis, successors of the Mohawks: 1890 22,23

Part II:—Reservations and locations in New York: 1721,

1771, and 1890 24-32

The Governor Tryon map of 1771 24

Areas of the reservations 24

Oneida and Cayuga reservations 25

Onondaga reservation 25,26

Touawanda (Seneca) reservation 26,27

Allegany (Seneca) reservation 27,28

Oil Spring (Seneca) reservation 28,29

Cornplanter Seneca reservation 29,30

Cattaraugus (Seneca) reservation 30,31

Tuscarora reservation 31

Saint Regis (Mohawk) reservation 32

Part III—Ancient and modern government, provisions and

incidents, including the Saint Regis Indians 33-41

Reading the wampums 33,34

Government and existing condition of the reservations.. 34-41

Part IV—Religion among the Six Nations, including Saint

Regis Indians 42-48

Religious contrasts 45, 46

The pagan faith 46

The new religion 46

Religious dances 46,47

The Indian belief 47,48

A religious relic 48

A Seneca monument to Washington in heaven 48

Part V—Industries of the Six Nations Indians 49-51

Farming 49

Stock raising 50

Basket making 50

Trapping, hunting, and fishing 51

Mechanical trades 51

Part XI—Indian names, traditions, and reminiscences

Names, traditions, and reminiscences of the Saint Regis

Indians

Part XII—Annuities and annuity payments

Distribution of annuities at the courthouse, Cattaraugus

reservation

Distribution of goods

Annuity values

Part XIII—The Six Nations problem

Citizenship

Titles to Indian lands

Partition

The natural distribution

Social adjustments

The present status

Report of T. W. Jackson, enumerator and Indian agent..

72-76

7l1

77,78

77,78

78

78

79-83

80

80

81

81

81

81,82

82

82,83

LIST OF MAPS.

Outline Map Of New York State, with location of Indian reservations, including Cornplanter Seneca reservation, Pennsylvania—

June 30, 1890 1

Map Of The Country Of The Five Nations, province of New York—1723 24

Map Of The Province Of New York, showing the country of the Six Nations, platted by Guy Johnson—1771 24

Map Of Onondaga Reservation, Onondaga county, New York—1890 25

Map Of Tonawanda Reservation, Genesee, Erie, and Niagara counties, New York—1890 26

Map Of Allegany Reservation of the Seneca nation, Cattaraugus county, and Oil Spring Reservation, Cattaraugus and Allegany

counties, New York, and Cornplanter Reservation, Warren county, Pennsylvania—1890 27

Map Of Cattaraugus Reservation, Cattaraugus, Erie, and Chautauqua counties, New York—1890 30

Map Of Tuscarora Reservation, Niagara county, New York—1890 31

Map Of Saint Regis (mohawk) Reservation, Saint Lawrence and Franklin counties, New York—1890 32

iv

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

OFFICERS OF THE LEAGUE OF THE IROQUOIS 5

Daniel La Forte, Onondaga, Wolf tribe, chairman of the
league and acting to-do-da-ho (Ha-you-wa-esh: Intestine
Bruiser).
Thomas Webster, Onondaga, Snipe tribe, keeper of the wam-
pum (Ha-yah-du-gih-wah: Bitter Body).
Jaris IMerce, Onondaga, clerk of the Six Nations (Jah-dah-
dieh: Sailing Whale).

READING THE WAMPUMS—1890 33

Joseph Snow, Onondaga chief (Chan-ly-e-ya: Drifted Snow).

George H. M. Johnson, Mokawk chief and official interpreter
(Je-ynng-heh-kwung: Double Life).

John Smoke Johnson, Mohawk chief (Sack-a-yung-kwar-to:
Disappearing Knot).

John Buck, Onondaga chief, keeper of the wampum (Skan-a-
wa-ti: Beyond the Swamp).

Isaac Hill, Onondaga chief (Te-yem-tho-hi-ea: Two Doors
Closed).

John Seneca Johnson, Seneca chief (Ka-nung-he-ri-taws: En-
tangled Hair Given).

HISTORIC WAMPUMS 33

Presidentia of the Iroquois—about 1540.
Wing or dust fan of presidentia of the Six Nations.
Six wampums of the Six Nations.

Group of four wampums and turtle rattles, used in feather
dance.

STONE OBJECT 18

A religious relic, ancient Tuscarora, dng up by John Bemble-
ton—1890.

THOMAS ORPHAN ASYLUM 67

Cattaraugus reservation, New York—1890. BAND GROUP 7fi

George George, Oneida (Skah-lo-hah-dieh: Beyond the Sky).

Daniel George, Onondaga (Jo-hah-goeh-deh: Road Scraper).

John Loft, Mohawk (Hea-ren-ho-doh: Standing Tree).

QUEEN OF THE SENECAS 73

Caroline G. Monntpleasant, Wolf clan (Ge-keah-saw-sa: The
Peacemaker).

SENECAS 28,58

Governor Blacksnake, "The Nephew ", aged 107 years in

1856, friend of Cornplauter and President Washington (Tha

o-na-wyuthe or Tha-o-wa-nyuths).
Andrew John, jr. (Gar-stea-o-de: Standing Rock).
Rev. Henry Silverheels and wife, ex-chief and ex-president of

the Seneca nation.

ALLEGANY SENECAS 38

William C. Hoag, treasurer Seneca nation.

Harrison Halftown (Dar-gus-swent-gar-aut: Drop Gun Stock).

Alfred Jimerson.

CATTARAUGUS SENECAS 38

Solomon O. Bail or O'Bail, great-grandson of Cornplanter

(Ho-noh-no-oh: Not to be Persuaded or Convinced).
Theodore T. Jimerson, great-grandson of Mary Jimerson, the

captive white woman (De-hah-teh: Enlightened).
Chester C. Lay, official interpreter and ex-president of the

Seneca nation (Ho-do-eh-ji-ah: Bearing the Earth).

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TONAWANDA SENECAS 37

John Griffin (Wer-dyah-seha: Cheap).

William Cooper (Her-nohn-gwe-sers: Seek a Wife).

David Moses (Jo-weese: Chipping Bird).

Chauncey A. Abram (Nis-hea-nyah-nant: Falling Day).

CAYUGAS 25

Alexander John, head chief of the Cayugas (Ska-no-eh: Fleet-
ing Arrow).

Rush S. Wilson, chief of Cayuga nation (Ha-ja-ah-gwysh:
He Carries the Fire).

Edwin M. Spring, Cayuga chief (Ho-dyah-yoh-gweh: Spread-
ing Sky).
I Hiram Tallchief, Cayuga chief (Dah-ch-jeh-doh: Bnrning

Hand).

ONEIDAS 25

Solomon George, Oneida chief (Wal-hah-leigh: Watchful).

Henry Powliss (Was-theel-go: Throwing up Pins).

Joshua Jones (Sa-sun-nah-gan-deeh: Half Name, "Half

blood").
Abram Hill (Ga-haeh-da-seah: Whirlwind).

ONONDAGAS 34,58

Thomas La Forte, Methodist minister (Sho-heh-do-nah: Large

Feather).
Albert Cusick (Sa-go-neh-guah-deh: Provoker).
I Orris Farmer (Ho-de-gweh: Absconder).

Aunt Dinah, 107 yeara old.

, SAINT REGIS (SUCCESSORS TO ANCIENT MOHAWKS) 40

Philip Tarbell, Wolf clan, chief (Ta-ra-ke-te: Hat-rim Pro-
tects the Neck).
Peter Herring, Turtle clan, chief (Tier-a-nen-sa-no-ken or Te-

ra-non-ra-no-ron-sau: Deer House).
Angus White, Snipe clan, chief and clerk (En-neas-ne-ka-

unta-a or En-ni-as-ni-ka-uii-ta-a: Small Stick of Wood).
Alexander Solomon, chief, son of old Chief Solomon of the

Six Nations (Arch-sis-o-ri-henn or A-rek-sis-o-ri-hon-ni: He

is to Blame).
Joseph Wood, Heron clan, chief (So-se-sais-ne-sa-ke-ken or

So-se-sa-ro-ne-sa-re-ken: Snow Crust).
Charles White, Wolf clan, chief (Saro-tha-ne-wa-na or Sa-ro-

tha-ne-wa-ne-ken: Two Hide Together).

TUSCARORAS 39

Thomas Williams, Beaver clan, president of the Tuscarora
nation, 1890 (Ta-ker-yer-ter or Te-har-ag-wan-e-gen).

Daniel Printup, sachem of the Wolf tribe, and treasurer of
the Tuscarora nation (Da-qnar-ter-anh).

Luther W. Jack, sachem chief of the Wolf tribe, and clerk of the Tuscarora nation (Ta-wer-da-quoit: Two Boots Standing Together).

Elias Johnson, Wolf tribe, historian of the Tuscaroras (To-
wer-na-kee).

Enos Johnson, Bear tribe (Ka-re-wah-da-wer: Warming-toned
Voice).

Grant Monntpleasant, Turtle tribe, warrior chief (Ne-no-kar-
wa).

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